Topics in Civic EducationWhat is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights
Academic Questions in Civic Education
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?
A. It is synonymous to volunteer service
B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment
C. It can be done in any part of the world
D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service
E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae
F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done
The following are consequences of cultism except _____.
A. Untimely death of members
B. They become feared by everyone
C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions
D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes
E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers
F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families
Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.
A. Against all odds
B. Against all limitations
C. Against all barriers
D. Against all enemies
E. Against all conventions
F. Against all evils
Regarding honesty, the following statements are correct except _____.
A. The act of honesty goes beyond not telling a lie
B. Loyalty is a requirement for honesty
C. A honest person is truthful to himself and others
D. A person may say a truth and yet be dishonest
E. A person becomes dependable when he or she is honest
F. None of the above
Which of the following statement is false concerning illiteracy?
A. Medical issues like dyslexia and dysorthographia does not contribute to illiteracy in developing nations
B. A person who can read and write in Chinese Language but not in English Language is not considered as an illiterate
C. According to statistics, about 30% of the world population are illiterate
D. A lack of awareness can result to illiteracy
E. Cultures that prohibit the education of a girl child will promote illiteracy
F. Illiteracy generally has a negative effect on the societies or communities where they exist
The following are consequences of illiteracy except _____.
A. Increased crime within the society
B. Increased rate of child marriage
D. Illiterate people may lack knowledge of their fundamental human rights; and thus may not exercise it
E. Illiteracy promotes illiteracy
F. Illiteracy promotes cooperation although the people lack education
Which of the following is not a fundamental human rights?
A. Right to Nationality
B. Right to proper Standard of Living
C. Right to Behave however we want
D. Right to be Happy
E. Right to Pay Tax
F. Right to become a Celibate
Which of the following isn't a characteristics statement of the human rights?
A. They are fundamental
B. They are inalienable
C. They are non-discriminatory
D. They are indivisible
E. They are universal
F. They are unconnected or separate
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Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject “values” will be from the perspective of Civic Education.
People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.
Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.
Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.
Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:
Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.
When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.
Value is the standard principles, ideas or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.
Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principles, ideas and beliefs.
Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.
Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.
Another definition of value is “a more personal measure of worth”.
Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.
Values can be classified into three types. These are:
A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;
A young girl may choose to place value on her virginity regardless the challenging situation she finds herself, preserving it until marriage.
A young boy on the other hand may place his value on education, and would do everything possible to achieve his educational dreams.
You can Attempt Len Academy "Test Your Knowledge" section here.
A business man may place value on "truth" and will be determined to speak it always regardless the situation.
Please read on the True meaning Honesty here.
In reference to the above instances, the followings can therefore be classified as positive values:
A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:
Negative values could be in the form of prioritizing the unhealthy use of drugs (drug abuse) because of the temporarily feeling of relief that comes along it's intake.
Please read on Drug Abuse in Adolescents here.
Unfortunately, some parents might inflict pains on their wards or children because of the values they have placed in certain traditional practices. Some may even choose to iron the breasts of a developing teenage girl, in the name of tradition.
Please read on Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria here.
Examples of negative values includes:
Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.
A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic.
As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children.
The value of respect (in the above instance) is attributed to the old man because of his age and status. In this case, his age and status are considered as intrinsic values because that's his personality and nature.
Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically. (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).
Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.
Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.
The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people.
The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain "tiny sticks".
In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed “agbada” is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria
Note: Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation guiding the people.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct Cooperation
- Indirect Cooperation
- Social Cooperation
- Religious Cooperation
- Financial Cooperation
- Community Cooperation
- Occupational Cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: