Civic Education

Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 18th December, 2019 @ 12:21 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty: True meaning of honesty explained with its attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?

  • A. It is synonymous to volunteer service

  • B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment

  • C. It can be done in any part of the world

  • D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service

  • E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae

  • F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done

The following are consequences of cultism except _____.

  • A. Untimely death of members

  • B. They become feared by everyone

  • C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions

  • D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes

  • E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers

  • F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

Responsibilities of a Citizen:

A citizen is a person who belongs to a specific country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and thus is obliged to obey the country's law in fulfillment to his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

Please read more on civic responsibility and who a citizen is here.

Below are our responsibilities, duties and obligations as citizens:

1. Living in accordance with the constitution

The constitution is the supreme law that guides the people of a state or country. No one is above the law, even the president.

Please read more on Constitution here.

Note: The constitution is always present in a democratized society and one of it's goals is to direct the citizens into building a better country.


2. Exercising the right to vote

All citizens aged 18 years and above are entitled to vote and be voted for in a democratized society. 

Recall that one of the definitions of democracy is:

Government of the people, by the people and for the people.

Abraham Lincoln

Please read on democracy and its characteristics here.

Personally, I have seen and heard people make statements like: 'after all, my vote does not count because the country is corrupt, therefore I will not vote'.

It is important to categorically state that 'to vote and be voted for is a fundamental human right of each citizen of a country or nation'. To this end, we should endeavor to always exercise this right because it is the most important manner through which corruption can be eradicated. As a matter of fact, it is politically inappropriate for a citizen not to vote.


3. Payment of tax

When the citizens of a country constantly pay their tax, such country will become a better place to live in, especially when the voted leaders are not corrupt.

As good citizens, we must not wait until the government pressurises us to pay our tax. Understand that the payment of tax is one of our fundamental human right; and it becomes a punishable offence whenever we fail in this regard.

Please read more on your fundamental human rights here.


4. Honor and respect for national symbols

Every country have got their unique national symbols.

By definition, a national symbol is a symbol that manifest a nation, state or country to the world as a national community.

Please read on the Nigerian national symbols here.

Examples of national symbols include the national anthem, national pledge and the national flag of a nation.

When we sing our national anthem, we express a solemn promise. We must therefore try at all times to live in accordance to the lyrics of our national anthem.


5. Ready to defend the country

It is the responsibility of each citizen to defend or even die for their country if the need arises.

Consider the heroes and heroines below:

Dr. Stella Adadevoh - Len Academy
Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh

  • Dr. Stella Adadevoh sacrificed her life in the service of her nation (Nigeria) during the ebola outbreak in Nigeria. She died on the 19th of August, 2014.

  • Soldiers go to battlefields for the sake of their country.

  • Herbert Macaulay fought on behalf of the Nigerian people as a nationalist.
    Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here.

  • Nelson Mandela of South Africa is a global hero even after his death. He achieved this feat because he suffered honorably for the sake of his people.

  • Mary Slessor is considered a citizen by naturalization in Nigeria where she stopped the killing of twins.
    You can read on the life of Mary Slessor here.


6. Engagement in community and volunteer services

Community service is a service performed by an individual or group for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment.

Volunteer service is a service that is done for others (not including family members and close friends) out of one's free will and without any form of payment or reward.

Please read more on community and volunteer services here.

Once in a while, we should give back to the community where we find ourselves.

You may have read stories about successful people who had built schools, hospitals and other valuable facilities in the community where they grew up.


7. National service

We must honor a national call whenever the need arises. For instance, footballers will represent their country during international football tournaments regardless the busy schedule in their respective clubs.

Please read on factors that promote cooperation here.

Considering Nigeria as another instance, all graduates from tertiary institutions are mandated to serve their motherland (Nigeria) through a scheme termed 'National Youth Service Corps (NYSC)'.


8. Report crimes and other related offences

As good citizens, it is our responsibility to report criminal activities to the appropriate authorities, for instance, the police.

Understand that a reason why internet fraud thrives in our society is because the cyber criminals are not reported to the police by those who are aware of their shady acts.

When we fail in this regard, the reputation of citizens living within an outside such country becomes dented.

Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.


9. Respect of federal, state and local laws

The laws at the federal, state and local levels all point to the growth and development of a society. To this end, we should do all we can to respect and honor them.

Please read on the characteristics, functions and importance of the government here.

The act of breaking a law (let's say traffic law for instance), may lead to the loss of lives and properties. This is true because motorists who break traffic rules by running above the recommended speed limit may eventually end up in devastating accidents. Unfortunately, such sad event happens on a daily basis.


10. Service as a jury when called upon

This is an important and sensitive responsibility of a citizen since the justification and accusation of one or more persons may be involved.

You can read on the judiciary as an arm of government here.

Whenever we act as a jury when called upon by a court of competent jurisdiction, we are indeed fostering equity and justice in our society.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here