Food Chain in Ecosystem

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 24th July, 2019 @ 15:21: PM

Topics in Biology

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Academic Questions in Biology

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.

  • A. Homeotherms

  • B. Endotherms

  • C. Poilokitherms

  • D. Ectotherms

  • E. Thermotherms

  • F. None of the above

All reptiles are vertebrates.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.

  • A. Osteocytes
  • B. Chondrocytes
  • C. Chondroblasts
  • D. Osteoclasts
  • E. Osteoprogenitor cells
  • F. Osteoblastic

_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.

  • A. Clavicle
  • B. Scapula
  • C. Patella
  • D. Radius
  • E. Sternum
  • F. Femur

Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?

  • A. Cartilage does not have a direct blood supply while bones have direct blood supply
  • B. The process of ossification replaces a cartilage to bone
  • C. The protein that makes up cartilage is called chondrin while that that makes up bone is called ossein
  • D. Cartilage grows from both ends while bones grow from one of its epiphysis
  • E. They both have living cells within them
  • F. Haversian system is absent in cartilage but present in bones

A diagram showing the movement of energy through a food chain is called a _____.

  • A. Food Chain
  • B. Food Web
  • C. Food Energy
  • D. Food Link
  • E. Food Flow
  • F. Food Pyramid

Which of the following is NOT a part of the wrist bones (or carpal bones)?

  • A. Cuboid
  • B. Scaphoid
  • C. Hamate
  • D. Triquetral
  • E. Pisiform
  • F. Trapezium

The statements below are true concerning arteries except _____.

  • A. The arterial wall has 4 layers

  • B. Tunica Adventitia is the outermost layer of an artery

  • C. Aorta is the largest artery in the human body

  • D. Pulmunary artery conveys deoxygenated blood

  • E. Internal bleeding will occur when a deeply located artery is broken

  • F. Arterial vascular disorders are worsened in people with diabetes and renal failure



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Food Chain:

Nutrition is one of the basic characteristics of living organisms. This is true because all living organism must feed on 'something' (called food) in order to stay alive.

Please read on the Basic Characteristics of Living Organisms here.

The process of nutrition may be considered as a form of chain that brings different species of organisms into interaction. For instance, a zebra will interact with different plants in the savanna biome for the purpose of food. Similarly, a lion interacts with a zebra for the same purpose (food).

You can read on Tropical Rainforest explained with its importance here.

Note: The interaction of organisms for food will always commence with producers.

Producers in food chain refers to organisms that manufacture or produce their own food.

Producers also feed from the food they manufacture while other organisms will depend on them for ready made food, either directly or indirectly.

Organisms that manufacture their own food are referred to as autotrophic organisms or autotrophs. In food chain, we often refer to them as producers.

Please read on Autotrophic Mode of Nutrition here.

Examples of autotrophs or producers are the green plants, blue-green algae and chemosynthetic bacteria.

Note: When autotrophs require sunlight to make their food, they are referred to as photoautotrophs and the process involved is termed photosynthesis. Examples of photoautotrophs are all green plants and the blue-green algae.

Conversely, when autotrophs utilizes chemicals to manufacture their food, they are referred to as chemoautotrophs and the process involved is termed chemosynthesis.

Chemoautotrophs includes methanogenic archaea, aquificae and sulfur-oxidizing epsilon proteobacteria.

A Food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.

Think of habitat as a place where organisms live. They are put into 3:

  1. Terrestrial Habitat (Land)
  2. Aquatic Habitat (Water)
  3. Arboreal Habitat (Treetops)
  4. Please read on various Ecological Concepts explained here.

The diagram below shows a Food Chain:

Food Chain - Len Academy

A food chain begins with the producers. These producers are usually consumed by other organisms (usually herbivores and insects); and are referred to as consumers.

Note: Organisms that directly feed on producers in a food chain are preferably called primary consumers.

Examples of primary consumers are zebra, grasshopper, antelope, rabbit, caterpillar, aphids, cotton strainer and other plant feeding organisms.

Please read on Differences between Plants and Crops here.

Next, the primary consumers are consumed or eaten by another sets of consumers called secondary consumers.

Secondary consumers include animals like rats, lion, cats and snakes. (They can be carnivorous or ominvorous organisms).

Please read on Reptiles and their Characteristics here.

Secondary consumers may be consumed by a third set of consumers called tertiary consumers. Vultures and eagles are examples of tertiary consumers.

You can read on the Unique Characteristics of Man here.

Finally, the tertiary consumers are consumed by the last group of organisms called decomposers.

Decomposers in food chain are organisms that feed on dead organisms, bringing about their decomposition in the process. They may also be regarded as saprophytes.

Note Fungi and most acteria are typical examples of decomposers.

In summary, producers will always begin the food chain while decomposers signifies the end of a food chain.

It is important to state that two or more food chains are usually present in a habitat. These food chains are usually interlinked, giving rise to a food web.

Please read more on Food web, its explanations and examples here.

Food Pyramid

All organism get their energy from the food they eat.

A food chain that shows the movement of energy through it is termed a food pyramid.

Note: The food pyramid is always drawn in a triangular form with the narrow edge at the top. This narrowing at the top signifies the loss of energy as we go top of the food pyramid.

The image below shows a Food Pyramid:

Food Pyramid - Len Academy

From the above diagram, the primary consumers (grasshoppers) fed on the grasses and gained 1,000kcal of energy. Most of this energy would probably be used for their metabolic activities like hopping, respiration, movement, reproduction and so on.

All living organism must lose energy in the form of heat to their surroundings. This is as a result of their metabolic activities.

By the time the secondary consumers consumed the grasshoppers, it was only able to get 10kcal of energy simply because the grasshoppers had already lost some energy in the form of heat to it's surroundings.

Similarly, the secondary consumers will also use some of this energy (10kcal) for it’s metabolic activities; thus losing some energy in the form of heat to the surroundings.

Finally, the tertiary consumer consumed the secondary consumers and was able to get 1kcal of energy. This is because the secondary consumers had lost 9kcal of energy in the form of heat to its surroundings.

Note: As a student, you should be able to state the 2nd law of thermodynamics because it has everything to do with the “loss of heat to the surroundings”.

Please read on the Concept of Heat and Temperature here.

The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics, with regards to food chain states that:

In the course of energy transformation or transfer, some energy is lost in the form of heat to the surroundings.

Note: Energy is always lost as heat during metabolism.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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If you stop taking your antibiotics before you're supposed to, any bacteria that didn't get killed can develop an immunity to that antibiotic and become a super-strain, making it much difficult to kill in the future. So keep taking your antibiotics pill, even if you feel better.

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For a thing to be considered Living, it must possess all the Basic Characteristics of Life. These include:

  1. Movement

  2. Respiration

  3. Nutrition

  4. Irritability or Sensitivity

  5. Growth

  6. Excretion

  7. Reproduction

  8. Death

  9. Adaptation

  10. Competition

Please read the explanations on all the Basic Characteristics of Life here

During strenuous exercises like sprinting or 🏃 running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.

This is the concept of anaerobic respiration

Food Chain - Len Academy

A food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.

Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:

  • Terrestrial (Land)
  • Aquatic (Water)
  • Arboreal (🌲 Treetops)

You can read on Food Chain here

The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:

  • Bios: means life.
  • Logos: means knowledge or to study.

Biology can therefore be defined is the study of life

Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism) 🌱🐐🐓. All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:

  1. Movement
  2. Respiration
  3. Nutrition
  4. Irritability or Sensitivity
  5. Growth
  6. Excretion
  7. Reproduction
  8. Death
  9. Adaptation
  10. Competition

The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym (MR. NIGER DAC).

You can read on the introduction to Biology and the basic characteristics of life here

The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2

Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis.

Please read on photosynthesis here

Note: Plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere