Topics in PHEPostural defects that affect the spine or backbone Solutions to air pollution Len Academy Physical and Health Education questions for JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy Physical and Health Education questions for JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Posture and Postural Defects Tennis: The game of tennis with dimensions Domestic Accidents; Causes and Control of Domestic Accidents Air pollution: Effects of air pollution Drug Abuse, Causes of Drug Abuse in Adolescents Basket - Rules of Basketball Careers in Physical and Health Education
Academic Questions in PHE
The following are postural defects except _____.
A. Joint Legs
B. Forward Head Posture
D. Genu Valgum
E. Uneven Shoulders
The above image (protruding abdomen) is not a postural defect.
The tennis grand slam tournament played on a grass court is the _____.
A. US Open
B. Australian Open
D. French Open
E. Italian Open
F. English Open
Which of the following sport personnels isn't a notable female tennis player? (The firstname had been abbreviated in the options below).
B. M. Navratilova
C. M. Hinges
D. M. Sharapova
E. V. Williams
F. N. Osaka
Which of the following isn't a measure to prevent domestic accidents?
A. Alertness and use of common sense when doing things
B. Drugs should be kept of out reach of children
C. All electrical issues should be fixed by parents only
D. Living rooms, rest rooms, stores, bathrooms and kitchen should be properly lighted
E. Babies should be closely monitored by parents
F. Families should be oriented on the basic home safety rules
Which of the following is false concerning domestic accidents?
A. They are preventable
B. They always occur inside our homes
C. They occur within our environment
D. Food can lead to domestic accidents
E. Carelessness is a major cause of domestic accidents
F. According to reports, it is considered as one of the 4 major causes of death around the world
Which of the following is not an effect of pollution?
A. Contamination of food by disease vectors
C. Formation of acid rain
E. Global warming
F. Demise of aquatic flora and fauna
The process of contaminating the atmosphere by introducing harmful and toxic substances into it is termed _____.
B. Wind Pollution
C. Air pollution
D. Lithospheric pollution
E. Hydrospheric pollution
F. Breeze pollution
Posture involves the various ways and manner a person positions his or her body with regards to how they sit, stand, bend, walk, lie and move.
A good posture indicates the right and proper alignment of the bones and muscles of the body. The part of our body above the hip bone, which include the head, neck, shoulder, upper limbs and backbone or spine, needs to be well balanced on the pelvic or hip bone when assuming a good posture.
When a line is traced from the midline of our body, a good posture requires that such line should be straight and not bent.
A person may be born with some postural defect. Such a person is said to have a natural postural defect, although such defects may still be surgically corrected.
A second type of postural defect is the acquired postural defect which may result from stress, illness, accidents, abnormal eating lifestyles, wearing undersized shoes or lack of physical activities.
Bad postures can also be corrected via surgery and proper exercise.
Below are some examples of postural defects:
A person is said to be bow-legged if the knees becomes separate when both feet are closed together.
Bowleg may result from rickets or from a lack of calcium and vitamin D which are necessary for proper bone formation, growth and development.
In some cases, bowleg is hereditary and may consequently lead to arthritis around the lower limbs.
One is said to have a knock-knee if both knees are joined together when the feet are separated.
Knock Knees are also referred to as k-legs or genu valgum.
Knock knees usually results from malnutrition, obesity and rickets. In some cases, the cause of knock knee is idiopathic (unknown).
A person is said to have a protruding abdomen when the stomach abnormally extends out without any form of pregnancy.
In some people, the abdomen protrudes immediately after having a meal. This does not imply that such people have a protruding abdomen because it tends to go inwards after doing without food for some time.
Understand that protruding abdomen is always seen even after a long interval of staying without food.
Some causes of protruding abdomen include excessive and improper eating habits, frequent alcohol intake, sickness and lack of exercise.
This is seen in a person whose shoulders are not aligned. One shoulder will appear to be elevated while the other becomes lowered.
An ueven shoulder may result from the followings:
Frequent participation in sports like tennis and baseball.
A problem with the spine termed scoliosis.
The excessive use of one arm for various activities.
When one leg is longer than the other.
Improper sleeping posture.
An injury aroud the shoulder
In a Forward Head Posture, the head and neck will appear to be pushed forward when a person stands in an upright position as a result of an anterior tilting of the cervical spine.
On a plain wall, the back of the head of a person with FHP will not touch the wall when standing in an upright position.
It is noteworthy to state that improper sleeping postures can result to FHP.
Flatfoot, also called fallen arches or pes planus is another form of postural defect. In this instance, the arch of the foot is seen to always touch the ground because they appear to be very low.
In some cases, the arch of the foot may not be present. This will result in the entire sole of the foot touching the ground while standing.
Avoid carrying too heavy loads.
You can read on the disadvantages of money here.
Don’t sit or stand all day long.
Keep fit by exercising your muscles and bones.
Practice a healthy feeding lifestyle.
Please read on food - carbohydrates and sugars here.
Use pillows below your head and neck when sleeping.
Avoid sleeping on stony surfaces. Use a good and firm mattress.
When you walk, make your head, neck and shoulders straight.
Make use of a comfortable chair and desk in the office.
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Amazing facts in PHE
Boxing is a lucrative game. It is the only sport whereby neither the spectators nor the participants know the score through out the entire game.
The holes or curved indents in a gulf ball are called dimples. A gulf ball has a total of 366 dimples.
The dimples on the gulf ball allows a thin layer of air to cling on the ball's surface; as a result, reducing drag and allowing the ball to travel a longer distance
NOTABLE POINTS IN PHE