Topics in BiologyCharacteristics of saltwater habitat Aquatic habitat explained with its types Types of habitat: Terrestrial habitat explained with examples What is habitat? Difference between plant cell and animal cell Nucleus explained with its structures Nucleus explained with its types and functions Organelles of the cell explained with their characteristics Eukaryotic cell explained with its characteristics Prokaryotic cell explained with its structure Characteristics of prokaryotic cell Concept of cell Cell theory in biology Importance and limitations of ecological pyramid Protists explained with their characteristics Contents of the scrotum: Epididymis, vas deferens, spermatic cord and cremaster muscle Tropical savanna explained with its characteristics Concept of ecological pyramid Hindbrain: Medulla Oblongata and its features Food web explained with examples
Academic Questions in Biology
From the above diagram, which of the organ below isn't a requirement for the male reproductive system?
C. Glans Penis
E. Bulbourethral Gland
A walnut shaped male accessory sex organ located between the bladder and penis is the _____.
A. Ductus Ejaculatorii
B. Bulbourethral Gland
C. Prostate Gland
D. Ductus Deferens
E. Seminal Vesicles
In a food chain, the primary consumers are classified under trophic level _____.
Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.
F. None of the above
All reptiles are vertebrates.
_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.
_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.
Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?
Protists are neither plants, animals, fungi nor bacteria. They are simply protists belonging to the kingdom protista.
In simple terms, an organism belonging to kingdom protista is referred to as a protist; just as those belonging to kingdom plantae and kingdom animalia are called plants and animals respectively.
All protists are eukaryotic organisms. Being eukaryotic imply that their cell structure has a nucleus bordered by a membrane. They also have organelles within their cytoplasm.
Generally, protists live in an aquatic, fluidly or moist habitat.
All protists do not share similar characteristics. This is because some have got 'animal-like' characteristics while others are 'plant-like'. An animal-like protist means that such protists have got some features found in animals. For instance, their cells have cell membranes, just as that of all animals. Meahwhile, recall that a cell membrane is the outermost and protective layer of the cell.
When a protist is plant-like, it means that they have cell wall and chloroplast respectively. In this regard, such plant-like protists can manufacture their own food through the use of sunlight. Also, recall that all plants have chloroplasts and a cellulose cell wall which makes them autotrophic.
Meanwhile, understand that a few protists can be fungi-like since they may reproduce by forming spores.
Generally, protists are commonly grouped together because they do not fit specifically into any other kingdom.
Examples of protists includes: amoeba, paramecium, euglena, chlamydomonas, plasmodium, kelp, slime molds and water molds.
Some protists are single celled (unicellular) while others are colonial (form colonies) and multicellular (made up of more than one cell).
In terms of size, a few protist can be very large. An example of a large protist is the kelp. However, most protists are microscopic in size. Examples are amoeba, paramecium and euglena.
A protist can can be free-living or parasitic. An example of a free-living protist is the amoeba. Conversely, a plasmodium is a parasitic protist. Also, understand that a few protist may be saprophytic.
Below is a diagram showing various protists.
This is the ability of an organism to move from one point to another.
Although some protists are non-motile (cannot move from one point to another), others exhibit locomotion via a variety of locomotary organelles.
Below are some protists and their locomotary organelles:
Paramecium -> Cilia
Amoeba -> Pseudopodia
Euglena -> Flagella
Chlamydomonas -> Flagella
Examples of non-motile protist are plasmodium and Toxoplasma gondii.
Note: Slime mold and water mold are protists that exhibit little movement.
Certain protists are photosynthetic autotrophs (that is, they can manufacture food by utilizing the energy from sunlight). Examples are euglena and algae.
Conversely, some are heterotrophic (that is, they cannot produce their own food and hence rely on readymade food). Examples are amoeba and paramecium.
The protist plasmodium is the causative agent of malaria. (It is sometimes referred to as the malaria parasite). It undergoes a parasitic kind of nutrition; which is a type of heterotrophic mode of nutrition.
Some protists are both autotrophic and heterotrophic. Euglena is an example.
Most are unicellular. Amoeba, paramecium, euglena, chlamydomonas and plasmodium are examples of unicelluler protist.
A few protists are multicellular. Examples include kelp, slime molds and algae.
Reproduction in a protist is typically asexual but sometimes, sexual reproduction does occur.
Binary fission is a form of asexual reproduction that occurs in Amoeba.
Plasmodium falciparum may undergo sexual reproduction at some stages in it's life cycle.
They generally live in an aquatic habitat and this is typically a fresh water. Fresh water habitat include ponds, lakes, rivers and streams.
Note: Seas and oceans are salt water.
Being eukaryotic implies that their cell structure have a well defined nucleus and cell membrane.
Kindly share this article via the links below:
Click here to read on Len Academy Smart School Software. Contact Alfred for a standard website at an affordable price
Please click here to follow Len Academy on Google News.
Amazing facts in Biology
Russia is home to the largest area of forest in our world with a land mass of 815 million hectares
Giant squid lives deep in the ocean and they have the largest eyes in the world
The movements of the fingers are controlled by muscles of the palms and forehands
Platypus (sometimes referred to as the duck-billed platypus) is an egg-laying, semiaquatic mammal found in eastern Australia. It has no stomach and as such, its food goes from the mouth through the esophagus and directly to their intestines.
Pufferfish contain a toxin called tetrodotoxin. This makes them foul tasting and poisonous to predators. Tetrodotoxin is about 1,200 times more poisonous than cyanide, and there is enough toxin in one pufferfish to kill 30 adult humans. Unfortunately, there isn't any known antidote to this poison.
Interestingly, a delicacy in Japan (called fugu) is made from pufferfish. This meal is very expensive, and must be prepared by trained and licensed chefs. An improper preparation of fugu may lead to the customer's death. Sadly, such deaths are recorded annually
Wombats are the only animal with a cube-shaped poo. They can stack up these cube-shaped poo, marking their territory with it
Robert Wadlow (1918–1940) remains the tallest man ever recorded in the Guinness World Records. He was an American who stood at 8 feet, 11 inches.
An abnormally enlarged pituitary gland had resulted into Robert Wadlow's giant size.
Cockroach is the fastest land animal on six legs
Like humans, all apes laugh when tickled
An ostrich's eye is bigger than its brain
Notable points in Biology
An artery is composed of three layers:
The outermost layer is termed tunica adventitia (or tunica external). It consist mainly of collagen fibres and connective tissues that anchors the arteries to other nearby tissues.
The middle layer is named tunica media. It is made up of smooth muscles and elastic fibres that supports the artery in conveying blood at high pressures.
The inner layer is called tunica intima (or tunica internal). It is lined by a smooth tissue called endothelium, and is made up of a fine network of connective tissues.
All living organisms possess various features in order to survive in their environment. This is the concept of adaptation. As an instance, a fish is able to live in water because it has gills and fins.
Also, a camel is able to survive in the desert because it has large feet to aid walking on sand without sinking. It also has long eyelashes to help protect it from the blowing sand and wind.
Plants are also able to live in different habitats because they have the required adaptive features towards that habitat. For instance:
Plants that live in/on water are termed hydrophytes.
Plants that live on land with moderate amount of water are termed mesophytes.
Plants that live on deserts or arid lands are termed xerophytes.
The point is:
All organisms have various features on them that enables them adapt in their habitat
For a thing to be considered living, it must possess all the basic characteristics of life. These include:
Irritability or Sensitivity
During strenuous exercises like sprinting or running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.
This is the concept of anaerobic respiration
A food chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.
Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types: