Civic Education

Importance of values

len Alfred Ajibola - 06th March, 2023 @ 05:35 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Consequences of dishonesty Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community service explained with its benefits


Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

value that belongs naturally to someone is said to be _____.

  • A. Self

  • B. Neutral

  • C. Humane

  • D. Positive

  • E. Negative

  • F. Intrinsic

A traffic offender mandated to clean the roads is said to have carried out community service.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The following are solutions to cultism except _____.

  • A. The evils and dangers of cultism should be taught from primary schools

  • B. Government should legalize the use of guns so that students can protect themselves from cultist

  • C. Laws that discourage cultism should be passed into the constitution

  • D. Government should work to increase the standard of living in the society

  • E. Government should provide amnesty to encourage cult members renounce their membership

  • F. Religious groups should evangelize and pray for known cult members

With regards to cultism in Nigeria, the pyrates and magnificent seven was formed in which university.

  • A. University of Lagos

  • B. University of Ibadan

  • C. University of Ife

  • D. University of Calabar

  • E. University of Portharcourt

  • F. Ahmadu Bello University

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogràphia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization



Importance of Values:

Value in civic education refers to the ideals, standards, principles or beliefs that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

It is noteworthy to state that values are quite different from norms.

Please read the concept of values and norms here.

Values can be positive, negative or intrinsic.

 

Below are the importance of values to individuals and the society at large.

 

  1. The values that each individual places on their career can determine their level of success and accomplishment. For instance, Lionel Messi and Christiano Ronaldo are two footballing superstars with great success in their long careers. This is a function of their absolute values for the sport.

  2. A person's value can increase his/her self-esteem in certain areas of one's life. For example, people who value their culture will feel so confident portraying it to the world. In fact, they will always do this whenever the opportunity presents itself.
    Please read on culture here.

  3. They help in understanding one's behavior, attitude, preferences and biases.

  4. The summation of one's values is crucial towards shaping their lives. This analogy is reflected in the parable of the prodigal son who initially placed his values on earthly pleasures until he got caught up with realities of life.
    Please read the parable of the prodigal son and moral lessons learnt here.

  5. Our values distinguishes us from others. It can also draw others to us especially when we share similar values.

  6. The values of various societies and organizations will serve as guidance and direction to the people within them.
    Please read more on orderliness here.

  7. Our values can significantly determine our action towards other people, activities and things. For instance, some persons may dedicate their precious time towards watching football due to the values they have placed on the sport. On the contrary, others may lack interest in the sport since they have little or no value for it.

  8. Our values influences and enhances our decision making process. In fact, the leadership qualities of an individual will be dependent on his or her values.
    Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that have transformed lives here.

  9. Our values will influence our expectations and judgement. As an instance, strict parents are likely to raise their children in such a way that rules concerning behaviour are always obeyed and observed.

  10. Values act as a standard of conduct for the people of a country, state or region. In this regard, certain values may be included in the constitution.
    You can read on constitution here.

  11. They act as a criteria towards the measurement of worth. You can think of this as the level of importance which an individual places on people and things. For instance, a mother may value her only child to an extent of sacrificing all she has got for the child's sake.

  12. Positive values are crucial towards attaining a peaceful, united, harmonized and developed societies.
    Please read on the definitions and types of values here.

  13. The citizens of a country are happy and contented when positive values are practiced. Interestingly, Finland has often ranked as the happiest county in the world due to their great values towards work and relaxation.

  14. Negative values increase contemporary social problems in the society.
    Please read on the contemporary social problems in Nigeria here.

  15. Actions like anger, love, hate, joy, celebration, tears, agony, patience, perseverance, humility and pride are a function of our values.

  16. They encourage a sense of adherence to rules and responsibilities among the citizens.
    Please read on the obligations, rules and responsibilities of citizens here.

  17. The life expectancy of citizens will increase when positive values are frequently practiced.

  18. Through values, cultures and norms are respected.
    Please read the difference between values and norms here.

  19. In a multiethnic and religious country like Nigeria, values showcases the beauty of the respective tribes. It also encourages tolerance among the people.

  20. Corruption and fraud will be reduced to its barest minimum when positive values are upheld in a country.
    Please read explanations on the types of fraud here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Malala Yousafzai is a Pakistani education activist, and she is the youngest person to receive the Nobel Peace Prize award at age 17 in 2014, for her work as a child rights activist and champion of girls’ right to education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Notable points in Civic Education

All human beings are entitled to a fundamental, inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed human rights.

These fundamental rights of humans will allow each and every one of us to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, yoruba, igbo or hausa, christian, muslim, hindu or an atheist.

The point is: 'we all share the same human rights'.

Below are some of our rights as humans:

  • Right to life

  • Right to freedom, liberty and equality

  • Right to religion and belief

  • Right to food and shelter

  • Right to education

  • Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law

  • Right to be free from torture

  • Right to innocence until proven guilty

  • Right to belong to a country. (Right to nationality)

  • Right to freedom of thought and speech

  • Right to live a life free from discrimination

  • Right to movement

  • Right to democracy

  • Please read on the fundamental human rights here

A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here