Topics in BiologyDifference between plant cell and animal cell Nucleus explained with its structures Nucleus explained with its types and functions Organelles of the cell explained with their characteristics Eukaryotic cell explained with its characteristics Prokaryotic cell explained with its structure Characteristics of prokaryotic cell Concept of cell Cell theory in biology Importance and limitations of ecological pyramid Protists explained with their characteristics Contents of the scrotum: Epididymis, vas deferens, spermatic cord and cremaster muscle Tropical savanna explained with its characteristics Concept of ecological pyramid Hindbrain: Medulla Oblongata and its features Food web explained with examples Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Male accessory sex organs: Seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands
Academic Questions in Biology
From the above diagram, which of the organ below isn't a requirement for the male reproductive system?
C. Glans Penis
E. Bulbourethral Gland
A walnut shaped male accessory sex organ located between the bladder and penis is the _____.
A. Ductus Ejaculatorii
B. Bulbourethral Gland
C. Prostate Gland
D. Ductus Deferens
E. Seminal Vesicles
In a food chain, the primary consumers are classified under trophic level _____.
Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.
F. None of the above
All reptiles are vertebrates.
_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.
_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.
Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?
Food chain can be interlinked in a habitat, giving rise to food web. An understanding on the concept of food chain is vital towards comprehending a food web. This is true because a food web is simply a complicated food chain.
Recall that a food chain is a diagram that shows the feeding relationship between organisms (plants and animals) in a given habitat.
In order to properly explain what a food web really is, a diagram that shows its illustration is required. Below is a diagram that shows a food web.
Using the above diagram as a point of reference, notice that the feeding pattern is interlinked. In fact, it is this interlinking of food chain that gives rise to a food web.
Consider the explanations below. The diagram serves as our reference.
The aformentioned observations are illustrated below:
Berries >> Grasshopper >> Frog >> Snake >> Titmouse >> Fox
This illustration (above) is just one of the various food chains shown in the diagram. In this case, it is commenced by the berries, (called producers in a food chain). You will also observe from the diagram that another food chain in the same habitat is commenced by the plantain (also a producer).
Meanwhile, always remember that the producers will always commence a food chain while the decomposers ends it.
Notice that the food chain which commenced by the berries were directly consumed by the grasshopper, greenfly, butterfly and titmouse. These set of consumers are generally referred to as primary consumers as illustrated in explanation 2 below.
Recall that the food chain in explanation 1 began with the berries which were consumed by the grasshopper, a primary consumer.
Notice that apart from the grasshopper feeding on berries, the greenfly, titmouse and butterfly also fed on the berries, thus initiating their respective food chain at the level of a primary consumer.
Once again, it is important to state that the interlinking of food chains will give rise to a food web. In this instance, the interlinking of the separate food chains initiated by the berries and plantains (at the level of the producers) gave rise to the food web as illustrated in the diagram. In addition, a separate food chain was also started at the level of the primary consumer by the butterfly, greenfly, grasshopper and titmouse since they all fed on the berries.
The instance below shows the food chain initiated by the greenfly at the level of a primary consumer:
Berries >> Greenfly >> Ladybird >> Dragonfly >> Frog >> Snake >> Buzzard.
The above instance is another food chain although it has some links with the first food chain (in explanation 1).
Note: It is this linking of food chains that gives rise to a food web.
A food web shows multiple food chains or multiple feeding relationships or multiple feeding connections all linked together.
Understand that a food web always consist of more than one food chain (at least, a minimum of 2 food chains linked together).
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Amazing facts in Biology
Russia is home to the largest area of forest in our world with a land mass of 815 million hectares
Giant squid lives deep in the ocean and they have the largest eyes in the world
The movements of the fingers are controlled by muscles of the palms and forehands
Platypus (sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus) is an egg-laying, semiaquatic mammal found in eastern Australia. It has no stomach and as such, its food goes from the mouth through the esophagus and directly to their intestines.
Pufferfish contain a toxin called tetrodotoxin. This makes them foul tasting and poisonous to predators. Tetrodotoxin is about 1,200 times more poisonous than cyanide, and there is enough toxin in one pufferfish to kill 30 adult humans. Unfortunately, there isn't any known antidote to this poison.
Interestingly, a delicacy in Japan (called fugu) is made from pufferfish. This meal is very expensive, and must be prepared by trained and licensed chefs. An improper preparation of fugu may lead to the customer's death. Sadly, such deaths are recorded annually
Wombats are the only animal with a cube-shaped poo. They can stack up these cube-shaped poo, marking their territory with it
Robert Wadlow (1918–1940) remains the tallest man ever recorded in the Guinness World Records. He was an American who stood at 8 feet, 11 inches.
An abnormally enlarged pituitary gland had resulted into Robert Wadlow's giant size.
Cockroach is the fastest land animal on six legs
Like humans, all apes laugh when tickled
An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain
Notable points in Biology
An artery is composed of three layers:
The outermost layer is termed tunica adventitia (or tunica external). It consist mainly of collagen fibres and connective tissues that anchors the arteries to other nearby tissues.
The middle layer is named tunica media. It is made up of smooth muscles and elastic fibres that supports the artery in conveying blood at high pressures.
The inner layer is called tunica intima (or tunica internal). It is lined by a smooth tissue called endothelium, and is made up of a fine network of connective tissues.
All living organisms possess various features in order to survive in their environment. This is the concept of adaptation. As an instance, a fish is able to live in water because it has gills and fins.
Also, a camel is able to survive in the desert because it has large feet to aid walking on sand without sinking. It also has long eyelashes to help protect it from the blowing sand and wind.
Plants are also able to live in different habitats because they have the required adaptive features towards that habitat. For instance:
Plants that live in/on water are termed hydrophytes.
Plants that live on land with moderate amount of water are termed mesophytes.
Plants that live on deserts or arid lands are termed xerophytes.
The point is:
All organisms have various features on them that enables them adapt in their habitat
For a thing to be considered living, it must possess all the basic characteristics of life. These include:
Irritability or Sensitivity
During strenuous exercises like sprinting or running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.
This is the concept of anaerobic respiration
A food chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.
Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types: