Topics in Civic EducationConsequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits
Academic Questions in Civic Education
A value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.
A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.
The following are solutions to cultism except _____.
A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools
B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist
C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution
D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society
E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership
F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members
With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.
A. University of Lagos
B. University of Ibadan
C. University of Ife
D. University of Calabar
E. University of Portharcourt
F. Ahmadu Bello University
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
Cooperation is a vital value that is necessary for an increased output or productivity from any group or society.
Individual, communities, states and the nation at large will find it difficult to develop if there is little or no cooperation among its people.
By definition, cooperation is the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal.
In this article, we will look at the various factors that promote or encourage cooperation among individuals, groups and the society at large.
Below are some of these factors:
Every individual has a goal. Think of a goal as an achievement; and we must work towards such achievement.
Most times, we cannot make achievements alone; thus our cooperation with others is mandatory (important).
As an instance; a student who intends to become a medical doctor must be willing to cooperate with his teachers, lecturers, professors and other colleagues in school.
Similarly, a boy who intends to be a great footballer must cooperate with his trainers, coaches and other team mates.
One of the most successful business men on earth once quoted that:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning.
Often times, people form groups in order to achieve a common goal. These groups could be non-governmental organizations (NGOs), pressure groups, academic groups and so on.
Unity and cooperation are the vital requirements if these groups are to effectively achieve their goals.
For instance, cooperation within the pressure groups can pressurize the government into making favorable policies towards their group.
Cooperation will not thrive when we fail to understand or accept the fact that all human beings have equal rights before the law.
Discrimination, tribalism, racial abuse and nepotism are the greatest acts of abuse and must be completely condemned and penalized because they are all false signs that human beings are not equal.
Note: Within a country, equality before the law is paramount for the existence of cooperation among its people.
When the people begin to see, feel and understand that they have equal rights and are also equal before the law, cooperation will be highly encouraged and practiced among such people.
There is this saying that 'respect is reciprocal'.
It is quite difficult for a person who you don’t respect to genuinely cooperate with you.
Note: Regardless of age, we must respect one another.
As an instance, students are obliged to respect their teachers and the teachers must respect his or her students in return.
Through respect, crimes and vices will be reduced in the society while cooperation is fostered among the people.
Reliability is earned through our previous activities and actions with others.
No one likes to collaborate or cooperate with an unreliable person; because such a person could jeopardize the common goal of cooperation.
Think of reliability as a state whereby you can confidently depend on others.
Similarly, you will be considered to be reliable when others confidently depend on you.
Understand that reliability is a positive value that will eventually increase one's reputation.
Reliability is quite similar to trustworthiness. You can imagine trustworthiness to be a person's level of believability.
As we all know, 'no one is above mistake'.
For cooperation to exist, we must accept the fact that anyone can make mistake.
Note: We must also understand that each person is entitled to his or her opinion.
You can only cooperate with someone when you know and understand the common goal. Through this, you get to understand your role towards such goal and can effectively work with the team towards achieving it.
Division of labor is a form of cooperation and unity since each department work towards achieving a common goal, although through their specialized fields.
Our ability to reason with one another will determine our level of cooperation. We must always accept the fact that each person is entitled to his or her opinion, views or feelings.
Understanding brings about unity and unity results into cooperation. Cooperation will therefore get the job done through understanding among the people.
You may have read on the biblical story of a certain people who attempted to build a tower reaching up to the heavens through cooperation.
According to the story (above), the people spoke a common language and were really progressing in their mission until their languages became struck and they could no longer understand one another. This loss of understanding (through languages) was the singular act that prevented the people from achieving their goal.
Without unity, there can be no cooperation. Cooperation requires that the people must live in unity and harmony while working together as a team.
Note: A bunch of broom must first be united before they can be effectively used for sweeping.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
Notable points in Civic Education
All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.
These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.
There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.
The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.
Below are some of our rights as humans:
Right to life
Right to freedom, liberty and equality
Right to religion and belief
Right to food and shelter
Right to education
Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law
Right to be free from torture
Right to innocence until proven guilty
Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)
Right to freedom of thought and speech
Right to live a life free from discrimination
Right to movement
Right to democracy
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates