Commerce

Commodity Market: Types and Importance of Commodity Market

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 13th March, 2019 @ 5:01 PM

Topics in Commerce

Principle of Marketing: People as a Marketing Mix and their Importance Principle of Marketing: Positioning as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Packaging as a Marketing Mix Elements of Promotion in Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Promotion as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Place as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Price as a Marketing Mix Principles of Marketing: The 7 Ps of Marketing Mix Factors necessary for Division of Labour Disadvantages of Division of Labour Advantages of Division of Labour Outbound Marketing explained Inbound Marketing explained Production - Types of Production Commerce: Definitions and Scopes of Commerce Differences between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments Balance of Payment Deficit and Balance of Payment Surplus Disadvantages of Foreign Trade Divisions of Foreign Trade Advantages of Foreign Trade


Academic Questions in Commerce

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Whatever is being marketed must always provide value to its potential consumers.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is not a branch of marketing?

  • A. Merchandising

  • B. Promotions

  • C. Forex

  • D. Search Media Optimization

  • E. Social Media Optimization

  • F. Copywriting

Which of the following is not a characteristics of commerce?

  • A. The only aim of commerce is to make profit

  • B. It is a discontinuous process after profit had been made

  • C. It is accompanied with challenges and uncertainties

  • D. It is 100% business and economic activity

  • E. Transaction processes are always involved in commerce

  • F. It connects the process of production and marketing

Which of the following is not a function of commerce?

  • A. Unnecessary in times of emergencies like earthquakes and wars

  • B. Facilitates mass production of goods

  • C. Influences transportation network within and outside a state

  • D. Attempts to satisfy human needs and wants

  • E. Improves the standard of living

  • F. Acts as an online business link between buyers and sellers

One of the following is a form of division of labour.

  • A. Agonistic division of labour
  • B. Antagonistic division of labour
  • C. Mutualistic division of Labour
  • D. Advanced division of labour
  • E. Solitary division of labour
  • F. Occupational division of labour

A place where people buy homogenous goods in large quantities is called _____.

  • A. Wholesaler's Market

  • B. Goods Market

  • C. Products Market

  • D. General Market

  • E. Commodity Market

  • F. Forex Market

Any activity aimed at getting people interested in a company's product or service is termed _____.

  • A. Commerce

  • B. Economics

  • C. Financial Accounting

  • D. Marketing

  • E. Production

  • F. Distribution

Which of the followings isn't a characteristics of commerce?

  • A. Commerce is solely aimed at making profit

  • B. Commerce is 100% business

  • C. Commerce is a discontinuous process because it eventually satisfies human needs

  • D. Commerce is accompanied by uncertainties

  • E. Transaction processes are always done in commerce

  • F. Commerce connects the processes of production and marketing

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Commodity Market:

First, let's begin by understanding the words 'commodity' and 'market' before we juxtapose both terms.

A commodity is defined as any product (or tangible good) with market value; and such product can be bought or sold with money. The term 'tangible good' implies that such product or goods are physical in nature; that is, they can be touched or felt.


For an item to be considered a commodity, it must satisfy three conditions. These are:

  1. It must be standardized. In the case of agricultural commodities, they must be in their unprocessed state.

  2. It must be usable upon delivery

  3. The price of a commodity item must vary.

  4. You can read on supply here.


A market is defined as a place where the transaction of goods and services are carried out.

Please read more on the concept of market here.


From the above explanations on the terms 'commodity' and 'market', a commodity market can therefore be defined a place where people buy and sell homogenous goods in large quantities.

Homogeneous goods are products that essentially have the same physical characteristics (or qualities) as similar products from other brands.

It is noteworthy to state that foreign currencies, data and bandwidth have all been included as part of today's commodity markets. In this regard, a commodity market will always have it's own set of rules and regulations.

 

Generally, commodities can be put into two. These are:

  1. Hard commodities: They include goods extracted from the earth crust via mining processes. Examples of such commodities are crude oil, gold, coal and diamond

  2. Soft commodities: They include all products derived from agricultural activities. Examples includes chicken, wheat, fruits and grains.

You can read on production here.

 

Recall that commodities are traded in a commodity market. The trading pattern here can be carried out in two forms. These are via:

  1. Organized form: This form of trading in commodity market is often referred to as commodity exchanges. There are two types of national commodity exchanges. These are: the Multinational Commodity Exchange (MCX) and National Commodity and Derivatives Exchange (NCDEX).

    Importantly, MCX are known to trade hard commodities unlike the NCDEX which specializes in trading soft commodities.

  2. Unorganized form: The are commonly referred to as 'local mandis'.

Note: Commodity markets do not set prices of traded commodities. Instead, it is the demand and supply of commodities that determine their prices.

Please read more on demand and law of demand here.

 

Importance of commodity markets

  1. Recall that commodities are raw materials. When processed, they are used by everyone.

    As an instance, petroleum is a commodity utilized in the production of petrol and cooking gas. In another instance, cotton is the commodity processed for making clothes. These raw materials (commodities) at one point in time interacted with the commodity exchange.

  2. Commodity exchange prices often influence the prices of numerous goods. In fact, changes in commodity prices can affect an entire segments of an economy thus bringing the government into play. For instance, government may offer subsidies for a product like PMS (petrol) or change in tax rates.

    Please read more on balance of trade and balance of payments here.

  3. Have you ever wondered why most buyers and sellers trade commodities on the futures markets? This is so because many traditional commodities like grains and wheat bear the risk of a negative price change when their products are finally ready for the market. Based on this uncertainty, futures contract come into play in the sense that the buyer buys the right to receive a specific quantity of the commodity at a specific period of time.

    The above process will offer price stability to commodity producers and commodity users respectively.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Commerce

With Amazon Smile, you can donate 0.5 percent of your purchases to a charity of your choosing

Check it out here

The brewery, Sankt Gallen in Japan, produces a beer called Un Kono Kuro from elephant's dung

North Korea and Cuba are the only countries in the world where you can't buy Coca-Cola

Amazon is an e-commerce website launched in 1995. It did not make any profit for its first seven years.

Amazon's first profit was in 2003. Its founder 'Jeff Bezos' is the richest man in the world as at 2018/2019


NOTABLE POINTS IN Commerce

Marketing is a broad field of study. Below are branches or divisions of marketing:

  • Advertising

  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

  • Merchandising

  • Branding

  • Promotions

  • Copywriting

  • Social Media Optimization (SMO)

  • Event planning

  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

  • Graphic Design

  • Internet Marketing

Marketing is defined as any activity or process aimed at getting people interested in a company’s product or service.

The processes utilized in marketing can take place via posters, public relations campaigns, handbills, social media, radio and television, buses, walls along the streets, the internet or just anywhere.

Below are some of the branches of marketing:

  • Advertising

  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

  • Merchandising

  • Branding

  • Promotions

  • Copywriting

  • Social Media Optimization (SMO)

  • Event planning

  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)

  • Graphic Design

  • Internet Marketing

Please read more on marketing here

Commerce can be defined as the exchange of goods and services, usually for money and on a large scale that will require the transportation of such goods and services.

Commerce is crucial (important) to the life of any nation for the following reasons:

  1. Commerce facilitates the exchange of goods and services which everyone can enjoy, regardless their location or whether the goods is produced within or outside their country.
  2. Commerce creates an awareness of the existence of goods and services through advertising.
  3. Commerce offers employment to a very large number of people in a nation.
  4. Commerce promotes rapid transfer of both oral and written messages through communication.
  5. Commerce determines the standard of living in a nation. This is because the extent of commercial activities is crucial to wealth of a nation.
  6. Commerce makes for the protection against risk in day to day business operations.
  7. Through commerce, there is a steady supply of goods in a nation. This is because commerce ensures that goods produced are stored until needed.

Please read on the functions and characteristics of commerce here

A public company is not owned by an individual; rather it's usually owned by groups or a large number of people.

The shares of a public company are traded freely on the stock exchange.

Below are some features of a public company:

  1. A public company must receive it’s training certificate to commence business.
  2. The minimum membership is two while the maximum membership is limitless.
  3. A public company has a legal status. It can sue and be sued.
  4. A public company files and publishes its annual reports, including its accounts.
  5. The liability of its members is limited.
  6. The shares are easily transferrable through the stock market.
  7. A public company can issue debentures to be secured as its assets.

Please read on limited liability company, its advantages and disadvantages here

There are seven elements of the marketing mix. These are:

  1. Product: Anything thing that satisfies a consumer’s need is referred to as a product. Product may come in the form of manufactured goods, raw materials or services.
  2. Price: Price is defined as the exchange value of goods and services supplied. In simple terms, it serves as a mechanism of exchange.
  3. Promotion: It involves all the processes that concerns with how business organizations should inform their customers about its product. If done properly, the demand of product will be increased. Promotions can take the form of advertising, search engine optimization, social media marketing, trade fairs exhibition and so on.
  4. Place: The place as a marketing mix concerns variables such as location and transport facility where the distribution of goods and services take place.
  5. Packaging
  6. Positioning
  7. People

Think of marketing mix as the set of marketing tools that an industry or company uses to drive or accomplish its marketing objectives in the target market

Please read on the principles of marketing mix here