Civic Education

Rights of Citizens and Attributes of Residents - Differences between Residence and Citizenship

len Alfred Ajibola - 07th February, 2019 @ 07:05

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A young boy places his values on education; and does everything possible to achieve his educational dreams. This type of value is referred to as _____ value.

  • A. educational
  • B. academic
  • C. positive
  • D. intrinsic
  • E. innate
  • F. school

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above

The act of always telling the truth to others and oneself is best referred to as _____.

  • A. loyalty
  • B. discipline
  • C. faithfulness
  • D. honesty
  • E. godliness
  • F. goodness

Which of the following is NOT a consequence of dishonesty?

  • A. Loss of reputation
  • B. Imprisonment
  • C. Loss of sympathy
  • D. Loss of customers
  • E. Being disgraced
  • D. Being cursed

The cooperation seen among the Nigerian Union of Teachers (NUT) is best classified as _____.

  • A. social cooperation
  • B. community cooperation
  • C. financial cooperation
  • D. religious cooperation
  • E. trade cooperation
  • F. idiopathic cooperation

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning cooperation?

  • A. Division of Labor is a form of Cooperation
  • B. Cooperation is a process of coming together
  • C. Cooperation is aimed at achieving a common goal
  • D. Cooperation is a form of social interaction
  • E. Indirect Cooperation is a type of Cooperation
  •  F. None the above options

Which of the following is not a pressure group?

  • A. Armed Forces Ruling Group (AFRP)
  • B. Boys Brigade
  • C. Academic Staff union of Universities (ASUU)
  • D.Girls Guide Movement
  • E. Red Cross Society

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Residence and Citizenship:

Not everyone is a resident. On the other hand, each person must be a citizen of at least one country.

Being a resident of a country is not the same thing as being a citizen in that country, although both are legally allowed to live and work in the country.

In the US, think of being a resident as having a green card.

You have the legal right and access to live in the country for a duration of time. Your duration of stay will differ based on the country you find yourself.

Being a resident is one of the processes on your path to becoming a citizen in a country. A person will not be able to make international travels with his residence permit or card but can only do that with his passport (that is, the passport from his country of citizenship).

Please read on the Nigerian National Symbols here.

Attributes of a Resident

As a legal resident of a country, a person has the following attributes:

  • Must provide bio-metric information.

  • Can enter his or her country of residence on many occasions; but when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
    Please read on the Attributes and Benefits of Honestly here.

  • Able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from the country which they are a citizen) for travels (but not their resident card or permit).

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement.
    As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residence status when convicted for serious crimes.
    Please read more on Drug Trafficking and it's Consequences here.

Note: A person may not be a resident in any country but each person is a citizen of at least one country.

Being a citizen is a status and fundamental human right because each individual must belong to a nation or country.

Please read on Your Fundamental Human Rights here.

You are a citizen of a country by one of the followings:

  1. Birth
  2. Naturalization
  3. Marriage
    Please read on the Forms of Marriage here.


Everyone is a citizen of at least one country. As a citizen, you have the right to request for your passport from your country and it will be issued to you. You also have the right to vote and be voted for.

In contrast to being a resident, a citizen does not need to fulfill any minimum stay requirements. (You may not even set your foot into a country and yet remain a citizen of that country).

If you wish to become a citizen of another country, you will be able to achieve it in 2 ways:

  1. Becoming a resident at first: For some countries, you may be given a resident permit for 5 years, 10 or 15 – 20 years.
    If you obeyed the laws of the land during this period of your residence, you will become eligible to apply for citizenship in the country.
    You can read on Reputation and how to build a good Reputation here.

  2. Investing your money in your country of choice: Not many countries offer this sort of citizenship, but for those that do, all you need do is to become an investor in the country.


Rights of a Citizen

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
    Please read on Constitution here.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.
    You can read on the Factors that Lead to failed Marriage here.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country with whom your country has travel agreement.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and com­mon endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here


1. Direct Cooperation

2. indirect Cooperation

3. Social Cooperation

4. Religious Cooperation

5. Financial Cooperation

6. Community Cooperation

7. Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these Human Rights. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away; for instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here