Topics in Civic EducationExamination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria
Academic Questions in Civic Education
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.
B. Individual assessment
F. Cross examination
The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.
A. Achievement of a personal goal
B. Achievement of a common goal
C. Understanding the common goal
D. Understanding one another
F. None of the above options
Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?
A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people
B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility
C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure
D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection
E. Honestly leads to social segregation
F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill
The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?
A. It is synonymous to volunteer service
B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment
C. It can be done in any part of the world
D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service
E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae
F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done
Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject 'values' will be from the perspective of Civic Education.
People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.
Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.
Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.
Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:
Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.
When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.
Value is the standard principles, ideas or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.
Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principles, ideas and beliefs.
Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.
Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.
Another definition of value is 'a more personal measure of worth'.
Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.
Values can be classified into three types. These are:
A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;
A young girl may choose to place value on her virginity regardless the challenging situation she finds herself, preserving it until marriage.
A young boy on the other hand may place his value on education, and would do everything possible to achieve his educational dreams.
You can attempt Len Academy 'test your knowledge' section here.
A business man may place value on 'truth' and will be determined to speak it always regardless the situation.
Please read on the concept of honesty here.
In reference to the above instances, the followings can therefore be classified as positive values:
Positive Dedication and Focus
A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:
Negative values could be in the form of prioritizing the unhealthy use of drugs (drug abuse) because of the temporarily feeling of relief that comes along it's intake.
Please read on drug abuse in adolescents here.
Unfortunately, some parents might inflict pains on their wards or children because of the values they have placed in certain traditional practices. Some may even choose to iron the breasts of a developing teenage girl, in the name of tradition.
Please read on harmful traditional practices in Nigeria here.
Examples of negative values includes:
Hatred on another person
We should not emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.
A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic.
As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his grandchildren.
The value of respect (in the above instance) is attributed to the old man because of his age and status. In this case, his age and status are considered as intrinsic values because that's his personality and nature. Simply put, he is respected by his grandchildren because he is their grandfather. Being a grandfather is an intrinsic value to him because that's who he truly is.
Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically. (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).
Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.
Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.
The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people.
The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain 'tiny sticks'.
In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed agbada is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria
Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation guiding the people.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: