Topics in Civic EducationImportance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism
Academic Questions in Civic Education
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.
B. Individual assessment
F. Cross examination
The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.
A. Achievement of a personal goal
B. Achievement of a common goal
C. Understanding the common goal
D. Understanding one another
F. None of the above options
Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?
A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people
B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility
C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure
D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection
E. Honestly leads to social segregation
F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill
The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.
A citizen is a person who belongs to a specific country and enjoys all the rights and privileges as defined in the country's constitution; and thus is obliged to obey the country's law in fulfillment to his or her duties and responsibilities when called upon.
Please read more on civic responsibility and who a citizen is here.
Below are our responsibilities, duties and obligations as citizens:
The constitution is the supreme law that guides the people of a state or country. No one is above the law, even the president.
Please read more on Constitution here.
Note: The constitution is always present in a democratized society and one of it's goals is to direct the citizens into building a better country.
All citizens aged 18 years and above are entitled to vote and be voted for in a democratized society.
Recall that one of the definitions of democracy is:
Government of the people, by the people and for the people.
Personally, I have seen and heard people make statements like: 'after all, my vote does not count because the country is corrupt, therefore I will not vote'.
It is important to categorically state that 'to vote and be voted for is a fundamental human right of each citizen of a country or nation'. To this end, we should endeavor to always exercise this right because it is the most important manner through which corruption can be eradicated. As a matter of fact, it is politically inappropriate for a citizen not to vote.
When the citizens of a country constantly pay their tax, such country will become a better place to live in, especially when the voted leaders are not corrupt.
As good citizens, we must not wait until the government pressurises us to pay our tax. Understand that the payment of tax is one of our fundamental human right; and it becomes a punishable offence whenever we fail in this regard.
Please read more on your fundamental human rights here.
Every country have got their unique national symbols.
By definition, a national symbol is a symbol that manifest a nation, state or country to the world as a national community.
Examples of national symbols include the national anthem, national pledge and the national flag of a nation.
When we sing our national anthem, we express a solemn promise. We must therefore try at all times to live in accordance to the lyrics of our national anthem.
It is the responsibility of each citizen to defend or even die for their country if the need arises.
Consider the heroes and heroines below:
Dr. Stella Ameyo Adadevoh
Dr. Stella Adadevoh sacrificed her life in the service of her nation (Nigeria) during an ebola outbreak in the country. She died on the 19th of August, 2014.
Soldiers go to battlefields for the sake of their country.
Herbert Macaulay fought on behalf of the Nigerian people as a nationalist.
Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian nationalist here.
Nelson Mandela of South Africa is a global hero even after his death. He achieved this feat because he suffered honorably for the sake of his people.
Mary Slessor is considered a citizen by naturalization in Nigeria where she stopped the killing of twins.
You can read on the life of Mary Slessor here.
Community service is a service performed by an individual or group for the benefit of the community or its institutions without any form of payment.
Volunteer service is a service that is done for others (not including family members and close friends) out of one's free will and without any form of payment or reward.
Please read more on community and volunteer services here.
Once in a while, we should give back to the community where we find ourselves.
You may have read stories about successful people who had built schools, hospitals and other valuable facilities in the community where they grew up.
We must honor a national call whenever the need arises. For instance, footballers will represent their country during international football tournaments regardless the busy schedule in their respective clubs.
Please read on factors that promote cooperation here.
Considering Nigeria as another instance, all graduates from tertiary institutions are mandated to serve their motherland (Nigeria) through a scheme termed 'National Youth Service Corps (NYSC)'.
As good citizens, it is our responsibility to report criminal activities to the appropriate authorities, for instance, the police.
Understand that a reason why internet fraud thrives in our society is because the cyber criminals are not reported to the police by those who are aware of their shady acts.
When we fail in this regard, the reputation of citizens living within an outside such country becomes dented.
Please read on reputation and how to build a good reputation here.
The laws at the federal, state and local levels all point to the growth and development of a society. To this end, we should do all we can to respect and honor them.
Please read on the characteristics, functions and importance of the government here.
The act of breaking a law (let's say traffic law for instance), may lead to the loss of lives and properties. This is true because motorists who break traffic rules by running above the recommended speed limit may eventually end up in devastating accidents. Unfortunately, such sad event happens on a daily basis.
This is an important and sensitive responsibility of a citizen since the justification and accusation of one or more persons may be involved.
You can read on the judiciary as an arm of government here.
Whenever we act as a jury when called upon by a court of competent jurisdiction, we are indeed fostering equity and justice in our society.
Please read on the attributes and benefits of honesty here.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: