Topics in Basic ScienceSources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Macro-nutrients) Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Mineral Salts (Micro-nutrients) Len Academy questions for Basic Science JSS1, second Term Len Academy mid-term test questions for Basic Science JSS1, 2nd Term Micro organisms causing food, water and air borne Diseases Vectors of diseases Bones of the Human Body Meaning of Drugs, Type of Drugs and their side effects Immunization, Processes involved in immunization and its importance Carbohydrates and Sugars
Academic Questions in Basic Science
The ultimate source of energy is _____.
The speed of wind is measured with a wind vane.
TRUE or FALSE
The nutrient majorly found in the liver is _____.
A body at rest possess _____ energy.
The uniqueness of man can be defined as that which makes man distinct from every other animal and living organism. Humans are higher animals when compared to other animals. They belong to the order primates and thus share the following characteristics:
They have their eyes in front on their head (stereoscopic vision)
They have a flexible shoulder joint
They have opposable thumbs and toes
They can stand erect
They have bigger brains
The possession of a highly developed brain is the major attribute of man's uniqueness. This has enable man to reason, solve problems and advance in technology. Below are the effects of man's developed brain.
Ability to advance language communication and speech
Ability to know what's right and wrong
Ability to create advanced technology like phones and automobiles.
Ability to think and remember
Ability to manipulate things with their fingers and toes
The brain is one part of the central nervous system (the other part been the spinal cord). It is located in a part of the skull called the cranium. Human brains are highly folded and is generally divided into three regions:
Image Credit: Human Brain Facts
Forebrain: It is the largest part of the brain and is composed of two halves of cerebral hemispheres. The cerebrum is responsible for the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity in the body.
Midbrain: It connects the fore brain to the hind brain. It serves important functions in movements of the eye, and in auditory and visual processing. It is also called mesencephalon
Hindbrain: It's composed of 2 lobes of cerebellum and the medulla oblongata. The medulla oblongata controls involuntary activities like breathing and swallowing while the cerebellum is responsible for voluntary movements.
Note: Intelligence may be defined as general cognitive problem-solving skills. It changes over time with age and can be inherited.
An intelligence quotient (IQ) is a score derived from a set of standardized tests developed to measure a person's cognitive abilities in relation to their age group.
IQ may also be defined as the ratio of mental age (MA) to chronological age (CA) multiplied by 100
IQ = MA x 100 ÷ CA
MA = Mental age
CA = Chronological age
IQ above 100 = Brilliance
IQ that equals 100 = Average
IQ below 100 = Below Average
Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Basic Science
Rasceta is the name given to the lines on your ✋ palm ✋
Goats have rectangular pupils in their eyes.
Think of the pupil as a hole located in the centre of the iris of the eye.
Note: To get an idea of an iris; when one is said to have blue eyes, it's because the iris is blue
NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Science
The eyebrow is an area of dense, delicate hair just above the eye.
Eyebrows perform two main functions:
Eyebrow modified in the form of Nike.
Image Credit: Unilad
Note: Eyebrows can also be modified to enhance beauty; especially female beauty.
All fruits have seeds. There is nothing like a naturally occurring seedless fruit. Even banana, coconut and pineapple have all got seeds.