Topics in Social StudiesValues and Norms explained What are norms? Types of norms Differences between values and norms How to prevent fraud Types of fraud explained Fraud as a contemporary social problem in Nigeria Explanations on the social problems in Nigeria and their solutions Contemporary social problems in Nigeria What is culture? Components of culture in social studies Child marriage and its consequences Consequences of Female Genital Mutilation What is healthy self-esteem? Characteristics of healthy self-esteem Causes of Environmental Problems Effects and Solutions to Environmental Problems Consequences of drug trafficking and solutions to drug trafficking Drug Trafficking: Reasons for drug trafficking Self-esteem: How to overcome low self-esteem What is low self-esteem? Characteristics of low self-esteem Low self-esteem: Causes of low self-esteem Consequences of Conflicts and Solutions to Conflict
Academic Questions in Social Studies
Twitter is a part of our social environment.
The following are objectives of social studies except _____.
A. It teaches morals and values
B. It enables us to better understand our environment
C. It creates national consciousness
D. It assists in producing upright citizens
E. It promotes the military form of government
F. It fosters judicious use of resources
Which of the following is not a natural cause of environmental problem?
Conflict can simply be defined as a clash of interest.
_____ refers to a personal reflection of one's overall self worth.
A type of marriage whereby a christian man marries a muslim woman is termed _____ marriage.
_____marriage is said to exist between couples who have lived together for a very long time with no prior form of marriage.
D. Left Handed
F. Common Law
The above image is considered a part of harmful traditional practices. The following are similar examples of such practices except _____.
C. Female Genital Mutilation
E. Breast Ironing
F. Child Marriage
Norms are always associated with the generally acceptable standard among a group of people in a society. As a result, they are considered as social behaviors, and different societies have often got theirs. For instance, you may have seen the Chinese people eat with certain 'tiny sticks' called chopsticks. This eating pattern is a norm in their society.
Before the days of colonization in Nigeria, it is typical for a Yoruba boy to prostrate when greeting his parents, while a Yoruba girl is expected to knee when greeting her parents. These forms of greeting behavior is a norm in the ancient Yoruba culture. Apparently, these cultural practices are gradually fading away as a result of civilization.
Norm refers to a standard behavior accepted by a group of people or the society.
In a multiethnic country like Nigeria, different ethnic groups have got their respective norms.
Norms vary from one society to another. When you consider your place of origin, you may observe that there are certain behavioral patterns unique to your people. It could be in the salutation, food, clothing, games, sports, marriage, education, conversation and courtesy. As an instance, the act of covering one's nose and mouth when sneezing can be considered a norm (with regards to courtesy). Also, words like 'sorry', 'please' and 'excuse me' may also considered as norms in certain situations.
Meanwhile, understand that norms are usually not contained in written documents. In fact, they are unwritten rules or behaviors learnt by the growing child through the processes of observations, communications and experiences. They eventually become a part of the growing community through the aforementioned processes.
Norms are also associated with religion. For instance, as a catholic, females are expected to cover their hair when worshipping in church. Similarly, women cover their hair when praying in mosques. In the buddhist religion (buddhism), one is expected to take off their shoes and hats before entering the temple. The aforementioned behavioral patterns within these religious places are considered as norms, and they can act are guidelines or principles.
With regards to food, an interesting norm in Nigeria is a meal generally referred to as 'swallow'. These meals include pounded yam, fufu, wheat, eba, amala, starch and so on. Together with a variety of soups, they are eaten with the bare hands; as this is the norm. Interestingly, I have seen people who had attempted to eat 'swallows' with knife, fork and spoon. These made such people look somewhat weird with regards to eating 'swallows'. Therefore, people who do not follow the social norms of the society may find themselves alienated in such society.
Generally, there are four types of norms. These are:
Folkways: They are the customs of a sociocultural group which are observed and practiced by those comprising it. An instance is seen when people pour few drops of alcohol on the ground before drinking from it. This action is considered a norm; and for those who practice such, it is believed to act as a tribute and sign of respect to the gods (and spirits) of the land.
Please read on the sovereignty of God here.
Mores: These norms have a moral value of being right or wrong. The act of breaking such moral value is often considered an offence to the group involved. For instance, it is morally wrong to wear bikini to a church or mosque.
You can read on the parable of the prodigal son and moral lessons learnt.
Taboos: These are negative norms and are considered as abominable when violated. A person who had committed taboo may become ostracized. An instance of taboo is presented in a story titled 'the gods are not to blame'.
Please read a summary of the gods are not to blame here.
Laws: These norms govern a federation or state, and are present in the country's constitution. Violators of the law are typically punished for their actions.
Please read more on constitution here.
Recall that culture is a way of life of the people. The values of each culture are set up in the standard behaviors (norms) which are expected to guide the people. In this regard , values and norms have shown to be an integral aspect of various societies.
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Amazing facts in Social Studies
The Statue of Unity in Gujarat, India, is the tallest statue in the world. It stands at 182 meters (579 feet)
2.7 Billion Dollars was realized from the movie - Avengers: Endgame. This makes it the top-grossing film of all time
The world’s oldest known work of art was discovered by scientists in 2019 on an Indonesian island named Sulawesi. This work of art was created 44,000 years ago, and it shows paintings of three Sulawesi pigs
68% of households in New Zealand have a pet, and this is more than any other nation or country in the world
According to the Population Reference Bureau, the number of people alive today represents about 7% of the total number of humans who have ever lived.
Yahoo is an acronym for: 'Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle'
Ashrita Furman holds the world record for the holder of the most world records. He had set over 600 records and currently holds more than 200 world records
As at 2023, France remains the most visited country (with about 90 million visitors), followed by Spain (83.7 million). Next is the United States of America (79.3 million)
Some car license plates in the Northwest Territories of Canada are shaped like a polar bear
The Library of Congress located in Washington D.C, America is the world's largest library. It contains over 162 million items in more than 450 languages.
The British Library (with over 150 million items) comes second, followed by the Library and Archives Canada with 54 million items (third), the New York Public Library with 53.1 million items (fourth), and the Russian State Library with 44.4 million items (fifth)
Notable points in Social Studies
Social Studies is defined as an integrated study on the interaction of human beings with their physical and social environments.
We can think of our environment as everything that surrounds us at any point in time. For instance, the soil, air, your clothes, phone and everything surrounding you right now are all part of your environment. (That is, they make up your environment).
Physical environment describes every visible thing around us. It could be water, air, soil, clothes, phones or all other things found around us.
Social environment on the other hand describes the various social roles or positions that influence an individual or a group. It is represented in our culture, norms, values, the people and various institutions with whom we interact with. Meanwhile, understand that social media applications like facebook, twitter, instagram, youtube and the likes present a social environment where people can interact with one another regardless their geographical location around the world.
The causes of environmental problems can be either natural or man-made.
Natural causes of environmental problems will include the followings:
Some of the man-made causes of environmental problems are:
Ozone layer depletion
Increased turnout of waste
Environmental problems can be defined as problems associated with the lithosphere (land), atmosphere (air) and hydrosphere (water) as a result of man's action on earth.
Below are some of the constituents that make up our environment. These constituents may in turn act as factors that bring about environmental problems. They include:
Air or Atmosphere
The people around us
The animals around us
The things around us. For instance, books, food, shoes, phones and so on.
The following proactive processes can help reduce conflict in various organizations:
Set conflict guidelines
Encourage collaboration and teamwork
Proper recruitment process
Promote social events
Applying fair treatment
Listening and understanding skills
Private opinion and feedback from staff