English

Phrase: Types of Phrase

len Alfred Ajibola - Mon, 09th March, 2020 @ 11:07 AM

Topics in English

Phrase: Types of Phrase Clause explained with its types Essay: How to write the major types of essay Nouns and Adjectives: Examples of nouns formed from adjectives Meaning and Examples of Homonyms Idioms and Examples of Idioms Synonyms: Meaning and examples of synonyms Figures of Speech: Meaning, examples and types of figure of speech Relative pronouns and compound relative pronouns explained with examples Transitive and Intransitive Verbs explained with examples Phrase explained with examples Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained


Academic Questions in English

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

For this question and the three questions below, choose the option that best completes the sentence.

The doctor _____ the illness as malaria, not dysentery.

  • A. Discovered

  • B. Diagnosed

  • C. Tested

  • D. Examined

  • E. Announced

  • F. Prescribed

The principal reacted to the disrespectful action of the student with strong _____.

  • A. Indignation

  • B. Condemnation

  • C. Accusation

  • D. Demonstration

  • E. Mobilization

  • F. Impunity

Since the writer did not indicate his name, the editor did not publish such a/an _____ article.

  • A. Poor

  • B. Libellous

  • C. Discourteous

  • D. Impolite

  • E. Anonymous

  • F. Scandalous

The play was so interesting that the _____ clapped for a long time at the end.

  • A. Congregation

  • B. Fans

  • C. Spectators

  • D. Audience

  • E. Watchers

  • F. People

Answer true of false with regards to the sentence below:

'Humility' is a noun and 'Humble' is an adjective

  • A. True

  • B. False

A part of a sentence or clause that contains a verb and something concerning the subject within that sentence is termed a/an _____.

  • A. Predicate

  • B. Object

  • C. Adverbial clause

  • D. Adverbial phrase

  • E. Half clause

  • F. Body of adverbial clause

The acronym Wi-Fi stands for _____.

  • A. Wireless Files

  • B. Wireless Flips

  • C. Wireless Fidelity

  • D. Wireless Freedom

  • E. Wireless and Free

  • F. Wireless Fun

The words massacre and bloodbath are _____.

  • A. Antonyms

  • B. Synonyms

  • C. Homonyms

  • D. Homophones

  • E. Heteronyms

  • F. Heterophone



What is a phrase?

A phrase is a grammatical term referring to a group of words that does not have a subject and a verb (together in a sentence). On its own, a phrase cannot make a complete thought or meaning. For this reason, it must therefore be appended to a clause in order to make a grammatically correct sentence.

Please read more on clause and types of clause here.


It is important to state that the words that make up a phrase cannot make a complete thought, sense or grammatically correct sentence because they lack a subject and verb respectively.


Below is an example of a phrase.

  • In the school

The above instance is a phrase because it has neither a subject nor a verb; thus does not make a complete thought.

Please read more on the meaning and examples of phrase here.


Recall that the subject of a sentence is the doer of an action. The verb is the action done by the subject. In short, the verb is an action word or a doing word.

Below is an instance that identifies the subject and verb in a sentence.

  • Alfred loves education

From the above instance, 'Alfred' is the subject because he is the doer of an action. The action shown by Alfred is 'love'. Therefore, 'love' is the verb in the above instance.

You can read on transitive and intransitive verbs here.


Types of Phrase

We have different types of phrase. Always understand that a phrase cannot make a complete sentence, thought or meaning on its own.

The types of phrase include:


1. Noun or Nominal Phrase

It always contain a noun. When a nominal phrase is present in a grammatically correct sentence, the noun within it can function as the subject, object, or prepositional object in the sentence. For example:

  • The beautiful woman in the bank is my mother.

Notice that the phrase 'in the bank' contains the noun 'bank'.

Please read on nouns formed from adjectives here.


2. Verb Phrase

This phrase contains a verb with another word or words (without a subject). For example:

  • We saw her dance when we were studying.

Notice that the phrase 'saw her dance' contain the verbs 'saw' and 'dance' with another word - 'her'.

You can read on homonyms here.


3. Adverbial Phrase

They are group of words that cannot make a complete thought but will function as an adverb in a sentence. For example:

  • Ade ate very quickly.

Notice that the phrase 'very quickly' contains the adverb 'quickly' which described the manner at which Ade ate.

Recall that an adverb is a word that qualifies or describes a verb. The word 'ate' is the verb in the above instance and the adverb 'quickly' described how Ade ate.

You can read on synonyms here.


4. Prepositional Phrase

They are phrases that consists of a preposition and a noun (or a preposition and a pronoun).

Recall that a preposition is a word that link together nouns, pronouns, or phrases to other words within a sentence.

You can read on relative pronouns and compound relative pronouns here.

Below is an example of a prepositional phrase:

  • The food is on the cupboard.

From the above instance, 'on' is a preposition. The prepositional phrase 'on the cupboard' contains the preposition 'on' and a noun 'cupboard'.


5. Gerund Phrase

Any verb ending with '-ing' is called a gerund. A gerund phrase include the gerund in combination with any modifier and complement. An example is shown below:

  • Kelechi and Chioma had fun dancing at the party.

Notice that the verb 'dance' contains an 'ing' which makes it a gerund. Its presence (that is; dancing) in the underlined phrase makes it a gerund phrase.

You can read on idioms and examples of idioms here.


6. Infinitive Phrase

Any form of a verb that begins with the word 'to' is called an infinitive verb.

An infinitive phrase therefore include the infinitive, plus any modifier or complement. For example:

  • Tunde loves to surprise children.

The above phrase is an infinitive phrase because it begins with the infinitive 'to'.

You can read on essay writing here.


7. Appositive phrase

When a noun phrase renames another noun in a sentence, then it's called an appositive phrase. For example:

  • The lady, a fair beauty, was pleasing to look at.

Notice that the appositive phrase 'a fair beauty' described and renamed 'the lady' in the above sentence.

Please read more on figures of speech here.


8. Participle phrase

A participle phrase begins with '-ing' (for present participle) and '-ed' (for past participle); in addition to its modifiers. The participle phrase often functions as adjectives in a grammatically correct sentence.

Recall that an adjective is a word that qualifies or describes a noun.

Below are examples of sentences containing the participle phrase:

  • The boys playing in the field never seemed to tire.
  • The baby cried throughout the night.

Notice that the participle phrases 'playing in the field' and 'cried throughout the night' began with the participle 'playing' and 'cried' respectively. In addition, they describe the nouns 'boys' and 'baby' in the above instances.


9. Adjectival Phrase

They are group of words that function as an adjective in a sentence. For example:

  • The young man is handsome.

Notice that the phrase 'is handsome' contains the adjective 'handsome' which describes the young man.

Recall that an adjective is a word that qualifies or describes a noun or a pronoun. In the above instance, 'handsome' is the adjective and it describes the young man.

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Amazing facts in English

The word pangram refers to a sentence that contains all 26 letters of the alphabet. Below is an example of a pangram:

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog

The word Paraskevidekatriaphobia means the fear of Friday the 13th, while Triskaidekaphobia means an extreme fear of the number 13

Angry and Hungry are the only two English words that currently ends in '-gry'

The only English word with five consecutive vowels is 'queueing'

The dot on the top of letter ‘i’ is called a tittle

The sentence below uses every letter in the English alphabet:

The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog

Cat furnishings - Len Academy

The furry tufts of hair inside a cat's ear are called ear furnishings

There are only four words in the English language that end in 'dous'. These are:

  • Tremendous 

  • Horrendous

  • Stupendous

  • Hazardous

The only English word that ends with the letters 'mt' is dreamt and its derivatives; that is: undreamt, daydreamt, and redreamt

Los Angeles is America's second largest city. It's original name is 'El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula'. In English language, this means: 'Town of our Lady the Queen of Angels of the River Porciúncula'


Notable points in English

Homonyms are words with the same spellings, same sounds but different meanings.

Below are some sentences containing homonyms with their respective meanings:

  • Keen

We have a keen match against Ronaldo’s team and Messi seems to be keen.

Keen: An involvement of people competing very hard for something.

Keen: Very interested in something.

  • Tear

Regardless the tear you shed, Mr. Frank will still tear your examination scripts.

Tear: The drop of liquid that comes out from a person's eye when they cry.

Tear: To damage something by pulling or cutting it apart.

  • Jot

There isn't any jot of truth in what he said, so I didn't jot anything down.

Jot: A very small amount of something

Jot: To write something quickly

Please read more on homonyms here

Certain words in English language appear to be similar but are quite different in meaning.

The table below shows some examples:

 Childlike

 Childish

 Stimulus

 Stimulant

 Destructible

 Destructive

 Negligible

 Negligent

 Comprehensible

 Comprehensive


Synonyms should not be confused with the above instance. They are different words with similar meanings.

Please read more on synonyms here.

Some words always exist in the plural form. Examples of such words are:

  • Scissors
  • Shears
  • Alms
  • News
  • Trousers

Possessive adjective tells you the owner of a thing. For instance;

This is his car.

'His' in the above statement is describing him as the owner of the car; and this makes 'his' a possessive adjective.

That is your bag.

'Your' is a possessive adjective in the above statement.

Note: An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

Possessive pronouns show possession.

A possessive pronoun will always correspond with each of the personal pronouns. For Instance:

I own the book. ('I' is a personal pronoun)

The book is mine. ('Mine' is the possessive pronoun)

She owns a car. ('She' is a personal pronoun)

The car is hers. ('Hers' is the possessive pronoun)