Agricultural Science

How to start a home based fish farming business

Kay - 07th February, 2019 @ 03:31 PM

Fish farming:

Pisciculture or Fish farming or Fish rearing is a great business as almost everyone eats fish. It can be very delicious and nutritious when prepared right. It is a very popular source of protein in our world today. Investing in fish business is a splendid idea for those who have the knowledge of aquaculture. You will also require some little capital to start with, together with knowing about the business side of fish farming. Fish business can be very profitable if you get it right. You can easily sell them to the people and restaurants in your neighborhood. The waste from your environment and the kitchen can be gathered and used as feed for your fish. If you have little or no idea about fish farming, just relax and carefully read this article, follow the instructions and you will see how interesting fish farming can be.

Firstly Let’s consider some reasons why you should embark on fish farming:

  1. There is always a great demand for fish in the market.
  2. You don't need a degree of qualification.
  3. It is a very profitable business if done right.
  4. You are your own boss.
  5. You can always get fish specie that grow fast and are highly marketable.
  6. Water is cheap.
  7. You can do it yourself if you abide by the fish farming rules.

Image Credit: Animal Welfare Institute


Below are the steps you need to follow to start a home based fish farming:

  • Get Knowledge

Knowledge is power. Before you go into any business, it is important you have some understanding about the business. In the case of fish farming, you need to understand the physiology and anatomy of the specific fish you wish to rear. You can start by visiting some of the fish farms around your area. You may also want to utilize the social platforms on the internet to connect with those in the fish business. Google, Bing, yahoo and every other search engine will be your best friend in terms of learning, direction and knowledge. It’s also a good idea if you can register with fish training classes in your state or sign-up for some online webinar course in fishery. Joining fishery groups on whats-app and Facebook is also encouraged. Finally, you may decide to work for free in one of the fishery sites around you. This first step is very important because knowledge is the key to any business.


  • Draw your business plan

Mapping out your business plan is important because it shows that you are indeed ready for business. This is where you decide to plan the type of fish and the number of produce you intend to make depending on your target market size. Becoming familiar with those in your neighborhood will be useful because they are very likely to be your first customers. You need to calculate your capital and the amount of profit you expect from sales after all expenses have been made. If required by your local law, you may wish to get your fish business license. It is advisable you begin small because this is probably you first time in the business. You can always expand as the business grows. Finally, consider all possible factors before you conclude on fish farming to be a good business for you.


  • Create your fish pond

You will need to create the space needed for your fish farm. Since you wish to begin small, you may dig a fish pond somewhere in your backyard or better still, get a container or tank or tub or even barrels where you can raise your fish. Connect a water system to your fish container or tank or the dug hole. Make sure the water source is clean and reliable. Your water source could be from a bore hole, or well or from the public water supply.


  • Buy Juvenile fish along with their feeds

Based on the knowledge you have acquired on the type of fish you wish to rear, buy the juvenile fish from a whole-seller and don’t forget to ask for directions and procedures. Buy the best feeds for your young fishes and also seek for instructions on when to feed them with the appropriate diet. It’s a great idea you read about the dietary control for the specific fish you rear.


  • Monitor your fishes and Clean all waste

Monitor the temperature and pH of your fish pond. Always replace the water in your fish pond every time you need to. Constantly monitor the pH of your water, making sure it’s not too acidic or alkaline. As your fish grows, you may need to separate the bigger fish from the smaller ones, so as to prevent them from preying upon the smaller fishes. Avoid overpopulation and make sure that the available resource is enough for all the fishes.


Note: Whenever things don’t go right, always get assistance as quickly as possible from a seasoned fish farmer. I will also encourage you to read more articles on Aquaculture and Pisciculture to further increase your chances of success in this business.

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