Topics in Civic EducationCooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning of Values in Civic Education Community service and its benefit Characteristics, Reasons, Effects and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Meaning, Causes, Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy The Real Meaning of Honesty Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term
Academic Questions in Civic Education
Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject “values” will be from the perspective of Civic Education.
People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective. Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on. The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.
Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:
Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.
When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.
Value is the standard principles, ideas, or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.
Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principle, idea and belief.
Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.
Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.
Another definition of value is “a more personal measure of worth”.
Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.
Values can be of 3 kinds:
A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;
A young girl may choose to place value on her virginity regardless the challenging situation she finds herself, preserving it until marriage.
A young boy on the other hand may place his value on education, and would do everything possible to achieve his educational dreams.
A business man may place value on "truth" and will be determined to speak it always regardless the situation. Please read on the real meaning honesty here.
A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:
Negative values could be in the form of prioritizing the unhealthy use of drugs (drug abuse) because of the temporarily feeling of relief that comes along it's intake. Please read on drug abuse in adolescents here.
Unfortunately, some parents might inflict pains on their wards or children because of the values they have placed in certain traditional practices. Some may even choose to iron the breasts of a developing teenage girl, in the name of tradition. Please read on harmful traditional practices in Nigeria here.
A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic. For instance an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children. That value of respect is attributed to the old man because of his age and status (an intrinsic value because that's his personality/nature). Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments because they are all required to succeed academically.
Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the life of many useless.
Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.
Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.
The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people. The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain "tiny sticks". In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed “agbada” is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria
Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation controlling the people.
Amazing facts in Civic Education
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these Human Rights. Below are 4 limitations: