Topics in Civic EducationImportance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism
Academic Questions in Civic Education
The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.
A. Presence of academic structures
D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia
F. Lack of awareness
The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?
A. Bird Flu
C. Monkey Pox
E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
F. Chicken Pox
Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?
A. Payment of tax
B. Exercising the right to vote
C. Service as a jury when called upon
D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it
E. Ready to defend the country
F. Engagement in community and volunteer services
A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.
A. International pass
B. Residential pass
E. Green card
A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.
B. Individual assessment
F. Cross examination
The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.
A. Achievement of a personal goal
B. Achievement of a common goal
C. Understanding the common goal
D. Understanding one another
F. None of the above options
Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?
A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people
B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility
C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure
D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection
E. Honestly leads to social segregation
F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill
The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.
Orderliness is defined as a conscious action achieved through an organized, thoughtful, serene, diligent and systematic manner towards achieving specified goals through the following of laid down procedures, principles, standards or rules. It serves as a cornerstone for the development of any society.
Please read the introduction to orderliness here.
Below are instances (or examples) of orderliness in a society:
As simple as this may look, it can prevent a number of unnecessary deaths if adhered to. Unfortunately, road accidents had resulted into more deaths in societies where traffic lights are absent. The act of obeying traffic light and constituted road management officials will encourage an easy and safe movement for motorist.
An understanding on the colours and functions of traffic light is important. This is shown in the diagram below:
Adherence to traffic light and speed limits will significantly restore orderliness on our roads.
Please read on the advantages and disadvantages of road transport here.
Queueing is one way of achieving orderliness when a large number of people require services rendered by a few persons or machines. In this regard, one will need to wait for his or her turn through a queue.
Examples of places where queuing may be required are Automated Teller Machine (ATM) points, petrol stations and bus stations. The act of queueing promotes and maintains a first-come, first served service approach. Unfortunately, an absence of queueing may lead to stampede and this can cause injuries and loss of lives.
Please read how to build a good reputation here.
An instance is the EndSars pressure group whose ordered and organized protest was suddenly disrupted by the Nigerian military. This happened at the Lekki toll gate on October 20, 2020 in Lagos, Nigeria. Unfortunately, innocent lives were lost.
Interestingly, the absolute orderliness of this protest by the Nigerian youths (EndSars pressure group) united them, regardless their tribal and ethnic differences.
You can read the introduction to pressure groups here.
The EndSars pressure group achieved its main objective which was to end operations of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) in Nigeria through her ordered protest. Prior to this protest, it was generally believed that SARS oppressed and brutalized the Nigerian youths, exploiting them financially, while also depriving them of some of their human rights. The federal government of Nigeria disbanded the Nigerian SARS after their ordered protest.
Please read on the characteristics of pressure groups here.
Decorum is an important requirement in learning environments. It is also crucial within organizations and offices so as to enable the staff (workers) concentrate fully on their job.
In an academic environment, decorum may be observed in the form of silence, sitting arrangements, listening carefully to what is been taught and focusing one's mind on the subject of discussion.
Please read on motivational quotes for students here.
Distractions are generally bad, be it in offices or classrooms. This is true because they disrupt orderliness. Therefore, decorum must be maintained in order to comprehend whatever had been taught or to concentrate on one's job.
Meanwhile, understand that decorum is also associated with proper behaviour, manner of speech, dressing, politeness and respect.
You can read on self-esteem here.
Jungle justice refers to a deliberate abuse of the fundamental rights of the accused which is typically brought about without following the due process of the law, and may ultimately result into the brutal death of the accused. This act of jungle justice is typically reflected in a disordered society.
Please read on the importance of orderliness here.
Unfortunately, jungle justice is carried out in certain societies because the policing agencies had shown great disorderliness and corruption in past and recent times.
An instance of jungle justice is seen when an accused person is set ablaze by a group of people. This had led to the death of many, especially in developing countries.
Please read on fundamental human rights here.
Orderliness will be restored to a society if all institutions can diligently carry out their duties and responsibilities.
Considering the family as an instance; the father, mother and children have all got their duties and responsibilities. If they are able to properly perform their roles; then orderliness, peace and happiness will reflect in such families.
Please read on factors causing failed marriages here.
A country will become developed if the constituted authorities can diligently perform their responsibilities.
Orderliness is highly required in the way and manner at which people drive their vehicles. In fact, a driving license is required for this purpose.
Careful driving of vehicles will involve the following considerations:
Driving at the recommended speed limit on all roads.
Driving a vehicle with properly working brakes, tyres, engine, side mirrors, front and rear lights, clear windscreens and so on.
Please read on your civic responsibilities here.
Obeying traffic lights when driving.
Avoidance of excess luggage or load on vehicles.
It is recommended to close the windows when driving at high speed. However, a motorist should not drive beyond the recommended speed limit on a road.
Careful attention should be given to road conditions, signs and other road users.
Constitution is defined as the supreme law that specifies the government of a nation, the distribution of power to the different organs of government within that nation and the fundamental rights of all her citizens.
No one is above the constitution. In this regard, the constitution is the symbol of orderliness in any nation. It specifies the law, rules and regulations governing the people.
Please read on the constitution here.
Any country without the constitution or rule of law will become reduced to anarchy. Unfortunately, anarchy is characterized by disorderliness, chaos and violence.
A patriotic individual will respect the rule of law guiding the country by diligently carrying out his or her duties, responsibilities and obligations as a citizen. Those who fail in their obligations may be appropriately disciplined in accordance with the constitution. Through this patriotic and constitutional action, orderliness will reign in the land.
Please read more on the responsibilities, duties and obligations of a citizen here.
Note: Corruption is a disease that infects the land with disorderliness.
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Amazing facts in Civic Education
Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:
Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault
NOTABLE POINTS IN Civic Education
A citizen has the following rights:
You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.
No one can take away your citizenship.
You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.
You can pass your citizenship to your children.
You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.
Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.
You can have dual citizenship.
A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:
They must provide their bio-metric information.
They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.
They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.
They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.
They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.
They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.
They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.
Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.
Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal
According to A.W Green
Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished
According to F.E Merrill
Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.
There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:
Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates
Types of Cooperation:
- Direct cooperation
- Indirect cooperation
- Social cooperation
- Religious cooperation
- Financial cooperation
- Community cooperation
- Occupational cooperation
All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations: