Agricultural Science

Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for jss2, 2nd term

len Alfred Ajibola - 04th February, 2024 @ 06:17 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Soil formation in agricuture Economic empowerment through agricuture Management as a factor of production in agriculture Labor as a factor of production in agriculture Finance as a factor of production in agriculture Water as a factor of production in agriculture Land as a factor of production in agriculture Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for JSS1, 2nd term Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for jss2, 2nd term Clay soil explained with its types and characteristics Loamy soil explained with its characteristics Sandy soil: Characteristics of sandy soil and ways to make it fertile Soil explained with its composition Types of agricultural practices Crop rotation explained Benefits of crop rotation Differences between subsistence and commercial farming Subsistence farming explained with its characteristics What is commercial farming? Types of commercial farming Characteristics of commercial farming


Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

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The ideal pH for the optimum growth of most agricultural crop is between _____.

  • A. 1 – 3.5

  • B. 4 – 5.5

  • C. 6 – 7.5

  • D. 8 – 9.5

  • E. 10 – 11.5

  • F. 12 – 13.5

People who go about their lives by raising and herding livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats are said to practice _____.

  • A. Pastoralism

  • B. Pasturalism

  • C. Herding

  • D. Herdsmen

  • E. Animalism

  • F. Anime Farming

The act of giving birth in pigs is called _____.

  • A. Calving

  • B. Piggery

  • C. Kidding

  • D. Farrowing

  • E. Calfing

  • F. Pigging

Which of the following is not a vegetable?

  • A. Cashew

  • B. Cocumber

  • C. Tomatoes

  • D. Carrot

  • E. Squash

  • F. Eggplant

All plants are crops.

  • A. True

  • B. False

In agriculture, macronutrients are essential nutrients required by plants. Which of the following is not a macronutrient?

  • A. Zinc

  • B. Sulphur

  • C. Calcium

  • D. Phosphorus

  • E. Potassium

  • F. Magnesium

Which of the following is false concerning micronutrients?

  • A. They are non-essential nutrients

  • B. They are required by plants in minute quantities

  • C. Iron is a micronutrient

  • D. Chlorine is a micronutrient

  • E. Copper is a micronutrient

  • F. Boron is a micronutrient

_____ is a term that describes the biological, chemical and cultural control tactics employed to make pest management economical, environmentally friendly and socially acceptable.

  • A. Integrated Pest Management

  • B. Integral Pest Management

  • C. International Pest Management

  • D. Inclusive Pest Management

  • E. Imbibed Pest Management

  • F. Inclusion Pest Management



Agric midterm questions for JSS2, 2nd term:

1. Carbohydrate yielding feeds are made up of the following elements except _____.

  • A. Hydrogen

  • B. Nitrogen

  • C. Carbon

  • D. Oxygen

 

2. Crustaceans are examples of _____.

  • A. Energy yielding feeds

  • B. Protein yielding feeds

  • C. Fat-soluble yielding feeds

  • D. Water-soluble yielding feeds

 

3. Feeds that are high in nutrients but low in fibre and water are termed _____.

  • A. Concentrates

  • B. Roughages

  • C. Food addictive

  • D. Supplement

 

4. Which of the following isn't an example of roughages?

  • A. Chaff

  • B. Fodders

  • C. Silos

  • D. Fresh forage

 

5. Fresh grass and legumes that are stored in airtight containers are termed _____.

  • A. Silage

  • B. Hay

  • C. Chaff

  • D. Forage

 

6. _____ are made from the shells and husks obtained after grains had been processed.

  • A. Silage

  • B. Hay

  • C. Chaff

  • D. Forage

 

7. _____ is the total quantity of feed given to an animal per day.

  • A. Animal feed

  • B. Ration

  • C. Layered forage

  • D. Layers mash

 

8. _____ are structures that allow only young animals to feed in order to enhance weaning.

  • A. Feeding troughs

  • B. Hay rack

  • C. Feeding silos

  • D. Creep feeders

 

9. Which of the following meal contains the highest amount of carbohydrate?

  • A. Bone meal

  • B. Blood meal

  • C. Groundnut cake

  • D. Maize meal

 

10. Chemically prepared feed ingredients that functions to improve the taste of feeds, as well as adding nutrients lacking in the actual feeds are termed _____.

  • A. Fodders

  • B. Forage

  • C. Supplement

  • D. Chaff

 

11. Visible signs of diseases in farm animals are called _____.

  • A. Signs

  • B. Symptoms

  • C. Viral infection

  • D. Bacterial infection

 

12. Organisms that carry disease causing organisms are termed ____.

  • A. Germs

  • B. Pathogens

  • C. Vectors

  • D. Protozoans

 

13. Which of the following is not a method of transmitting livestock disease?

  • A. Through direct contact with infected animal

  • B. Through contact with feces of infected animals.

  • C. Through contaminated feeds and water taken by the Animal

  • D. None of the above

 

14. Which of the following animal disease is caused by a virus?

  • A. Coccidiosis

  • B. Anthrax

  • C. Rinderpest

  • D. Mastitis

 

15. Trypanosomiasis is caused by _____.

  • A. Blackfly

  • B. Tsetsefly

  • C. Aedes mosquito

  • D. Female anopheles mosquito

 

16. The following factor affect the feed requirements of farm animals except _____.

  • A. Age of the animal

  • B. Class of the animal

  • C. Production level of the animal

  • D. Speed of the animal

 

17. A ration given to animals to prevent an increase or decrease in their weight is termed _____. 

  • A. Maintenance

  • B. Balanced

  • C. Unbalanced

  • D. Production

 

18. _____ refers to a field where animals graze.

  • A. Fresh fodder

  • B. Animal field

  • C. Farmland

  • D. Pasture

 

19. Which of the following is not an example of endoparasite in farm animals?

  • A. Mite

  • B. Trypanosome

  • C. Fluke

  • D. Roundworm

 

20. Organisms that live inside or outside an animal's body, deriving nourishment and support from it is called a _____.

  • A. Vector

  • B. Pathogen

  • C. Host

  • D. Parasite

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Cows technically have one stomach, not four. However, a cow's stomach has four compartments. These are: rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum

Peanuts are legumes and not nuts

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments

Squirrels do plant more trees (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them

Cows have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd


Notable points in Agricultural Science

Below are characteristics of gymnosperms:

  1. Their seeds have cones that protect them.

  2. Sepals and petals aren't present in their cones.

  3. Stigma and style are absent.

  4. They do not produce fruits. Only seeds are formed.

  5. Companion cells are absent.

  6. Sporophyll form the cones.

  7. Anther and filament are absent.

  8. The ovules are not present in the ovary.

  9. Gymnosperms do not possess flowers.

  10. Please read on the anatomical differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms here

The flower is the reproductive organ in plants' sexual reproduction. In order to achieve a successful sexual propagation or reproduction in plants, the floral parts of the flower are utilized.

The floral parts of a flower consists of the followings:

  1. Sepals

  2. Petals

  3. Stamen

  4. Carpel

The stamen is male portion of a plant. It consists of the anther and filament.

The carpel (or pistil) is the female portion of the plant. It consists of the stigma, style and ovary.

Please read more on plants' sexual reproduction here

An organism will be considered a pest if it does one of the followings:

  • Attack crops and eat its seeds, roots, stem, leaves and flowers. Examples are locust and grasshoppers.

  • Cause damage to stored food, fruits or other agricultural produce. Some may even urinate or deaficate on these products. Examples are rodents, cockroaches and mice.

  • Attack and kill farm animals like goats, sheep and cattle. Examples are foxes, wild cats and snakes.

  • Act as disease vectors. A vector is an organism that carries parasite and other disease causing organisms, without being affected; but when they introduce the parasites into their host, such host becomes infected with disease. Examples of vectors are rodents and mosquitoes.

    Please read more on vectors of diseases here.

Below are the classification of crops based on their uses:

  • Oil crops

  • Vegetable crops

  • Latex crops

  • Drug and Medicinal crops

  • Beverage crops

  • Fibre crops

  • Fruit crops

  • Root and Tubers

  • Legumes

  • Spices

  • Cereals

All crops are plants but not all plants are crops. Below are some instances:

  • Weeds are considered as plants, not crops.

  • Parasitic plants are not necessarily crops. Examples of parasitic plants include mistletoe, corpse flower and striga.

  • Carnivorous or insectivorous plants are not necessarily crops. Examples are sundew, venus flytrap and pitcher plant. The image below shows a carnivorous plant (venus flytrap).

Venus flytrap - Len Academy

 

Meanwhile, always understand that all crops are plants, and they are grown for food, money or something beneficial.

Please read on plants versus crops here