Topics in EnglishPhrase: Types of Phrase Clause and Types of Clause explained Essay: How to write the major types of essay Nouns, Adjectives and Examples of Nouns formed from Adjectives Homonyms - Meaning and Examples of Homonyms Idioms and Examples of Idioms Synonyms: Meaning and Examples of Synonyms Figures of Speech: Meaning, Examples and Types of Figure of Speech Relative pronouns and Compound Relative Pronouns explained with Examples Transitive and Intransitive Verbs explained with Examples Phrase explained with examples Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained
Academic Questions in English
The plural form of Governor-General is _____.
Concerning informal essays, which of the following statement is correct?
A. They aren't personal
B. They require your name and signature
C. Excessive salutation may be used
D. Slangs cannot be used
E. Colloquialism are not required
F. They typically end with 'Yours Faithfully'
We had five _____ as special guests during the ceremony.
We asked the carpenter to make ten _____ for the students but he declined.
The idiom 'to go in with somebody' means _____.
Consider the sentence below:
Although the games occured on a fair day, the fair lady still had a fair performance.
Fair as used in the sentence is a _____.
We had a meeting comprising of all the _____.
All the _____ are currently in Nigeria.
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A phrase is a grammatical term referring to a group of words that does not have a subject and a verb (together in a sentence). On its own, a phrase cannot make a complete thought or meaning. For this reason, it must therefore be appended to a clause in order to make a grammatically correct sentence.
The words that make up a phrase cannot make a complete thought, sense or grammatically correct sentence because they lack a subject + verb.
Below is an example of a phrase.
The above instance is a phrase because it has neither a subject nor a verb; thus does not make a complete thought.
Recall that the subject of a sentence is the doer of an action. The verb is simply the action done by the subject. In short, the verb is an action word or a doing word.
Below is an instance that identifies the subject and verb in a sentence.
From the above instance, Alfred is the subject because he is the doer of an action. The action shown by Alfred is love. Therefore, love is the verb in the above instance.
We have different types of phrase. Always understand that a phrase cannot make a complete sentence, thought or meaning on its own.
The types of phrase include:
It always contain a noun. When a nominal phrase is present in a grammatically correct sentence, the noun within it can function as the subject, object, or prepositional object in the sentence. For example:
Notice that the phrase 'in the bank contains the noun 'bank'.
This phrase contains a verb with another word or words (without a subject). For example:
Notice that the phrase 'saw her dance' contain the verbs 'saw' and 'dance' with another word - 'her'.
They are group of words (that cannot make a complete thought); but will function as an adverb in a sentence. For example:
Notice that the phrase 'very quickly' contains the adverb 'quickly' which described the manner at which Ade ate.
Note: An adverb is a word that qualifies or describes a verb. The word 'ate' is the verb in the above instance and the adverb 'quickly' describes how Ade ate.
They are phrases that consists of a preposition and a noun (or a preposition and a pronoun).
Note: A preposition is a word that link together nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence.
Below is an example of a prepositional phrase:
From the above instance, 'on' is a preposition; and the prepositional phrase "on the cupboard" contains the preposition 'on' and a noun 'cupboard'.
Any verb ending with '-ing' is called a gerund. A gerund phrase include the gerund in combination with any modifier and complement. An example is shown below:
Notice that the verb 'dance" contains an 'ing' which makes it a gerund. Its presence (that is; dancing) in the underlined phrase makes it a gerund phrase.
Any form of a verb that begins with the word 'to' is called an infinitive verb.
An infinitive phrase therefore include the infinitive, plus any modifier or complement. For example:
The above phrase is an infinitive phrase because it begins with the infinitive 'to'.
When a noun phrase renames another noun in a sentence, then it's called an appositive phrase. For Example:
Notice that the appositive phrase 'a fair beauty" described and renamed "the lady" in the above sentence.
A participle phrase begins with '-ing' (for present participle) and '-ed' (for past participle); plus its modifiers. The participle phrase often functions as adjectives in a grammatically correct sentence.
Note: An adjective is a word that qualifies or describes a noun.
Below are examples of sentences containing the participle phrase:
Notice that the participle phrases 'playing in the field' and 'cried through out the night' began with the participle 'playing and cried respectively. In addition, they describe the nouns 'boys' and 'baby' in the above instances.
They are group of words that function as an adjective in a sentence. For example:
Notice that the phrase 'is handsome' contains the adjective 'handsome' which describes the young man.
Recall that an adjective is a word that qualifies or describes a noun or a pronoun. In the above instance, 'handsome' is the adjective and it describes the young man.
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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.
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Amazing facts in English
The furry tufts of hair inside a 🐈 cat's 🐈 ear are called ear furnishings
There are only four words in the English language that end in 'dous'. These are:
The only English word that ends with the letters 'mt' is dreamt and its derivatives; that is: undreamt, daydreamt, and redreamt
Los Angeles is America's second largest city. It's original name is 'El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula'. In English language, this means: 'Town of our Lady the Queen of Angels of the River Porciúncula'
If you close your eyes in a completely dark room. When you open them, the color you see is called eigengrau, which means intrinsic gray
I.e is an abbreviation for id est which means 'that is,'
E.g is an abbreviation for exempli gratia which means 'for the sake of example,'
You can read all of Wikipedia's content offline by downloading it's database. Below is the link to download Wikipedia's Database:
Bacteria is a plural word. Its singular is Bacterium
That smell that comes after a rain has a name. It's called petrichor
The word 🍊 'orange' 🍊 does not rhyme with any other word in the dictionary
NOTABLE POINTS IN English
Homonyms are words with the same spellings, same sounds but different meanings.
Below are some sentences containing homonyms with their respective meanings:
We have a keen match against Ronaldo’s team and Messi seems to be keen.
Keen: An involvement of people competing very hard for something.
Keen: Very interested in something.
Regardless the tear you shed, Mr. Frank will still tear your examination scripts.
Tear: The drop of liquid that comes out from a person's eye when they cry.
Tear: To damage something by pulling or cutting it apart.
There isn't any jot of truth in what he said, so I didn't jot anything down.
Jot: A very small amount of something
Jot: To write something quickly
Certain words in English language appear to be similar but are quite different in meaning.
The table below shows some examples:
You can check out the difference in meanings of the words above.
Synonyms should not be confused with the above instance. They are different words with similar meanings.
Some words always exist in the plural form. Examples of such words are:
Possessive adjective tells you the owner of a thing. For instance;
This is his car.
'His' in the above statement is describing him as the owner of the car; and this makes 'his' a possessive adjective.
That is your bag.
'Your' is a possessive adjective in the above statement.
Note: An adjective is a word that describes a noun.
Possessive pronouns show possession.
A possessive pronoun will always correspond to with each of the personal pronouns. For Instance:
I own the book. ('I' is a personal pronoun)
The book is mine. ('Mine' is the possessive pronoun)
She owns a car. ('She' is a personal pronoun)
The car is hers. ('Hers' is the possessive pronoun)