Civic Education

Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

len Alfred Ajibola - 11th February, 2019 @ 01:07

Topics in Civic Education

What is Honesty? Who is a Dishonest Person? Consequences of Dishonesty Cultism: Characteristics of Cultism Cultism: Reasons why people join Cults Illiteracy - Causes of Illiteracy Responsibilities, Duties and Obligations of a Citizen What is Civic Responsibility and Who is a Citizen? Reputation: How to build a good reputation Cooperation - Factors that promote Cooperation Cooperation and Types of Cooperation Attributes and Benefits of Honesty Meaning and Types of Values in Civic Education Community Service and Volunteer Service - Benefits of Community Service Consequences of Cultism and Solutions to Cultism Origin of Cultism in Nigeria Consequences and Solutions to Illiteracy Honesty - True Meaning of Honesty explained with its Attributes Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 3rd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 2nd Term Scheme of work for Civic Education, SS1, 1st Term Fundamental Human Rights and Characteristics of Human Rights

Academic Questions in Civic Education

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Concerning cultism in Nigeria, the motto of the pyrates and magnificent seven was _____.

  • A. Against all odds

  • B. Against all limitations

  • C. Against all barriers

  • D. Against all enemies

  • E. Against all conventions

  • F. Against all evils

Regarding honesty, the following statements are correct except _____.

  • A. The act of honesty goes beyond not telling a lie

  • B.  Loyalty is a requirement for honesty

  • C. A honest person is truthful to himself and others

  • D. A person may say a truth and yet be dishonest

  • E. A person becomes dependable when he or she is honest

  • F. None of the above

Which of the following statement is false concerning illiteracy?

  • A. Medical issues like dyslexia and dysorthographia does not contribute to illiteracy in developing nations

  • B. A person who can read and write in Chinese Language but not in English Language is not considered as an illiterate

  • C. According to statistics, about 30% of the world population are illiterate

  • D. A lack of awareness can result to illiteracy

  • E. Cultures that prohibit the education of a girl child will promote illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy generally has a negative effect on the societies or communities where they exist

The following are consequences of illiteracy except _____.

  • A. Increased crime within the society

  • B. Increased rate of child marriage

  • C. Frustration

  • D. Illiterate people may lack knowledge of their fundamental human rights; and thus may not exercise it

  • E. Illiteracy promotes illiteracy

  • F. Illiteracy promotes cooperation although the people lack education

Which of the following is not a fundamental human rights?

  • A. Right to Nationality

  • B. Right to proper Standard of Living

  • C. Right to Behave however we want

  • D. Right to be Happy

  • E. Right to Pay Tax

  • F. Right to become a Celibate

Which of the following isn't a characteristics statement of the human rights?

  • A. They are fundamental

  • B. They are inalienable

  • C. They are non-discriminatory

  • D. They are indivisible

  • E. They are universal

  • F. They are unconnected or separate

A young boy places his values on education; and does everything possible to achieve his educational dreams. This type of value is referred to as _____ value.

  • A. Educational
  • B. Academic
  • C. Positive
  • D. Intrinsic
  • E. Innate
  • F. School

Which of the followings is NOT a correct definition for values in Civic Education?

  • A. Value is a more personal measure of worth
  • B. Value is the esteemed quality which a person attaches to certain ideas, beliefs or principle
  • C. Value is a laid down rule and standard that influences our relationship with people
  • D. Value is the standard principle that is supported by individuals and the society they live in
  • E. None of the above
  • F. All of the above



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What are Human Rights?

All Human Beings are all entitled to some fundamental inalienable, non-discriminatory, indivisible and universal rights which is termed Human Rights.

These Fundamental Rights of humans will allow all human being to live in freedom, equality, fairness, respect, peace and justice.

There is neither discrimination nor distinction in human rights. It doesn't matter if you are are white or black, a Nigerian or a Chinese, male or female, physically challenged or physically complete, rich or poor, Yoruba, Igbo or Hausa, Christian, Muslim or Hindu.

The point is: "we all share the same human rights.

Understanding and exercising our rights as human beings is vital for our social, physical, spiritual and mental development. These rights are present in international law and also, in a country’s constitution.

Note: No one can take your Fundamental Human Rights away from you; although in some special cases, they may be restricted from someone; for instance if such person is considered a threat or perhaps, in the interest of national security.

The means to satisfy the basic human needs (that is, food, water, housing, access to medical facilities and education) are all covered by the Fundamental Human Rights.

In addition, human rights protect us from the brutality and abuse of those in power.


Characteristics of Human Rights

The Rights of all human beings share the following characteristics or features:

  1. Universality: They belong to all human being.

  2. Non-discriminatory: They are the same for all race and tribe, thus should be respected by all without prejudice.

  3. Indivisible: They are connected and cannot be treated in isolation.

  4. Inalienable: They cannot be taken away from any person.

  5. Interconnected: They depend on one another and are connected.


Note: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is the first international document to show the basic, civil, economic, political, social and cultural rights that all human beings must enjoy.

Ratification of the UDHR by the United Nations (UN) was done on December 10, 1948.


Fundamental Human Rights

Below are some of the Fundamental Human

  1. Right to Life.
    Please read on Mary Slessor, the woman who stopped the killing of Twins

  2. Right to freedom, liberty and equality.
    Please read on Gender Equality here

  3. Right to religion and belief.
    Please read the Biblical account of Creation here

  4. Right to food and shelter

  5. Right to Education

  6. Right to a fair trial and to follow the due process of the law.
    Please read on the Judiciary as an Arm of Government

  7. Right to be free from torture.
    Please read on the Harmful Traditional Practices in Nigeria

  8. Right to innocence until proven guilty.
    Please read on the consequences of Adam and Eve's disobedience

  9. Right to belong to a Country (Right to Nationality).
    Please read on the differences between Citizenship and Residence

  10. Right to freedom of thought and speech

  11. Right to live a life free from discrimination

  12. Right to movement

  13. Right to democracy.
    Please read Democracy and Types of Democracy here

  14. Right to equality before the law (No one is above the law).
    Please read on Supremacy of the Constitution here

  15. Right to Marriage.
    Please read on the various Forms of Marriage here

  16. Right to become a celibate

  17. Right to culture.
    Please read on the Nigerian National Symbols here

  18. Right to assemble peacefully

  19. Right to social security (This comprise of the right to education, housing, medical care, good roads, power and child care)

  20. Right to work and get a fair pay

  21. Right to be free from unfair detainment

  22. Right to own anything.
    Please read on Consumer Right and Protection here

  23. Right to vote and to be voted for.
    Please read the Characteristics of Democracy here

  24. Right to asylum

  25. Right to copyright

  26. Right to association

  27. Right to privacy

  28. Right to grow old

  29. Right to be happy

  30. Right to pay tax

  31. Right to relax and play.
    Relax by reading the summary of "The gods are not to blame"

  32. Right to be free from slavery.
    Please read on Herbert Macaulay, the Nigerian Nationalist here

  33. Right to be protected by the law.
    Please read on the Agencies of Consumer Protection here

  34. Right to a proper standard of living

  35. Right to enjoy all the above rights (No one can take away your Fundamental Human Rights from you)

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Civic Education

Canadians are so popular for being incredibly polite. For this reason, the province of Ontario in 2009 passed the 'Apology Act'. The apology act states that:

Saying 'sorry', which can be an expression of sympathy or regret can't legally be considered an admission of guilt or fault


Cooperation can be defined as the process of coming together, working together and helping one another to achieve a common goal

According to A.W Green 

Cooperation is the continuous and common endeavor of two or more persons to perform a task or to reach a goal that is commonly cherished

According to F.E Merrill

Cooperation is a form of social interaction wherein two or more persons work together to gain a common end.

There is this saying from the chairman of Microsoft and it goes thus:

Our success has really been based on partnerships from the very beginning - Bill Gates

Read more on cooperation here

Types of Cooperation:

  • Direct Cooperation
  • Indirect Cooperation
  • Social Cooperation
  • Religious Cooperation
  • Financial Cooperation
  • Community Cooperation
  • Occupational Cooperation

Please read on the details of the types of cooperation here

All human beings are entitled to their rights (Human Rights); but the truth is, we still have got some limitations to some of these rights of ours. Below are 4 limitations:

  1. Soldiers have the right to life but when duty calls, they must be willing to die for their nation if need be.
  2. Although human beings have the right to movement, an insane person may be deprived of this right.
  3. Right to owning a property can be taken away. For instance, if a person is convicted of owning a property through corruption, stealing or another illegal means, such person will be punished in accordance with the law. Their right to those properties will be taken away.
  4. One who uses the right to freedom of speech in bringing about chaos in a democratized society will be penalized by the court of law.

Please on the fundamental human rights here