Topics in Basic TechnologyCeramics: Types of Ceramics Advantages and Disadvantages of Chain drives Len Academy Questions for Basic Technology JSS3, 2nd Term, 2020 Len Academy Question for Basic Technology, JSS3, 2nd Term, 2020, Part 2 Belt and Pulley Drives: Types of Belt in Belt Drives Electromechanical Energy: Parts of the Refrigerator and how they operate Chain Drive, Types, Classifications, Advantages and Disadvantages Advantages and Disadvantages of Belt Drives Type of Lines in Technical Drawings Len Academy questions for Basic Technology, JSS2, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Basic Technology JSS2, 2nd Term, Part 2 Maintenance, Types of Maintenance Hardwood and Softwood - Characteristics and Examples What are Ceramics? Characteristics of Ceramics
Academic Questions in Basic Technology
Which of the following is not a type of maintenance?
Which of the following is incorrect concerning preventive maintenance?
A. It is considered to be the best form of maintenance
B. Immunization is a form of preventive maintenance
C. Worn out parts may be discovered when preventive maintenance is carried out
D. Preventive maintenance is defined as the repairs carried out on an equipment or object after a correct prediction of an impending fault
E. A person who services his car monthly practices preventive maintenance (even though the car functions properly)
F. The main goal of preventive maintenance is to stop a device from breaking down suddenly
The following statements are true concerning wood except _____.
A. It is an inorganic material
B. It is a structural tissue
C. It is composed mainly of cellulose
D. Hardwood and Softwood are types of wood
E. It constitutes the stems and branches of trees
F. It is porous and fibrous
Which of the following is not a characteristic of hardwood?
A. They are more fire resistant in comparison to softwood
B. Their stem are divided into trunks called dendritic form
C. Birch, Teak and Alder are examples of hardwood
D. They always have a higher density than softwood of the same mass
E. They are suitable for making deckings in buildings
F. Most hardwood are expensive than softwood
The outermost covering of a wood is called the _____.
A. Wood skin
The followings are characteristics of ceramics except _____.
A. They readily undergo oxidation
B. They have high melting point
C. They are durable
D. Most are insulators but graphite is a conductor of electricity
E. Most are non-magnetic
F. They have great tensile strength but graphite is soft
Which of the following statement is false of ceramics?
A. They are not metals
B. They are not plastics
C. Ceramics can be absolutely defined by its products characteristics
D. Ceramic materials are not organic in nature
E. Ceramics are refractory in nature
F. Ceramics materials are usually made from clay
Which of the following is not a function of thin continuous line in Technical drawing?
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We have various type of lines in technical drawings and geometric constructions. Each of these lines will serve a different purpose by providing a specific detail or information to those looking at your construction or drawing.
As a student, an understanding of the various type of lines will prove generally useful, especially to those with great interest in Mathematics and Basic Technology. Also, those who are into buildings (Building Engineers) will need to read and interpret various architectural drawings in order to effectively implement their job.
In Technical Drawings, Lines are used for the interpretation of drawings by the technical people involved.
Various type of lines are often used as a form of language communication between technical individuals.Please read on Lines in Mathematics here.
The diagram below shows the various types of line, their description and general application:
A thin continuous line could be a straight or curved line but the main point to remember is this: 'it is a tiny (thin) line with no dot or dashes within it'.
A Thin Continuous Line is used for representing the followings:
It has a stronger outline than the thin continuous line. It could be straight or curved, but with no dot or dashes within it.
Thick Continuous Line is mainly used for:
These lines contain short tiny (thin) dashes within it.
Short Thin Dash Lines are used for:
Below are the uses of Dashed Thin Lines with Dots:
This line is similar to the Dash Thin Lines with Dots except that it has double dots within it.
They are lines with pointed edges at one or both ends.
Note: The pointed edges are in the form of an arrow.
Arrowhead Lines are used:
This is a straight line in the zigzag direction. Please see the diagram above.
Below are the uses of Continuous Thin Straight Zigzag Line:
These lines are drawn only with the hands and without a ruler or another similar ruling material.
Note: The Free Hand Line is similar in function to the Continuous Thin Irregular Line.
The Free Hand Line serves the following:
Please see the diagram above
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Basic Technology
Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated
Lighter was invented before matches
Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner was credited with the invention of lighter in 1826 while the actual match was made 3 years later
Volkswagen group of companies own some of the top cars of the world. These are Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Ducati, Lamborghini and Porsche
NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Technology
Preventive maintenance is carried out routinely on a device even though no apparent fault may be present on such device.
The goal of preventive maintenance as the name suggest is to prevent a sudden breakdown on a device or equipment.
As an instance, a person who services his or her car monthly even though the car is still able to function correctly is said to be carrying out preventive maintenance on the car.
In the course of a preventive maintenance, worn out parts may be discovered and replaced as soon as possible. Also, there may be a change of oil while other little adjustments may also be carried out.
We can even carry out preventive maintenance on our body to prevent certain diseases. For this reason, some persons have discovered cancerous cells in their body through regular medical checkup; and were able to kill such cells before they become malignant.
As a matter of fact; immunization is a form of preventive maintenance.
Hardwoods are derived from angiosperms. They show the following characteristics:
They usually have a higher density than softwood. Balsa is an exception.
They are usually more expensive than softwood.
They grow at a slower rate than softwood.
Hardwood trees shed their leaves in certain times of the year.
Hardwood are more fire resistant than softwood.
The leaves of hardwood trees are evergreen.
They are used for making quality furniture (in terms of strength). They are also suitable for decking in buildings.
Hardwood trees always have divided trunks which are sometimes referred to as a dendritic form.
In terms of price, hardwood are usually more expensive than softwood.
Examples of hardwood include iroko, ash, beech, alder, teak, birch, mahogany, maple, oak, balsa and walnut.
Ceramics are refractory. They also require a very high amount of heat and subsquent cooling to be formed.
Being refractory means that they are capable of withstanding a variety of abuses like high temperatures and chemical attacks.
Ceramics are generally made by taking clay from the ground and mixing it with water. It is then shaped into any form and fired inside an oven (called kiln) at a very high temperature. They may then be decorated with a waterproof, paint-like substances called glazes.
Ceramics may have constrasting physical and chemical properties (or characteristics); but in general,
They have high melting points.
They are heat resistant.
They can be very hard with great strength; although a few are brittle or soft; for example, graphite.
They are durable (last for a long time).
Most are electrical insulators (cannot conduct electricity) but; graphite is an electrical conductor.
They are chemically unreactive or inert.
They are not easily oxidized.
Most are non-magnetic.