Agricultural Science

Fish Business: How to start a home based fish farming

len Alfred Ajibola - 07th February, 2019 @ 03:31 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Prevention and Control of Crop Pests Economic Importance of Crop Pests Classification of Insect Pests and their Economic Importance Agricultural Machines and their Uses Soil Erosion: Causes of Soil Erosion Ways to prevent Soil Erosion Asexual Propagation in Plants, Types and Examples Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture Agricultural pest and Crops attacked Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (I - O)

Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the following is not a function of the Wholesaler?

  • A. Storage function

  • B. Distributive function

  • C. Relates with final consumer

  • D. Specialization function

  • E. Carries out the packaging and branding of products

  • F. Financing Function

Chemicals generally used to kill pest are called _____.

  • A. Insecticides

  • B. Avicides

  • C. Pesticides

  • D. Rodenticides

  • E. Fungicides

  • F. All of the above

The following are physical methods of controlling crop pest except _____.

  • A. Placing hen in farmlands to eat insects

  • B. Setting up traps to catch rats and rodents

  • C. Fencing the farmland

  • D. Erecting gates on the farmland

  • E. Use of guns to kill monkeys

  • F. Hand picking

A female chicken less than one year old is referred to as a _____.

  • A. Poult
  • B. Pullet
  • C. Poulta
  • D. Chicken
  • E. Hen
  • F. Fowl

Small plants that grow via vegetative propagation from the parent plants are called _____.

  • A. Child Plants
  • B. Crop Plants
  • C. Plant Crops
  • D. Croplets
  • E. Plantlets
  • F. Progeny

The female part of the flower comprising the stigma, style and ovary is the _____.

  • A. Ovule
  • B. Androecium
  • C. Stamen
  • D. Petal
  • E. Sepal
  • F. Pistil

Which of the following food is best preserved through pasteurization?

  • A. Rice
  • B. Beans
  • C. Coconut
  • D. Meat
  • E. Milk
  • F. Tomatoes

The total number of parasites that are present in a host organism is termed _____.

  • A. Parasite
  • B. Parasite Count
  • C. Parasite Number
  • D. Parasite Load
  • E. Parasite Value
  • F. Parasite Figure



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Fish Farming:

Pisciculture or Fish farming or Fish rearing is a great business to begin as an entrepreneur. This is so because almost everyone eats fish, a popular source of protein in our world today.

Investing in fish business is a splendid idea for those who have the knowledge of aquaculture. You will also require some little capital to start with, together with gaining some knowledge about the business side of fish farming.

Fish business can be very profitable if you get it right. You can easily sell them to the people and restaurants in your neighborhood. You can also minimize your operational spendings by gathering the waste from your environment and the kitchen, utilizing them as feeds for your fish.

If you have little or no idea about fish farming, just relax and carefully read this article, follow the instructions and you will see how interesting fish farming can be.

You can also read on Agricultural Land and its Uses here.


Firstly, Let’s consider some reasons why you should embark on fish farming:

  1. There is always a great demand for fish in the market.
  2. You don't need a degree or qualification.
  3. It is a profitable business if done right.
  4. You are your own boss.
  5. You can always get a fish specie that grows fast; and with a high marketability.
  6. Water is cheap.
  7. You can do it yourself if you abide by the fish farming rules.

Fish Farming


Steps to follow in starting a home based Fish Farming

Below are the procedures one will need to follow as a new fish farmer.


  • Get Knowledge

Knowledge is power. Before you go into any business, it is important you have some understanding about the business. In the case of fish farming, you need to understand the physiology (how the body functions) and anatomy (structure of the body) of the specific fish you intend to rear.

You can start by visiting some of the fish farms around your area. You may also want to utilize the social media platforms on the internet to connect with those in the fish business.

Google, Bing, Yahoo and every other search engine will be your best friend in terms of learning, direction and knowledge.

It’s also a good idea to register with a fish training class around your area or sign-up for some online webinar courses in fishery. Joining fishery groups on whats-App and Facebook is also encouraged.

Finally, you may decide to work for free in one of the fishery sites around you.

Note: Adherence to some or all of the above points is very important because knowledge is the key to any business.


  • Draw your business plan

Mapping out your business plan is important because it shows that you are indeed ready for business.

During business mapping, you plan the type of fish and the number of produce you intend to make depending on your target market size.

Becoming familiar with those in your neighborhood will be useful because they are likely to be your first customers. You need to calculate your capital and the amount of profit you expect from sales after all expenses have been made. If required by your local law, you may wish to get your fish business license.

It is advisable you begin small because this is probably your first time in the business. You can always expand as the business grows.

Finally, consider all other possible factors before you make a conclusion on fish farming; whether it will be a good business for you or not.

Please read on the Types of Business Structure here.


  • Create your fish pond

You will need to create the appropriate space needed for your fish farm. Since it's recommended to begin small, you may dig a fish pond somewhere in your backyard or better still, get a container or tank or tub or even barrels where you can raise your fish. Connect a water system to your fish container or tank or the dug hole.

Note: Make sure the water source is clean and reliable. Your water source could be from a bore hole, or well or from the public water supply.


  • Buy Juvenile fish along with their feeds

Based on the knowledge you have acquired on the specie of fish you wish to rear; buy the juvenile fish from a whole-seller and don’t forget to ask for directions and procedures.

Buy the best feeds for your young fishes and also seek for instructions on when to feed them with the appropriate diet. It’s a great idea you read about the dietary control concerning the specific fish you rear.


  • Monitor your fishes and Clean all waste

Monitor the temperature and pH of your fish pond. Always replace the water in your fish pond every time you need to.

Constantly monitor the pH of your water, making sure it’s neither too acidic nor alkaline.

Please read on Agricultural Terms and Meanings here.

As your fish grows, you may need to separate the bigger fish from the smaller ones, so as to prevent them from preying upon the smaller fishes.

Always avoid overpopulation of fishes in your fish tank; and make sure that the available resource is enough for all the fishes.


Note: Whenever things don’t go right, always be quick to ask for assistance from a seasoned fish farmer.

I will further encourage you to read more articles on Aquaculture and Pisciculture to further increase your chances of success in this business.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments 🤔

Squirrels do plant more 🌲 trees 🌲 (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them 😁

🐄 Cows 🐄 have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows 🐄 🐄 🐄  is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd

NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Some example of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on Carnivorous Plants here