Civic Education

Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 04th July, 2019 @ 13:08

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. loyalty
  • B. discipline
  • C. faithfulness
  • D. honesty
  • E. godliness
  • F. goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. social cooperation
  • B. community cooperation
  • C. financial cooperation
  • D. religious cooperation
  • E. trade cooperation
  • F. idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  •  F. None the above options

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

  • A. Armed Forces Ruling Group (AFRP)
  • B. Boys Brigade
  • C. Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU)
  • D.Girls Guide Movement
  • E. Red Cross Society

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Meaning of Values:

Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject “values” will be from the perspective of Civic Education.

People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.

Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.

Please read on Reputation here.

Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.

Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:

Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.

When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.

Please read on the Attributes and Benefits of Honesty here.

Value is the standard principles, ideas or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principles, ideas and beliefs.

Please read on Your Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations as a Citizen here.

Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.

Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.

Please read on the Attributes of God here.

Another definition of value is “a more personal measure of worth”.

Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.

Please read on Scale of Preference and Opportunity Cost here.

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Types of Values

Values can be classified into three types. These are:

1. Positive Values

A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;

In reference to the above instances, the followings can therefore be classified as positive values:

  1. Honesty
  2. Deligence
  3. Discipline
  4. Integrity
  5. Patience
  6. Positive Dedication and Focus
  7. Respect
  8. Goodness
  9. Sincerely
  10. Equity
  11. Justice
  12. Prudence
  13. Self Belief
  14. Selflessness
  15. Kindness
  16. Tolerance
  17. Forgiveness
  18. Self Control
  19. Temperance
  20. Cooperation
  21. Goodness
  22. Humility
  23. Please read on the Leadership Qualities of Joseph that has transformed Lives here.


2. Negative Values

A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:

Examples of negative values includes:

  1. Pride
  2. Anger
  3. Covetousness
  4. Sloth
  5. Envy
  6. Unfair Criticism
  7. Discrimination
  8. Laziness
  9. Despair
  10. Gluttony
  11. Lust
  12. Frustration
  13. Malice
  14. Self Disbelief
  15. Selfishness
  16. Depression
  17. Lies
  18. Stealing
  19. Trouble Making
  20. Gossip
  21. Backbiting
  22. Hatred on another person
  23. Please read on Adam and Eve's Disobedience with its Consequences here.

Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.


3. Intrinsic Values

A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic.

As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children.

The value of respect (in the above instance) is attributed to the old man because of his age and status. In this case, his age and status are considered as intrinsic values because that's his personality and nature.

Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically. (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).

Please read on Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy here.


Values and Norms

Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.

Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.

Please read on Unwritten Constitution and Other Types of Constitution here.

The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people.

The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain "tiny sticks".

In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed “agbada” is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria

Please read on the Nigerian National Symbols here.

Note: Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation guiding the people.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and com­mon endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here


1. Direct Cooperation

2. indirect Cooperation

3. Social Cooperation

4. Religious Cooperation

5. Financial Cooperation

6. Community Cooperation

7. Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these Human Rights. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away; for instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here