Civic Education

Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 04th July, 2019 @ 1:08 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Cooperation in civic education What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?

  • A. It is synonymous to volunteer service

  • B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment

  • C. It can be done in any part of the world

  • D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service

  • E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae

  • F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done

The following are consequences of cultism except _____.

  • A. Untimely death of members

  • B. They become feared by everyone

  • C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions

  • D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes

  • E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers

  • F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils



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Meaning of Values:

Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject 'values' will be from the perspective of Civic Education.

People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective.

Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on.

Please read on reputation here.

Note: The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.

Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:

Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.

When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

Value is the standard principles, ideas or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principles, ideas and beliefs.

Please read on your responsibilities, duties and obligations as a citizen here.

Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.

Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.

Please read on the attributes of God here.

Another definition of value is 'a more personal measure of worth'.

Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.

You can read on scale of preference and opportunity cost here.


Types of Values

Values can be classified into three types. These are:

1. Positive Values

A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;

In reference to the above instances, the followings can therefore be classified as positive values:

  1. Honesty
  2. Deligence
  3. Discipline
  4. Integrity
  5. Patience
  6. Positive Dedication and Focus
  7. Respect
  8. Goodness
  9. Sincerity
  10. Equity
  11. Justice
  12. Prudence
  13. Self Belief
  14. Selflessness
  15. Kindness
  16. Tolerance
  17. Forgiveness
  18. Self Control
  19. Temperance
  20. Cooperation
  21. Compassion
  22. Humility
  23. You can read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.


2. Negative Values

A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:

Examples of negative values includes:

  1. Pride
  2. Anger
  3. Covetousness
  4. Sloth
  5. Envy
  6. Unfair Criticism
  7. Discrimination
  8. Laziness
  9. Despair
  10. Gluttony
  11. Lust
  12. Frustration
  13. Malice
  14. Self Disbelief
  15. Selfishness
  16. Depression
  17. Lies
  18. Stealing
  19. Trouble Making
  20. Gossip
  21. Backbiting
  22. Hatred on another person
  23. Please read on Adam and Eve's disobedience with its Consequences here.

Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the lives of many useless.


3. Intrinsic Values

A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic.

As an instance, an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children.

The value of respect (in the above instance) is attributed to the old man because of his age and status. In this case, his age and status are considered as intrinsic values because that's his personality and nature.

Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments.This is so because the aformentioned values are all required to succeed academically. (You must give them a very high priority because you value education).

Please read on consequences and solutions to illiteracy here.


Values and Norms

Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.

Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.

Please read on unwritten constitution and other types of constitution here.

The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people.

The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain 'tiny sticks'.

In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed agbada is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria

You can read on the Nigerian national ymbols here.

Note: Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation guiding the people.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here