Civic Education

What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen?

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 03rd December, 2019 @ 21:40

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

Regarding honesty, the following statements are correct except _____.

  • A. The act of honesty goes beyond not telling a lie

  • B.  Loyalty is a requirement for honesty

  • C. A honest person is truthful to himself and others

  • D. A person may say a truth and yet be dishonest

  • E. A person becomes dependable when he or she is honest

  • F. None of the above

Which of the following statement is false concerning illiteracy?

  • A. Medical issues like dyslexia and dysorthographia does not contribute to illiteracy in developing nations

  • B. A person who can read and write in Chinese Language but not in English Language is not considered as an illiterate

  • C. According to statistics, about 30% of the world population are illiterate

  • D. A lack of awareness can result to illiteracy

  • E. Cultures that prohibit the education of a girl child will promote illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy generally has a negative effect on the societies or communities where they exist

The following are consequences of illiteracy except _____.

  • A. Increased crime within the society

  • B. Increased rate of child marriage

  • C. Frustration

  • D. Illiterate people may lack knowledge of their fundamental human rights; and thus may not exercise it

  • E. Illiteracy promotes illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy promotes cooperation although the people lack education

Which of the following is not a fundamental human rights?

  • A. Right to Nationality

  • B. Right to proper Standard of Living

  • C. Right to Behave however we want

  • D. Right to be Happy

  • E. Right to Pay Tax

  • F. Right to become a Celibate

Which of the following isn't a characteristics statement of the human rights?

  • A. They are fundamental

  • B. They are inalienable

  • C. They are non-discriminatory

  • D. They are indivisible

  • E. They are universal

  • F. They are unconnected or separate

A young boy places his values on education; and does everything possible to achieve his educational dreams. This type of value is referred to as _____ value.

  • A. Educational
  • B. Academic
  • C. Positive
  • D. Intrinsic
  • E. Innate
  • F. School

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above



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Who is a Citizen?

Every individual belongs to a country. The process of belonging to a country (through birth or naturalization) classifies each person as a citizen of at least one country.

Note: Naturalization is a legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country.

By definition, a citizen is a person who belongs to a particular country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and as such, he or she is obliged to obey the country's laws in fulfillment of his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

Please read on Your Fundamental Human Rights as a Citizen here.

From the above definition of a citizen, 3 facts can be deduced. These are:

  • Everyone must be a citizen of at least one country.

  • A citizen must enjoy all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution.

  • A citizen must perform his/her duties and responsibilities in service to his/her country whenever and wherever it's needed.

Note: Being a resident is not the same thing as being a citizen.

Please read on the Differences between a Citizen and a Resident here.


What is Civic Responsibility?

Let's begin by understanding the words "civic" and "responsibility" before we juxtapose both terms.

The term civic has everything to do with a country, state, city, town, municipal or a society.

This imply that a "civic person" must belong to a society, country or state and must be interested in the growth and development of the society where they find themselves.

Responsibility can be defined as the state of being accountable to a duty, an obligation or even a burden. For instance, it is our responsibility not to litter the streets and major roads with refuse.

If everyone understood the fact that cleanliness of the roads is a responsibility of theirs, we will barely see waste papers, nylons, plastics and even heap of dustbins along its path.

Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here.

Note: The waste in the above instance can cause accidents; while also serving as a habitat to many vector of diseases.

Please read on the Vectors of Diseases here.

From our explanations so far, we can simply define civic responsibility as:

A state of being accountable to the duties, responsibilities or even the burdens of our society, country or nation.

Civic responsibility can also be defined as our responsibilities as citizens.

Civic responsibility will therefore comprise all our actions, behaviours and attitude towards our country or state.

Please read on Gender Equality here.

Note: We are mandated to be active and dedicated towards our civic responsibilities.

Consider the instances below:

  • I am able to write this article because it's a civic responsibility on my part, with regards to my educational background, training and experience. This responsibility is intended to support Education in Nigeria, Africa and the World at large.
  • In another instance, the doctors will always perform their duties; and such duty have got everything to do with "saving lives". This is in fact their fundamental civic responsibility.

Note: The doctors have also got other civic responsibilities in addition to saving life. Honesty is an important attribute which we must show at all times whenever we carry out our civic responsibilities.

Please read on the Attributes and Benefits of Honesty here.

Now, take a moment to think about what your civic responsibilities are by giving an appropriate answer to the 2 questions below:

1. What is your profession or what do you do?

2. How does your job affect the people around you and the society at large?

If you were able to answer the above questions, then you probably have got an idea of what some of your civic responsibilities are.

Please read on Cooperation and Factors that Promote Cooperation here.

Note: Students in primary and secondary schools have also got their respective civic responsibilities. Some of these include:

  • Punctuality and regular attendance to school.

  • Obligation to always read their notebooks.

  • Performance of daily chores at home.

  • Reporting any observable evil to the appropriate agency.

  • Abstinence from internet fraud, stealing or other related bad "stuffs". These evil acts will disrepute a country.

Please read more on Values here.

Note: Civic responsibility will also include our active participation in institutions like the church, mosque, school, offices, business places and so on.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct Cooperation
  • Indirect Cooperation
  • Social Cooperation
  • Religious Cooperation
  • Financial Cooperation
  • Community Cooperation
  • Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here