Civic Education

Origin of Cultism in Nigeria

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 03rd May, 2019 @ 5:26 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Cooperation in civic education What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term


Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?

  • A. It is synonymous to volunteer service

  • B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment

  • C. It can be done in any part of the world

  • D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service

  • E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae

  • F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done

The following are consequences of cultism except _____.

  • A. Untimely death of members

  • B. They become feared by everyone

  • C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions

  • D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes

  • E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers

  • F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

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Origin of Cultism in Nigeria:

Cultism can be defined as an enclosed and united group of people bonded by the same belief and course.

An individual involved in cultism is referred to as a cultist; and such is said to belong to a cult. Since their meetings and other related activities are done in the hidden (and away from non-members), their members are thus considered to be in a secrete cult.

Please read on the Reasons why People join Cults here.

It all began in 1952 when Wole Soyinka (Professor and Nobel price winner) and six of his friends decided to distinguish themselves from every other student in the prestigious University of Ibadan.

They called themselves the pyrates and magnificent seven.

They had the motto 'Against all conventions'; with the logo of a skull and two limbs bone crossed in the form of X.

Please read on the Characteristics of Cultism here.

Magnificent Seven - Len Academy
Photo of the Magnificent Seven

At that time, many of the students in the university were children of the elite. They showed this in their stylish and extravagant lifestyles. As usual, the poor students were always behind in terms of their dressing, fashion. and charisma.

In the course of distinguishing themselves, the pyrates (magnificent seven) also intended to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. In addition, they had the aim of promoting social justice within the university judiciary system.

Please read on the Meaning and Objective of Social Studies here.

The pyrates showed high standards and discipline in their actions; and for this reason, they became popular and respected.

Many students took interest in becoming a member of the pyrates but were denied acceptance due to their unbendable rules and standard; although a few male students with potentials were granted membership regardless their tribe.

Please read on Values in Civic Education here.

For a long time, the pyrates were successful in regards to their vision and accomplishment until 1972 when a disagreement arose between the top members of the group. Eventually, one of the top members named Dr. B. Carew was expelled because he was considered to have gone against the standard of the pyrates.

Please read on Conflicts and Causes of Conflicts here.

Due to the expulsion of Dr. B. Carew, the pyrates changed its name to 'National Association of Sea Dogs' by registering it with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nigeria.

Meanwhile, Dr. B. Carew went ahead to establish the Buccaneers which he registered with the name 'National Association of Sea Dogs'. (The very same name pyrates had taken).

The National Association of Sea Dogs (that of the pyrates) maintained their academic and intellectual standard, thus were not able to recruit much students; although they still carried out expulsions on members who broke their rules and standards.

Please read on Reputation here.

These acts of theirs (expulsion of members) led to the formation of other groups.

  • The Supreme Eiye Confraternity (also referred to 'National Association of Air Lords') was formed in 1975 at the University of Ibadan.

The Eiye had an aim of preserving the culture of the Yoruba Land. They were considered to be a cultural association at that time.

They had the motto 'No Feather, No Bird'. The term 'Eiye' in Yoruba means bird.

Cultism Logo - Len Academy

  • The Black Axe Confraternity also referred to as 'The Neo-Black Movement of Africa' was formed in University of Benin, Edo State.

  • It was in 1983 that students of the University of Calabar founded the Eternal Fraternal Order of the Legion Consortium (the Klan Confraternity).

  • Within a year, the Supreme Vikings Confraternity also referred to as 'The Adventurers or De Norsemen Club' came into being.

Note: The military regime at that time encouraged violent activities from these fraternities.

Please read on Dictatorship | Military Rule as forms of Government here.

After General Ibrahim Babangida (IBB) took over the government via a coup, tensions within the country were raised. As a result, these fraternities were used as agents to check on the Student Union Government (SUG) and Staff of the various universities who were in opposition to the military rule during his regime.

Please read on Pressure Group here.

During this time, Wole Soyinke made an open declaration that the National Association of Sea Dogs should no longer operate within the campus of any Nigerian University.

Meanwhile, the various confraternities present at that time used the weapons that were granted them (during the military regime) to fight deadly battles among themselves with the ultimate aim of gaining supremacy amongst others.

Please read on the Consequences and Solutions to Cultism here.

After General IBB left office as Nigeria's president, democratic rule returned to the Nation. During this time, amnesty was granted to each cult member, with the aim of putting an end to cultism in Nigerian Universities.

Note: This seemed to have worked because cult activities appeared to be drastically reduced in various universities at that point in time. The few cultist around campus eventually moved their meetings outside the university.

Unfortunately, the exiled cultists returned to the university campus once again because the government and university authorities could not provide sufficient facilities to combat cultism in their universities.

Please read on the Functions of Government here.

Now those who had initially renounced their cult membership during the time of amnesty became more vulnerable. According to them, their only option of protection was to return to their respective cult groups; and many were accepted back.

Numerous cult groups became established within and outside various university campuses as a result.

Some of cult groups formed include:

  1. Brotherhood of the Blood (also called the Black Beret or Two-Two)
  2. Jurist Executioners
  3. Mafia Confraternity
  4. Trojan Horse
  5. Second Son of Satan (SSS)
  6. Black Scorpion
  7. Red Sea
  8. Dreaded Friend of Friends
  9. Badoo
  10. Snow Men
  11. Black Bat
  12. Kampus Killers (KK)
  13. Fraternity of Men

Please read on the Leadership Qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.

Some female students came together with the intentions to create a feminine cult group.

Some of the female cult groups formed include:

  1. Temple of Eden
  2. Black Beret
  3. Sisterhood of Darkness
  4. Black Bra
  5. Amazons
  6. Daughters of Jezebel
  7. Pink Ladies

At present, measures are being put in place by the Nigerian Government and various tertiary institutions to combat cultism.

Please stay away from cultism because nothing good comes out from it.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here