Gender Equality, Ways to achieve Gender Equality

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 25th January, 2019 @ 02:26

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government

Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.

In the above statement, government is defined _____.

  • A. As a process

  • B. As an act of governing

  • C. As an institution of a state

  • D. As an academic field o study

  • E. As a political wheel

  • F. As a machine of movement

Which of the following statement is false regarding the constitution?

  • A. No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister of a country

  • B. A constitution can be written or unwritten

  • C. The constitution consists of the fundamental human rights of citizens of a nation

  • D. The constitution does not necessarily allocate power to the different arms of government

  • E. The constitution upholds the people's sovereignty

  • F. A good constitution is neither too rigid not too flexible

A form of government whereby each state that makes up a country has the power to govern itself and manage it's own resources is known as _____.

  • A. Democracy
  • B. Communism
  • C. Federalism
  • D. Meritocracy
  • E. Autocracy
  • F. Oligarchy

The following are examples of pressure group in Nigeria except _____.

  • A. End SARS

  • B. Committee for the Defence of Human Rights (CDHR)

  • C. Odua Peoples Congress (OPC)

  • D. Christian Association of Nigeria (CAN)

  • E. Operation Feed the Nation (OFN)

  • H. National Association of Nigerian Students (NANS)

Which of the following is not an ethnic pressure group in Nigeria?

  • A. Bring Back our Girls (BBOG)

  • B. Afenifere

  • C. Ohanaeze Ndigbo

  • D. Middle Belt Forum (MBF)

  • E. Arewa Consultative Forum

  • F. Ijaw Youth Council (IYC)

The followings are ways to achieve gender equality except _____.

  • A. Education of the girl child

  • B. Encouraging women to go into power

  • C. Putting a stop to child marriage

  • D. Encouraging women to vote for women during elections

  • E. Empowering girls and women

  • F. Making laws that prohibits sexual harassment

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. Chaos
  • B. Doom
  • C. Oligarchy
  • D. Autocracy
  • E. Anarchy
  • F. Meritocracy

The definition of democracy as 'Government of the people, by the people and for the people' is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln



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What is Gender Equality?

If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.

Gender equity is the wheel that leads to sexual equality. For now, think of sexual equality as a "level playing ground" for both males and females.

Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females

In a society where gender equality is in full existence, girls and women can go ahead and achieve their dreams because they know they have equal chances, rights and privileges.

Please read on Fundamental Human Rights here

Ways to achieve Gender Equality

Below are some ways to achieve Gender Equality in our lifetime:

1. Education of the girl child

In some rural areas, majority of the uneducated parents are of the opinion that education isn't important for the girl child. Such parents will often say:

  • After all, she will eventually end up as a house wife (or in the kitchen).

The statement in the above paragraph is vague and fallacious. It is not true. Who says a woman cannot be the CEO of a company? In fact, It was a woman named Mary Slessor that stopped the killing of twins in Calabar, Nigeria. She also promoted education during her time there.

Note: As at the point of writing this article, Calabar happens to be the cleanest and one of the most beautiful states in Nigeria.

Please read on Mary Slessor, the woman who stopped the killing of twins in Calabar.

When a girl child is educated, she is more likely to ensure that all her children receive education.

It is very important to invest in a girl’s education because this singular act can transform a Nation.

Please read on the Illiteracy and its Causes here.

In addition, the children of educated mothers are less likely to die before they are born. This is true because such educated women are well aware of HIV and AIDS; thus are are less likely to contact it. They also understand the importance of immunization.

Please read on Immunization here.

Note: Education of the girl child is the best way to end early child marriage.


2. Encouraging women to go into power

If you take a count on the number of women in government, you will discover that they are always fewer than the men. As an instance, you may wish to count the number of women that make up the legislators (law makers) in your country.

Please read on the Concept of Government here.

Similarly, many countries are yet to have a woman as president. An instance is Nigeria whom from her time of amalgamation (1914) is yet to have a female president to this moment (2019).

We all (men, women, boys and girls) need to encourage, support and motivate women to actively participate in politics. Women must start helping women; men must start encouraging woman and above all,the woman must also encourage herself.

Please read on Cooperation and Factors that Promote Cooperation here.

I personally believe that if all women can work together, they will achieve this goal (since they account for the majority of populace); that is, women are more than men in terms of population.

With regards to knowledge, some women are very knowledgeable and intelligent. The media, internet and education are tools that the women can use to their advantage.

You can read on the Leadership Qualities of Joseph that has transformed Lives here.

Getting a woman towards becoming a leader is fundamental to further empowering other women and girls; even if it is at the level of her community.


3. Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage

Child marriage had been existing for a long time; and is still in existence to this day. Personally, I consider it to be one of the biggest drawbacks to a girls’ education.

Please read on Marriage and Forms of Marriage here.

In a child marriage, The man is usually much older (some of whom could be over 40 years) while the unwilling girl is usually below 18.

Unfortunately, this compelling marriage may take a formal or informal union by the parties involved. Although the young girl is usually not ready, she admits into it because she is persuaded or compelled by her parents.

Note: Any sexual advances (or requests for sexual favors) that isn't welcomed by a woman is considered a sexual harassment. Also, when a woman is intimidated, threatened, abused and beaten, such is likewise considered as sexual harassment.

Please read on Reputation here.

We have seen and heard stories on women and girls who were forced to meet certain sexual conditions before they could get a job. Similarly, some young girls may even be scared to walk alone on some streets for the fear of being sexually harassed.

To put an end to teenage marriage, Education is the key.

Please read on the Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.

If we want our young girls to succeed in education, we must put an end child marriage and sexual harassment. To this end, it is highly encouraged that the government of a Nation passes a bill into Law in order to put and end to this unjust act of child marriage.

Please read more on the Constitution here.


4. Women and Girls Empowerment

It is everybody's duty to support a woman or girl in crisis. Millions of girls and women have been subjected to abuse, sexual harassment, child marriage, child labor and trafficking. The government must create policies that will enable women do decent jobs in order to stop the aforementioned human right violations.

Please read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria here.

When a woman is empowered, she empowers her family in return. To this end, flexible loans should be made available to women in order to start up small businesses.

We should always appreciate every woman that had contributed positively into our lives. In this way we will encourage them to do more; and as a result, more women are empowered in return.

Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here.

Note: Non Governmental organizations (NGOs) should be created for this very purpose; that is, the woman and girl child empowerment.

Importantly, if all women and girls are well empowered, crimes like prostitution and human trafficking will become a thing of the past.

Please read on the Low Self-esteem and its Characteristics here.


5. Let's stop the war and violence

Whenever there is violence or war, it is the women that often receive the biggest blows of its aftermath. Those who survive will have to live with these terrifying memories that may come in the form of rape or death of their newly born.

Some women have been manipulated into participating in suicide bombing attacks. Also, pregnant mothers have been killed by these bombings, violence and wars. Many women have been made widows while some children are compelled to live as orphans.

You can read on Our Responses to Suffering and the Beauty of Suffering here.

In addition, many women had suffered silently because they are scared of stigmatization. They are left alone to fend for themselves and their children after the times of war.

Apparently, some women living with their husband are constantly beaten and maltreated. We need to speak up, protect them and start taking legal actions in order to stop the violence against women.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Government


Dictatorship is one of the forms of Government. It can exist either as:

  1. Military Dictatorship
  2. Civilian Dictatorship

In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)

The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.

A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia

You can read more on dictatorship here

A Pressure group is defined as any formal and organized body or group of people with the same interest and whose main goal is to put pressure on any governmental institution in order to influence government policies and laws to their own gain.

An example of a pressure group whose voice is often heard in Nigeria is the Academic Staff Union for Universities (ASUU).

Another instance of a pressure group in Nigeria is the Bring Back Our Girls (BBOG) group who pressured the Nigerian Government into taking appropriate actions towards the release of the 276 kidnapped female secondary students popularly referred to as the Chibok Girls, in Chibok, Bornu State, Nigeria.

Bring Back Our Girls - Len Academy

Note: These innocent female students were kidnapped by the so called "Boko Haram" on the night of April 14th - 15th, 2014.

The above pressure group was massive globally to an extent that even the first ladies of various foreign countries became a part of it.

The EndsSars is another pressure group in Nigeria. They forced the Nigerian government into scrapping the Special Anti-Robbery Squard (SARS) who had constantly brutalized the Nigerian youths.

If men and women enjoyed the same rights, same freedom, same opportunities, same resources and same rewards in all sectors of society, then that's gender equality.

Gender equality is the process of being fair to humans; both males and females.

Below are some ways towards achieving gender equality.

  • Education of the girl child

  • Encouraging women to go into power

  • Putting a stop to sexual harassment and child marriage

  • Women and girls empowerment

  • Putting a stop to harmful traditional practices against women

  • Stopping the violence and war

Please read more on gender equality and ways to achieve it here

Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

Note: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.

Please read more on the Characteristics of Democracy here.