Government

Constitution: Meaning, Qualities and Importance of Constitution

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 16th April, 2019 @ 12:49

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government


Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. chaos
  • B. doom
  • C. oligarchy
  • D. autocracy
  • E. anarchy
  • F. meritocracy

The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. plutocracy
  • B. timocracy
  • C. technocracy
  • D. meritocracy
  • E. richocracy
  • F. autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan

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Meaning of Constitution:

No one is above the constitution, even the president. The government can only act in accordance to the powers granted them by the constitution. All the citizens of a country are to live by the rules in the constitution which can be written or unwritten.

Please read more on Gender Equality here

The constitution determines how powers should be distributed and exercised among the various organs of government and those over whom such powers will be exercised.

It also contains the fundamental human rights of the citizens within a country.

Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here

Ultimately, the constitution is the supreme and fundamental law of a country or state.

With regards to the above introduction, we can deduce the followings concerning the constitution:

  • The constitution is the supreme law in a country, nation or state.
  • The constitution specifies how the nation or state should be governed.
  • The constitution gives power to the different organs of the government, for example, the executive, judiciary and legislature.
    Please read on the Organs/Arms here.
  • The constitution consists of all the fundamental human rights of the people.

Juxtaposing the above points, below is a definition for the term constitution:

Constitution is a supreme law that specifies the government of a nation, the distribution of powers to the different organs of government within that nation and the fundamental rights of all her citizens.

Please read on the Fundamental Human Rights here

 

Qualities of a Constitution

  1. It is neither too rigid nor too flexible.
    Please read on the Types of Constitution here.
  2. It accounts for the rule of law, de-centralization of power, an independent Judiciary system and processes of election transparency.
  3. It accounts for the fundament human rights of the people.
  4. It allocates power to the different arms of government.
    Please read on the Functions of Government here.
  5. It must uphold the people’s sovereignty.
    Please read on Democracy and Types of Democracy here.
  6. It is written systematically.

 

Importance of Constitution

  1. It upholds the people’s sovereignty.
    Please read on God's Sovereignty here.
  2. It protects the citizen’s fundamental human rights.
  3. It governs the citizens of a nation; as no one is above the constitution.
    Please read on Civic Responsibility and (Who is a Citizen?) here.
  4. It provides a means of separation of powers.
  5. It projects the goals of a nation.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Government


NOTABLE POINTS IN Government

Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy 

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.