Social Studies

What is culture? Components of culture in social studies

len Alfred Ajibola - 07th September, 2022 @ 11:48 AM

Topics in Social Studies

What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Environmental Problems: Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict Global acronyms and their meanings Nigerian acronyms and their meanings Meaning and Objectives of Social Studies Environmental problems: Causes and constituents of environmental problems What is Conflict? Causes of Conflict Self-esteem: What is self-esteem? Marriage: Forms of Marriage Marriage: Types of Marriage


Academic Questions in Social Studies

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An ancient mode of transportation that requires the use of donkeys and camels is termed _____.

  • A. Human trans-animal

  • B. Human trans-ancient

  • C. Human-animal transportation

  • D. Human mechanical movement

  • E. Human porterage

  • F. Human trans-old

Rail transportation is a type of land transportation.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following statements are true concerning transportation except _____.

  • A. Transportation is defined as the movement of goods, persons and animals from one point to another.

  • B. Means of transportation is not the same thing as Mode of transportation

  • C. Land transportation is a means of transportation

  • D. Rail transportation is a type of land transport

  • E. Pipeline typically transports liquid and gaseous products

  • F. Human porterage is an ancient mode of transportation

Which of the following is not a Nigerian acronym?

  • A. NBA

  • B. ISO

  • C. KAI

  • D. NAEC

  • E. NAPEP

  • F. MMIA

The acronym ICPC means _____.

  • A. Independent Corrupt Practice Command
  • B. Independent Corrupt Practice Complaints
  • C. Independent Corrupt Practice Court
  • D. Independent Corrupt Practice and other related offences Commission
  • E. Independent Corrupt Practices Cooperation
  • F. Independent Corrupt Pactice Conduct

Nigerian coat of arms - Len Academy

The black shield in the Nigerian Coat of Arm represents the _____.

  • A. Strength of Nigeria

  • B. Pride of Nigeria

  • C. Dark complexion of Nigerians

  • D. Dignity of Nigeria

  • E. Fertile soil of Nigeria

  • F. Beauty of Nigeria

Which of the following is not a Nigerian National Symbol?

  • A. The Nigerian Flag

  • B. The Nigerian National Anthem

  • C. The Nigerian National Pledge

  • D. The Nigerian Naira (NGN)

  • E. The Nigerian National Identity Card

  • F. None of the above

Concerning drug trafficking, which of the following statement is incorrect?

  • A. Drug trafficking is synonymous to drug possession

  • B. Drug trafficking is a criminal act under the constitution of a state

  • C. The use of trafficked drugs can jeopardize one's health

  • D. Drug trafficking is defined as the transfer, selling, importing or exporting of illegal drugs from the point of production to the final consumers

  • E. LSD, cannabis and crack are examples of drugs trafficked

  • F. None of the above


Definition of Culture:

Culture is defined the total way of life of a group of people which differentiates or distinguishes them from other people. In simple terms, culture is a way of life. In this regard, different tribes go about their lives in unique ways.

It is important to state categorically that no culture is inferior or superior to others. Specifically, the culture of a tribe is held in value and high esteem by the people comprising it. In short, culture as a way of life encompasses the people's values, beliefs, religious practices, language, mode of dressing, food, drama, music, rituals, custom, courtesies, relationship, marriage, artifacts, arts, crafts and even their technological discoveries. These features of culture are transmitted both consciously and unconsciously from one generation to another. For this reason, culture is dynamic as it may change slightly along the transmission process from time to time.

Please read on values in civic education here


Tribalistic and racial discriminations are considered as unhealthy in the world we live in. Going by this fact, cultural ethnocentrism is a term that describes the act whereby a group of people look down on other people’s culture, seeing theirs as a standard of judgement. This is a negative value on such groups and thus can be seen as tribal or racial discriminations.

Please read on harmful traditional practices in Nigeria here

However, a society can have multiple or heterogeneous cultures. This is typically seen in urban environments. It therefore implies that such societies have people with varying cultures living within it.  On the contrary, the rural environment and villages often presents a homogenous culture; that is, people who share a common way of life.

You can read on types of marriage here


Interestingly, the culture of one country may be adopted by the people of another country. When this happens, it is called acculturation. As an instance, Nigerians working in corporate organizations within Nigeria will typically wear suits or corporate shirts to work. However, understand that these corporate mode of dressing isn't a part of the Nigerian culture, rather, it was adopted from the western world.

Please read on the meaning and objectives of social studies here

With regards to mode of dressing, Nigeria is a multicultural nation whose cultural mode of dressing has become a trend on social media. In fact, people of other nations are now embracing their attires. As an instance, the Yoruba people of Nigeria are widely known with their agbada clothing while the Igbos, another popular ethnic group is revered for their isiagwu. These are shown in the image below.

Agbada and Isiagwu
Agbada (left) and Isiagwu (right)

You can read on self-esteem here


Components of culture

Culture comprises of the material and non-material aspects. These material and non-material culture make up the components of culture. They are explained below.


1. Material Culture

This refers to the tangible or visible parts of culture. They are discovered and produced by the people in an attempt to satisfy their respective needs. We see the material aspects of culture in the type of clothes worn by the people, their hairstyles, musical instruments, works of art and craft, type of housing and so on.

An instance of the material aspect of culture is expressed in movies. Such movies include ancient Chinese, British and Nigerian movies respectively. In this regard, we see material culture in their structures of houses, their type of clothes, craft, warfare, the food they eat and so on.

Please read on cooperation in civic education here


2. Non-Material Culture

This refers to the invisible aspects of culture. They are expressed by the people but cannot be seen. The non-material aspect of culture include the values and morals of the people, their language, religion, folklores, music and so on.

Please read on the story: 'the gods are not to blame' here


Generally, a combination of the material and non-material components of culture will give rise to the various features or items that make up culture. These are quite unique in each culture. They include the following:

  • Food

  • Shelter

  • Clothing

  • Religion and Beliefs

  • Language and Communication

  • Drama and Music

  • Moral behavior

  • Courtesy

  • Relationship

  • Marriage

  • Rituals

  • Artifacts

  • Transportation

  • Arts and Craft

  • Methods of Defence

  • Technological innovations

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Amazing facts in Social Studies

Car license plate in canada - Len Academy

Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear

The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.

The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)

Located in Fez, Morocco, the University of Karueein (or University of Al Quaraouiyine) was founded way back in 859 A.D; and it's the world's oldest university (world's oldest higher learning institution) in the Guinness World Record.

In 1963, it was incorporated into Morocco's modern state university system, with approximately 8,000 students enrolling each academic year

We have got people who have fears on their fears. They are said to exhibit phobophobia which is the fear of phobias

Men big heel shoe - Len Academy

High heel shoes were first designed for men

According to Ecology Global Network, four babies are born every seconds, 250 every minutes, 15,000 every hour, 360,000 everyday and 131.4 million babies every year

People under age 30 account for over 52% of the world's population

People over age 60 make up 12.3% of the world's population

English is not the official language in United States of America.

USA does not actually have an official language

The people of Iceland are called Islanders or Islandic. They actually have got NO railway system in their country


NOTABLE POINTS IN Social Studies

The United Nations has six principal organs or arms. These are

  1. The General Assembly
  2. The Security Council
  3. The Economic and Social Council
  4. The Trusteeship
  5. The International Court of Justice
  6. The Secretariat

United Nations (UN) is the world body set up to promote peace and unity among the countries of the world. It officially came into existence on the 24th day of October, 1945 after it had been ratified by five permanent members of the security council and by the other 46 signatories. These permanent members are:

  1. United States of America
  2. United Kingdom
  3. Soviet Union
  4. Republic of China
  5. France

In total, the numerical strength of the United Nations at its inception was fifty one (51) states