Agricultural Science

Management as a factor of production in agriculture

len Alfred Ajibola - 13th April, 2024 @ 04:22 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Soil formation in agricuture Economic empowerment through agricuture Management as a factor of production in agriculture Labor as a factor of production in agriculture Finance as a factor of production in agriculture Water as a factor of production in agriculture Land as a factor of production in agriculture Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for JSS1, 2nd term Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for jss2, 2nd term Clay soil explained with its types and characteristics Loamy soil explained with its characteristics Sandy soil: Characteristics of sandy soil and ways to make it fertile Soil explained with its composition Types of agricultural practices Crop rotation explained Benefits of crop rotation Differences between subsistence and commercial farming Subsistence farming explained with its characteristics What is commercial farming? Types of commercial farming Characteristics of commercial farming

Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

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The ideal pH for the optimum growth of most agricultural crop is between _____.

  • A. 1 – 3.5

  • B. 4 – 5.5

  • C. 6 – 7.5

  • D. 8 – 9.5

  • E. 10 – 11.5

  • F. 12 – 13.5

People who go about their lives by raising and herding livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats are said to practice _____.

  • A. Pastoralism

  • B. Pasturalism

  • C. Herding

  • D. Herdsmen

  • E. Animalism

  • F. Anime Farming

The act of giving birth in pigs is called _____.

  • A. Calving

  • B. Piggery

  • C. Kidding

  • D. Farrowing

  • E. Calfing

  • F. Pigging

Which of the following is not a vegetable?

  • A. Cashew

  • B. Cocumber

  • C. Tomatoes

  • D. Carrot

  • E. Squash

  • F. Eggplant

All plants are crops.

  • A. True

  • B. False

In agriculture, macronutrients are essential nutrients required by plants. Which of the following is not a macronutrient?

  • A. Zinc

  • B. Sulphur

  • C. Calcium

  • D. Phosphorus

  • E. Potassium

  • F. Magnesium

Which of the following is false concerning micronutrients?

  • A. They are non-essential nutrients

  • B. They are required by plants in minute quantities

  • C. Iron is a micronutrient

  • D. Chlorine is a micronutrient

  • E. Copper is a micronutrient

  • F. Boron is a micronutrient

_____ is a term that describes the biological, chemical and cultural control tactics employed to make pest management economical, environmentally friendly and socially acceptable.

  • A. Integrated Pest Management

  • B. Integral Pest Management

  • C. International Pest Management

  • D. Inclusive Pest Management

  • E. Imbibed Pest Management

  • F. Inclusion Pest Management

Management system in agriculture:

The management system in agricuture is responsible for coordinating the entire agribusiness enterprise. You can think of it as the brain of an agricutural enterprise.

Recall that large farmers often go beyond the production of food for themselves and their families. This is quite true because they understand the great potential of earning good money, and even foreign exchange from their agricutural activities. To achieve this, farmers must have in place a good system of managing their agricutural activities. If such system is set in place, then a farmer is said to practice a farm management system.

Please read on labor as a factor of production in agricuture here.


The farm management system in agricuture is a factor of production that controls all other factors of production; including the type of crops to be planted by farmers, the animals they rear, the organization of farm labor, harvesting, storage, and transportation of their farm produce, alongside the keeping of an adequate farm record.


Management plays a crucial role in the success of any agricultural operation. It serves as a vital factor of production that can significantly impact the efficiency and productivity of the entire agricultural process.

In this article, we will explore the importance of management in agriculture and how it contributes to the overall success of farming operations.

Please read on how to start a home based fish farming here.


One of the primary roles of management in agriculture is to plan and make informed decisions regarding various aspects of the farming process. This includes determining what crops to plant, when and where to plant them, and how to manage pests and diseases effectively.

Please read on insect pests and their economic importance here.

By carefully analyzing market trends, weather patterns, and soil conditions, agricultural managers can make informed choices that maximize yields and minimize risks.

Please read on ways to prevent soil erosion here.


Another crucial aspect of management in agriculture is the efficient allocation of resources. This includes managing labor, machinery, and capital to ensure optimal utilization and productivity.

Agricultural managers need to effectively schedule tasks, assign responsibilities, and coordinate activities to ensure that all resources are utilized efficiently and effectively. By doing so, they can optimize production levels and reduce waste, ultimately increasing profitability.

Please read on finance as a factor of production in agricuture.


Furthermore, management in agriculture involves monitoring and controlling the various stages of the farming process. This includes overseeing planting, irrigation, fertilization, and harvesting activities to ensure that they are carried out in a timely and efficient manner.

By closely monitoring the aformentioned processes, agricultural managers can identify any issues or bottlenecks and take corrective actions promptly. This proactive approach can help prevent yield losses and ensure that the farm operates smoothly.

Please read on the prevention and control of pest here.


Moreover, effective management in agriculture requires strong leadership and communication skills. Agricultural managers need to inspire and motivate their teams to achieve common goals. They must ensure that everyone understands their roles and responsibilities, and provide clear instructions and guidance.

By fostering a positive work environment and maintaining open lines of communication, managers can create a cohesive team that works together towards achieving optimal results.

You can read on the roles of government in agricuture here.


In addition to the operational aspects, management in agriculture also involves strategic planning and risk management.

Agricultural managers need to anticipate and adapt to changes in the market, technological advancements, and regulatory requirements. They must develop long-term plans and strategies that align with the objectives of the farm, while also mitigating potential risks.

You can read on agricutural tools and their uses here.


Agricultural managers are also responsible for overseeing the farm records. They are aware of all decisions made and implemented in an agribusiness. In this regard, it is their primary responsibility to coordinate all farm activities.

By staying informed and proactive, agricultural managers can position their farms for long-term success and sustainability.

You can attempt Len Academy questions for JSS2 here.


Once again, it is noteworthy to state that the management system is a factor of production in agricuture that coordinates all processes in an agribusiness. It is responsible for the following:

  1. Mangement in agriculture is involved in the planning, decision-making, resource allocation, monitoring, and controlling various aspects of the farming process.

  2. It is the duty of the farm manager to source and provide capital for his agribusiness. In addition, the payment of wages and salaries are a part of his responsibilities.

  3. The farm manager is a risk bearer in an agribusiness. In this regard, the formulation of agricutural business policies falls upon him.

  4. The farm manager coordinates other factors of production, that is; land, water, labor and capital respectively.

  5. Effective management in agriculture leads to increased efficiency, productivity, and profitability.

  6. By utilizing strong leadership and communication skills, agricultural managers can create a positive work environment and foster a cohesive team.

  7. Agricultural managers  carry out strategic planning and risk management to ensure the long-term success and sustainability of their farm.

  8. The farm manager is in charge of making agricutural business decision. Simply put, 'the buck stops at his table' in an agribusiness.

Please read on the types of agricutural practices here.


In conclusion, it is crucial for farmers and agricultural professionals to recognize the importance of agricultural management systems, and invest in developing their managerial skills towards optimizing their agricultural operations.

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Cows technically have one stomach, not four. However, a cow's stomach has four compartments. These are: rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum

Peanuts are legumes and not nuts

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments

Squirrels do plant more trees (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them

Cows have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd

Notable points in Agricultural Science

Below are characteristics of gymnosperms:

  1. Their seeds have cones that protect them.

  2. Sepals and petals aren't present in their cones.

  3. Stigma and style are absent.

  4. They do not produce fruits. Only seeds are formed.

  5. Companion cells are absent.

  6. Sporophyll form the cones.

  7. Anther and filament are absent.

  8. The ovules are not present in the ovary.

  9. Gymnosperms do not possess flowers.

  10. Please read on the anatomical differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms here

The flower is the reproductive organ in plants' sexual reproduction. In order to achieve a successful sexual propagation or reproduction in plants, the floral parts of the flower are utilized.

The floral parts of a flower consists of the followings:

  1. Sepals

  2. Petals

  3. Stamen

  4. Carpel

The stamen is male portion of a plant. It consists of the anther and filament.

The carpel (or pistil) is the female portion of the plant. It consists of the stigma, style and ovary.

Please read more on plants' sexual reproduction here

An organism will be considered a pest if it does one of the followings:

  • Attack crops and eat its seeds, roots, stem, leaves and flowers. Examples are locust and grasshoppers.

  • Cause damage to stored food, fruits or other agricultural produce. Some may even urinate or deaficate on these products. Examples are rodents, cockroaches and mice.

  • Attack and kill farm animals like goats, sheep and cattle. Examples are foxes, wild cats and snakes.

  • Act as disease vectors. A vector is an organism that carries parasite and other disease causing organisms, without being affected; but when they introduce the parasites into their host, such host becomes infected with disease. Examples of vectors are rodents and mosquitoes.

    Please read more on vectors of diseases here.

Below are the classification of crops based on their uses:

  • Oil crops

  • Vegetable crops

  • Latex crops

  • Drug and Medicinal crops

  • Beverage crops

  • Fibre crops

  • Fruit crops

  • Root and Tubers

  • Legumes

  • Spices

  • Cereals

All crops are plants but not all plants are crops. Below are some instances:

  • Weeds are considered as plants, not crops.

  • Parasitic plants are not necessarily crops. Examples of parasitic plants include mistletoe, corpse flower and striga.

  • Carnivorous or insectivorous plants are not necessarily crops. Examples are sundew, venus flytrap and pitcher plant. The image below shows a carnivorous plant (venus flytrap).

Venus flytrap - Len Academy


Meanwhile, always understand that all crops are plants, and they are grown for food, money or something beneficial.

Please read on plants versus crops here