Concept of justification by faith

len Alfred Ajibola - 08th September, 2023 @ 12:52 PM

Topics in CRS

Fruit of the Holy Spirit: Modesty and Continency Fruit of the Holy Spirit: Goodness, Longanimity and Mildness Characteristics of the new life in Christ New Life in Christ Concept of justification by faith The Supremacy of God Supremacy of God Lessons learnt from God's supremacy Jesus as the Living Bread explained Lessons learnt from Jesus' teaching as the Living Bread Why does suffering and pain exist? Forgiveness: Jesus' teaching on forgiveness and its importance What is Forgiveness? Jesus' teaching on forgiveness Jesus' teaching on giving The Prodigal Son, Moral lessons learnt Moral lessons learnt from the parable of the prodigal son Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 1st Term Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work, CRS, SS1, 3rd Term Biblical account of Creation

Academic Questions in CRS

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The feeding of five thousand men with five loaves of bread and two fishes paved way for Jesus' teaching on _____.

  • A. The sermon on the mount

  • B. The living bread

  • C. Prayer, fasting and almsgiving

  • D. The prodigal son

  • E. The good samaritan

  • F. Giving

According to Christianity, Jesus Christ suffered for us all. As a result, Christians do not have to suffer on earth.

  • A. True

  • B. False

In the gospel of Matthew chapter 18 verse 21-35, Jesus tells what story?

  • A. The story of the prodigal son

  • B. The story of the good Samaritan

  • C. The story of the fig tree

  • D. The beatitudes

  • E. The story of the vineyard

  • F. The story of the unforgiving servant

What is Jesus' last word on the cross?

  • A. Father, forgive them, for they know not what they are doing

  • B. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me

  • C. I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise

  • D. I am thirsty

  • E. It is finished

  • F. Father, into your hands I commit my spirit

With regards to giving, Jesus made the statement below:

Do your acts of righteousness before men, to be seen by them. If you do this, you will have a reward from your Father in heaven.

  • A. True

  • B. False

At last, he came to his senses and said, 'All my father’s hired workers have more than they can eat, and here am I about to starve! I will get up and go back to my father and say, Father, I have sinned against God and against you. I am no longer fit to be called your son; treat me as one of your hired workers'. So he got up and started back to his father.

The above statement was made by the prodigal son when he took up a job in a distant country. What job was that?

  • A. Care of cattle

  • B. Care of sheep

  • C. Care of goats

  • D. Care of pigs

  • E. Care of cattle and sheep

  • F. Care of cattle and sheep and goats

The parable of the prodigal son is found in which of the following bible passages?

  • A. Matthew 15: 11-32

  • B. Mark 15: 11-32

  • C. Luke 15: 11-32

  • D. John 15: 11-32

  • E. None of the above

  • F. All of the above

Jesus was born specifically in _____.

  • A. Jerusalem

  • B. Bethlehem

  • C. Nazareth

  • D. Israel

  • E. Capernaum

  • F. Calvary

Justification by Faith:

Our concept of justification in this article will be based on christian theology. In this light, justification is defined as an action performed by God's grace on a repentant sinner who voluntary renounces sin, receives God's forgiveness, and live in sanctifying grace henceforth. Therefore, our justification comes 'first' from God's grace (because we have all sinned), followed by our good thoughts and actions toward our neighbors.


Our justification comes first from Jesus Christ through his death on the cross. Simply put, we cannot attain salvation through our own efforts alone.

Please read on the attributes of God here.

Note: The terms 'justification' and 'salvation' will be used interchangeably in this article. They technically have the same meaning throughout this article.


Jesus declared the beautiful words of salvation in Luke 23:43 when he said to the crucified, remorseful and repentant thief via the words: 'Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise'. Through God's grace and mercy, the penitent thief (whose name is Dismas), gained access to Jesus' kingdom (not just because he was remorseful and repentant), but firstly because God's kingdom had been opened through the death and resurrection of Jesus.

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Therefore, this most important death and resurrection of Jesus (as stated above) serves as the first step towards our justification, then followed by our repentance and good works. This is corroborated through the bible verse below:


Recall that out first parents (Adam and Eve) disobeyed God in the garden of Eden. However, they were punished and eventually banished from the garden (which happens to be paradise). Interestingly, humans had inherited this sin of our first parents (termed as original sin), alongside its punishment. As a result, original sin isn't committed by us, rather it is inherited.

Please read on the biblical account of first human disobedience here.

To nullify original sin, Jesus instituted the concept of baptism which specifically forgives this sin alongside every other sin committed by us. From this instance, we can confidently concur that original sin isn't forgiven by our good works. Rather, the grace of God remits it via the sacrament of baptism.


The way of christianity is a path of faith in Jesus. This faith is based on the fact that christians believe in God, even though they are yet to see Him as He really is.

We still believe completely in God through the words of the holy scriptures as contained in Romans 10:17. It states thus: 'Faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God'. Jesus Himself gave a verdict on this through the scripture verse below:

  • Then Jesus told him, 'Because you have seen me, you have believed; blessed are those who have not seen, and yet have believed' - John 20:29.
  • Please read key-points in crs here.


Our overall acts of becoming justified is certainly a function of God's grace. However, we cannot continue to live in sin so that grace may abound. St. Paul captures it clearly in his letter to the Romans when he said thus:

What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound? Certainly not! 

Romans 6:1-2

You can read motivational quotes for students here.


St. Paul emphasized on our justification through faith, and that's absolutely correct. Paul spoke in this manner because he knew and understood that our salvation comes first and foremost from God through Jesus Christ. Meanwhile, recall that Abraham is our father in faith since he always believed and trusted God, even to an extent of almost sacrificing Isaac, his own beloved son. Agreeing with this fact, Paul referenced Abraham to have gained righteousness through faith (that is; just by believing and trusting God). This is captured in the bible verse below:

  • What then shall we say that Abraham, our forefather according to the flesh, discovered in this matter? If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about; but not before God. What does scripture say? “Abraham believed God, and it was credited to him as righteousness. Romans 4:1-3.


However, it is noteworthy to state that faith alone in God may not be the only criteria for our justification. It must be supported with good works. In fact, St. James emphasized this in his statement below:


In the above verse, James cautioned those who had claimed to have faith in God, but yet; such faith wasn't eminent in their works and actions. Also, Jesus had initially observed a somewhat similar behavior with the pharisees, thus had referred to them as 'brood of vipers' in Matthew 12:34.


The gift of free will which God has given us requires that we must voluntarily acknowledge God's salvation. In this regard, the people of Philippians voluntarily accepted God's word in faith when they listened to Paul's teaching. However, Paul encouraged them to further on this path of salvation in fear and trembling through their work and actions. This is quoted below:

Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, for it is God who works in you, both to will and to work for his good pleasure.

Philippians 2:12-13

Please read why pain and suffering exists here.


Our justification in faith ensures that we live not under the law, but on grace, and our salvation rests upon this (Romans 6:14). In this light, God's grace is Jesus Himself. In fact, Jesus is the very reason for our justification, and this was emphatically expressed throughout his life (on earth), death and glorious resurrection.

You can read on the early years of Jesus here.


In summary, below are some bible verses that laid emphasis on our justification by faith:

  • Therefore, since we have been justified through faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ - Romans 5:1.

  • If, in fact, Abraham was justified by works, he had something to boast about, but not before God - Romans 4:2.

  • Therefore the law has become our tutor to lead us to Christ, so that we may be justified by faith - Galatians 3:24.

  • By faith, Abel brought God a better offering than Cain did. By faith, he was commended as righteous, when God spoke well of his offerings. And by faith, Abel still speaks, even though he is dead - Hebrews 11:4.

  • Therefore, we reckon a man to be justified by faith apart from works of the law - Romans 3:28.

  • Nevertheless, knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but through faith in Christ Jesus, even as we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by faith in Christ, and not by the works of the law; since by the works of the law, no flesh will be justified - Galatians 2:16.

  • Please read on God's supremacy here.

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Amazing facts in CRS

Salvator Mundi - Len Academy

Salvator Mundi by Leonardo da Vinci is the most expensive painting in the world. It is valued at 450.3 Million Dollars.

This painting depict Jesus Christ with his right hand raised in blessing, and his left hand holding an orb

There are a total of 188 named women in the Bible

Mahershalalhashbaz is the longest word in the Bible

The shortest verse of the Bible is John 11:35. It reads:

Jesus wept


The longest verse in the bible is Esther 8:9. It reads:

Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language

The last word in the Bible is 'Amen'.

The grace of the Lord Jesus be with God’s people. Amen

Revelation 22:21

The shortest verse in the bible is found in John chapter 11 verse 35. It reads:

Jesus wept

If you translate 'Jesus' from Hebrew directly to English, the correct translation will be 'Joshua'. The name Jesus was actually a translation from Hebrew, to Greek, to Latin and finally, English

Notable points in CRS

The parable of the prodigal son as narrated by Jesus himself is one that shows God's incomprehensible mercy and love. This parable is present in the gospel of Luke 15: 11-32.

Jesus began by saying:

There was once a man who had two sons. The younger one said to him, 'Father, give me my share of the property now'. So the man divided his properties between his two sons.

Luke 15: 11-12

From the above passage, it is quite clear that the younger brother had lost interest in the family's affairs. He must have pondered in his heart the sweetness of complete independence on a life of financial abundance.

To actualize his thoughts, he had the effrontery to go to his father to request for his inheritance even though his father is fully alive and active.

Please read a detailed explanation of the parable of the prodigal son and its moral lessons here

Adam and Eve disobeyed God while in the Garden of Eden. Below are the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience:

  • All God's creature became guilty of original sin.

  • Human perfection was lost.

  • God's judgement was pronounced on the snake, woman and man.

  • Chaos and disorderliness came upon earth.

  • Suffering, pain and death was introduced into the world.

  • The first prophesy was made. 

  • Clothing was made.

  • Paradise was temporarily lost.

  • Their disobedience brought about the relevation of Jesus Christ.

  • Please read a detailed explanation on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience here

Wise men from the east came to visit the infant king. Upon their arrival, they saw the child with his mother Mary. They knelt down and worshiped the infant (Jesus).

Notice that the bible recorded that the wise men knelt down and worshipped the infant (Jesus), according to Matthew 2:11.

Only God can be worshiped. Jesus is always God, even as a baby.

It is important to state that Jesus remained God at every point in his physical existence, even when he was in the womb of the virgin; throughout his life on earth, death on the cross and eventual resurrection.

The wise men from the east opened their treasures and presented the infant Jesus with three significant gifts. These are gold, frankincense and myrrh.

  • Gold represents a symbol of Jesus' kingship. Jesus is the King of kings, even at birth and throughout eternity.

  • Frankincense represents a symbol of Jesus' divinity and a sign of worship. Only God can be worshipped; and as such, Jesus is fully God.

  • Myrrh represents a symbol of Jesus' death. Jesus is truly man, and this is why he was able to suffer and die on the cross.

Please read on the early years of Jesus here.

God created human beings for the following reasons:

  1. To know Him

  2. To love Him

  3. To serve Him

  4. To be happy with Him forever

Our first parent, Adam and Eve enjoyed a life of complete happiness before they committed sin. They never knew what pain nor sorrow was until they disobeyed God. In short, both were perfect beings until they committed the sin of disobedience against God.

Disobedience may simple be defined as the failure to obey rules, command or someone in authority.

Adam and Eve were the first human beings to disobey God.

Please read more on the biblical account of first human disobedience here