Topics in Basic ScienceResources from living things Resources from animals Importance of immunization Types of Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides and Polysaccharides Carbohydrates: Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS2, 2nd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 3rd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 2nd Term Primates: Characteristics of Primates Effects of improper waste management Waste Management: Causes of waste in the society Concept of mass and weight Mineral Salts: Sources, functions and deficiencies of macronutrients Sources, functions and deficiencies of micronutrients Len Academy questions for Basic Science JSS1, second Term Len Academy mid-term test questions for Basic Science JSS1, 2nd Term Microorganisms causing food, water and air borne diseases Vector borne organisms and the diseases they cause Bones of the Human Skeleton Meaning of Drugs, Type of Drugs and Side effects of Drugs
Academic Questions in Basic Science
Vaccination involves a process of introducing pathogens or germs into a person in order to prevent such person from the diseases they cause.
With regards to the human health, foreign bodies are best regarded as _____.
A. International bodies
Disease causing organisms are termed _____.
E. Disease carriers
F. All the above options are correct
____ is formed from a reaction utilizing oxygen and glucose in the mitochondria of cells.
Which of the following statement is false concerning carbohydrates?
A. They are composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen only
B. Carbon has the highest ratio of the constituent elements of carbohydrates
C. All carbohydrates are sugars
D. Fructose is a carbohydrate
E. Natural milk contains lactose and it's a carbohydrate
F. Fatty foods contains high calories of energy when compared to the same quantity of carbohydrate foods
Which of the following is a class of food?
Brachiation is a specialized form of movement exhibited by _____.
A. Human beings
_____ is a form of locomotion whereby an organism move by means of its two hind limbs.
B. Duo Pedalism
C. Double Pedalism
D. Dual Pedalism
1. _____ is a branch of a science that deals with the study of life.
2. Objectives of drug usage includes the following EXCEPT _____.
Please read on the meaning of Drug, Types and Side Effects of Drugs here.
3. An element with a valency of +4 is _____.
Please read on Periodic Table and Classification of Elements here.
4. _____ is formed when an acid is dissolved in water.
5. Which of the following elements is NOT a noble gas?
6. A damp _____ litmus paper turns _____ in NaOH.
You can read on the Physical and Chemical Properties of Acids here.
7. The S.I unit for electric current is the _____.
Please read on the Fundamental Quantities and Units in Physics here.
8. The image formed in the pin-hole camera is _____.
9. A chemical change will not include _____.
10. A ball with a mass of 20g rolls from a height of 8m. Calculate its kinetic energy when it has a velocity of 2ms-1.
Please read on the concepts of Velocity and Acceleration here.
11. The valency of 'N' in NaNO3 is _____.
You can attempt Len Academy Questions on various Subjects (with Answers) here.
12. Myopia can be corrected with glasses that have _____ lenses.
13. The vector of river blindness is _____.
Please read on Vector of Diseases, Vector Borne Organisms and the Diseases they cause here.
14. _____ atoms are present in H2SO4.
15. The spontaneous emission of particles or rays as seen in the nucleus of certain atoms is termed _____.
16. Components of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) will NOT include _____.
17. Certain plants are able to survive in water because _____.
You can read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.
18. A hormone that increases the body's metabolic function is _____.
Please read on Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Mechanism here.
19. Rods and Cones of the eyes are concentrated in the _____.
20. The final bending adjustment of light into the retina is done by the _____.
21. A bone found in the middle ear is the _____.
Please read on all the Bones of the Human Skeleton explained with diagrams here.
22. The function of chlorine in the water purification process is to _____.
23. The vitamin obtained from the sun functions to _____.
You can read on the Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Macronutrients here.
24. Desertification is likely to occur in which Nigerian State?
25. The ozone layer of the atmosphere is composed of _____.
26. The following activities of man will cause flooding EXCEPT
You can read on Soil Erosion and Types of Soil Erosion here.
27. The energy currency in the body is _____.
Please read on the Characteristics of Living Organisms. (Answer is present here).
28. _____ is a contagious disease.
You can read on Micro-organisms causing Food, Water and Air Borne Diseases here.
29. A petrochemical will NOT include _____.
30. The pH value representing the most acidic solution is _____.
You can Attempt Len Academy Mid-Term Test Questions for JSS1 here.
You can attempt Len Academy Basic Science Examination Questions for JSS1, 2nd Term here.
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Amazing facts in Basic Science
Of all animals, mosquitoes hold the record of killing most humans annually. They are responsible for the deaths of 725,000 - 1,000,000 persons yearly
Antibiotics fights and kills bacteria. However, they do nothing to a virus
All insects have six legs. However, dragonfly has six legs but can't walk
The chin is defined as the protruding part of the face below the mouth, formed by the apex of the lower lip. It is shown below:
Interestingly, humans are the only animals with chin
Ripe cranberries will bounce like a ball. For this reason, they are nicknamed 'bounceberries'. They will also float in water
Tomatoes and Avocados are fruits, not vegetables
Sweat in itself doesn't smell. The smell that accompanies sweat is actually caused by the presence of bacteria on your skin. This bacteria breaks the sweat coming out of your sweat pores down into acids, thus making it smell.
Deodorants contains alcohol and are antibacterial. They work by killing the bacteria that makes sweat smell
Chewing aspirin during a heart attack may be a life saver. This is true because the drug inhibits platelets from forming a clot that can block an artery of the heart, thus stopping a heart attack
The kneecaps of newly born babies are not made of bone. Rather, they are little bits of cartilage which ossifies (turns from cartilages to bone) from age 2 to 6
Ice cubes made with fresh water are white in color while those made with boiled water are crystal clear
NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Science
Matter is composed of particles which can be:
Tightly packed together (as seen in solids).
Loosely packed together (as seen in liquids).
Completely separated (as seen in gases).
The movement of the particles of matter is a function of the overall kinetic energy present in them. You can think of kinetic energy as energy in motion.
An increase in the particles' vibrational, rotational or translational motion will imply an increase in temperature while a decrease in the particles motion (vibrational, rotational and translational) will mean a decrease in temperature. Based on this knowledge, we can therefore define temperature as the measure of the average kinetic energy possessed by the particles of matter.
Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a score derived from a set of standardized tests developed to measure a person's cognitive abilities in relation to their age group.
IQ may also be defined as the ratio of mental age (MA) to chronological age (CA) multiplied by 100.
Below are some formulas pertaining Intelligence Quotient:
IQ = MA x 100 ÷ CA
MA = Mental age
CA = Chronological age
IQ above 100 = Brilliance
IQ that equals 100 = Average
IQ below 100 = Below Average
Among all organisms in the universe, the human brain is the most developed. This highly developed brain present in humans is the biggest factor that makes them unique from every other organism on earth.
According to research, the more folds a brain has, the more intelligent the organism possessing it will become. To this end, humans have brains with the greatest number of folds (or bumps) called gyri and grooves (or indentations) called sulci.
Waste Management can be defined as the process of collecting, processing, recycling and controlling any material considered as waste.
Improperly disposed waste litters on road sides, in land fills, gutters and ditches. They are generally bad for the following reasons:
The waste block drainages hence resulting to flooding, especially during the rainy seasons.
Please read on erosion here.
They generate bad smells which can be dangerous to health.
They constitute nuisance and eyesore.
They become homes to various disease causing organisms.
Please read on vectors of diseases here.
Wastes can be classified into various types. These are:
Animal product waste
Please read the explanations on the classification of wastes here