Whenever we make a speech, we either express ourselves literally or figuratively. For instance, when I say “I’m happy”; it literally means that I am happy and that’s it! Conversely, if I said: “That guy is as thin as a toothpick” literally, we all know that no one can be as thin as a toothpick. It’s just a figurative statement indicating that the guy is very thin. This is what a figure of speech entail.
A figure of speech is said to be a word or phrase that does not take its literal meaning but rather, it has a different meaning.
Such figurative words do not require a dictionary meaning for their interpretation.
Figures of speech make a language more exciting and creative. We have always had them from the times of our great grandparents and they don’t look like they are going anywhere. Instead, more are been added on a daily basis. In this article, we shall look at some of them.
It uses the two main words “as and like” as a source of comparison between two things that normally do not have anything in common. Examples are:
Just like simile, a metaphor is used to compare two dissimilar objects or things but the difference between both is that a metaphor does not use the words “as and like”. Examples are:
Tunde is a charcoal. (Tunde is very black).
She is a pig. (She is very dirty).
James is at the peak of her education (James is at the highest point of his education)
These are words or phrase that means the opposite of their literal meaning. It is somewhat related with sarcasm. For instance someone may give a teasing complement like “Oh boy! You look so majestic on that outfit”, but meanwhile what he is really trying to say is “You are looking so awkward!”
When two words with contradictory meanings are used together in a sentense, such contradictory words are referred to as oxymoron. For example:
They are words of wisdom and are generally used to express the truth of a matter. Almost every tradition has got their respective proverbs and the elders are more likely to understand the meanings of most of such proverbs. For instance;
In personification, inanimate objects or things without life are ascribed with human qualities. Examples are:
It overemphasizes the importance of something. In Greek, hyperbole means excess. They therefore give a bigger impression about something. For example:
They are better understood within a particular culture because they mean something entire different from whatever is being said. For example:
These are meaningful words that appear to be contradictory. For example:
These are words that are closely associated with sounds. The sounds can be that of a human or an imaginary object. For example:
These are incomplete or partial words that are used represent the whole of something. For instance:
It's very similar to irony and is the exact opposite of what was said. Sometimes people may sound sarcastic when they intend to mock others or praise others. For instance:
Slang uses an unusual word or phrase which has a specific meaning. They are mostly originated within a country and often used within that country or a state in such country. They are generally used by the world when they become popularized. For example:
This is when an inanimate object is addressed as though it had the characteristics or features of a living being. For example:
These are words that contains a successive repetition of a phrase or word. For example:
These are balanced expression written in a reverse order. For example:
This is the repetition of a beginning consonant sound. For example:
Topics in EnglishTypes of Essay Meaning, Type and Examples of a Clause and Phrase Transitive and Intransitive verbs Relative pronouns explained with examples Figures of Speech Synonyms explained with examples