Agricultural Science

Agricultural tools and their uses - Agricultural machines and their functions

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 12th February, 2019 @ 15:10: PM

Topics in Agricultural Science

Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture Agricultural pest, Crops attacked, their economic importance and control Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (I - O) Agricultural Land: Uses of Land Anatomical and Structural Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Plant Propagation: Sexual Propagation in Plants Pests of Agricultural importance and Crops Attacked Differences between a Plant and a Crop Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria Agricultural tools and their uses - Agricultural machines and their functions Soil Erosion: Types of Soil Erosion


Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A female chicken less than one year old is referred to as a _____.

  • A. Poult
  • B. Pullet
  • C. Poulta
  • D. Chicken
  • E. Hen
  • F. Fowl

Small plants that grow via vegetative propagation from the parent plants are called _____.

  • A. Child Plants
  • B. Crop Plants
  • C. Plant Crops
  • D. Croplets
  • E. Plantlets
  • F. Progeny

The female part of the flower comprising the stigma, style and ovary is the _____.

  • A. Ovule
  • B. Androecium
  • C. Stamen
  • D. Petal
  • E. Sepal
  • F. Pistil

Which of the following food is best preserved through pasteurization?

  • A. Rice
  • B. Beans
  • C. Coconut
  • D. Meat
  • E. Milk
  • F. Tomatoes

The total number of parasites that are present in a host organism is termed  _____.

  • A. Parasite
  • B. Parasite Count
  • C. Parasite Number
  • D. Parasite Load
  • E. Parasite Value
  • F. Parasite Figure

All plants are crops.

TRUE or FALSE

Farm tools and their uses:

Farm tools consist of all the instruments used in farmlands for the purpose of making the farm work easy. Some are simple hand tools which are often manually used on small farmlands while others are large agricutural machines utilized on a much bigger farmlands.

Mechanized farming is the term for describing the use of agricutural machines on farmlands.

Please read on the Definition and Meanings of various Agricutural Terms here.

 

Below are some of the simple farm tools and their uses

 

  • Cutlass

Cutlass - Len Academy

Image Credit: Eikonne

It is used for cutting tree branches, weeds and other plant materials in farmlands.

It is used for digging superficial holes for the planting of seeds.

It can be used for harvesting crops like sugarcane.

Cutlass is also utilized in the planting of crops like melon.

It may also be used in the clearing of bushes.

Please read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.

 

  • Shovel

Shovel - Len Academy

Image Credit: Gumtree

It is used for digging the soil.

It’s also the used to mix the soil and move trash away from it.

 

  • Spade

Spade - Len Academy

Image Credit: Conranshop

It’s very similar to the shovel.

It’s used for mixing and digging the soil.

It can also used for leveling up the soil.

 

  • Hoe

Hoe - Len Academy

Image Credit: Agricuture Solutions

We have a variety of hoes.

They are generally used for tilling the soil

They are used for making trenches in farmlands.

A hoe is utilized in harvesting crops like yam and cocoyam.

They are also used for cutting weeds on farmlands.

Please read on Soil Erosion here.

 

  • Bolo

Bolo - Len Academy

Image Credit: Pinterest

It is used to cut weeds from the soil.

Please read on the Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria here.

 

  • Wheelbarrow

Wheelbarrow - Len Academy

Image Credit: Made in China

It is used for carrying various materials on the farmland from one place to another.

 

  • Rake

Rake - Len Academy

Image Credit: JJS Depot

It is used for removing dirt from the soil.

It’s also used to level the top soil.

 

  • Hand Trowel

Hand Trowel - Len Academy

Image Credit: Botanical Interests

It is used for transplanting seedlings.

Please read on the Methods of Plant Propagation here.

It is also used for mixing and loosening the soil.

It’s also used to mix and loosen the soil.

 

  • Sickle

Sickle - Len Academy

Image Credit: Machete Specialists

A sickle looks like a question mark (?).

It’s used for harvesting plants like rice and wheat.

 

  • Hand Fork

Hand Fork - Len Academy

Image Credit: G & H Direct

It is used for mixing soil and organic matter.

It can also be used for inter-row cultivation.

 

  • Secateurs

Secateurs - Len Academy

Image Credit: Burgon and Ball

It looks like a pair of scissors.

It’s used for trimming flowers and leaves.

It is also used for pruning the branches of shrubs.

 

  • Shears

Shears - Len Academy

Image Credit: Wikipedia

It looks like a big pair of scissors.

It’s used for trimming ornamental plants.

It is also used for pruning trees.

 

  • Axe

Axe - Len Academy

Image Credit: Rei

It is used to cut stems and thick sized branches of trees.

It is also used to divide big stems of trees into smaller parts.

 

  • Pickaxe

Pickaxe - Len Academy

Image Credit: CRKT

A pickaxe consists of a long wooden handle with a sharp double headed thick metallic blade attached at one end.

It is used for digging and breaking up hard soil.

It is also used in uprooting tree stumps.

 

  • Crowbar

Crowbar - Len Academy

Image Credit: Amazon

A crowbar is used for digging out stones or stumps.

It can also function as a lever arm.

 

  • Watering Can / Sprinkler

Watering Can / Sprinkler - Len Academy

Image Credit: STC

It is used for applying water to crops and seedlings.

It’s also used for applying liquid fertilizer on the soil.

Please read on Agricutural Land and their Uses here.

 

  • Sprayers

Sprayers - Len Academy

Image Credit: Frank Nicol

It is used for spreading insecticides on farmlands.

Please read on the Pests of Agricutural Importance here.

 

  • Hammer

Hammer - Len Academy

Image Credit: ArtStation

It is used for joining woods by driving nails into it.

It can also be use to break stones.

Hammers can also be utilized in removing nails from woods.

Please read on Hardwood and Softwood here.

 

  • Mallet

Mallet - Len Academy

Image Credit: Ivan

Mallets are similar to hammers except that its entire body is composed of wood.

It’s used for hitting woods into the ground.


Note: Mechanised Farming is a system of farming whereby agricultural machinery are utilized on farmlands, greatly increasing the farmer's output and productivity.

Please read on the Roles of Government in Agricuture here.

The followings are farm machineries utilized in mechanized farming

 

Tractor: They are used for carrying or hauling different types of large materials from one point to another.


Agricultural Rollers: They are pulled by tractors and are used to level the soil by breaking large clumps of particles on the surface of the soil.


Irrigation Sprinkler: It is used to water large areas of farmland.

You can attempt LEN ACADEMY Examination Questions for Agricutural Science, JSS1, First Term here.


Plough: They are pulled by tractors and help to cultivate the soil, preparing it for sowing.


Cultivator: It helps to efficiently mix the soil with organic fertilizers and other materials.


Reaper: They are also driven by a tractor. The reaper helps to cut crops into 3-4 inches above ground level. The crops are then carried via its conveyor belt. It’s very useful for crops like oats and barley.


Subsoiler: They are tractor driven and are used for tilling the soil. A subsoiler breaks up and loosens the soil.


Harrows: They level and break up the soil's surface.


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len

Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments 🤔

Squirrels do plant more 🌲 trees 🌲 (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them 😁

🐄 Cows 🐄 have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows 🐄 🐄 🐄  is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd


NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Some example of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on Carnivorous Plants here

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