Civic Education

Origin of Cultism in Nigeria

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 03rd May, 2019 @ 5:26 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Consequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits


Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.

  • A. Self

  • B. Neutral

  • C. Humane

  • D. Positive

  • E. Negative

  • F. Intrinsic

A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are solutions to cultism except _____.

  • A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools

  • B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist

  • C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution

  • D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society

  • E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership

  • F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members

With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.

  • A. University of Lagos

  • B. University of Ibadan

  • C. University of Ife

  • D. University of Calabar

  • E. University of Portharcourt

  • F. Ahmadu Bello University

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization



Origin of Cultism in Nigeria:

Cultism can be defined as an enclosed and united group of people bonded by the same belief and course.

An individual involved in cultism is referred to as a cultist; and such is said to belong to a cult. Since their meetings and other related activities are done in the hidden (and away from non-members), their members are thus considered to be in a secret cult.

Please read on the reasons why people join cults here.


It all began in 1952 when Wole Soyinka (now a professor and Nobel price winner) and six of his friends decided to distinguish themselves from every other student in the prestigious University of Ibadan.

They called themselves the 'pyrates' and 'magnificent seven'.

They had the motto 'against all conventions'; with the logo of a skull and two limbs bone crossed in the form of 'X'.

Please read on the characteristics of cultism here.

Magnificent Seven - Len Academy
Photo of the Magnificent Seven


At that time, many of the students in the university were children of the elite. They showed this in their stylish and extravagant lifestyles. As usual, the poor students were always behind in terms of their dressing, fashion. and charisma.

In the course of distinguishing themselves, the pyrates (magnificent seven) also intended to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. In addition, they had the aim of promoting social justice within the university judiciary system.

You can read on the meaning and objective of social studies here.

The pyrates showed high standards and discipline in their actions; and for this reason, they became popular and respected.

Many students took interest in becoming a member of the pyrates but were denied acceptance due to their unbendable rules and standard; although a few male students with potentials were granted membership regardless their tribe.

Please read on values in civic education here.


For a long time, the pyrates were successful in regards to their vision and accomplishment until 1972 when a disagreement arose between the top members of the group. Eventually, one of the top members named Dr. B. Carew was expelled because he was considered to have gone against the standard of the pyrates.

Please read on conflicts and causes of conflicts here.

Due to the expulsion of Dr. B. Carew, the pyrates changed its name to 'National Association of Sea Dogs' by registering it with the ministry of internal affairs, Nigeria.

Meanwhile, Dr. B. Carew went ahead to establish the Buccaneers which he registered with the name 'National Association of Sea Dogs'. This is a similar name the pyrates had taken.


The National Association of Sea Dogs (that of the pyrates) maintained their academic and intellectual standard, thus were not able to recruit much students; although they still carried out expulsions on members who broke their rules and standards.

Please read more on reputation here.

These acts of theirs (expulsion of members) led to the formation of other groups.

  • The Supreme Eiye Confraternity, also referred to 'National Association of Air Lords' was formed in 1975 at the University of Ibadan.

The Eiye had an aim of preserving the culture of the Yoruba land. They were considered to be a cultural association at that time.

They had the motto 'No Feather, No Bird'. The term 'Eiye' in Yoruba language means bird.

Cultism Logo - Len Academy


  • The Black Axe Confraternity also referred to as 'The Neo-Black Movement of Africa' was formed in University of Benin, Edo State.

  • It was in 1983 that students of the University of Calabar founded the Eternal Fraternal Order of the Legion Consortium (the Klan Confraternity).

  • Within a year, the Supreme Vikings Confraternity, also referred to as 'The Adventurers or De Norsemen Club' came into being.

Note: The military regime at that time encouraged violent activities from these fraternities.

Please read on dictatorship | military rule as forms of government here.


After General Ibrahim Babangida (IBB) took over the government via a coup, tensions within the country were raised. As a result, these fraternities were used as agents to check on the Student Union Government (SUG) and staff of the various universities who were in opposition to the military rule during his regime.

Please read on pressure group here.


During this time, Wole Soyinke made an open declaration that the National Association of Sea Dogs should no longer operate within the campus of any Nigerian University.

Meanwhile, the various confraternities present at that time used the weapons that were granted them during the military regime to fight deadly battles amongst themselves with the ultimate aim of gaining supremacy over one another.

Please read on the consequences and solutions to cultism here.


After General IBB had left office as Nigeria's president, democratic rule returned to the nation. During this time, amnesty was granted to each cult member, with the aim of putting an end to cultism in Nigerian universities. Meanwhile, this seemed to have worked because cult activities appeared to be drastically reduced in various universities at that point in time. The few cultist around campus eventually moved their meetings outside the university.

Unfortunately, the exiled cultists returned to the university campus once again because the government and university authorities could not provide sufficient facilities to combat cultism in their universities.

Please read on the functions of government here.


Now those who had initially renounced their cult membership during the time of amnesty became more vulnerable. According to them, their best option of protection was to return to their respective cult groups; and many were accepted back.

Numerous cult groups became established within and outside various university campuses as a result.

Some of cult groups formed include:

  1. Brotherhood of the Blood (also called the Black Beret or Two-Two)
  2. Jurist Executioners
  3. Mafia Confraternity
  4. Trojan Horse
  5. Second Son of Satan (SSS)
  6. Black Scorpion
  7. Red Sea
  8. Dreaded Friend of Friends
  9. Badoo
  10. Snow Men
  11. Black Bat
  12. Kampus Killers (KK)
  13. Fraternity of Men

Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.


Some female students came together with the intentions to create a feminine cult group.

Some of the female cult groups formed include:

  1. Temple of Eden
  2. Black Beret
  3. Sisterhood of Darkness
  4. Black Bra
  5. Amazons
  6. Daughters of Jezebel
  7. Pink Ladies

At present, measures are being put in place by the Nigerian government and various tertiary institutions to combat cultism.

Please stay away from cultism because nothing good comes out from it.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Notable points in Civic Education

All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.

These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.

The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.

Below are some of our rights as humans:

  • Right to life

  • Right to freedom, liberty and equality

  • Right to religion and belief

  • Right to food and shelter

  • Right to education

  • Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law

  • Right to be free from torture

  • Right to innocence until proven guilty

  • Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)

  • Right to freedom of thought and speech

  • Right to live a life free from discrimination

  • Right to movement

  • Right to democracy

  • Please read on the fundamental human rights here

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here