Topics in ICTRouters, Types and Functions of Routers Computer scheme of work, SS1, First Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Second Term Computer scheme of work, SS1, Third Term Computer Networks and Types of Computer Network Domain Name System: How DNS works and Types of DNS Servers Open Systems Interconnect - Layers of the OSI Model Internet of Things (IoT), How IoT works, its advantages and challenges How to consume less data on your android phone Best Programming Languages to learn The internet and world wide web explained Computer Hardware, Parts and Functions of Computer Hardware
Academic Questions in ICT
Twitter was launched in _____.
Due to the limitation of the Internet Protocol version 4 address, _____ was created.
The term _____ describes the billions of physical devices that will be connected to the internet.
A. Internet of Everything
B. Internet of Physical Devices
C. Internet of Things
D. Internet of Objects
F. Internetworking of Objects
A globally interconnected network system that utilizes TCP and IP to transmit data via various media is the _____.
A. World Wide Web (www)
The above image shows the _____ in a computer.
A. Expansion slot
B. Hard Disc Drive
C. Optical Drive
D. Power Supply Unit
F. Synchronous Dynamic Ram
The clock speed of a computer is the speed at which the _____.
A. HDD saves data
B. FDS saves data
C. SSD saves data
D. GPU receives and sends data
E. CPU processes data
F. RAM transfers data
Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning computer hardware?
A. It is a collection of the physical parts of a computer
B. Computer hardware may also be referred to as the equipment of the computer
C. Hardware components seen outside the computer are called externals
D. The Northridge is a computer hardware present inside the computer
E. The Joystick is a computer hardware seen outside the computer
F. Solid State Drive is a computer hardware that stores data
The term SOHO is best represented as a _____.
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Our world at the moment is a global village and all thanks to the internet. Think of the internet as a public network where anyone from any part of the world can connect to through a computer or phone or some other internet enabled devices.
As an instance; you are able to read this article on this academic blog (Len Academy) because you have a device that is connected to a network (probably through your service provider or some wireless network).
Your internet service provider (ISP) connects you to every information located on the world wide web (www) through the internet.
In short, you are able to read this article located on the internet because your device is connected to one of the billions of web servers around the world (world wide web) where this article is being stored.
Now, with the emergence of Internet of Things (IoT), anything (be it a cup, towel, book, fan, window, bulb, headphones, clothes and even humans) will become connected to the internet. This is the direction to which our world is moving towards.
Note: Every connected thing will be considered to be smart. At the time of writing this article (2019), we do have smart phones, smart cars, smart watches and some few other smart devices.
These 'things' in (IoT) will constantly collect and share data, giving rise to a term called the big data and data analytics.
The internet of things will be considered as the 4th industrial revolution since it will give rise to technologies like smart homes, smart roads, smart windows, smart coffee maker, smart clothes and so on.
Let me give you an instance of what the Internet of Things era would look like using a smart bridge and a smart car as point of references.
Whenever heavy traffic is present on this smart bridge; smart cars moving towards the direction of the smart bridge will get information or notifications from the smart bridge concerning the heavy traffic.
This communication occurs through internet because both the bridge and cars are 'smart'; that is, both are connected to the internet.
Now, Let imagine that the information sent by the smart bridge states;
Hey smart car, please don’t make your way through me because I’m chocked up right now. You may use other alternative routes to your destination since they haven't got any traffic.
The alternative routes are 'bridge A, bridge B, bridge Y and bridge Z' respectively.
...From the smart bridge
The drivers of these smart cars would get the above notifications, thus allowing them to avoid the route with heavy traffic.
But another question is:
Well, to answer the above question; as far as the drivers keep driving towards the smart bridge, more notifications will be sent to their smart cars from the smart bridge. A point will be reached when the smart car will automatically stop by itself, while also sending a notification directly to the driver that may read something like:
Hey, you were warned about the impending traffic on the bridge but you would not listen, well at this point I will no longer move unless you reverse and take the alternate route with less traffic.
...From the smart car
At this point, the driver will need to take the alternate route until the traffic on the smart bridge subsides.
Let’s consider another quick example with humans as our point of reference:
Imagine that the heart and blood of a diabetic patient had been connected to the internet.
As soon as the blood pressure of this patient rises, his doctor will immediately get the notification on his phone or any other computer device; and that’s very good for medicine.
On the part of the patient, he may not even be aware that he just had a rise in his blood pressure at that time.
Internet of Things will also result into innovations like:
With Internet of Things, a smart thermostat can help us heat our homes before we arrive back on a cold day.
Also, a smart phone can be used to switch off a home bulb right from the office. This is made possible because the home bulb and phone are both connected to the internet.
In the era of IoT, we will have smart cities, smart education, smart offices, smart grids for electricity, smart televisions, smart speakers and so on.
To summarize the answer to this question, things that will be considered smart will be composed of tiny chips called sensors.
The sensors will be attached to these potentially smart things (like the bulb, coffee-maker, windows, humans and so on) so that they can sense or receive information around their environment.
A connection will be made on these 'smart' things to the internet; so that they can share whatever information that is being received from their environment via their respective sensors.
Note: The reality of internet of things had been made possible as a result of a large pool of internet protocol (IP) addresses through the IPv6 protocol.
The Internet of Things has got its own fair share of challenges. Below are two crucial concerns for IoT:
The biggest issue and concern on the Internet of Things technology is its security. For example, hacking into the sensors controlling a traffic grid can become catastrophic. This is true because driverless cars are utilized in this instance.
Another arising issue is the increasing amount of toxic waste that may be emitted from billions of IoT devices.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in ICT
YouTube is a video-sharing platform which commenced operations on February 14, 2005 (Valentine's day). Three former PayPal employees -> Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim created the YouTube service (as a dating app) until Google bought it in November 2006 for US$1.65 billion
Smoking near an Apple (Mac) computer voids the warranty.
When you add /4 to the end of Facebook's URL, it will take you to Mark Zuckerberg.
You can try it on you own; or better still, try the link below:
Apple iPad retina display is actually manufactured by Samsung
The big five tech companies are GOOGLE, AMAZON, FACEBOOK, APPLE and MICROSOFT
NOTABLE POINTS IN ICT
Computer Network is a group of computers that are linked to each other such that they can share resources.
Generally, these groups of computers that form a network are called nodes.
Some of these nodes will function to store information which will be served to other computers. The nodes that function to store and serve such information are known as servers.
Some of the computers (nodes) will request information from the server. The computers that functions to request information from the server are known as clients.
The internet and the World Wide Web (www) IS NOT the same thing.
The internet is formed from the joining or linking of different networks.
For instance, Google's network, Facebook's network and Yahoo's network are among the many other networks that make up the internet.
World Wide Web on the other hand is a collection of linked pages (for instance, this page you're on).
There are actually billions of linked pages in various servers around the world.
You require the internet and a web browser to get to access the World Wide Web
Types of Networks based on Geographical size
Personal Area Network (PAN): An instance is a Bluetooth connection between two devices.
Local Area Network (LAN): This is the network under a single administrative control and usually within a building.
Campus Area Network (CAN): This network connects various devices within a campus or college
Metropolitan Area Network (MAN): This network connects two offices or companies within a city.
Wide Area Network (WAN): This network connects devices throughout the globe. The internet is a typical example of a WAN.
Functions of a Router