Topics in Civic EducationWhat is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights
Academic Questions in Civic Education
Which of the following statement is incorrect regarding community service?
A. It is synonymous to volunteer service
B. It is defined as a service performed by an individual or group of people for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment
C. It can be done in any part of the world
D. Schools, churches and NGOs can carry out community service
E. Participating in community service can improve one's curriculum vitae
F. It may eradicate certain vectors wherever it is done
The following are consequences of cultism except _____.
A. Untimely death of members
B. They become feared by everyone
C. Expulsion of students involved in cultism from secondary and tertiary educational institutions
D. A cultist may go mad due to their brutal initiation processes
E. Cultists may end up as assassins, hired killers and robbers
F. They may end up bringing disgrace to themselves, their loved ones and families
Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.
A. Against all odds
B. Against all limitations
C. Against all barriers
D. Against all enemies
E. Against all conventions
F. Against all evils
Regarding honesty, the following statements are correct except _____.
A. The act of honesty goes beyond not telling a lie
B. Loyalty is a requirement for honesty
C. A honest person is truthful to himself and others
D. A person may say a truth and yet be dishonest
E. A person becomes dependable when he or she is honest
F. None of the above
Which of the following statement is false concerning illiteracy?
A. Medical issues like dyslexia and dysorthographia does not contribute to illiteracy in developing nations
B. A person who can read and write in Chinese Language but not in English Language is not considered as an illiterate
C. According to statistics, about 30% of the world population are illiterate
D. A lack of awareness can result to illiteracy
E. Cultures that prohibit the education of a girl child will promote illiteracy
F. Illiteracy generally has a negative effect on the societies or communities where they exist
The following are consequences of illiteracy except _____.
A. Increased crime within the society
B. Increased rate of child marriage
D. Illiterate people may lack knowledge of their fundamental human rights; and thus may not exercise it
E. Illiteracy promotes illiteracy
F. Illiteracy promotes cooperation although the people lack education
Which of the following is not a fundamental human rights?
A. Right to Nationality
B. Right to proper Standard of Living
C. Right to Behave however we want
D. Right to be Happy
E. Right to Pay Tax
F. Right to become a Celibate
Which of the following isn't a characteristics statement of the human rights?
A. They are fundamental
B. They are inalienable
C. They are non-discriminatory
D. They are indivisible
E. They are universal
F. They are unconnected or separate
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A citizen is a person who belongs to a specific country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and thus is obliged to obey the country's law in fulfillment to his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.
Below are our responsibilities, duties and obligations as citizens:
The Constitution is the supreme law that guides the people of a state or country. No one is above the law, even the president.
Note: The Constitution is always present in a democratized society and one of it's goals is to direct the citizens into building a better country.
All citizens aged 18 years and above are entitled to vote and be voted for in a democratized society.
Recall that one of the definitions of democracy is:
Government of the people, by the people and for the people.
Personally, I have seen and heard many people make statements like:
After all, my vote does not count because the country is corrupt, therefore I will not vote.
It is important to categorically state that "to vote and be voted for is a fundamental human right of each citizen of a country or nation". To this end, we should endeavor to always exercise this right because it is the most important manner through which corruption can be eradicated.
Note: It is politically inappropriate for a citizen not to vote.
When the citizens of a country constantly pay their tax, such country will become a better place to live in, especially when the voted leaders are not corrupt.
As a good citizen, we must not wait for the government to pressurize us before we pay our tax. In fact, the payment of tax is one of our fundamental human right; and it becomes a punishable offence whenever we fail in this regard.
Every country have got their unique national symbols.
By definition, a national symbol is a symbol that manifest a nation, state or country to the world as a national community.
Examples of national symbols include the national anthem, national pledge and the national flag of a nation.
Note: When we sing our national anthem, we express a solemn promise. We must therefore try at all times to live in accordance to the lyrics of our national anthem.
It is the responsibility of each citizen to defend or even die for their country if the need arises.
Consider the heroes and heroines below:
Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh
Dr. Stella Adadevoh sacrificed her life in the service of her nation (Nigeria) during the outbreak of ebola in Nigeria. She died on the 19th of August, 2014.
Soldiers go to battlefields for the sake of their country.
Herbert Macaulay fought on behalf on the Nigerian people as a Nationalist.
Please read on Herbert Macaulay, The Nigerian Nationalist here.
Nelson Mandela of South Africa is a global hero even after his death. He achieved this feat because he suffered honorably for the sake of his people.
Mary Slessor is considered a citizen by naturalization in Nigeria where she stopped the killing of twins.
Please read on the Life of Mary Slessor here.
Community service is a service performed by an individual or group for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment.
Volunteer service is a service that is done for others (not including family members and close friends) out of one's free will and without any form of payment or reward.
Note: Once in a while, we should give back to the community where we find ourselves.
You may have read stories about successful people who had built schools, hospitals and other valuable facilities in the community where they grew up.
We must honor a national call whenever the need arises. For instance, footballers will represent their country during international friendlies regardless the busy schedule in their respective clubs.
Considering Nigeria as another instance, all graduates from tertiary institutions are mandated to serve their motherland (Nigeria) through a scheme termed "National Youth Service Corps" (NYSC)".
As good citizens, it is our responsibility to report criminal activities to the appropriate authorities, for instance, the police.
Note: One of the reasons why internet fraud thrives in our society is because the cyber criminals are not reported to the police by those who are aware of their shady acts.
When we fail in this regard, the reputation of citizens living within an outside such country becomes dented.
The laws at the federal, state and local levels all point to the growth and development of a society. To this end, we should do all we can to respect and honor them.
The act of breaking a law (let's say traffic law for instance), may lead to the loss of lives and properties. This is true because motorists who break traffic rules by running above the recommended speed limit may eventually end up in devastating accidents. Unfortunately, such sad event happens on a daily basis.
This is an important and sensitive responsibility of a citizen since the justification and accusation of one or more persons may be involved.
Whenever we act as a jury when called upon by a court of competent jurisdiction, we are indeed fostering equity and justice in our society.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct Cooperation
- Indirect Cooperation
- Social Cooperation
- Religious Cooperation
- Financial Cooperation
- Community Cooperation
- Occupational Cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: