Civic Education

What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen?

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 03rd December, 2019 @ 9:40 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty: True meaning of honesty explained with its attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?

  • A. It is synonymous to volunteer service

  • B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment

  • C. It can be done in any part of the world

  • D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service

  • E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae

  • F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done

The following are consequences of cultism except _____.

  • A. Untimely death of members

  • B. They become feared by everyone

  • C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions

  • D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes

  • E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers

  • F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

Who is a Citizen?

Every individual belongs to a country. The process of belonging to a country (through birth or naturalization) classifies each person as a citizen of at least one country.

Note: Naturalization is a legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country.

By definition, a citizen is a person who belongs to a particular country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and as such, he or she is obliged to obey the country's laws in fulfillment of his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

From the above definition of a citizen, 3 facts can be deduced. These are:

  • Everyone must be a citizen of at least one country.

  • A citizen must enjoy all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution.

  • A citizen must perform his/her duties and responsibilities in service to his/her country whenever and wherever it's needed.

Understand that being a resident is not the same thing as being a citizen.

Please read on the concept of citizens and residents here.


What is Civic Responsibility?

Let's begin by understanding the words 'civic' and 'responsibility' before we juxtapose both terms.

The term civic has everything to do with a country, state, city, town, municipal or a society.

This imply that a 'civic person' must belong to a society, country or state and must be interested in the growth and development of the society where they find themselves.

Responsibility can be defined as the state of being accountable to a duty, an obligation or even a burden. For instance, it is our responsibility not to litter the streets and major roads with refuse. Apparently, if everyone understood the fact that cleanliness of the roads is a responsibility of theirs, we will barely see waste papers, nylons, plastics and even heap of dustbins along its path.

Please read on the responsibilities, duties and obligations of a citizen here.

Note: The waste in the above instance can cause accidents; while also serving as a habitat to many vector of diseases.

You can read on the vectors of diseases here.

From our explanations so far, we can simply define civic responsibility as a state of being accountable to the duties, responsibilities or even the burdens of our society, country or nation. Civic responsibility can also be defined as our responsibilities as citizens.

Civic responsibility will therefore comprise all our actions, behaviours and attitude towards our country or state. It will also include our active participation in institutions like the church, mosque, school, offices, business places and so on.

You can read on gender equality here.

As citizens, we are mandated to be active and dedicated towards our civic responsibilities. Let's consider the instances below:

  • I am able to write this article because it's a civic responsibility on my part, with regards to my educational background, training and experience. This responsibility is intended to support education in Nigeria, Africa and the world at large.
  • In another instance, the doctors will always perform their duties; and such duty have got everything to do with 'saving lives'. This is in fact their fundamental civic responsibility.

Understand that the doctors in the above instance have also got other civic responsibilities in addition to saving lives. For instance, that are mandated to vote during elections and that's a civic responsibility. Interesting, it's also their fundamental human right.

Please read more on your fundamental human rights here.

It is worthy of note to state that honesty is an important attribute which we must show at all times whenever we carry out our civic responsibilities.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

Now, take a moment to think about what your civic responsibilities are by giving an appropriate answer to the questions below:

  1. What is your profession or what do you do?

  2. How does your job affect the people around you and the society at large?

If you were able to answer the above questions, then you probably have got an idea of what some of your civic responsibilities are.

You can read on cooperation and factors that promote cooperation here.

Understand that students in primary and secondary schools have also got their respective civic responsibilities. Some of these include:

  • Punctuality and regular attendance to school.

  • Obligation to always read their notebooks.

  • Performance of daily chores at home.

  • Reporting any observable evil to the appropriate agency.

  • Abstinence from internet fraud, stealing or other related crimes. These evil acts will disrepute a country.

Please read more on values here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here