Social Studies

Causes of Environmental Problems

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 19th February, 2020 @ 11:58 AM

Topics in Social Studies

Values and Norms explained What are norms? Types of norms Differences between values and norms How to prevent fraud Types of fraud explained Fraud as a contemporary social problem in Nigeria Explanations on the social problems in Nigeria and their solutions Contemporary social problems in Nigeria What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict

Academic Questions in Social Studies

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

Twitter is a part of our social environment.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are objectives of social studies except _____.

  • A. It teaches morals and values

  • B. It enables us to better understand our environment

  • C. It creates national consciousness

  • D. It assists in producing upright citizens

  • E. It promotes the military form of government

  • F. It fosters judicious use of resources

Which of the following is not a natural cause of environmental problem?

  • A. Tsunami

  • B. Deforestation

  • C. Earthquake

  • D. Drought

  • E. Hurricane

  • F. Tornado

Conflict can simply be defined as a clash of interest.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ refers to a personal reflection of one's overall self worth.

  • A. Integrity

  • B. Reputation

  • C. Personality

  • D. Self-esteem

  • E. Psychoanalysis

  • F. Attributes

A type of marriage whereby a christian man marries a muslim woman is termed _____ marriage.

  • A. Faith

  • B. Religious

  • C. Denominational

  • D. Interfaith

  • E. Intrafaith

  • F. Church-Mosque

_____marriage is said to exist between couples who have lived together for a very long time with no prior form of marriage.

  • A. Open

  • B. Convinience

  • C. Trial

  • D. Left Handed

  • E. Companionate

  • F. Common Law

Tribal marks - Len Academy

The above image is considered a part of harmful traditional practices. The following are similar examples of such practices except _____.

  • A. Sharo

  • B. Wuuse

  • C. Female Genital Mutilation

  • D. Widowhood

  • E. Breast Ironing

  • F. Child Marriage

Causes of Environmental Problems:

Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.

Please read the introduction to environmental problems here.

Environmental problems can be caused in 2 ways. These are:

  1. Man-made environmental problem
  2. Naturally occurring environmental problem
  3. You can read on the effects and solutions to environmental problems here.

  • Man-made Environmental Problems

Man-made environmental problems are caused by man (human beings) and their various activities on land, water and the atmosphere.

Below are some of the causes of man-made environmental problems:

1. Pollution: The pollution of our environment will occur through the air, water and land.

2. Ozone layer depletion: The ozone layer is found in a part (or later) of the atmosphere called stratosphere. It protects us from the dangerous ultraviolet rays coming from the sun.

The ozone layer acts by trapping or absorbing ultraviolet rays through the layers of the atmosphere before they reach the earth.

Please read on layers of the atmosphere here.

The use of chemicals like chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) will result in ozone layer depletion.

3. Deforestation: This is the process of felling or cutting down the trees that make up a forest.

You can read on the differences between plants and crops here.

Afforestion (that is: the planting of trees) is the reverse or opposite of deforestation.

4. Increased turnout of waste: An increase in population size and density will result to an increase in societal waste. These wastes (usually in the form of refuse and sewage) will serve as a home to various vectors of diseases.

Please read waste on management and types of waste here.

Note: Vectors carry pathogens or germs. They may infect humans and animals with the pathogens they carry through contact with their food.

Please read more on vector borne organisms and the diseases they cause here.

5. Uncontrolled urbanization: People tend to move from rural areas to urban areas in search of a better life. If this movement isn’t checked, over population may result in the urban areas.

  • Overpopulation is said to occur when the number of people living in a community is greater than the available resources within that community.

Overpopulation generally has a negative impact on the environment because it leads to:

  • Increased amount of waste.

  • Poor housing conditions.

  • Bad roads and traffic congestion.

  • Insufficient food, water, space and other vital resources.

As at 2020, the beautiful city of Lagos in Nigeria was adversely affected by uncontrolled urbanization. This has lead to overpopulation and improper waste management within the state.

Please read on the effects of improper waste management here.

6. Flooding: This results when a large volume of water covers an area of land that is normally dry.

Flooding may occur naturally via rainfall or artificially when proper drainage channels are not put in place.

7. Desertification: This is the process that makes a land become a desert.

Please read on deserts here.

The processes leading to desertification can be both natural and manmade. For instance; drought, a cause of desertification occurs naturally while the felling of trees (deforestation) is a manmade action that could lead to desertification.


  • Naturally occurring Environmental Problems

Naturally occurring environmental problems are caused by nature. Human beings have got no part in their occurrence.

The various naturally occurring environmental problems will include the followings:

1. Erosion: Erosion is simply the washing away of the top soil. We have different types of erosion. These are:

2. Earthquakes: An earthquake is a sudden and violent vibration on the surface of the earth which may result to the damaging of land, lives and properties.

3. Drought: Drought is said to occur when there is very little or no rainfall over a long period of time.

Plants, animals and their environment are adversely affected during the periods of drought.
You can read on asexual propagation in plants here.

4. Tsunami: This is an extremely large wave in the sea that may cause its water to overflow into land; destroying lives and properties in the process.

A tsunami occurred in Japan on March 11, 2011 in the city of Sendai. This tsunami swept away humans, cars and buildings. it was indeed a devastating occurrence.

Numerous lives and properties were lost in the terrible events of the above tsunami.

5. Tornado: A tornado is seen when a violent storm with strong wind moves in a circular manner.

A tonardo can carry along dust particles, animals, humans and other objects during it's violent and windy movement.

6. Hurricane: This is a violent storm with strong and fast winds that moves over a large area of land, causing damage to lives and properties.

An example of hurricane is the 'hurricane katrina' which occurred from August 23, 2005 through August 31, 2005 in Florida. A total of 1,833 fatalities were recorded.

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Amazing facts in Social Studies

Statue of Unity - Len Academy

The Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, is the tallest statue in the world. It stands at 182 meters (579 feet)

2.7 Billion Dollars was realized from the movie - Avengers: Endgame. This makes it the top-grossing film of all time

Sulawasi pigs - Len Academy

The world’s oldest known work of art was discovered by scientists in 2019 on an Indonesian island named Sulawesi. This work of art was created 44,000 years ago, and it shows paintings of three Sulawesi pigs

68% of households in New Zealand have a pet, and this is more than any other nation or country in the world

According to the Population Reference Bureau, the number of people alive today represents about 7% of the total number of humans who have ever lived.

Yahoo is an acronym for: 'Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle'

Ashrita Furman holds the world record for the holder of the most world records. He had set over 600 records and currently holds more than 200 world records

As at 2023, France remains the most visited country (with about 90 million visitors), followed by Spain (83.7 million). Next is the United States of America (79.3 million)

Car license plate in canada - Len Academy

Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear

The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.

The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)

Notable points in Social Studies

Social Studies is defined as an integrated study on the interaction of human beings with their physical and social environments.

We can think of our environment as everything that surrounds us at any point in time. For instance, the soil, air, your clothes, phone and everything surrounding you right now are all part of your environment. (That is, they make up your environment).

Physical environment describes every visible thing around us. It could be water, air, soil, clothes, phones or all other things found around us.

Social environment on the other hand describes the various social roles or positions that influence an individual or a group. It is represented in our culture, norms, values, the people and various institutions with whom we interact with. Meanwhile, understand that social media applications like facebook, twitter, instagram, youtube and the likes present a social environment where people can interact with one another regardless their geographical location around the world.

Please read on the meaning and objectives of social studies here

The causes of environmental problems can be either natural or man-made.

Natural causes of environmental problems will include the followings:

  • Erosion

  • Earthquakes

  • Drought

  • Tsunami

  • Tornadoes

  • Hurricanes

Some of the man-made causes of environmental problems are:

  • Pollution

  • Ozone layer depletion

  • Deforestation

  • Uncontrolled urbanization

  • Increased turnout of waste

  • Flooding

Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.

Below are some of the constituents that make up our environment. These constituents may in turn act as factors that bring about environmental problems. They include:

  • Air or Atmosphere

  • Soil

  • Water

  • Bacteria

  • The people around us

  • The animals around us

  • The things around us. For instance, books, food, shoes, phones and so on.

Please read more on environmental problems here.

The following proactive processes can help reduce conflict in various organizations:

  1. Communication

  2. Set conflict guidelines

  3. Encourage collaboration and teamwork

  4. Proper recruitment process

  5. Promote social events

  6. Applying fair treatment

  7. Listening and understanding skills

  8. Private opinion and feedback from staff

  9. Gender equality

Please read more on conflict management in organizations here