Civic Education

Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 18th December, 2019 @ 12:21 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Consequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits

Academic Questions in Civic Education

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value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.

  • A. Self

  • B. Neutral

  • C. Humane

  • D. Positive

  • E. Negative

  • F. Intrinsic

A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are solutions to cultism except _____.

  • A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools

  • B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist

  • C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution

  • D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society

  • E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership

  • F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members

With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.

  • A. University of Lagos

  • B. University of Ibadan

  • C. University of Ife

  • D. University of Calabar

  • E. University of Portharcourt

  • F. Ahmadu Bello University

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

Responsibilities of a Citizen:

A citizen is a person who belongs to a specific country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and thus is obliged to obey the country's law in fulfillment to his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.

Please read more on civic responsibility and who a citizen is here.

Below are our responsibilities, duties and obligations as citizens:

1. Living in accordance with the constitution

The constitution is the supreme law that guides the people of a state or country. No one is above the law, even the president.

Please read more on Constitution here.

Note: The constitution is always present in a democratized society and one of it's goals is to direct the citizens into building a better country.


2. Exercising the right to vote

All citizens aged 18 years and above are entitled to vote and be voted for in a democratized society. 

Recall that one of the definitions of democracy is:

Government of the people, by the people and for the people.

Abraham Lincoln

Please read on democracy and its characteristics here.

Personally, I have seen and heard people make statements like: 'after all, my vote does not count because the country is corrupt, therefore I will not vote'.

It is important to categorically state that 'to vote and be voted for is a fundamental human right of each citizen of a country or nation'. To this end, we should endeavor to always exercise this right because it is the most important manner through which corruption can be eradicated. As a matter of fact, it is politically inappropriate for a citizen not to vote.


3. Payment of tax

When the citizens of a country constantly pay their tax, such country will become a better place to live in, especially when the voted leaders are not corrupt.

As good citizens, we must not wait until the government pressurises us to pay our tax. Understand that the payment of tax is one of our fundamental human right; and it becomes a punishable offence whenever we fail in this regard.

Please read more on your fundamental human rights here.


4. Honor and respect for national symbols

Every country have got their unique national symbols.

By definition, a national symbol is a symbol that manifest a nation, state or country to the world as a national community.

Please read on the Nigerian national symbols here.

Examples of national symbols include the national anthem, national pledge and the national flag of a nation.

When we sing our national anthem, we express a solemn promise. We must therefore try at all times to live in accordance to the lyrics of our national anthem.


5. Ready to defend the country

It is the responsibility of each citizen to defend or even die for their country if the need arises.

Consider the heroes and heroines below:

Dr. Stella Adadevoh - Len Academy
Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh

  • Dr. Stella Adadevoh sacrificed her life in the service of her nation (Nigeria) during an ebola outbreak in the country. She died on the 19th of August, 2014.

  • Soldiers go to battlefields for the sake of their country.

  • Herbert Macaulay fought on behalf of the Nigerian people as a nationalist.
    Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here.

  • Nelson Mandela of South Africa is a global hero even after his death. He achieved this feat because he suffered honorably for the sake of his people.

  • Mary Slessor is considered a citizen by naturalization in Nigeria where she stopped the killing of twins.
    You can read on the life of Mary Slessor here.


6. Engagement in community and volunteer services

Community service is a service performed by an individual or group for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment.

Volunteer service is a service that is done for others (not including family members and close friends) out of one's free will and without any form of payment or reward.

Please read more on community and volunteer services here.

Once in a while, we should give back to the community where we find ourselves.

You may have read stories about successful people who had built schools, hospitals and other valuable facilities in the community where they grew up.


7. National service

We must honor a national call whenever the need arises. For instance, footballers will represent their country during international football tournaments regardless the busy schedule in their respective clubs.

Please read on factors that promote cooperation here.

Considering Nigeria as another instance, all graduates from tertiary institutions are mandated to serve their motherland (Nigeria) through a scheme termed 'National Youth Service Corps (NYSC)'.


8. Report crimes and other related offences

As good citizens, it is our responsibility to report criminal activities to the appropriate authorities, for instance, the police.

Understand that a reason why internet fraud thrives in our society is because the cyber criminals are not reported to the police by those who are aware of their shady acts.

When we fail in this regard, the reputation of citizens living within an outside such country becomes dented.

Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.


9. Respect of federal, state and local laws

The laws at the federal, state and local levels all point to the growth and development of a society. To this end, we should do all we can to respect and honor them.

Please read on the characteristics, functions and importance of the government here.

The act of breaking a law (let's say traffic law for instance), may lead to the loss of lives and properties. This is true because motorists who break traffic rules by running above the recommended speed limit may eventually end up in devastating accidents. Unfortunately, such sad event happens on a daily basis.


10. Service as a jury when called upon

This is an important and sensitive responsibility of a citizen since the justification and accusation of one or more persons may be involved.

You can read on the judiciary as an arm of government here.

Whenever we act as a jury when called upon by a court of competent jurisdiction, we are indeed fostering equity and justice in our society.

Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault

Notable points in Civic Education

All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.

These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.

The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.

Below are some of our rights as humans:

  • Right to life

  • Right to freedom, liberty and equality

  • Right to religion and belief

  • Right to food and shelter

  • Right to education

  • Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law

  • Right to be free from torture

  • Right to innocence until proven guilty

  • Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)

  • Right to freedom of thought and speech

  • Right to live a life free from discrimination

  • Right to movement

  • Right to democracy

  • Please read on the fundamental human rights here

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here