Civic Education

Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 04th July, 2019 @ 1:08 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Consequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.

  • A. Self

  • B. Neutral

  • C. Humane

  • D. Positive

  • E. Negative

  • F. Intrinsic

A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are solutions to cultism except _____.

  • A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools

  • B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist

  • C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution

  • D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society

  • E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership

  • F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members

With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.

  • A. University of Lagos

  • B. University of Ibadan

  • C. University of Ife

  • D. University of Calabar

  • E. University of Portharcourt

  • F. Ahmadu Bello University

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogr√†phia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

Meaning of Values:

Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject 'values' will be from the perspective of Civic Education.

People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.

Please read on norms here.

Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.

Please read on reputation here.

Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.

Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:

Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.

When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

Value is the standard principles, ideas or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principles, ideas and beliefs.

Please read on your responsibilities, duties and obligations as a citizen here.

Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.

Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.

Please read on the attributes of God here.

Another definition of value is 'a more personal measure of worth'.

Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.

You can read on scale of preference and opportunity cost here.


Types of Values

Values can be classified into three types. These are:

1. Positive Values

A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;

In reference to the above instances, the followings can therefore be classified as positive values:

  1. Honesty

  2. Deligence

  3. Discipline

  4. Integrity

  5. Patience

  6. Positive Dedication and Focus

  7. Respect

  8. Goodness

  9. Sincerity

  10. Equity

  11. Justice

  12. Prudence

  13. Self Belief

  14. Selflessness

  15. Kindness

  16. Tolerance

  17. Forgiveness

  18. Self Control

  19. Temperance

  20. Cooperation

  21. Compassion

  22. Humility

  23. You can read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.


2. Negative Values

A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:

Examples of negative values includes:

  1. Pride

  2. Anger

  3. Covetousness

  4. Sloth

  5. Envy

  6. Unfair Criticism

  7. Discrimination

  8. Laziness

  9. Despair

  10. Gluttony

  11. Lust

  12. Frustration

  13. Malice

  14. Self Disbelief

  15. Selfishness

  16. Depression

  17. Lies

  18. Stealing

  19. Trouble Making

  20. Gossip

  21. Backbiting

  22. Hatred on another person

  23. Please read on Adam and Eve's disobedience with its Consequences here.

We should not emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.


3. Intrinsic Values

A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic. As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his grandchildren.

The value of respect (in the above instance) is attributed to the old man because of his age and status. In this case, his age and status are considered as intrinsic values because that's his personality and nature. Simply put, he is respected by his grandchildren because he is their grandfather. Being a grandfather is an intrinsic value to him because that's who he truly is.

Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically. (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).

Please read on consequences and solutions to illiteracy here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault

Notable points in Civic Education

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here