Topics in PhysicsDerived Units: Similarities and Differences with Fundamental Units Gravity: Interesting facts on Gravity Relative Density of Substances and Specific Gravity Types of Heat Transfer: Conduction Types of Heat Transfer: Convection Types of Heat Transfer: Radiation Physics Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Physics Scheme of Work, SS1, Second Term Physics Scheme of Work, SS1, Third Term Velocity and Acceleration Newton's Laws of Motion Importance of Gravity What is Density? Density of various Substances Concepts of Force and Motion Motion and Speed Concept of Heat Transfer Concepts of Heat and Temperature Gravity: What is Gravity? Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics - Thermal Equilibrium Fundamental Quantities and Units in Physics
Academic Questions in Physics
The rate of change of momentum is proportional to the applied force and will take place in the direction of that force.
The above statement is attributed to _____.
A. Albert Einstein
B. Isaac Newton
C. Galileo Galilei
D. Neils Bohr
E. Ernest Rutherford
F. Marie Curie
The Law of Inertia is also referred to as _____.
The process whereby the velocity of an object increases and decreases over a period of time is best associated with the term _____.
The rate of motion is best referred to as _____.
Consider this expression below:
A body X exerts a force FX on another body Y. In return, body Y exert a force FY back on body X. The forces FX and FY are equal in magnitude but opposite in direction.
Putting the above expression into equation:
FX = -FY
Where FX is the action force
FY is the reaction Force
The above expression relates to _____.
The tendency of a body to remain in a state of rest or in uniform motion is referred to as _____.
A change in the position of an object with reference to time is best described as _____.
The saying 'what goes up on earth must come down' can be best attributed to _____.
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The term radiate in English mean to “to spread out from a central point”. For instance, the light from the sun radiates to the earth. Also, a lighted bulb will radiate its light in a dark room.
The term radiation (heat radiation) can simply be defined as the transfer of heat in the form of electromagnetic waves.
Note: Whenever heat is transferred via radiation, a contact surface will not be required between the heat source and the object being heated. In this case, the heat is transmitted through space.
One reason why some people put out their bulbs before they go out is to simply conserve energy. Leaving on the bulb will bring an extra heat into the room where it’s present.
Consider the points below regarding radiation through a lighted bulb:
Electrical Energy >> Light Energy >> Heat Energy
This process of heat transfer from the bulb to the room is a concept of radiation.
Note: In radiation, the heat energy is transferred by electromagnetic waves. In fact, the heat energy which the earth receives from the sun is as a result of electromagnetic waves travelling through space.
The image below shows how heat is radiated to earth from the sun's solar energy:
All objects (televisions, phones, phones, computer and any other object) radiate energy in the form of electromagnetic waves. The rate at which this energy is released is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature (T) raised to the fourth power.
Radiation rate = k•T4
The hotter an object is, the more its ability to radiate heat energy.
The radiated energy is a collection of a range of wavelength referred to as emission spectrum.
The wavelengths within the spectra of the emitted radiation will decrease when the temperature of an object increases; and as a result, hotter objects will usually emit a shorter wavelength at a higher frequency.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Physics
Glass Balls actually bounce higher than Rubber Balls
Every planet has its own unique gravitational force. For instance, Mars has a gravity of 3.711 m/s2 while earth’s gravitational force is 9.807m/s2.
When two metals are put together in space, they will stick together as if they are welded. This phenomenon is called cold welding
The fastest animal on land is Cheetah. It can reach a maximum speed of about 113km per hour.
NOTABLE POINTS IN Physics
The Classical Mechanics (Laws of Motion) is a fundamental part of Physics.
Below are the Newton's Laws of Motion:
An object at rest will continue in its state of rest; while an object in uniform motion will continue in a straight line, unless an external force acts on it.
Newton's First Law of Motion.
The rate of change of momemtum is proportional to the applied force and will take place in the direction of that force.
Newton's Second Law of Motion.
To every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
Newton's Third Law of Motion.
The study of Thermodynamics revolves around the relationship between heat, temperature, energy and mechanical work; and these can be summarised under the 4 laws of Thermodynamics (Numbered zero through three).
Below are the 4 laws of thermodynamics:
Zeroth law of thermodynamics – If two thermodynamic systems are each in thermal equilibrium with a third, then they are in thermal equilibrium with each other.
1st law of thermodynamics – Energy can neither be created nor destroyed but can be changed from one form to another.
2nd law of thermodynamics – The entropy of an isolated system not in equilibrium will tend to increase over time, approaching a maximum value at equilibrium.
3rd law of thermodynamics – As temperature approaches absolute zero, the entropy of a system approaches a constant minimum.
Fuses are present in many electrical devices. They are basically 🔥 fire-breakers 🔥
If there is a power surge, the fuse will break, preventing damage to the electrical devices. It will also prevent the incidence of 🔥 fire🔥 on or from such device.
Physics is one of the core sciences.
Physics is defined the scientific study of matter and the movement of matter through the space and time of the universe.
Understanding the basic and fundamental concepts of physics will help you better comprehend this subject. Below are some of the concepts: