Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 03rd March, 2020 @ 15:20

Topics in Government

Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work for Government, SS1, Third Term Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Multi-Party System Concept, Advantages and Disadvantages of Two-Party System Pressure Group: Types of Pressure Group Characteristics of Pressure Group Constitution - Types of Constitution Government - Scope of Government Government - Characteristics of Government Government - Importance of Government One-Party System explained Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics Party System: Zero Party System Two-Party System explained with its Characteristics Democracy and Types of Democracy Democracy - Characteristics of Democracy Government - Types and Forms of Government Government - Functions of Government What is Government? Definitions of Government

Academic Questions in Government

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The absence of government in a country or state is referred to as _____.

  • A. chaos
  • B. doom
  • C. oligarchy
  • D. autocracy
  • E. anarchy
  • F. meritocracy

The definition of democracy as "Government of the people, by the people and for the people" is a concept of _____.

  • A. John F. Kennedy
  • B. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • C. Aristotle
  • D. George W. Bush
  • E. Kamala Harris
  • F. Abraham Lincoln

A form of government where the wealthy rule the people is known as _____.

  • A. plutocracy
  • B. timocracy
  • C. technocracy
  • D. meritocracy
  • E. richocracy
  • F. autocracy

Which of the following countries isn't a result of the disintegration of the Soviet Union (USSR)?

  • A. Malta
  • B. Latvia
  • C. Moldova
  • D. Estonia
  • E. Georgia
  • F. Uzbekistan

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Concept of a Multi-Party System:

The multi-party system in politics is quite different from the two-party system.

Please read more on Two-Party System here.

Unlike the two-party system whereby only two parties dominate the political landscape, the multi-party system presents a scenerio whereby other parties (outside the two main party) stand a chance to win a major political office during an election. In short, multiple political parties have the capacity to gain political power; thus controlling government offices, either in coalition or independently.

Please read on Multi-Party System explained with its Characteristics here.

The image below shows some of the symbols of political parties present within Nigeria.

Nigerian Political Parties - Len Academy

You can read on various Nigerian Acronyms and their Meanings here.

Examples of countries where a multi-party system thrive include Norway, South Africa, Brazil, Portugal, Sweden, Romania and Mexico.

Please read on the Concept of Party System here.


Advantages of a Multi-Party System

  1. A multi-party system is often considered as democracy at its best.
    Please read on Democracy explained with its Characteristics here.

  2. It gives every eligible person an opportunity to run for a political office since they can form their own party.
    You can read on Your Fundamental Human Rights here.

  3. More people are now able participate in politics at the level of the local government (or grassroot level).
    Please read on Gender Equality and Ways to achieve it here.

  4. It significantly reduces the chances of having a dictator as a leader of the government.
    Please read on the Forms of Government here.

  5. It presents the people with a greater option of choice towards their ideal political candidate.

  6. It encourages party organization and unity.

  7. It allows for more ideas into becoming legislation (law).
    Please read on Constitution and its Importance here.

  8. It reflect a better representation of the people through their choice of election at the polls.
    Please read on the Types of Democracy here.


Disadvantages of Multi-Party System

  1. It creates inconsistency in the governing patterns within a country.
    Please read on the Concept of a Government here.

  2. It encourages political aspirants to easily jump from one party to another for the purpose of their selfish ambition.

  3. A coalition government may become weak and unstable.
    You can read on the Pressure Group and Types of Pressure Group here.

  4. It may lead to the selling of votes by smaller political parties to major ones.

  5. It may promote bribery and corruption.
    Please read on the Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen here.

  6. It may affect the credibility of an election if certain political parties are maligned or excluded for insignificant reasons.

  7. Anyone can form a political party for their selfish interest as far as they have the finances.
    Please read on the Disadvantages of Money here.

  8. The coalition party formed may not stand the test of time.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Government


Anarchy is one of the forms of government. Ironically, it is the absence of government in a society, country or state.

An instance of anarchy occurred in Somalia in 1991 after a dictator name Said Barre was overthrown. This made Somalia disintegrate into fractions with local warlords imposing their authority over their land/area.

Other forms of government includes:

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Colonialism
  3. Monarchy
  4. Communism
  5. Federalism
  6. Dictatorship
  7. Democracy
  8. Meritocracy
  9. Autocracy
  10. Aristocracy 

Please read on the various forms of government here

Democracy is a form of government where the power of choosing a leader is vested on the people. It represents a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Abrahim Lincoln,

Democracy means government of the people, by the people and for the people.

In democracy, the citizens have the rights to vote and be voted for. The citizens are mandated to choose their preferred candidate by voting for them through their political party. In fact, this voting process is considered as one of the civic responsibility of every citizen.

Please read on the fundamental Human Rights here.

NOTE: No one is above the rule of law in the democratic system. If the election outcome does not reflect the mandate of the people, a court of competent jurisdiction can nullify such election.

Democracy is practiced in countries like Nigeria, United States of America, India and South Africa.