Agricultural Science

Economic empowerment through agricuture

len Alfred Ajibola - 15th April, 2024 @ 02:05 PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Soil formation in agricuture Economic empowerment through agricuture Management as a factor of production in agriculture Labor as a factor of production in agriculture Finance as a factor of production in agriculture Water as a factor of production in agriculture Land as a factor of production in agriculture Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for JSS1, 2nd term Len Academy Agricultural Science midterm questions for jss2, 2nd term Clay soil explained with its types and characteristics Loamy soil explained with its characteristics Sandy soil: Characteristics of sandy soil and ways to make it fertile Soil explained with its composition Types of agricultural practices Crop rotation explained Benefits of crop rotation Differences between subsistence and commercial farming Subsistence farming explained with its characteristics What is commercial farming? Types of commercial farming Characteristics of commercial farming

Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please click here to see all Questions and Answers

The ideal pH for the optimum growth of most agricultural crop is between _____.

  • A. 1 – 3.5

  • B. 4 – 5.5

  • C. 6 – 7.5

  • D. 8 – 9.5

  • E. 10 – 11.5

  • F. 12 – 13.5

People who go about their lives by raising and herding livestock such as cattle, sheep and goats are said to practice _____.

  • A. Pastoralism

  • B. Pasturalism

  • C. Herding

  • D. Herdsmen

  • E. Animalism

  • F. Anime Farming

The act of giving birth in pigs is called _____.

  • A. Calving

  • B. Piggery

  • C. Kidding

  • D. Farrowing

  • E. Calfing

  • F. Pigging

Which of the following is not a vegetable?

  • A. Cashew

  • B. Cocumber

  • C. Tomatoes

  • D. Carrot

  • E. Squash

  • F. Eggplant

All plants are crops.

  • A. True

  • B. False

In agriculture, macronutrients are essential nutrients required by plants. Which of the following is not a macronutrient?

  • A. Zinc

  • B. Sulphur

  • C. Calcium

  • D. Phosphorus

  • E. Potassium

  • F. Magnesium

Which of the following is false concerning micronutrients?

  • A. They are non-essential nutrients

  • B. They are required by plants in minute quantities

  • C. Iron is a micronutrient

  • D. Chlorine is a micronutrient

  • E. Copper is a micronutrient

  • F. Boron is a micronutrient

_____ is a term that describes the biological, chemical and cultural control tactics employed to make pest management economical, environmentally friendly and socially acceptable.

  • A. Integrated Pest Management

  • B. Integral Pest Management

  • C. International Pest Management

  • D. Inclusive Pest Management

  • E. Imbibed Pest Management

  • F. Inclusion Pest Management

Economic Empowerment through Agricuture:

In today's world where economic opportunities seem scarce and uncertain, it is crucial for students to explore alternative avenues to secure their financial future. One such pathway that holds immense potential is economic empowerment through agriculture.

Agriculture, often overlooked by students, offers a plethora of opportunities for personal growth, financial stability, and more importantly, a better society where life becomes beautiful.

Please read on the roles of government in agricuture here.


Economic empowerment in agricuture refers to all the processes that improves the standard of living (of an economy) through agricutural education, extension, practice, technology and support. 

The primary aim of agricutural empowerment programme in an economy is to educate, motivate and support any willing individual (children, youths and adults respectively) into making a decent revenue, including the generation of foreign exchange, through agriculture.

Please read on commercial farming here.


Why Agriculture?

Recall that agricuture is defined as science and practice of growing crops and keeping animals to provide us with food, shelter, and other materials used in our daily lives.

Agriculture, which therefore is the backbone of our civilization, has been the primary source of sustenance for centuries. However, its significance extends far beyond food production.

Agriculture presents a wide range of opportunities for students to tap into. From crop production to livestock farming, agribusiness, and agricultural technology, the possibilities are endless.

Please read on how to start a home based fish farming here.


Below are some of the listed economic empowerment programmes achieved through agriculture:

  1. Agricutural training ensures that anyone can essentially learn to effectively grow crops and rear animals.

  2. Agricutural provides direct employment on farms through the hiring of paid laborers.

  3. Agricuture supports and promotes the growth of manufacturing industries (alongside infant industries) by selling raw materials to them.

  4. Agricuture has a great potential of growing a country's income through export promotion, ultimately leading to the generation of foreign exchange. In fact, the economy of some countries are dependent on agriculture. In this way, agriculture can help boost the economies of federal and state governments.

  5. Agricuture serves as a massive source of direct and indirect employment. This will include employment for those who grow crops and rear animals (farmers), alongside those who store, market, transport and sell these agricultural products.

  6. Agricuture as a field of study encourages researchers and scientists into the discoveries of modern technologies. For example, this is seen in the application of genetic engineering; alongside the production of large agricutural machines.

  7. Agricutural activities when practiced appropriately can help purify our atmosphere by adding oxygen into it through photosynthesis.

  8. Through agricuture, good road network infrastructure connecting rural ard urban areas are built.

Please read on finance as a factor of production in agricuture.


Engaging in agriculture can foster personal growth in a variety of ways. Meanwhile, understand that such personal growth will often bring about economic empowerment through the individuals directly or indirectly involved in agricuture.

These personal growth brought about by agricuture are explained below:


Firstly, agricutural practices instill a sense of responsibility and discipline on farmers. Caring for crops or animals requires dedication, commitment, and regular attention. This experience can help students develop important life skills such as time management, problem-solving, and perseverance.

Please read on management as a factor of production in agricuture.


Agriculture offers financial stability through economic empowerment, and this is crucial to every agricutural students. Agriculture offers students the opportunity to build a stable and lucrative career.

As the global population continues to grow, the demand for food and agricultural products will only increase. This translates into a promising job market for students interested in pursuing agricultural careers.

Please read on labor as a factor of production in agricuture here.


Moreover, agriculture allows for entrepreneurship and self-employment. Students can start their own farming ventures, explore agribusiness opportunities, or even venture into agricultural technology. These avenues not only provide financial stability but also enable students to be their own boss, pursuing their passion and reaping the rewards of their hard work.

You can read on wildlife reserve in Nigeria and its importance here.


Agriculture plays a vital role in addressing societal challenges such as food security, poverty alleviation, and sustainable development.

By engaging in agriculture, students have the opportunity to directly contribute to their communities and make a positive impact in the larger society.

You can read on agricutural pests and crops attacked here.


In many regions, agriculture is the primary source of income for rural communities. By investing in agriculture, students can help uplift these communities by creating employment opportunities and promoting economic growth.

You can read on the causes of soil erosion here.


Furthermore, agriculture fosters a deep connection with nature and the environment. By working closely with the land and the elements, students can develop a profound appreciation for the natural world and gain a better understanding of sustainability and conservation.

Please read on the types of agriculture practices here.


Additionally, sustainable agricultural practices can mitigate climate change and promote environmental stewardship. This will also create a much better atmosphere on earth.

Please more on the functions of the atmosphere here.


Ways to explore agricultural opportunities:

For students interested in exploring agricultural opportunities, there are several avenues to consider.

Meanwhile, it is worthy of note to state that education is key. Many universities and institutions offer specialized agricultural programs, providing students with the necessary knowledge and skills to excel in the field.

You can attempt Len Academy questions for JSS1 here.


Furthermore, students can seek hands-on experience through internships, volunteering, or joining agricultural organizations and clubs. These opportunities allow students to gain practical skills, network with professionals, and explore various aspects of agriculture.

You can read agricultural terms and meanings here.


Additionally, staying updated with the latest agricultural trends and technologies is crucial. The agricultural industry is constantly evolving; with innovations such as precision farming, vertical farming, and sustainable practices gaining prominence.

Students should actively seek out information and embrace these advancements to stay competitive in the field.

Please read on agricutural machines and their uses here.


In conclusion, economic empowerment through agriculture offer students a pathway to personal growth, financial stability, and a positive societal impact.

By exploring agricultural opportunities, students will not only secure their own future, but also contribute to building a sustainable and prosperous society.

Therefore; as students, let us take a step towards a greener, more prosperous future through agriculture!

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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Cows technically have one stomach, not four. However, a cow's stomach has four compartments. These are: rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum

Peanuts are legumes and not nuts

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments

Squirrels do plant more trees (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them

Cows have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd

Notable points in Agricultural Science

Below are characteristics of gymnosperms:

  1. Their seeds have cones that protect them.

  2. Sepals and petals aren't present in their cones.

  3. Stigma and style are absent.

  4. They do not produce fruits. Only seeds are formed.

  5. Companion cells are absent.

  6. Sporophyll form the cones.

  7. Anther and filament are absent.

  8. The ovules are not present in the ovary.

  9. Gymnosperms do not possess flowers.

  10. Please read on the anatomical differences between gymnosperms and angiosperms here

The flower is the reproductive organ in plants' sexual reproduction. In order to achieve a successful sexual propagation or reproduction in plants, the floral parts of the flower are utilized.

The floral parts of a flower consists of the followings:

  1. Sepals

  2. Petals

  3. Stamen

  4. Carpel

The stamen is male portion of a plant. It consists of the anther and filament.

The carpel (or pistil) is the female portion of the plant. It consists of the stigma, style and ovary.

Please read more on plants' sexual reproduction here

An organism will be considered a pest if it does one of the followings:

  • Attack crops and eat its seeds, roots, stem, leaves and flowers. Examples are locust and grasshoppers.

  • Cause damage to stored food, fruits or other agricultural produce. Some may even urinate or deaficate on these products. Examples are rodents, cockroaches and mice.

  • Attack and kill farm animals like goats, sheep and cattle. Examples are foxes, wild cats and snakes.

  • Act as disease vectors. A vector is an organism that carries parasite and other disease causing organisms, without being affected; but when they introduce the parasites into their host, such host becomes infected with disease. Examples of vectors are rodents and mosquitoes.

    Please read more on vectors of diseases here.

Below are the classification of crops based on their uses:

  • Oil crops

  • Vegetable crops

  • Latex crops

  • Drug and Medicinal crops

  • Beverage crops

  • Fibre crops

  • Fruit crops

  • Root and Tubers

  • Legumes

  • Spices

  • Cereals

All crops are plants but not all plants are crops. Below are some instances:

  • Weeds are considered as plants, not crops.

  • Parasitic plants are not necessarily crops. Examples of parasitic plants include mistletoe, corpse flower and striga.

  • Carnivorous or insectivorous plants are not necessarily crops. Examples are sundew, venus flytrap and pitcher plant. The image below shows a carnivorous plant (venus flytrap).

Venus flytrap - Len Academy


Meanwhile, always understand that all crops are plants, and they are grown for food, money or something beneficial.

Please read on plants versus crops here