Topics in GovernmentArms of Government: Functions of the Executive, Legislature and Judiciary Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government
Academic Questions in Government
A type of democracy whereby shura is practiced is termed _____ democracy
A type of democracy whereby the people vote a bill into law is termed _____ democracy
In democracy, every citizen has got the right to vote and be vote for. Also, the principle one man one vote in this regard refers to which characteristic of democracy?
A. Separation of power
B. Freedom of expression
C. Constitutional supremacy
D. Rule of Law
E. Political equality
F. Popular sovereignty
Democracy is defined as a government formed by the consent of the governed.
Which of the following is not a type of democracy?
A. Peripheral democracy
B. Direct democracy
C. Islamic democracy
D. Representative democracy
E. Participatory democracy
F. Authoritarian democracy
Which of the following is not a characteristics of democracy?
A. Kingdom supracy
B. Rule of law
C. Political equality
D. Separation of power
E. Freedom of expression
F. Popular sovereignty
The following are functions of government except _____.
A. To provide free money for her citizens
B. To make laws as contained in the constitution
C. To defend and protect the lives and properties of her citizens
D. To provide a justice system
E. To generate revenue for the country
F. To maintain law and order through the law enforcement agencies
Government may be defined as an agency or machinery or instrument that is established to manage the general welfare of the people that make up a country.
In the above statement, government is defined _____.
A. As a process
B. As an act of governing
C. As an institution of a state
D. As an academic field o study
E. As a political wheel
F. As a machine of movement
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The multi-party system in politics is quite different from the two-party system.
Unlike the two-party system whereby only two parties dominate the political landscape, the multi-party system presents a scenerio whereby other parties (outside the two main party) stand a chance to win a major political office during an election. In short, multiple political parties have the capacity to gain political power; thus controlling government offices, either in coalition or independently.
The image below shows some of the symbols of political parties present within Nigeria.
Examples of countries where a multi-party system thrive include Norway, South Africa, Brazil, Portugal, Sweden, Romania and Mexico.
A multi-party system is often considered as democracy at its best.
Please read on Democracy explained with its Characteristics here.
It gives every eligible person an opportunity to run for a political office since they can form their own party.
You can read on Your Fundamental Human Rights here.
More people are now able participate in politics at the level of the local government (or grassroot level).
Please read on Gender Equality and Ways to achieve it here.
It significantly reduces the chances of having a dictator as a leader of the government.
Please read on the Forms of Government here.
It presents the people with a greater option of choice towards their ideal political candidate.
It encourages party organization and unity.
It allows for more ideas into becoming legislation (law).
Please read on Constitution and its Importance here.
It reflect a better representation of the people through their choice of election at the polls.
Please read on the Types of Democracy here.
It creates inconsistency in the governing patterns within a country.
Please read on the Concept of a Government here.
It encourages political aspirants to easily jump from one party to another for the purpose of their selfish ambition.
A coalition government may become weak and unstable.
You can read on the Pressure Group and Types of Pressure Group here.
It may lead to the selling of votes by smaller political parties to major ones.
It may promote bribery and corruption.
Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here.
It may affect the credibility of an election if certain political parties are maligned or excluded for insignificant reasons.
Anyone can form a political party for their selfish interest as far as they have the finances.
Please read on the Disadvantages of Money here.
The coalition party formed may not stand the test of time.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in Government
Abraham Lincoln, the great human emancipator, freedom fighter and 16th American president was popular for the saying:
Government of the people, by the people and for the people
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States of America was a professional wrestler before he assumed the office of the American President. Interesting, he was only defeated once in his wrestling career
NOTABLE POINTS IN Government
The organs of government (also referred to as arms of government or branches of government) are:
These three arms of government serves as a separation of power.
Separation of Power implies that they carry out their distinct (separate) functions and responsibilities in accordance to the nation's constitution.
The president (who is number one citizen of a country and the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces) is the head of the executive arm of government. It is the responsibility of the executive to enforce or execute the law.
The legislature is a group of elected persons who are required to make law.
In Nigeria, the legislature consist of the bicameral national assembly which are:
The upper house or chamber (Senate)
The lower house or chamber (House of Representative)
The judiciary is an independent arm of government whose power is enforced in the courts.
Like the executive and legislature, they function under the guidance of the constitution.
Below are some functions of the executive arm of government:
They ensure the security of the citizens in a country.
The executive cannot pass laws into the constitution. Instead, they can forward bills to the legislature (or parliament) which will deliberate upon it. (Think of 'bill' as a proposal to be made into law; which will be submitted to the parliament in the form of a draft act).
It is the president's responsibility to provide quality healthcare system, education, good roads (transport system), power, labour and finance through his ministers. For instance, the minister of agriculture oversees the affairs of agriculture in a nation. The ministers may also be accountable to the national assembly with regards to how they go about their ministries.
They bring about maintenance of law and order in a country through the National Security Agencies (NSA) like the police, army, navy and air force.
They prepare and execute the nation’s budget.
The president approves the law into the constitution.
No one is above the constitution, even the president or prime minister.
The constitution is the supreme law in a country, nation or state.
The constitution specifies how the nation or state should be governed.
The constitution gives power to the different organs of government; (that is, the executive, judiciary and legislature).
Juxtaposing the above points, below is a definition for the term constitution:
Constitution is a supreme law that specifies the government of a nation, the distribution of powers to the different organs of government within that nation and the fundamental rights of all her citizens.
Below are some qualities or characteristics of a constitution:
It is neither too rigid nor too flexible.
It accounts for the rule of law, de-centralization of power, an independent Judiciary system and processes of election transparency.
It accounts for the fundament human rights of the people.
It allocates power to the different arms of government.
It must uphold the people’s sovereignty.
It is written systematically.
Dictatorship is one of the forms of government. It can exist either as:
In 1966, Major General Johnson Aguiyi Ironsi became the first military Head of State in Nigeria after he overthrew a democratic and constitutional government (headed by the prime minister; Alhaji Sir Abubakar Tafawa Balewa)
The above instance is a military form of dictatorship.
A typical example of a civilian dictatorship is Adolf Hitler of Germany and Joseph Stalin of Russia and Georgia