Essay: How to write the major types of essay

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 20th February, 2020 @ 10:20

Topics in English

Phrase: Types of Phrase Clause and Types of Clause explained Essay: How to write the major types of essay Nouns, Adjectives and Examples of Nouns formed from Adjectives Homonyms - Meaning and Examples of Homonyms Idioms and Examples of Idioms Synonyms: Meaning and Examples of Synonyms Figures of Speech: Meaning, Examples and Types of Figure of Speech Relative pronouns and Compound Relative Pronouns explained with Examples Transitive and Intransitive Verbs explained with Examples Phrase explained with examples Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained

Academic Questions in English

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Peter and Paul are always fighting _____.

  • A. themselves
  • B. each other
  • C. one another
  • D. the other

The young lady _____ tears when she heard about the disaster.

  • A. broke out into
  • B. broke out
  • C. broke into
  • D. broke off
  • E. broke down with
  • F. broke out with

The man is consistently assertive while his son is rather _____.

From the options below, which word correctly fills the gap and is also opposite to the underlined word.

  • A. reserved
  • B. respectful
  • C. cautious
  • D. open minded
  • E. cowardly
  • F. brave

The plural form of advice is _____.

  • A. advices
  • B. advise
  • C. advice
  • D. advicies
  • E. advicer
  • F. advicers

Idioms are best defined as _____.

  • A. Sentences that are logically reversed
  • B. Words that relate to a specific sentence
  • C. A clause containing two or more phrases
  • D. Phrases whose meaning does not contain the individual words it contain
  • E. Illogical words with logical meanings
  • Rational words with partial meaning as used in the sentence

Her followers on social media considered her to be reprobate unlike her twin sister whom many see as being _____.

From the options below, which word correctly fills the gap and is also opposite to the underlined word.

  • A. godly
  • B. morally upright
  • C. prudent
  • D. conservative
  • E. cautious
  • F. diligent

Words with same spelling, same sound and different meanings are referred to as _____.

  • A. Homonyms
  • B. Homographs
  • C. Homophones
  • D. Synonyms
  • E. Antonyms
  • F. Homophobes

A man who writes a book is called an author. A woman who writes a book is called an _____.

  • A. author
  • B. authoress
  • C. authorite
  • D. authority
  • E. authress
  • F. auther

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Types of Essays:

As students, we will be required to write various types of essay especially at the primary and secondary level of education. An understanding on what an essay entail will aid you to better write the appropriate kind of contents for that type of essay.

In this article, you will be guided on the appropriate contents to be written in each of the 4 types of essay.

By definition, an essay is a piece of writing on a particular subject with an expression of one's perspective.

Please read on the Concepts of Formal, Informal and Semi-Formal Essays here.

Generally, there are four types of essays depending on what the you intend to pass to the reader. These are:


1. Narrative Essay

As a student, think of narrative essay as telling or narrating a story through a piece of writing.

This kind of essay could be personal, real or imaginative, giving you a chance to be creative while expressing yourself through writing.

Please read on a Narration of the Biblical Account of Human Disobedience here.

Your goal in writing a narrative essay will be to involve (and engage) the reader into your essay, as if they were right there during the events of your story.

It is important to emphasize the need to make your narrative essay appear more like a reality. It should be clear and unambiguous for the reader to comprehend.

  • If you are very good at telling stories, then writing a narrative essay should be your strong point.

Note: Always remember to create scenes that will involve the reader in this type of essay.

Please read on the Narrative Summary of "The gods are not to blame" here.


2. Descriptive Essay

If you are good at describing objects, people, places and things, then descriptive essays should be easier for you.

The way and manner at which you paint the picture of what you are describing is very important in a descriptive essay. One way to go about this is to capture the "sense organs" of the reader through your writing.

You can read on the Description of the Prodigal Son with its Moral Lessons here.

As the writer, you must paint a clear picture through your writings. The nature of your writings can even make the reader feel emotional as he or she reads on. To this end, the reader may end in "tears of joy" because of the perfect manner at which you had described certain contents in your writing. The point is:

The reader is meant to feel the emotions you felt while writing this kind of essay.

Please read on a Story that describes Joseph here.

A properly written descriptive essay should give the reader a clear picture of whatever you are describing. The reader understands the events of your story through a properly written descriptive essay.

Please read on "The True Meaning of Honesty". A descriptive essay was used as an instance here.


3. Expository Essay

Thorough investigation is required before one writes an expository essay.

As the name suggests, this essay attempts to expose the hidden details about an event or occurrence. An expository essay is always based on examples, pictures, facts and statistics.

Please read on an Exposition of the "Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria".

As a writer, you must carry out some research through careful analysis, comparisons and examples on the subject or topic to be written on. You may want to compare and contrast your points or find previous occurrences and relevant examples to corroborate the truth or fact you intend to expose through your writing.

An expository essay should include evidences. In fact, it is these evidences that exposes the truth on your subject of writing. These evidences could be logical, statistical, factual or pictorial.

You can get to know more about Nigeria here.

Through various expository essays, we have seen certain government officials, lecturers, financial mismanagement and evil practices exposed through carefully written articles backed up with facts.

Note: An expository essay is sometimes referred to as an explanatory essay.


4. Argumentative Essay

An argumentative essay is generally written when there are two or more sides to a debate or story.

Understand that whatever has an advantage is also likely to have a disadvantage too. Your ability to put valuable points into writing will go a long way in argumentative essays.

Please read on this article which presents an Interesting Consequence of Human Disobedience.

As a writer, you will try to convince the reader to accept your point of view on the argument you present. Also, all your points must be backed up with facts and examples.

Please read on your Fundamental Human Right here.

When writing an argumentative essay, do not present your facts in a flat manner; rather they should be carefully arranged in a logical order. To achieve this, always attempt to initially present both sides of the argument, but at the end, It's your logically presented facts that will get the reader on your side of the argument.

An argumentative essay is also known as persuasive essay and it's goal is to persuade or convince the reader into accepting your side of a story.

You can read on the Beauty of Suffering here.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in English

The Letters “Ough” can be pronounced in about 10 different ways


English is the official language of the air. This is because no matter where you are flying to around the world, your pilot and flight attendants will always understand English

Image Credit: Mourningdoula

In English Language, Coffins and Caskets are quite different. This difference is mainly attributed to their shape.

Coffins aren't perfectly rectangular in shape. They are wide at both shoulders. They  are also tapered at the head and foot. 

Caskets are rectangular in shape and are usually constructed with better quality timber.

In English Language, to leave a party without notifying anyone is called “French Exit”.

In French Language, to leave a party without notifying anyone is called “partir à l’anglaise”,

Partir à l’anglaise actually  means "to leave like the English"


Homonyms are words with the same spellings, same sounds but different meanings.

Below are some sentences containing homonyms with their respective meanings

  • Keen

We have a keen match against Ronaldo’s team and Messi seems to be keen.

Keen: An involvement of people competing very hard for something.
Keen: Very interested in something.


  • Tear

Regardless the tear you shed, Mr. Frank will still tear your examination scripts.

Tear: The drop of liquid that comes out from a person's eye when they cry.
Tear: To damage something by pulling or cutting it apart.


  • Jot

There isn't any jot of truth in what he said, so I didn't jot  anything down.

Jot: A very small amount of somethin

Jot: To write something quickly

Please read more on Homonyms here

Certain words in English language appear to be similar but are quite different in meaning.

The table below shows some examples











You can check out the difference in meanings of the words above.

Note: Synonyms are different words with similar meanings. Please read on synonyms here.

Some words always exist in the plural form. Examples of such words are:

  • Scissors
  • Shears
  • Alms
  • News
  • Trousers

Possessive adjective tells you the owner of a thing. For instance;

This is his car.

His” in the above statement is describing him as the owner of the car; and this makes “his” a possessive adjective.

That is your bag.

Your” is a possessive adjective in the above statement.

Note: An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

Possessive pronouns show possession. A possessive pronoun will always correspond to with each of the personal pronouns. For Instance

I own the book. (“I” is a personal pronoun)

The book is mine. (“Mine” is the possessive pronoun)

She owns a car. (“She” is a personal pronoun)

The car is hers. (“Hers” is the possessive pronoun)