Civic Education

Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy

len Alfred Ajibola - Sun, 29th December, 2019 @ 1:33 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

What is illiteracy?

Simply put, illiteracy is when a person can neither read nor write in any language. As an instance, when a person is able to read and write in Chinese language but not in English language; such a person is not an illiterate because he or she can read and write (in at least one language). In this regard, we should not be quick to judge anyone as illiterate just because they cannot read nor write in our preferred language.

According to statistics, about 30% of the world’s population are considered to be illiterate. Generally, illiteracy has negative effects on the people and the society at large.

Please read on the consequences and solutions to illiteracy here.


Causes of illiteracy

The factors that contributes to illiteracy in a society are explained below:

1. Poverty: In countries where the basic child education is not free, poor parents will find it difficult to send their children or wards to school. Meanwhile, recall that education is one of the fundamental human rights.

Please read more on the fundamental human rights here.

The government of every nation should therefore put in place free or subsidized education, especially for the poor in the society.

2. Medical problems: This may result from learning disability such as dyslexia (a medical condition whereby children have difficulty in reading), dysorthographia (a medical condition whereby children have learning disability and thus find it difficult to write). Illiteracy may also result from physical disability such as blindness, deafness and dumbness.

Education may become difficult for children with any of the above medical conditions, especially those from poor background.

You can read on arterial disorders here.

3. Little or no awareness: Ignorance is considered by many as an infectious disease. For instance, a person ignorant of HIV and AIDS is more likely to contact it because because he or she has no knowledge of its prevention.

Sadly, some uneducated parents living in rural areas are yet to understand the importance of education; even in this modern age of technology.

Please read on meaning and objectives of social studies here.

Creating awareness on the importance of children and adult education will go a long way to encourage education, especially in the rural areas.

4. No parental support: Children without parents (orphans) may be adopted by families, only to end up as slaves without education in such families.

If the government fail to make good policies on behalf of these orphans, some may end up as street beggars or even criminals.

Please read on the functions of government here.

5. Illiteracy of parents: Illiteracy is seen more in the rural communities. This is so because some of the parents living in rural areas are uneducated (especially in developing nations).

Some of the parents living in rural communities may not give priority or significance to education because they understand very little about the importance of education.

Meanwhile, understand that educated parent always know and appreciate the importance of education. To this end, they endeavor to send their children or wards to school, even at their own discomfort.

6. Culture: Certain culture may completely prohibit the education of a girl child for reasons best known to them.

Please read more on the harmful traditional practices in Nigeria here.

Note: All hand must be on deck on reorienting the people whose culture prohibits female education. In short, gender equality should be brought to people whose culture discourages female education.

Please read on gender equality and ways to achieve it here.

7. Corruption: A corrupt government may likely embezzle the budgetary allocation reserved for education, to the detriment of the masses.

Some may put in place very little structure and allocation towards education. Whenever this happens, the educational sector suffers.

Please read on the forms of government here.

8. Lack of schools: In some developing countries, certain Local Government Areas (LGA's) have very few or no schools. Children living in these LGA's are likely to have little, poor or no education.

I had a practical experience as a National Youth Service Corp (NYSC) member in Nigeria. The local government area where I served had no government secondary school. Illiteracy was quite prevalent in the community. Unfortunately, the poor children within this area suffered from a lack of education.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here