Civic Education

Meaning of Values in Civic Education

Olawunmi Omosanya - Thu, 04th July, 2019 @ 13:08: PM

Meaning of Values

Value is a commonly used word with several meanings. Our explanation of this subject “values” will be from the perspective of Civic Education.

People attribute different worth to things based on their sense of value. For instance, one person may prefer a car over a house simply because he places more value on the car. Another may choose the opposite because the house is of a greater value from their perspective. Take a moment to think of something you love so much, cherish or admire. It could be your mom, dad, brother, sister, friend or even a product of technology. You will always do everything in your power to preserve, protect and respect what you love and consider to be valuable (have value). In fact, you cannot publicly deny your affection for anything you have placed your value on. The values that we have placed on human beings, technology or other things will directly or indirectly influence our behavior and the decisions concerning them; since they become an important aspect of our lives.

Under Civic Education, values may be defined as follows:

Value is the esteemed quality or importance which a person or group of persons attach to certain ideas, beliefs or principles.

When you think about your ideologies (or school of thought) as an individual; you will discover that you place some values on them.

Value is the standard principles, ideas, or belief that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

Think about your culture for a moment. You will discover that it has its own principle, idea and belief.

Value is a lay down rules and standard that influences our relationship with people.

Take a moment to think about the people you like and dislike. This is an attribute of the value you have placed on them.

Another definition of value is “a more personal measure of worth”.

Think of this definition as the importance at which you place on things.


Values can be of 3 kinds:

1. Positive Values

A positive value has everything to do with those qualities that are good for oneself and the society at large. Let’s consider these instances below;

  • A young girl may choose to place value on her virginity regardless the challenging situation she finds herself, preserving it until marriage.

  • A young boy on the other hand may place his value on education, and would do everything possible to achieve his educational dreams.

  • A business man may place value on "truth" and will be determined to speak it always regardless the situation. Please read on the real meaning honesty here.


2. Negative values

A person with negative values will only end up destroying his/her life. Negative values are bad, worthless and will only bring about one’s destruction. They are seen in the following instances:


3. Intrinsic Values

A value that belongs naturally to somebody or something is said to be intrinsic. For instance an old man is expected to be respected by his great grand children. That value of respect is attributed to the old man because of his age and status (an intrinsic value because that's his personality/nature). Also, education has got intrinsic values which are hard-work, diligence, dedication, frequent reading and doing of assignments because they are all required to succeed academically.

Note: We should NOT emulate negative values, no matter where we find ourselves. Negative values have rendered the life of many useless.


Different societies have got their own values which may also be referred to as norms.

Norms are standard behavior accepted by the society; and is meant to guide the conduct of all its members at all times.

The United Kingdom, for instance have got their societal values (norms) which are beneficial to the British people. The Chinese have a great norm and this is why you probably may have seen them place value in their manner of eating with certain "tiny sticks". In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got separate values even though the people live in the same country. For instance, a kind of cloth termed “agbada” is of value in the South West region (Yoruba Land) of Nigeria

Recall that culture is a way of life of the people; and the values of each culture are set up in various rules and regulation controlling the people.

Amazing facts in Civic Education


All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these Human Rights. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away; for instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here

PLEASE COMMENT WISELY: You can upload relevant images to your contribition just below this comment box



LEN ACADEMY is a subsidiary of COSDA SYSTEMS

Copyright © , All rights reserved.

Designed by Alfred Ajibola | Powered by