Accounts

Scheme of work, Financial Accounting, SS1, First Term

len Alfred Ajibola - Mon, 17th June, 2019 @ 12:17 PM

Topics in Accounts

Characteristics of Double Entry System Examples on the principle of double entry system Advantages and limitations of double entry system Scheme of work, Financial Accounting, SS1, Third Term Scheme of work, Financial Accounting, SS1, Second Term Scheme of work, Financial Accounting, SS1, First Term Differences between Bookkeeping and Accounting Journal explained with its contents, format, characteristics and advantages Bank Wire and Wire Transfer Chart of Accounts Balance Sheet Reconciliations


Academic Questions in Accounts

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According to the principles of the dual entry system, an increase in asset is credited.

  • A. True

  • B. False

The followings are true on the double entry system of accounting except _____.

  • A. Errors can't be made

  • B. It can be time consuming

  • C. It can be used as an accounting reference

  • D. It can be used to control a company's expenditure

  • E. There is completion of account transaction

  • F. It isn't difficult to implement

With regards to bookkeeping and accounting, which of the following statement is incorrect?

  • A. Accounting covers the entire practice of finance management

  • B. Bookkeeping is a branch of accounting

  • C. Bookkeeping is a necessary requirement when making financial statement of account

  • D. Bookkeepers record financial transaction in a chronological order

  • E. Accountant earn higher salaries than bookkeepers

  • F. Accounting reports assist business managers in making a more detailed decision

The debited and credited accounts are written in which column of a journal?

  • A. Date

  • B. Particulars

  • C. Folio

  • D. Ledger

  • E. Amount

  • F. None of the above

A journal may also be referred to any of the following except _____.

  • A. Book of original entry

  • B. Book of primary entry

  • C. Book of first entry

  • D. Initial book

  • E. Day book

  • F. Chronological book

Which of the following statement is true concerning bank wire?

  • A. Another name for bank wire is cash transfer

  • B. The term 'wire' in bank wire signifies a computer based programmed message sent to a bank customer in regards to their account information, transaction and other important financial notifications

  • C. The International Bank Account Number (IBAN) must always be involved when carrying out a bank wire process

  • D. The term bank wire has no significant relationship with wire transfer

  • E. Cyber criminals cannot utilize bank wire threats like CSRS, phishing and whaling to achieve their fradulent act

  • F. All the above statements are true

The following are recommendations to follow during the process of balance sheet reconciliation EXCEPT _____.

  • A. All balance sheet accounts should be reconciled periodically, quarterly or annually

  • B. Comparing the trial balance of both the payables and receivables with the respective aging schedule

  • C. Analysis of enteries and relocating them to a sub-ledger if need be

  • D. Comparing the general ledger trial balance of the account to another source; for instance, a bank statement

  • E. Analysis of the differences in both accounts and making appropriate correction to ensure the correctness of entered information

  • F. None of the above



Scheme of work (Financial Accounting), SS1, 1st Term:


WEEK 1

Topic: BOOK-KEEPING AND ACCOUNTING

  • Meaning of Accounting

  • History/Origin of Accounting

  • Accounting as a Profession

  • Future prospects of Accounting

  • Users of Accounting Information

  • Accounting Equation

 

WEEK 2

Topic: BOOKKEEPING AND ACCOUNTING

  • The need for Bookkeeping and Accounting

  • Keeping of accounting records as a soul of business

  • Valuation of Stock

  • Valuation of Assets

  • Determine Debtors and Creditors

  • Conservation of Assets

Please read on bookkeeping and accounting here.

 

WEEK 3

Topic: ETHICS OF ACCOUNTING

  • Explain the term Accounting Ethics

  • Accounting Ethics; honesty, transparency, integrity, accountability, fairness, objectivity and trustworthiness

  • Benefits of Accounting Ethics to the profession and society

 

WEEK 4

Topic: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE OF DOUBLE ENTRY

  • Meaning and Definition

  • Principles and Rules of Double Entry

  • Application of the rules with ordinary cash book, format, and preparation

Please read on the principle of double entry here.

 

WEEK 5

Topic: DOUBLE ENTRY/THREE COLUMN

  • Double Column Cash Book with emphasis on Contra-entry

  • The Three Column Cash Book with Discounts well explained

 

WEEK 6

Topic: DOUBLE ENTRY/THREE COLUMN

  • Further treatment of Three Column Cash Book

  • The Ledgers: Meaning and Types

  • Application to Double Entry Bookkeeping from Cash Book

  • Posting of transactions to Ledger

 

WEEK 7

Topic: ANALYTICAL CASH BOOK

  • Meaning / Definition

  • Advantages of Petty Cash Book

  • Analytical Petty Cash Book imprest

Please read on various academic questions and answers here.

 

WEEK 8

Topic: ANALYTICAL CASH BOOK

  • Petty Cash Transactions to the Ledgers

  • Preparations

 

WEEK 9

Topic: SUBSIDIARY BOOKS AND SOURCE DOCUMENTS

  • Meaning of Subsidiary Books and Source Documents

  • Identify and explain Source Documents

  • Match Source Documents to Subsidiary Books

Please read on WAEC Past Questions and Answers for Financial Accounting (2016) here.

 

WEEK 10

Topic: SUBSIDIARY BOOKS AND SOURCE DOCUMENTS

  • Reasons for Subsidiary Books

  • Types of Subsidiary Books

  • Preparation of Subsidiary Books

 

WEEK 11

Topic: TRIAL BALANCE

  • Meaning of Trial Balance

  • >
  • Rules of Trial Balance

  • Uses of Trial Balance

 

WEEK 12

Topic: TRIAL BALANCE

  • Formation layout

  • Preparation of Trial balance

  • Extraction of balances from the Ledger Account

 

WEEK 13
  • Revision

 

WEEK 14
  • Examination

 

Financial Accounting scheme of work, SS1, 2nd term

Financial Accounting scheme of work, SS1, 3rd term

Read topics on Financial Accounting here

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Amazing facts in Accounts

It is believed that bookkeeping is the only English word to contain three sets of double letters repeatedly


Notable points in Accounts

Below are the limitations or disadvantages of double entry system of accounting:

  1. Increased usage (and cost) of books of accounts.

  2. The accounting process can become complex.

  3. Mistakes are possible.

  4. Recruitment and payment of a professional may be required.

  5. It can be time consuming.

Double Entry System - Len Academy

Double entry system of accounting is defined as one that shows recorded transactions at both sides (Debit - Dr.) and (credit - Cr.) of the entries with both having equal values.

Double entry system is also termed as Dual system of accounting.

 

Please read on the advantages of double entry system here.

Bookkeeping can be defined as all the activities that have to do with the orderly classification and recording of financial data or business transaction.

Bookkeeping assist the process of accounting via the taking of an accurate record keeping.

Accountingis a field of study that covers the entire process and practice of managing the finances of an individual or an organization.

In smaller organizations, a bookkeeper’s job may go beyond simple transaction recording, as they may also be involved in the accounting process of the organization. On the other hand, accountants may have to record financial transaction in addition to analyzing financial transaction.

Please read more on bookkeeping and accounting alongside their differences here

Below are the importance of bookkeeping in any organization:

  • It brings accuracy into the recordings of the daily business transaction.

  • They provide the information on which financial accounts are prepared.

  • Aside from its importance in business organizations, it can also be used by nonprofit organizations and individuals.

  • It can also take record of liabilities, assets and loans. This function of bookkeeping can be crucial for many businesses.

Please read more on bookkeeping and accounting here

A journal, also called book of original entry or book of primary entry or book of first entry or day book or chronological book is a book where daily transactions are recorded in a chronological order (the order of occurrence).

A journal contains the total record of all transactions made by a company. It can be distinguished into different types which will include:

  • Sales Journal: For recording inventory and sales.

  • Cash Receipts Journal: For recording money received from sales or cash inventory.

  • Purchase Journal: For recording all purchases made by a company.

  • General Journal and so on.

 

The content of a journal include the followings:

  1. The date when the transaction occurred.

  2. The description of the transaction.

  3. Debits

  4. Credits

  5. Accounts affected