Topics in Civic EducationExamination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria
Academic Questions in Civic Education
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.
B. Individual assessment
F. Cross examination
The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.
A. Achievement of a personal goal
B. Achievement of a common goal
C. Understanding the common goal
D. Understanding one another
F. None of the above options
Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?
A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people
B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility
C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure
D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection
E. Honestly leads to social segregation
F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill
The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?
A. It is synonymous to volunteer service
B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment
C. It can be done in any part of the world
D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service
E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae
F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done
Cultism can be defined as an enclosed and united group of people bonded by the same belief and course.
An individual involved in cultism is referred to as a cultist; and such is said to belong to a cult. Since their meetings and other related activities are done in the hidden (and away from non-members), their members are thus considered to be in a secrete cult.
It all began in 1952 when Wole Soyinka (now a professor and Nobel price winner) and six of his friends decided to distinguish themselves from every other student in the prestigious University of Ibadan.
They called themselves the 'pyrates' and 'magnificent seven'.
They had the motto 'against all conventions'; with the logo of a skull and two limbs bone crossed in the form of X.
Photo of the Magnificent Seven
At that time, many of the students in the university were children of the elite. They showed this in their stylish and extravagant lifestyles. As usual, the poor students were always behind in terms of their dressing, fashion. and charisma.
In the course of distinguishing themselves, the pyrates (magnificent seven) also intended to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. In addition, they had the aim of promoting social justice within the university judiciary system.
The pyrates showed high standards and discipline in their actions; and for this reason, they became popular and respected.
Many students took interest in becoming a member of the pyrates but were denied acceptance due to their unbendable rules and standard; although a few male students with potentials were granted membership regardless their tribe.
For a long time, the pyrates were successful in regards to their vision and accomplishment until 1972 when a disagreement arose between the top members of the group. Eventually, one of the top members named Dr. B. Carew was expelled because he was considered to have gone against the standard of the pyrates.
Due to the expulsion of Dr. B. Carew, the pyrates changed its name to 'National Association of Sea Dogs' by registering it with the ministry of internal affairs, Nigeria.
Meanwhile, Dr. B. Carew went ahead to establish the Buccaneers which he registered with the name 'National Association of Sea Dogs'. This is a similar name the pyrates had taken.
The National Association of Sea Dogs (that of the pyrates) maintained their academic and intellectual standard, thus were not able to recruit much students; although they still carried out expulsions on members who broke their rules and standards.
These acts of theirs (expulsion of members) led to the formation of other groups.
The Eiye had an aim of preserving the culture of the Yoruba land. They were considered to be a cultural association at that time.
They had the motto 'No Feather, No Bird'. The term 'Eiye' in Yoruba language means bird.
Note: The military regime at that time encouraged violent activities from these fraternities.
After General Ibrahim Babangida (IBB) took over the government via a coup, tensions within the country were raised. As a result, these fraternities were used as agents to check on the Student Union Government (SUG) and staff of the various universities who were in opposition to the military rule during his regime.
During this time, Wole Soyinke made an open declaration that the National Association of Sea Dogs should no longer operate within the campus of any Nigerian University.
Meanwhile, the various confraternities present at that time used the weapons that were granted them during the military regime to fight deadly battles amongst themselves with the ultimate aim of gaining supremacy over one another.
After General IBB had left office as Nigeria's president, democratic rule returned to the nation. During this time, amnesty was granted to each cult member, with the aim of putting an end to cultism in Nigerian universities. Meanwhile, this seemed to have worked because cult activities appeared to be drastically reduced in various universities at that point in time. The few cultist around campus eventually moved their meetings outside the university.
Unfortunately, the exiled cultists returned to the university campus once again because the government and university authorities could not provide sufficient facilities to combat cultism in their universities.
Now those who had initially renounced their cult membership during the time of amnesty became more vulnerable. According to them, their best option of protection was to return to their respective cult groups; and many were accepted back.
Numerous cult groups became established within and outside various university campuses as a result.
Some of cult groups formed include:
Some female students came together with the intentions to create a feminine cult group.
Some of the female cult groups formed include:
At present, measures are being put in place by the Nigerian government and various tertiary institutions to combat cultism.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: