Agricultural Science

How to start a home based fish farming

len Alfred Ajibola - 07th February, 2019 @ 03:31 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Importance of forest: Forest reserves in Nigeria Wildlife reserves in Nigeria and its importance Prevention and Control of Crop Pests Economic Importance of Crop Pests Classification of Insect Pests and their Economic Importance Agricultural Machines and their Uses Causes of soil erosion Ways to prevent soil erosion Asexual Propagation in Plants, Types and Examples Differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural terms (P - Q) Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q) part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture

Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

Cordage is made from _____ crop.

  • A. Food

  • B. Fibre

  • C. Ornamental

  • D. Oil

  • E. Cash

  • F. Vegetables and Spice

_____ is defined as the solid and arable part of the earth where agricultural activities are be carried out.

  • A. Soil

  • B. Farmland

  • C. Agricultural land

  • D. Biosphere

  • E. Open land

  • F. Planting and grazing land

Gymnosperms and angiosperms are seed bearing plants under the division spermatophyta?

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is false concerning gymnosperms?

  • A. Cones are present

  • B. Sepals are present

  • C. Petals are absent

  • D. Only seeds are produced

  • E. Sporophyll form the cones

  • F. In seed formation, the ovules aren't present in the ovary

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning seeds?

  • A. The ovary develops into the seed after fertilization

  • B. The embryo in the seed develops into a young plant

  • C. The seed's endosperm serve as a source of food reserve for the developing embryo

  • D. A seed has its own genotype

  • E. Seeds are products of sexual reproduction

  • F. Apomictic seeds aren't produced sexually and the hawkseed is an example

The _____ is the reproductive organ in plant's sexual reproduction.

  • A. Pollen grain

  • B. Ova

  • C. Sperm

  • D. Flower

  • E. Fruit

  • F. Seed

In flowering plants, fertilization occurs when the _____ comes into contact with the ova (as genetic materials are eventually exchanged).

  • A. Sperm

  • B. Endosperm

  • C. Exosperm

  • D. Stigma

  • E. Ovule

  • F. Pollen grain

The fusion of sperm and ova in animals leads to the formation of _____.

  • A. Foetus

  • B. Embryo

  • C. Ovary

  • D. Neonate

  • E. Zygote

  • F. Egg

Fish Farming:

Pisciculture, fish farming or fish rearing is a great business to begin as an entrepreneur. This is so because almost everyone eats fish, a popular source of protein in our world today.

Investing in fish business is a splendid idea for those who have the knowledge of aquaculture. This is so because a little capital is required to commence this business. Importantly, knowledge on the business side of fish farming is crucial.

Fish business can be very profitable if you get it right. You can easily sell them to the people and restaurants in your neighborhood. You can also minimize your operational spendings by gathering the waste from your environment and the kitchen, utilizing them as feeds for your fish.

If you have little or no idea about fish farming, just relax and carefully read this article, follow the instructions and you will see how interesting fish farming can be.

You can also read on agricultural land and its uses here.


Firstly, let’s consider some reasons why you should embark on fish farming:

  1. There is always a great demand for fish in the market.
  2. You don't need a degree or qualification.
  3. It is a profitable business if done right.
  4. You are your own boss.
  5. You can always get a fish specie that grows fast; and with a high marketability ratio.
  6. Water is very cheap.
  7. You can do it yourself if you abide by the fish farming rules.

Fish Farming


Steps to follow in starting a home based fish farming:

Below are the procedures one will need to follow as a new fish farmer.


  • Get Knowledge

Knowledge is power. Before you go into any business, it is important you have some understanding about the business. In the case of fish farming, you need to understand the physiology and anatomy of the specific fish you intend to rear.

You can start by visiting some of the fish farms around your area. You may also want to utilize the social media platforms on the internet to connect with those in the fish business. In this regard, google, bing and other search engines will be your best friend in terms of learning, direction and knowledge. YouTube is also an ideal platform for visual knowledge.

It is also a good idea to register with a fish training class around your area. You can also sign-up for some online webinar courses in fishery. Joining fishery groups on whatsApp and facebook is also encouraged. Additionally, you may decide to work for free in one of the fishery sites around you.

Adherence to some or all of the above points is vital because knowledge is the key to any business.


  • Draw your business plan

Mapping out your business plan is important because it shows that you are indeed ready for business.

During business mapping, you plan the type of fish and the number of produce you intend to make depending on the market demand. To achieve this, becoming familiar with those in your neighborhood can prove useful since they are likely to become your first customers. Also, you will need to calculate your capital and the amount of profit you expect from sales after all expenses had been made. If required by your local law, you may wish to get your fish business license.

It is advisable you begin small because this is probably your first time in the business. You can always expand as the business grows.

Finally, consider all other possible factors before you make a conclusion on fish farming, whether it will be a good business for you or not.

Please read on the types of business structure here.


  • Create your fish pond

You will need to create the appropriate space needed for your fish farm. Since it is recommended to begin small, you may dig a fish pond somewhere in your backyard, or better still, get a container, tank, tub or even barrels where you can raise your fish. Connect a water system to your fish container, tank or the dug hole.

With due diligence, make sure the water source is clean and reliable. Your water source could be from a bore hole, or well or from the public water supply.


  • Buy Juvenile fish along with their feeds

Based on the knowledge you have acquired on the specie of fish you wish to rear, buy the juvenile fish from a wholesaler and don’t forget to ask for directions and procedures towards its management.

Make proper enquires and buy the best feeds for your young fishes. In addition, seek for instructions on when to feed them with the appropriate diet. It is a good idea you read about the dietary control concerning the specific fish you rear.


  • Monitor your fishes and clean all waste

Monitor the temperature and pH of your fish pond. Always replace the water in your fish pond every time you need to. Once again, constantly monitor the pH of your water, making sure it is neither too acidic nor alkaline.

Please read on agricultural terms and meanings here.

As your fish grows, you may need to separate the bigger fish from the smaller ones, so as to prevent them from preying upon the smaller fishes.

Finally, always avoid overpopulation of fishes in your fish tank. Also, make sure the available resource is enough for all the fishes.


Note: Whenever things don’t go right, always be quick to ask for assistance from a seasoned fish farmer.

I will further encourage you to read more articles on aquaculture and pisciculture to further increase your chances of success in this business.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 10 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Peanuts are legumes and not nuts

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments

Squirrels do plant more trees (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them

Cows have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd

NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

Below are some common types of erosion:

  • Water Erosion: It is caused by rainfall and flooding on the topsoil. As a result of water erosion, some layers of the topsoil are lost.

  • Sheet Erosion: When an entire surface of land becomes eroded at a uniform (equal) level, such is referred to as sheet erosion. It is shown below:
    Sheet Erosion - Len Academy

  • Wind Erosion: It results from the actions of wind on a bare land. Wind erosion is often seen in deserts. Overgrazing and lack of vegetation cover will also enhance wind erosion on topsoil.

Please read more on types of soil erosion here.

Soil erosion is defined as a process through which the topsoil is removed or moved from one point to another by agents like wind, water, man and animals.

Soil erosion occurs naturally (wind and water) and may also be facilitated by living organisms.

Soil erosion is more likely to occur on a sloppy land and land with no vegetation cover. When this occurs, the nutrient rich layer of the topsoil is washed away; and this ultimately results in fewer plants growing on such eroded soil.

Please read more on soil erosion here

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Examples of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on carnivorous plants here