Civic Education

Honesty: True meaning of honesty explained with its attributes

len Alfred Ajibola - Sat, 13th April, 2019 @ 6:48 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?

  • A. It is synonymous to volunteer service

  • B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment

  • C. It can be done in any part of the world

  • D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service

  • E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae

  • F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done

Meaning of Honesty:

A person may not tell a lie and yet he is not being honest. Another person may speak a truth and yet she is being dishonest. The fact is; honesty goes beyond not telling a lie. It goes beyond speaking a truth.

Before I further on this topic, I think it’s a great idea to narrate a quick story that will open up the real meaning of honesty.

Please read more on the benefits of honesty here.

There is this young man named Trut. By profession, Trut sells phone. He imports all his phones from Malta. All his phones are of the hgh quality and as a result, he got himself a lot of customers. His customers were completely satisfied with his products such that the saying: 'if the phone is from Malta, then it is of high quality' became a popular anthem in Nigeria where he sells his phone.

Please read on consumer right and protection here.

Twik, one of his (Trut's) sales boys decided to increase the price of the phones by 1% whenever Trut wasn't in shop.

Twik used this 1% price increase to help the poor and needy around the shop because his master (Trut) had no sympathy for them.

Twik saved the lives of 10 poor children through this very act.

You can read on community and volunteer services here.

Another trader by name Orto saw how Trut made a lot of money from selling phones manufactured in Malta. With this knowledge, he decided to go into a similar business. Orto registered with a phone manufacturing company in Malta. He specifically told this company to produce phones of average quality for the masses in Nigeria.

Please read on production here.

When Orto’s phones arrived from overseas, he sold them at a lower price. This made him gain a lot of customers.

One day, a buyer named Jay came to Orto’s shop to purchase a phone. He asked Orto:

Are your phones of high quality or low quality?

Orto was confused because his phones were neither of high nor low quality; for he sold phones of average quality.

To answer this question, He neither gave a 'yes' nor 'no' for an answer. Instead he said:

My phones are manufactured in Malta.

On hearing this, Jay said: 'If the phone is from Malta, then it's of high quality'. Recall that this was a popular saying coined by Trut's customers because he sells quality phones imported from Malta. Meanwhile, Orto knew about this popular saying and that was why he responded to Jay's question by saying his phones were manufactured in Malta.

However, Orto on his part gave no response to Jay's generic statement. Eventually, Jay bought the phone and went away.

Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.

From the above story, we could not find where the sales boy (Twik) told his master (Trut) a lie. We also saw how Twik saved the lives of 10 poor children; but regardless, the fact remains that Twik is not an honest person.

  • Twik actually broke an attribute of honesty when he increased the prices of phones by 1% whenever Trut was not in shop.

On the other hand, Orto neither lied nor spoke the truth to the buyer (Jay); but the fact still remains that he was not also an honest person. This is so because he broke another attribute of honesty.

We shall see these attributes of honesty which they (Trut and Orto) both broke further down this article.

However, Trut will no longer trust Twik when he finds out that Twik increased the price of phones by 1% whenever he wasn't in shop.

Similarly, Jay will no longer trust Orto when he discovers that his phones are of average quality.

Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.


What is Honesty?

You may have heard the saying - 'Truth is bitter'.

Honesty is the act of being truthful; first to yourself and then to others, regardless the end result.

When a person is honest, he or she will always speak the truth, live the truth and love the truth.

It is worthy of note to state that being a truthful (honest) person may not get you a lot of friends. However, it will definitely get you the right ones. There is nothing like partial or half honesty.

Please read on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience here.

In honesty, you don’t necessary have to tell a truth like Orto did. You must tell the truth.

  • Telling 'a truth' may imply that there are some other truths you are yet to say.
  • Conversely, telling the truth means there is no lie on the subject of discussion.

In some cases, an act of honesty may lead to pain, sorrow and even death, but no matter how it ends, the ultimate goal of honesty is always a good one.

Please read on the beauty of suffering here.

When a person is honest, they become upright in their actions and principle.


Attributes of Honesty

Below are some attributes of Honesty:

1. Truthfulness: The truth must be said at all times. There is nothing as half-truth.

2. Loyalty: To be honest, we need to abide to the rules and regulations, even when no one's watching.

From our story, Twik was not loyal to Trut when he increased the price of phones by 1%.

3. Reliability: You become dependable when you are honest. In reference to our story, Orto would lose this attribute of reliability because he didn't give a sincere reply to Jay's question.
Please read on values in civic education here.


Benefits of Honesty

  1. You earn the trust of people.

  2. It makes you honorable.

  3. It earns you favour.

  4. It eliminates corruptions and brings about transparency.

  5. It will exalt a nation.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here