Moral lessons learnt from the parable of the prodigal son

len Alfred Ajibola - Sat, 07th September, 2019 @ 3:16 PM

Topics in CRS

Fruit of the Holy Spirit: Modesty and Continency Fruit of the Holy Spirit: Goodness, Longanimity and Mildness Characteristics of the new life in Christ New Life in Christ Concept of justification by faith The Supremacy of God Supremacy of God Lessons learnt from God's supremacy Jesus as the Living Bread explained Lessons learnt from Jesus' teaching as the Living Bread Why does suffering and pain exist? Forgiveness: Jesus' teaching on forgiveness and its importance What is Forgiveness? Jesus' teaching on forgiveness Jesus' teaching on giving The Prodigal Son, Moral lessons learnt Moral lessons learnt from the parable of the prodigal son Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 1st Term Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 3rd Term Biblical account of Creation

Academic Questions in CRS

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The feeding of five thousand men with five loaves of bread and two fishes paved way for Jesus' teaching on _____.

  • A. The sermon on the mount

  • B. The living bread

  • C. Prayer, fasting and almsgiving

  • D. The prodigal son

  • E. The good samaritan

  • F. Giving

According to Christianity, Jesus Christ suffered for us all. As a result, Christians do not have to suffer on earth.

  • A. True

  • B. False

In the gospel of Matthew chapter 18 verse 21-35, Jesus tells what story?

  • A. The story of the prodigal son

  • B. The story of the good Samaritan

  • C. The story of the fig tree

  • D. The beatitudes

  • E. The story of the vineyard

  • F. The story of the unforgiving servant

What is Jesus' last word on the cross?

  • A. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they are doing

  • B. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me

  • C. I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise

  • D. I am thirsty

  • E. It is finished

  • F. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit

With regards to giving, Jesus made the statement below:

Do your acts of righteousness before men, to be seen by them. If you do this, you will have a reward from your Father in heaven.

  • A. True

  • B. False

At last, he came to his senses and said, 'All my father’s hired workers have more than they can eat, and here am I about to starve! I will get up and go back to my father and say, Father, I have sinned against God and against you. I am no longer fit to be called your son; treat me as one of your hired workers'. So he got up and started back to his father.

The above statement was made by the prodigal son when he took up a job in a distant country. What job was that?

  • A. Care of cattle

  • B. Care of sheep

  • C. Care of goats

  • D. Care of pigs

  • E. Care of cattle and sheep

  • F. Care of cattle and sheep and goats

The parable of the prodigal son is found in which of the following bible passages?

  • A. Matthew 15: 11-32

  • B. Mark 15: 11-32

  • C. Luke 15: 11-32

  • D. John 15: 11-32

  • E. None of the above

  • F. All of the above

Jesus was born specifically in _____.

  • A. Jerusalem

  • B. Bethlehem

  • C. Nazareth

  • D. Israel

  • E. Capernaum

  • F. Calvary

The Prodigal Son:

The parable of the prodigal son as narrated by Jesus is one that buttressed the importance of reconciliation and forgiveness. It appears in the Gospel of Luke 15: 11-32.

The term 'prodigal' means to be extravagant or too willing to spend money or waste time and energy on material things.

In this article, we will continue to look into the morals of the parable; but incase you missed the part one of this article, please read it here.


He was still a long way from home when his father saw him; his heart was filled with pity, and he ran, threw his arms round his son, and kissed him. 'Father', the son said, 'I have sinned against God and against you. I am no longer fit to be called your son'. But the father called his servants. 'Hurry!' he said. 'Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and shoes on his feet. Then go and get the prize calf and kill it, and let us celebrate with a feast! For this son of mine was dead, but now he is alive; he was lost, but now he has been found'. And so the feasting began.

Luke 15: 20-24

Sin gives us a tattered and disfigured appearance. The state of the prodigal son was in such a pitiable condition that the father noticed it from afar.

You may take a moment to imagine what the father must have thought with regards to the state and appearance of his son.

According to the story, the father was filled with pity for his remorseful son to an extent that he ran to him, threw his arms round him and kissed him; regardless his stinking physical state. He wouldn’t even allow his penitent son to complete his plea for mercy, rather he ordered his servants to hurry in doing the followings:

  • Bring the best robe and put it on him.

  • Put a ring of his fingers.

  • Put shoes on his feet.

  • Kill the prized calf. (The calf they had been fattening).

To this moment, I am still thinking about how the prodigal son must have felt after his merciful father welcomed him with such great love, tenderness, feasting and celebration.

Please read on the beauty of suffering here.

Moral Lesson

It is quite safe to say that the father had already forgiven his prodigal son even before he saw him. He must have been thinking about the extravagant son from the very moment he left home; perhaps, that was why he had been waiting for him to come back home.

Note: The father eagerly waited to express his love, mercy and forgiveness on his son.

An important fact to note concerning the father is:

By nature and attribute, the father is loving, forgiving and merciful.

Please read on the attributes of God here.

One question we ought to ask ourselves is:

Was the prodigal son willing to tap into his father’s abundance of mercy?

  • The answer is an emphatic yes.

To this end, the son was sorrowful for the evil he had done, showed remorse and took the courage to go back to his loving and merciful father.

In fact, at some point, I was contemplating which of the followings would have been the best title for this story:

  1. The Prodigal Son
  2. The Merciful Father
  3. The Lost Son
  4. The Loving Father


In the meantime, the elder son was out in the field. On his way back, when he came close to the house, he heard music and dancing. So he called one of the servants and asked him, 'What is going on?' Your brother has come back home, 'the servant answered,' and your father has killed the prized calf, because he got him back safe and sound. The elder brother was so angry that he would not go into the house; so his father came out and begged him to come in. But he answered his father, 'Look, all these years I have worked for you like a slave, and I have never disobeyed your orders. What have you given me? Not even a goat for me to have a feast with my friends! But this son of yours wasted all your properties on prostitutes and when he comes back home, you kill the prize calf for him!' My son, the father answered, 'you are always here with me, and everything I have is yours. But we had to celebrate and be happy, because your brother was dead, but now he is alive; he was lost, but now he has been found'.

Luke 15: 25-31

From the above passage, it is quite clear that the elder brother does not want his prodigal brother back; (perhaps because of the way he had lived his life).

At the moment, this act from the elder brother may not be considered grievous since humans are 'configured' differently. (He probably was the strict type that demands justice for every evil act).

You can read on the uniqueness of man here.

The elder brother failed to realize that his prodigal brother had already suffered the humiliation, pain, sorrow, disgrace and suffering that came as the aftermath of his evil actions.

Although the elder brother declared openly his anger for his younger brother by not entering the house; what struck me most was the humility of their loving father.

According to the story, his father came out to him and begged him to come in. Instead of listening to his father, he went on to say:

I have worked for you like a slave all these years and have never disobeyed your orders. What have you given me?

Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that has transformed lives here.

The above statement from the elder brother points to the fact that the father had been wicked and unfair to him. We all know that’s not true because the father is so loving, caring and merciful; even to his servants.

At this point, jealously crept into the elder brother’s heart and this made him say:

But this son of yours wasted all your property on prostitutes, and when he comes back home, you killed the prize calf for him!

The elder brother actually offended his father through the words he spoke. Although the story did not specify whether he obeyed his father by coming into the house to celebrate with his younger brother; one thing we know for sure is:

If the elder brother shows remorse on the way he had spoken to his father, his merciful and loving father will surely forgive him, like he forgave his younger brother.

Please read on the biblical account of human disobedience here.

Moral Lesson

No human being living on earth is perfect. We must acknowledge this fact if we intend to be humble in our actions. In fact, pride is the greatest of all the deadly sins. In this regard, the pharisee encouraged the crucifixion of Jesus because pride took deep roots within their hearts.

If you carefully read the above bible passage, you will observe an important statement from one of the servants; which happens to be the ultimate goal of this parable.

The servant replied when asked 'What’s going on'? by the elder brother. He said; and I quote:

Your brother has come back home, 'the servant answered', and your father has killed the prized calf, because he got him back safe and sound.

Note: It is the will of God to get us safe and sound into heaven; for this is what the parable points to.

Notice that the younger brother, after enjoying the mercy of his father entered the house to be celebrated.

Like I pointed out ealier, we still do not know if the elder brother entered the house to join in the celebration.

Note: In this parable, think of the Father as GOD the house as heaven.

Let us not be quick to condemn others like the elder brother; but rather, let’s be swift to extend the arms of forgiveness and love like the merciful father.

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Amazing facts in CRS

Salvator Mundi - Len Academy

Salvator Mundi by Leonardo da Vinci is the most expensive painting in the world. It is valued at 450.3 Million Dollars.

This painting depict Jesus Christ with his right hand raised in blessing, and his left hand holding an orb

There are a total of 188 named women in the Bible

Mahershalalhashbaz is the longest word in the Bible

The shortest verse of the Bible is John 11:35. It reads:

Jesus wept


The longest verse in the bible is Esther 8:9. It reads:

Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language

The last word in the Bible is 'Amen'.

The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen

Revelation 22:21

The shortest verse in the bible is found in John chapter 11 verse 35. It reads:

Jesus wept

If you translate 'Jesus' from Hebrew directly to English, the correct translation will be 'Joshua'. The name Jesus was actually a translation from Hebrew, to Greek, to Latin and finally, English

Notable points in CRS

The parable of the prodigal son as narrated by Jesus himself is one that shows God's incomprehensible mercy and love. This parable is present in the gospel of Luke 15: 11-32.

Jesus began by saying:

There was once a man who had two sons. The younger one said to him, 'Father, give me my share of the property now'. So the man divided his properties between his two sons.

Luke 15: 11-12

From the above passage, it is quite clear that the younger brother had lost interest in the family's affairs. He must have pondered in his heart the sweetness of complete independence on a life of financial abundance.

To actualize his thoughts, he had the effrontery to go to his father to request for his inheritance even though his father is fully alive and active.

Please read a detailed explanation of the parable of the prodigal son and its moral lessons here

Adam and Eve disobeyed God while in the Garden of Eden. Below are the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience:

  • All God's creature became guilty of original sin.

  • Human perfection was lost.

  • God's judgement was pronounced on the snake, woman and man.

  • Chaos and disorderliness came upon earth.

  • Suffering, pain and death was introduced into the world.

  • The first prophesy was made. 

  • Clothing was made.

  • Paradise was temporarily lost.

  • Their disobedience brought about the relevation of Jesus Christ.

  • Please read a detailed explanation on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience here

Wise men from the east came to visit the infant king. Upon their arrival, they saw the child with his mother Mary. They knelt down and worshiped the infant (Jesus).

Notice that the bible recorded that the wise men knelt down and worshipped the infant (Jesus), according to Matthew 2:11.

Only God can be worshiped. Jesus is always God, even as a baby.

It is important to state that Jesus remained God at every point in his physical existence, even when he was in the womb of the virgin; throughout his life on earth, death on the cross and eventual resurrection.

The wise men from the east opened their treasures and presented the infant Jesus with three significant gifts. These are gold, frankincense and myrrh.

  • Gold represents a symbol of Jesus' kingship. Jesus is the King of kings, even at birth and throughout eternity.

  • Frankincense represents a symbol of Jesus' divinity and a sign of worship. Only God can be worshipped; and as such, Jesus is fully God.

  • Myrrh represents a symbol of Jesus' death. Jesus is truly man, and this is why he was able to suffer and die on the cross.

Please read on the early years of Jesus here.

God created human beings for the following reasons:

  1. To know Him

  2. To love Him

  3. To serve Him

  4. To be happy with Him forever

Our first parent, Adam and Eve enjoyed a life of complete happiness before they committed sin. They never knew what pain nor sorrow was until they disobeyed God. In short, both were perfect beings until they committed the sin of disobedience against God.

Disobedience may simple be defined as the failure to obey rules, command or someone in authority.

Adam and Eve were the first human beings to disobey God.

Please read more on the biblical account of first human disobedience here