Civic Education

Importance of values

len Alfred Ajibola - 06th March, 2023 @ 05:35 PM

Topics in Civic Education

Importance of values Examination malpractice in Nigeria, causes and solutions Orderliness in civic education Importance of orderliness Examples of orderliness Cooperation in civic education What is honesty? Who is a dishonest person? Consequences of dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy: Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Characteristics of Democracy Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation: Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

The following factors may contribute to illiteracy in a society except _____.

  • A. Presence of academic structures

  • B. Culture

  • C. Poverty

  • D. Dyslexia and Dysorthogr√†phia

  • E. Corruption

  • F. Lack of awareness

Dr. Stella Ameyo Adedavoh - Len Academy

The above image shows a gallant Nigerian, Doctor Stella Ameyo Adedavoh who sacrificed her life in the act of service, during a disease outbreak in the country. What disease outbreak was this?

  • A. Bird Flu

  • B. COVID-19

  • C. Monkey Pox

  • D. Ebola

  • E. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)

  • F. Chicken Pox

Which of the following is not an obligation of a citizen?

  • A. Payment of tax

  • B. Exercising the right to vote

  • C. Service as a jury when called upon

  • D. Fighting crimes without any need of reporting it

  • E. Ready to defend the country

  • F. Engagement in community and volunteer services

A legal process through which a citizen of one country gains citizenship into another country is termed _____.

  • A. International pass

  • B. Residential pass

  • C. Nationalization

  • D. Naturalization

  • E. Green card

  • F. Internationalization

A total estimation of a person's character and quality especially by those who know such person is termed _____.

  • A. Identity

  • B. Individual assessment

  • C. Behavior

  • D. Reputation

  • E. Principle

  • F. Cross examination

The following factors will promote cooperation except _____.

  • A. Achievement of a personal goal

  • B. Achievement of a common goal

  • C. Understanding the common goal

  • D. Understanding one another

  • E. Equality

  • F. None of the above options

Which of the following is not a benefit of honesty?

  • A. Respect and admiration is earned from other people

  • B. It makes one eligible for a greater responsibility

  • C. Honestly on oneself can eliminate negative peer pressure

  • D. It fosters a form of emotional, social and spiritual connection

  • E. Honestly leads to social segregation

  • F. Practicing honesty can favor goodwill

The attribute of honesty whereby a person is truthful, open and upright in whatever he or she does is termed _____.

  • A. Transparency

  • B. Contentment

  • C. Loyalty

  • D. Goodness

  • E. Reliability

  • F. Sincerity

Importance of Values:

Value in civic education refers to the ideals, standards, principles or beliefs that is supported, accepted and maintained by individuals and the society they live in.

It is noteworthy to state that values are quite different from norms.

Please read the concept of values and norms here.

Values can be positive, negative or intrinsic. 


Below are the importance of values to individuals and the society at large.


  1. The values that each individual places on their career can determine their level of success and accomplishment. For instance, Lionel Messi and Christiano Ronaldo are two footballing superstars with great success in their long careers. This is a function of their absolute values for the sport.

  2. A person's value can increase his/her self-esteem in certain areas of one's life. For example, people who value their culture will feel so confident portraying it to the world. In fact, they will always do this whenever the opportunity presents itself.
    Please read on culture here.

  3. They help in understanding one's behavior, attitude, preferences and biases.

  4. The summation of one's values is crucial towards shaping their lives. This analogy is reflected in the parable of the prodigal son who initially placed his values on earthly pleasures until he got caught up with realities of life.
    Please read the parable of the prodigal son and moral lessons learnt here.

  5. Our values distinguishes us from others. It can also draw others to us especially when we share similar values.

  6. The values of various societies and organizations will serve as guidance and direction to the people within them.
    Please read more on orderliness here.

  7. Our values can significantly determine our action towards other people, activities and things. For instance, some persons may dedicate their precious time towards watching football due to the values they have placed on the sport. On the contrary, others may lack interest in the sport since they have little or no value for it.

  8. Our values influences and enhances our decision making process. In fact, the leadership qualities of an individual will be dependent on his or her values.
    Please read on the leadership qualities of Joseph that have transformed lives here.

  9. Our values will influence our expectations and judgement. As an instance, strict parents are likely to raise their children in such a way that rules concerning behaviour are always obeyed and observed.

  10. Values act as a standard of conduct for the people of a country, state or region. In this regard, certain values may be included in the constitution.
    You can read on constitution here.

  11. They act as a criteria towards the measurement of worth. You can think of this as the level of importance which an individual places on people and things. For instance, a mother may value her only child to an extent of sacrificing all she has got for the child's sake.

  12. Positive values are crucial towards attaining a peaceful, united, harmonized and developed societies.
    Please read on the definitions and types of values here.

  13. The citizens of a country are happy and contented when positive values are practiced. Interestingly, Finland has often ranked as the happiest county in the world due to their great values towards work and relaxation.

  14. Negative values increase contemporary social problems in the society.
    Please read on the contemporary social problems in Nigeria here.

  15. Actions like anger, love, hate, joy, celebration, tears, agony, patience, perseverance, humility and pride are a function of our values.

  16. They encourage a sense of adherence to rules and responsibilities among the citizens.
    Please read on the obligations, rules and responsibilities of citizens here.

  17. The life expectancy of citizens will increase when positive values are frequently practiced.

  18. Through values, cultures and norms are respected.
    Please read the difference between values and norms here.

  19. In a multiethnic and religious country like Nigeria, values showcases the beauty of the respective tribes. It also encourages tolerance among the people.

  20. Corruption and fraud will be reduced to its barest minimum when positive values are upheld in a country.
    Please read explanations on the types of fraud here.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


A citizen has the following rights:

  1. You have the entire right and privileges as defined in your country’s law.

  2. No one can take away your citizenship.

  3. You can hold a passport from your country of citizenship.

  4. You can pass your citizenship to your children.

  5. You don’t have to fulfill any minimum stay to become a citizen.

  6. Provided you have the passport of your country of citizenship, you are free to travel to any country which your country has travel agreement with.

  7. You can have dual citizenship.

A legal resident in a country has the following attributes within that country:

  • They must provide their bio-metric information.

  • They can enter their country of residence on many occasions. However, when they break any of the residents’ status, they may be denied further entry into the country of residence.

  • They are able to freely live, study, work and travel within their country of residence.

  • They will still utilize their international passport (from their country of citizenship) for travels, but not their resident card or permit.

  • They can become a resident after fulfilling their stay requirement. As an instance, one may become a resident when they had lived for 10 years in a country without any issues.

  • They can only naturalize (become a citizen) after faithfully living as a resident throughout the required number of years.

  • They can lose their residential status when convicted for serious crimes.

Please read more on the rights of citizens and attributes of residents here.

Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft concerning cooperation; and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct cooperation
  • Indirect cooperation
  • Social cooperation
  • Religious cooperation
  • Financial cooperation
  • Community cooperation
  • Occupational cooperation

Please read the details on the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (human rights); but the truth is, we still have got limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here