Basic Science

Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 2nd Term

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 26th May, 2020 @ 06:33: AM

Topics in Basic Science

What is science? Qualities of a scientist Resources from living things Resources from animals Importance of immunization Types of Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides and Polysaccharides Carbohydrates: Disaccharides and Oligosaccharides Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS2, 2nd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 3rd Term Len Academy Examination Questions for Basic Science, JSS3, 2nd Term Primates: Characteristics of Primates Effects of improper waste management Waste Management: Causes of waste in the society Concept of mass and weight Mineral Salts: Sources, functions and deficiencies of macronutrients Sources, functions and deficiencies of micronutrients Len Academy questions for Basic Science JSS1 Len Academy mid-term test questions for Basic Science JSS1, 2nd Term Microorganisms causing food, water and air borne diseases Vector borne organisms and the diseases they cause Bones of the Human Skeleton

Academic Questions in Basic Science

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Which of the following diseases is associated with river blindness?

  • A. Anthrax

  • B. Lawnmower Disease

  • C. Onchocerciasis

  • D. Devil's Crunch

  • E. Trypanosomiasis

  • F. Tularemia

The vector for yellow fever is _____.

  • A. Aedes Mosquito

  • B. Female Anopheles Mosquito

  • C. Plasmodium

  • D. Flavivirus

  • E. Black Fly

  • F. Bacillus Anthracis

The bones of the head and face make up the skull. These bones are _____ in number.

  • A. 12

  • B. 14

  • C. 16

  • D. 18

  • E. 20

  • F. 22

Bacteria are not a constituent of our environment.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Below are types of drugs. Which of these is considered as pain killers?

  • A. Stimulants

  • B. Depressants

  • C. Opiods and Morphine Derivatives

  • D. Hallucinogens

  • E. Anabolic Steroids

  • F. Cannabinoids

Which of the following statement is false concerning drugs?

  • A. Drugs can be inhaled

  • B. Drugs can be injected directly into the bloodstream 

  • C. Drugs can be eaten

  • D. Drugs exist exclusively in the forms of tablets and syrups

  • E. Drugs can be placed under the tongue

  • F. Drugs can be taken with water or another liquid

Vaccination involves a process of introducing pathogens or germs into a person in order to prevent such person from the diseases they cause.

  • A. True

  • B. False

With regards to the human health, foreign bodies are best regarded as _____.

  • A. International bodies

  • B. Antilators

  • C. Antibodies

  • D. Antigens

  • E. Antibiotics

  • F. Antidotes

Basic Science Questions, JSS3, Second Term:

1. _____ is a branch of a science that deals with the study of life.

  1. Biology
  2. Chemistry
  3. Physics
  4. Geography
  5. Please read this article here for correct Answer.


2. Objectives of drug usage includes the following EXCEPT _____.

  1. To combat diseases
  2. To provide energy
  3. To relieve suffering
  4. To save life
  5. Please read on the meaning of Drug, Types and Side Effects of Drugs here.


3. An element with a valency of +4 is _____.

  1. Potassium
  2. Calcium
  3. Carbon
  4. Nitrogen
  5. Please read on Periodic Table and Classification of Elements here.


4. _____ is formed when an acid is dissolved in water.

  1. H2O+
  2. OH-
  3. H3O+
  4. H2O-
  5. Please read on the Definitions of an Acid here.


5. Which of the following elements is NOT a noble gas?

  1. He
  2. Ne
  3. Be
  4. Ar


6. A damp _____ litmus paper turns _____ in NaOH.

  1. Red, Blue
  2. Blue, Red
  3. Blue, Colourless
  4. Red, Neutral
  5. You can read on the Physical and Chemical Properties of Acids here.


7. The S.I unit for electric current is the _____.

  1. Volt
  2. Ohm
  3. Ampere
  4. Watt
  5. Please read on the Fundamental Quantities and Units in Physics here.


8. The image formed in the pin-hole camera is _____.

  1. Reflected
  2. Refracted
  3. Inverted
  4. Upright


9. A chemical change will not include _____.

  1. Rotting of leaves
  2. Melting of Candle wax
  3. Corrosion of iron
  4. Burning of wood
  5. Please read on Physical and Chemical Changes here.


10. A ball with a mass of 20g rolls from a height of 8m. Calculate its kinetic energy when it has a velocity of 2ms-1.

  1. 1.6J
  2. 0.12J
  3. 0.6J
  4. 0.4J
  5. Please read on the concepts of Velocity and Acceleration here.


11. The valency of 'N' in NaNO3 is _____.

  1. -1
  2. +1
  3. -5
  4. +5

You can attempt Len Academy Questions on various Subjects (with Answers) here.

12. Myopia can be corrected with glasses that have _____ lenses.

  1. Concave
  2. Convex
  3. Irregular
  4. Regular


13. The vector of river blindness is _____.

  1. Mosquito
  2. Plasmodium
  3. Blackfly
  4. Tsetse fly
  5. Please read on Vector of Diseases, Vector Borne Organisms and the Diseases they cause here.


14. _____ atoms are present in H2SO4.

  1. 3
  2. 5
  3. 7
  4. 9
  5. Please read the concept of Molar Mass with some worked examples here.


15. The spontaneous emission of particles or rays as seen in the nucleus of certain atoms is termed _____.

  1. Nuclear Fission
  2. Nuclear Fusion
  3. Radioactivity
  4. Gamma


16. Components of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) will NOT include _____.

  1. Post Office
  2. Electronic Mail
  3. Television
  4. Internet
  5. You can read on the Internet of Things (IoT) here.


17. Certain plants are able to survive in water because _____.

  1. Their shoots are well developed
  2. They have flowers
  3. Their leaves have air spaces
  4. Their cuticle are well developed
  5. You can read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.


18. A hormone that increases the body's metabolic function is _____.

  1. Thyroxine
  2. Aldosterone
  3. Testosterone
  4. Progesterone
  5. Please read on Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Mechanism here.


19. Rods and Cones of the eyes are concentrated in the _____.

  1. Sclera
  2. Fovea Centralis
  3. Blind Spot
  4. Cornea


20. The final bending adjustment of light into the retina is done by the _____.

  1. Lens
  2. Iris
  3. Pupil
  4. Cornea

Please read on what every Student is expected to know here.

21. A bone found in the middle ear is the _____.

  1. Stapedius
  2. Incus
  3. Patella
  4. Scaphoid
  5. Please read on all the Bones of the Human Skeleton explained with diagrams here.


22. The function of chlorine in the water purification process is to _____.

  1. Filter the water
  2. Kill micro-organisms
  3. Improve its taste
  4. Make it colourless


23. The vitamin obtained from the sun functions to _____.

  1. Prevent hypermetropia
  2. Build our skin
  3. Build our bones
  4. Prevent Myopia
  5. You can read on the Sources, Functions and Deficiencies of Macronutrients here.


24. Desertification is likely to occur in which Nigerian State?

  1. Gombe
  2. Rivers
  3. Imo
  4. Ogun
  5. Please read on the Desert Biome here.


25. The ozone layer of the atmosphere is composed of _____.

  1. O
  2. O2
  3. O3
  4. O4
  5. Please read on the Layers of the Atmosphere here.


26. The following activities of man will cause flooding EXCEPT

  1. Deforestation
  2. Availability of drainage facilities
  3. Poor farming practices
  4. None of the above
  5. You can read on Soil Erosion and Types of Soil Erosion here.


27. The energy currency in the body is _____.

  1. ATP
  2. Starch
  3. Glucose
  4. Carbohydrates
  5. Please read on the Characteristics of Living Organisms. (Answer is present here).


28. _____ is a contagious disease.

  1. Tetanus
  2. Beriberi
  3. Marasmus
  4. Tuberculosis
  5. You can read on Micro-organisms causing Food, Water and Air Borne Diseases here.


29. A petrochemical will NOT include _____.

  1. Detergent
  2. Aqueous Sodium Chloride
  3. Nylon
  4. Plastics


30. The pH value representing the most acidic solution is _____.

  1. 1.0
  2. 7.0
  3. 7.5
  4. 14.0
  5. Please read on various Agricultural Terms and Meanings. (pH is explained here).


You can Attempt Len Academy Mid-Term Test Questions for JSS1 here.

You can attempt Len Academy Basic Science Examination Questions for JSS1, 2nd Term here.

You can read various articles on Basic Science here

You can read various articles on Biology here

You can read various articles on Chemistry here

You can read various articles on Physics here

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Amazing facts in Basic Science

According to scientific research, if the first tear drop comes from the right eye, it’s tears of joy. If it comes from the left eye, then it is as a result of pain

Dentistry is the oldest profession in the world. This is considered true because a research conducted by the University of Bologna, Italy on a 14,000-year-old skull found that one rotten tooth in the jaw had been deliberately scoured and scraped with a dental tool

Scientific research has it that the human nose can distinguish more than a trillion different odors

Tiger fur and skin - Len Academy

Tigers have striped fur. So also is their skin

Red-Billed Quelea - Len Academy

The most common wild bird in the world is native to Africa, and it's the red-billed quelea with a population estimated to be around 1.5 billion

Of all animals, mosquitoes hold the record of killing most humans annually. They are responsible for the deaths of 725,000 - 1,000,000 persons yearly

Antibiotics fights and kills bacteria. However, they do nothing to a virus

All insects have six legs. However, dragonfly has six legs but can't walk

The chin is defined as the protruding part of the face below the mouth, formed by the apex of the lower lip. It is shown below:

Chin - Len Academy

Interestingly, humans are the only animals with chin

Cranberries - Len Academy

Ripe cranberries will bounce like a ball. For this reason, they are nicknamed 'bounceberries'. They will also float in water

Notable points in Basic Science

We have six classes of food. These are:

  1. Carbohydrates

  2. Proteins

  3. Fats and Oils

  4. Vitamins

  5. Mineral Salts

  6. Water

In humans, roughages are not classified as one of the classes of food. This is so because they aren't digested. Instead, roughages facilitate the movement of bowels in the large intestine (colon); and for this reason, they can become useful in treating constipation.

Food refers to anything that is ingested by living organisms, giving them nutrients and thus enabling them to stay alive.

As an instance, 99% of a panda's diet is bamboo. In this case, bamboo is considered as food to a panda since it provides a source of nutrient and keeps it alive. This is shown in the image below:

Panda eating bamboo - Len Academy

Please read more on food here

The only process in nature that actively enriches our atmosphere with oxygen is photosynthesis. Every other process like respiration, burning and combustion takes away oxygen from it. In addition, they introduce carbon(IV)oxide (CO2) into the atmosphere.

Photosynthesis is also the only process that takes away carbon(IV)oxide (CO2) from the atmosphere.

Photosynthesis is defined as a process by which green plants manufacture food by utilizing carbon(IV)oxide and water in the presence of sunlight.

Oxygen is given off as a by-product of photosynthesis. In regards to this, it is recommended that each person plants a tree.

Matter is composed of particles which can be:

  1. Tightly packed together (as seen in solids).

  2. Loosely packed together (as seen in liquids).

  3. Completely separated (as seen in gases).

The movement of the particles of matter is a function of the overall kinetic energy present in them. You can think of kinetic energy as energy in motion.

An increase in the particles' vibrational, rotational or translational motion will imply an increase in temperature while a decrease in the particles motion (vibrational, rotational and translational) will mean a decrease in temperature. Based on this knowledge, we can therefore define temperature as the measure of the average kinetic energy possessed by the particles of matter.

You can read on the concept of matter here

Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is a score derived from a set of standardized tests developed to measure a person's cognitive abilities in relation to their age group.

IQ may also be defined as the ratio of mental age (MA) to chronological age (CA) multiplied by 100.

Below are some formulas pertaining Intelligence Quotient:

  • IQ = MA x 100 ÷ CA

  • MA = Mental age

  • CA = Chronological age

  • IQ above 100 = Brilliance

  • IQ that equals 100 = Average

  • IQ below 100 = Below Average