Topics in Civic EducationConsequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits
Academic Questions in Civic Education
A value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.
A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.
The following are solutions to cultism except _____.
A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools
B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist
C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution
D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society
E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership
F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members
With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.
A. University of Lagos
B. University of Ibadan
C. University of Ife
D. University of Calabar
E. University of Portharcourt
F. Ahmadu Bello University
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
Simply put, illiteracy is when a person can neither read nor write in any language. As an instance, when a person is able to read and write in Chinese language but not in English language; such a person is not an illiterate because he or she can read and write (in at least one language). In this regard, we should not be quick to judge anyone as illiterate just because they cannot read nor write in our preferred language.
According to statistics, about 30% of the world’s population are considered to be illiterate. Generally, illiteracy has negative effects on the people and the society at large.
The factors that contributes to illiteracy in a society are explained below:
1. Poverty: In countries where the basic child education is not free, poor parents will find it difficult to send their children or wards to school. Meanwhile, recall that education is one of the fundamental human rights.
The government of every nation should therefore put in place free or subsidized education, especially for the poor in the society.
2. Medical problems: This may result from learning disability such as dyslexia (a medical condition whereby children have difficulty in reading), dysorthographia (a medical condition whereby children have learning disability and thus find it difficult to write). Illiteracy may also result from physical disability such as blindness, deafness and dumbness.
Education may become difficult for children with any of the above medical conditions, especially those from poor background.
3. Little or no awareness: Ignorance is considered by many as an infectious disease. For instance, a person ignorant of HIV and AIDS is more likely to contact it because because he or she has no knowledge of its prevention.
Sadly, some uneducated parents living in rural areas are yet to understand the importance of education; even in this modern age of technology.
Creating awareness on the importance of children and adult education will go a long way to encourage education, especially in the rural areas.
4. No parental support: Children without parents (orphans) may be adopted by families, only to end up as slaves without education in such families.
If the government fail to make good policies on behalf of these orphans, some may end up as street beggars or even criminals.
5. Illiteracy of parents: Illiteracy is seen more in the rural communities. This is so because some of the parents living in rural areas are uneducated (especially in developing nations).
Some of the parents living in rural communities may not give priority or significance to education because they understand very little about the importance of education.
Meanwhile, understand that educated parent always know and appreciate the importance of education. To this end, they endeavor to send their children or wards to school, even at their own discomfort.
6. Culture: Certain culture may completely prohibit the education of a girl child for reasons best known to them.
Note: All hand must be on deck on reorienting the people whose culture prohibits female education. In short, gender equality should be brought to people whose culture discourages female education.
7. Corruption: A corrupt government may likely embezzle the budgetary allocation reserved for education, to the detriment of the masses.
Some may put in place very little structure and allocation towards education. Whenever this happens, the educational sector suffers.
8. Lack of schools: In some developing countries, certain Local Government Areas (LGA's) have very few or no schools. Children living in these LGA's are likely to have little, poor or no education.
I had a practical experience as a National Youth Service Corp (NYSC) member in Nigeria. The local government area where I served had no government secondary school. Illiteracy was quite prevalent in the community. Unfortunately, the poor children within this area suffered from a lack of education.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
Notable points in Civic Education
All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.
These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.
There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.
The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.
Below are some of our rights as humans:
Right to life
Right to freedom, liberty and equality
Right to religion and belief
Right to food and shelter
Right to education
Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law
Right to be free from torture
Right to innocence until proven guilty
Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)
Right to freedom of thought and speech
Right to live a life free from discrimination
Right to movement
Right to democracy
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates