Civic Education

What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen?

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 03rd December, 2019 @ 21:40

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A young boy places his values on education; and does everything possible to achieve his educational dreams. This type of value is referred to as _____ value.

  • A. Educational
  • B. Academic
  • C. Positive
  • D. Intrinsic
  • E. Innate
  • F. School

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. Loyalty
  • B. Discipline
  • C. Faithfulness
  • D. Honesty
  • E. Godliness
  • F. Goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. Social cooperation
  • B. Community cooperation
  • C. Financial cooperation
  • D. Religious cooperation
  • E. Trade cooperation
  • F. Idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  • F. None the above options

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

  • A. Armed Forces Ruling Group (AFRP)
  • B. Boys Brigade
  • C. Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU)
  • D.Girls Guide Movement
  • E. Red Cross Society



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Who is a Citizen?

Every individual belongs to a country. The process of belonging to a country (through birth or naturalization) classifies each person as a citizen of at least one country.

Note: Naturalization is a legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country.

By definition, a citizen is a person who belongs to a particular country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and as such, he or she is obliged to obey the country's laws in fulfillment of his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

Please read on Your Fundamental Human Rights as a Citizen here.

From the above definition of a citizen, 3 facts can be deduced. These are:

  • Everyone must be a citizen of at least one country.

  • A citizen must enjoy all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution.

  • A citizen must perform his/her duties and responsibilities in service to his/her country whenever and wherever it's needed.

Note: Being a resident is not the same thing as being a citizen.

Please read on the Differences between a Citizen and a Resident here.


What is Civic Responsibility?

Let's begin by understanding the words "civic" and "responsibility" before we juxtapose both terms.

The term civic has everything to do with a country, state, city, town, municipal or a society.

This imply that a "civic person" must belong to a society, country or state and must be interested in the growth and development of the society where they find themselves.

Responsibility can be defined as the state of being accountable to a duty, an obligation or even a burden. For instance, it is our responsibility not to litter the streets and major roads with refuse.

If everyone understood the fact that cleanliness of the roads is a responsibility of theirs, we will barely see waste papers, nylons, plastics and even heap of dustbins along its path.

Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here.

Note: The waste in the above instance can cause accidents; while also serving as a habitat to many vector of diseases.

Please read on the Vectors of Diseases here.

From our explanations so far, we can simply define civic responsibility as:

A state of being accountable to the duties, responsibilities or even the burdens of our society, country or nation.

Civic responsibility can also be defined as our responsibilities as citizens.

Civic responsibility will therefore comprise all our actions, behaviours and attitude towards our country or state.

Please read on Gender Equality here.

Note: We are mandated to be active and dedicated towards our civic responsibilities.

Consider the instances below:

  • I am able to write this article because it's a civic responsibility on my part, with regards to my educational background, training and experience. This responsibility is intended to support Education in Nigeria, Africa and the World at large.
  • In another instance, the doctors will always perform their duties; and such duty have got everything to do with "saving lives". This is in fact their fundamental civic responsibility.

Note: The doctors have also got other civic responsibilities in addition to saving life. Honesty is an important attribute which we must show at all times whenever we carry out our civic responsibilities.

Please read on the Attributes and Benefits of Honesty here.

Now, take a moment to think about what your civic responsibilities are by giving an appropriate answer to the 2 questions below:

1. What is your profession or what do you do?

2. How does your job affect the people around you and the society at large?

If you were able to answer the above questions, then you probably have got an idea of what some of your civic responsibilities are.

Please read on Cooperation and Factors that Promote Cooperation here.

Note: Students in primary and secondary schools have also got their respective civic responsibilities. Some of these include:

  • Punctuality and regular attendance to school.

  • Obligation to always read their notebooks.

  • Performance of daily chores at home.

  • Reporting any observable evil to the appropriate agency.

  • Abstinence from internet fraud, stealing or other related bad "stuffs". These evil acts will disrepute a country.

Please read more on Values here.

Note: Civic responsibility will also include our active participation in institutions like the church, mosque, school, offices, business places and so on.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct Cooperation
  • Indirect Cooperation
  • Social Cooperation
  • Religious Cooperation
  • Financial Cooperation
  • Community Cooperation
  • Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here