Social Studies

Causes of Environmental Problems

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 19th February, 2020 @ 11:58

Topics in Social Studies

Healthy Self-esteem: Characteristics and Benefits of Healthy Self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects of Environmental Problems and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of Drug Trafficking and Solutions to Drug Trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for Drug Trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome Low Self-esteem What is Low Self-esteem? Characteristics of Low Self-esteem Low Self-esteem: Causes of Low Self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict Global Acronyms and their Meanings Nigerian Acronyms and their Meanings Meaning and Objectives of Social Studies What are Environmental Problems? What is Conflict? Causes of Conflict Self-esteem: What is Self-esteem? Marriage - Forms of Marriage Marriage - Types of Marriage Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria Failed Marriages - Factors that lead to a failed marriage Meaning of Transportation, Means and Modes of Transportation


Academic Questions in Social Studies

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The acronym BC means _____.

  • A. Before the birth of Christ
  • B. Before Jesus Christ
  • C. Before the coming of Christ
  • D. Before the death Christ
  • E. Before Christ
  • F. Before the resurrection of Christ

Which of the following acronym is related to the Nigerian Lawyer?

  • A. LAMATA
  • B. NUJ
  • C. SAN
  • D. NLC
  • E. NCC
  • F. NLA

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Causes of Environmental Problems:

Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.

Please read on the Introduction to Environmental Problems here.

Environmental problems can be caused in 2 ways. These are:

  1. Man-made environmental problem.
  2. Naturally occurring environmental problem.
  3. You can read on the Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems here.


  • Man-made Environmental Problems

Man-made environmental problems are caused by man (human beings) and their various activities on land, water and the atmosphere.

Below are some of the causes of man-made environmental problems:


1. Pollution: The pollution of our environment will occur through the air, water and land.


2. Ozone Layer Depletion: The ozone layer is found in a layer of the atmosphere called stratosphere. It protects us from the dangerous ultraviolet rays coming from the sun.

The ozone layer acts by trapping or absorbing ultraviolet rays through the layers of the atmosphere before they reach the earth.

Please read on Layers of the Atmosphere here.

Note: The use of chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) will result in ozone layer depletion.


3. Deforestation: This is the process of felling or cutting down the trees that make up a forest.

You can read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.

Afforestion, (the planting of trees) is the reverse or opposite of deforestation.


4. Increased turnout of Waste: An increase in population size and density will result to an increase in societal waste. These wastes (usually in the form of refuse and sewage) will serve as a home to various vectors of diseases.

Please read Waste Management and Types of Waste here.

Note: Vectors carry pathogens or germs. They may infect humans and animals with the pathogens they carry through contact with their food.

Please read more on Vector Borne Organisms and the Diseases they cause here.


5. Uncontrolled Urbanization: People tend to move from rural areas to urban areas in search of a better life. If this movement isn’t checked, over population may result in the urban areas.

  • Overpopulation is said to occur when the number of people living in a community is greater than the available resources within that community.

Overpopulation generally has a negative impact on the environment because it leads to:

  • Increased amount of waste.
  • Poor housing conditions.
  • Bad roads and traffic congestion.
  • Insufficient food, water, space and other vital resources.

At the moment of writing this article, the beautiful city of Lagos in Nigeria is adversely affected by uncontrolled urbanization. This has lead to overpopulation and improper waste management within the state.

Please read on the Effects of Improper Waste Management here.


6. Flooding: This results when a large volume of water covers an area of land that is normally dry.

Note: Flooding may occur naturally via rainfall or artificially when proper drainage channels are not put in place.


7. Desertification: This is the process that makes a land become a desert.

Please read on Deserts here.

The processes leading to desertification can be both natural and manmade. For instance; drought, a cause of desertification occurs naturally while the felling of trees (deforestation) is a manmade action that could lead to desertification.

 

  • Naturally occurring Environmental Problems

Naturally occurring environmental problems are caused by nature. Human beings have got no part in their occurrence.

The various naturally occurring environmental problems will include the followings:


1. Erosion: Erosion is simply the washing away of the top soil. We have different types of erosion. These are:


2. Earthquakes: An earthquake is a sudden and violent vibration on the surface of the earth which may result to the damaging of land, lives and properties.


3. Drought: Drought is said to occur when there is very little or no rainfall over a long period of time.

Plants, animals and their environment are adversely affected during the periods of drought.
You can read on Asexual Propagation in Plants here.


4. Tsunami: This is an extremely large wave in the sea that may cause its water to overflow into land; destroying lives and properties in the process.

A tsunami occurred in Japan on March 11, 2011 in the city of Sendai. This tsunami swept away humans, cars and buildings. it was indeed a devastating occurrence.

Numerous lives and properties were lost in the terrible events of the above tsunami.


5. Tornado: A tornado is seen when a violent storm with strong wind moves in a circular manner.

Note: A tonardo can carry along dust particles, animals, humans and other objects during it's violent and windy movement.


6. Hurricane: This is a violent storm with strong and fast winds that moves over a large area of land, causing damage to lives and properties.

An example of hurricane is the hurricane katrina which occurred from August 23, 2005 through August 31, 2005 in Florida; and 1,833 fatalities were recorded.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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The United Nations has six principal organs or arms. These are

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat

United Nations (UN) is the world body set up to promote peace and unity among the countries of the world. It officially came into existence on the 24th day of October, 1945 after it had been ratified by five permanent members of the Security Council and by the other 46 signatories. These permanent members are:

  1. United States of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Soviet Union
  4. Republic of China
  5. France

In total, the numerical strength of the United Nations at its inception was fifty one (51) States

The Headquarter of United Nations is in New York City. It is located in the Turtle Bay Neighborhood of Manhattan