Civic Education

What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen?

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 03rd December, 2019 @ 9:40 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Consequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.

  • A. Self

  • B. Neutral

  • C. Humane

  • D. Positive

  • E. Negative

  • F. Intrinsic

A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are solutions to cultism except _____.

  • A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools

  • B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist

  • C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution

  • D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society

  • E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership

  • F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members

With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.

  • A. University of Lagos

  • B. University of Ibadan

  • C. University of Ife

  • D. University of Calabar

  • E. University of Portharcourt

  • F. Ahmadu Bello University

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

Who is a Citizen?

Every individual belongs to a country. The process of belonging to a country (through birth or naturalization) classifies each person as a citizen of at least one country.

Naturalization is a legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country.

By definition, a citizen is a person who belongs to a particular country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and as such, he or she is obliged to obey the country's laws in fulfillment of his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

From the above definition of a citizen, three facts can be deduced. These are:

  • Everyone must be a citizen of at least one country.

  • A citizen must enjoy all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution.

  • A citizen must perform his/her duties and responsibilities in service to his/her country whenever and wherever it's needed.

Understand that being a resident is not the same thing as being a citizen.

Please read on the concept of citizens and residents here.


What is Civic Responsibility?

Let's begin by understanding the words 'civic' and 'responsibility' before we juxtapose both terms.

The term civic has everything to do with a country, state, city, town, municipal or a society.

This imply that a 'civic person' must belong to a society, country or state and must be interested in the growth and development of the society where they find themselves.

Responsibility can be defined as the state of being accountable to a duty, an obligation or even a burden. For instance, it is our responsibility not to litter the streets and major roads with refuse. Apparently, if everyone understood the fact that cleanliness of the roads is a responsibility of theirs, we will barely see waste papers, nylons, plastics and even heap of dustbins along its path.

Please read on the responsibilities, duties and obligations of a citizen here.

Note: The waste in the above instance can cause accidents; while also serving as a habitat to many vector of diseases.

You can read on the vectors of diseases here.

From our explanations so far, we can simply define civic responsibility as a state of being accountable to the duties, responsibilities or even the burdens of our society, country or nation. Civic responsibility can also be defined as our responsibilities as citizens.

Civic responsibility will therefore comprise all our actions, behaviours and attitude towards our country or state. It will also include our active participation in institutions like the church, mosque, school, offices, business places and so on.

You can read on gender equality here.

As citizens, we are mandated to be active and dedicated towards our civic responsibilities. Let's consider the instances below:

  • I am able to write this article because it's a civic responsibility on my part, with regards to my educational background, training and experience. This responsibility is intended to support education in Nigeria, Africa and the world at large.
  • In another instance, the doctors will always perform their duties; and such duty have got everything to do with 'saving lives'. This is in fact their fundamental civic responsibility.

Understand that the doctors in the above instance have also got other civic responsibilities in addition to saving lives. For instance, that are mandated to vote during elections and that's a civic responsibility. Interestingly, it is also their fundamental human right.

Please read more on your fundamental human rights here.

It is worthy of note to state that honesty is an important attribute which we must show at all times whenever we carry out our civic responsibilities.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

Now, take a moment to think about what your civic responsibilities are by giving an appropriate answer to the questions below:

  1. What is your profession or what do you do?

  2. How does your job affect the people around you and the society at large?

If you were able to answer the above questions, then you probably have got an idea of what some of your civic responsibilities are.

You can read on cooperation and factors that promote cooperation here.

Understand that students in primary and secondary schools have also got their respective civic responsibilities. Some of these include:

  • Punctuality and regular attendance to school.

  • Obligation to always read their notebooks.

  • Performance of daily chores at home.

  • Reporting any observable evil to the appropriate agency.

  • Abstinence from internet fraud, stealing or other related crimes. These evil acts will disrepute a country.

Please read more on values here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault

Notable points in Civic Education

All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.

These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.

The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.

Below are some of our rights as humans:

  • Right to life

  • Right to freedom, liberty and equality

  • Right to religion and belief

  • Right to food and shelter

  • Right to education

  • Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law

  • Right to be free from torture

  • Right to innocence until proven guilty

  • Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)

  • Right to freedom of thought and speech

  • Right to live a life free from discrimination

  • Right to movement

  • Right to democracy

  • Please read on the fundamental human rights here

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here