Civic Education

Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 04th July, 2019 @ 13:08: PM

Topics in Civic Education

Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Characteristics, Reasons, Effects and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Meaning, Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. loyalty
  • B. discipline
  • C. faithfulness
  • D. honesty
  • E. godliness
  • F. goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. social cooperation
  • B. community cooperation
  • C. financial cooperation
  • D. religious cooperation
  • E. trade cooperation
  • F. idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  •  F. None the above options

Meaning of Values:

Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject “values” will be from the perspective of Civic Education.

People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.

Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.

Please read on Reputation here.

Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.

Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:

Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.

When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.

Value is the standard principles, ideas, or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principle, idea and belief.

Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.

Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.

Another definition of value is “a more personal measure of worth”.

Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.


Types of Values

Values can be classified into three types. These are:

1. Positive Values

A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;

  • A young girl may choose to place value on her virginity regardless the challenging situation she finds herself, preserving it until marriage.

  • A young boy on the other hand may place his value on education, and would do everything possible to achieve his educational dreams.

  • A business man may place value on "truth" and will be determined to speak it always regardless the situation.
    Please read on the real meaning honesty here.


2. Negative values

A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:

Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.


3. Intrinsic Values

A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic.

As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children. That value of respect is attributed to the old man because of his age and status (an intrinsic value because that's his personality/nature).

Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically; (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).


Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.

Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.

The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people.

The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain "tiny sticks".

In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed “agbada” is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria

Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation guiding the people.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and com­mon endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here


1. Direct Cooperation

2. indirect Cooperation

3. Social Cooperation

4. Religious Cooperation

5. Financial Cooperation

6. Community Cooperation

7. Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here