Topics in ICTRouters, Types and Functions of Routers Computer scheme of work, SS1, First Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Second Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Third Term Computer Networks and Types of Computer Network Domain Name System: How DNS works and Types of DNS Servers Internet of Things (IoT), How IoT works, its advantages and challenges How to consume less data on your android phone Best Programming Languages to learn Internet and World Wide Web - Notable Dates and Events on Internet Evolution Computer Hardware, Parts and Functions of Computer Hardware
Academic Questions in ICT
The term SOHO is best represented as a _____.
Which of the following is NOT a function of the router?
An example of a network that spans the entire globe is the _____.
A specialized router residing at the boundary of a company's network is called a/an _____.
Which of the following is NOT a type of computer network?
The above diagram best illustrate a _____.
The layer 3 device that move packets between devices, allowing Network communication is called a _____.
Our world at the moment is a global village and all thanks to the internet.
Consider the internet to be a public network where anyone from any part of the world can connect to (through a computer or phone or some other devices).
As an instance; you are able to read this article on our academic blog (LEN ACADEMY) because you have a device that is connected to a network (probably through your service provider or some wireless network).
Your service provider connects you to every information located on the web through the internet.
In short, your device is connected to the web server (World Wide Web or www) where this article is being stored through the internet.
Now, with the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT), anything (be it a cup, towel, book, fan, window, bulb, headphones, clothes and even humans) will become connected to the internet. This is the direction to which our world is moving towards.
Note: Every connected thing will be considered to be smart. At present, we do have smart phones, smart cars, smart watches and some few other smart devices.
By definition, Internet of Things refers to the billions of physical devices (things) around our world that will be connected to the internet.
These things will constantly collect and share data, giving rise to a term called the Big Data and Data Analytics.
Note: The internet of things will be considered as the 4th Industrial Revolution since it will give rise to technologies like smart home, smart roads, smart windows, smart coffee maker and so on.
Let me give you an instance of what the Internet of Things (IoT) era would look like using a smart bridge and a smart car as point of references.
Imagine that we have a smart bridge that is in heavy use by smart vehicles . (The bridge and the vehicle are considered smart because they are connected to the internet).
Whenever heavy traffic is present on this smart bridge; smart cars moving towards the direction of the smart bridge will get information or notifications from the smart bridge concerning the heavy traffic.
This communication occurs through internet because both the bridge and cars are smart (connected to the internet).
Now, Let imagine that the information sent by the smart bridge states;
Hey smart car, please don’t make your way through me because I’m chocked up right now. You may use other alternative routes to your destination since they haven't got any traffic.
The alternative routes are "bridge A, bridge B, bridge Y and bridge Z
...From the Smart Bridge.
The drivers of these smart cars would get the notifications through their smart car thus allowing them to avoid the route with heavy traffic.
But another question is:
What if the drivers disregard the notifications from the smart cars and decided to go through the smart bridge even though it has got a heavy traffic?
Well, to answer the above question; as far as the drivers keep driving towards the smart bridge, more notifications will be sent to their smart cars from the smart bridge. A point will be reached when the smart car will automatically stop by itself, while also sending a notification directly to the driver that may read something like:
Hey, you were warned about the impending traffic on the bridge but you would not listen, well at this point I will no longer move unless you reverse and take the alternate route with less traffic.
...From the Smart Car.
At this point, the driver will need to take the alternate route until the traffic on the smart bridge subsides.
Let’s consider another quick example with humans as our point of reference:
Imagine that the heart and blood of a diabetic patient had been connected to the internet.
As soon as the blood pressure of this patient rises, his doctor will immediately get the notification on his phone or any other computer device; and that’s very good for medicine.
On the part of the patient, he may not even be aware that he just had a rise in his blood pressure at that time.
Internet of Things will also result to innovations like:
With Internet of Things, a smart thermostat can help us heat our homes before we arrive back on a cold day.
Also, a smart phone can be used to switch off a home bulb right from the office. This is made possible because the the home bulb and phone are both connected to the internet.
In the era of Internet of Things, we will have smart cities, smart education, smart offices, smart grids for electricity, smart televisions, smart speakers and so on.
To summarize the answer to this question, things that will be considered smart will be composed of tiny chips called sensors.
The sensors will be attached to these potentially smart things (like the bulb, coffee-maker, windows, humans and so on) so that they can sense or receive information around their environment.
A connection will be made on these smart things to the internet; so that they can share whatever information that is being received from their environment via the sensors.
Presently, there are more things connected than the number of people living on earth.
According to reports, around 8.4 billion IoT devices were in use in 2017.
China, North America and Western Europe accounted for two third of these smart connected things.
Note: The reality of internet of things had been made possible as a result of a very large pool of IP addresses through the IPv6 protocol.
The biggest issue/concern on the Internet of Things technology is security. For instance, hacking into the sensors controlling a traffic grid can become catastrophic when driverless cars are involved.
Another arising issue is the increasing amount of toxic waste that may be emitted from the numerous IoT devices.
THANKS FOR READING - Please Help Share!
Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
Amazing facts in ICT
Smoking near an Apple (Mac) computer voids the warranty.
When you add /4 to the end of Facebook's URL, it will take you to Mark Zuckerberg.
You can try it on you own; or better still, try the link below:
Apple iPad retina display is actually manufactured by Samsung
The big five tech companies are GOOGLE, AMAZON, FACEBOOK, APPLE and MICROSOFT
NOTABLE POINTS IN ICT
The internet and the World Wide Web (www) IS NOT the same thing.
The internet is formed from the joining or linking of different networks.
For instance, Google's network, Facebook's network and Yahoo's network are among the many other networks that make up the internet.
World Wide Web on the other hand is a collection of linked pages (for instance, this page you're on).
There are actually billions of linked pages in various servers around the world.
You require the internet and a web browser to get to the World Wide Web
Types of Networks Based on Geographical size
Personal Area Network (PAN): An instance is a Bluetooth connection between two devices.
Local Area Network (LAN): This is the network under a single administrative control and usually within a building.
Campus Area Network (CAN): This network connects various devices within a campus or college
Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): This network connects two offices/companies within a city.
Wide Area Network (WAN): This network connects devices throughout the globe. The internet is a typical example of a WAN.
Functions of a Router