Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 09th January, 2020 @ 08:30: AM

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Tropical and Temperate Savanna:

The location of savanna or grassland (on earth) is an important criteria in determining whether its tropical or temperate. To this end, the tropical savanna are found in the tropics while the temperate savanna are present in the temperate region

Note: The climate determines whether a region is tropical or temperate. This will be highlighted in the characteristics of both types of savanna.

Please read on the Introduction to Savanna here.


Tropical Savanna

The term tropics means "close to the equator". Tropical grasslands are located between 5o North and 20o South of the equator. This region lies between the Tropics of Cancer and the Tropics of Capricorn.

The tropical regions on earth where the grasslands are found include:

  • Central America
  • West Africa
  • Northern Australia
  • Some parts of East Africa
  • North West part of South America
  • South East Asia
  • Within Brazil

Please read on Ecology and Branches of Ecology here.

Characteristics of Tropical Savanna

  1. As the name suggests (grassland), it comprises of tall grasses.
    You can read on Swamp Forests and Types of Swamp Forest here.
  2. The annual temperature range is about 11oC.
    Please read on the Characteristics of Tropical Rainforests here.
  3. The extreme/high temperature ranges from 21oC – 30oC.
    Please read on Types of Desert and their Characteristics here.
  4. The annual rainfall is between 600 – 1500mm.
  5. Presence of few short and widely spaced trees here.
  6. In Africa and Australia, the grasses are called savanna. In Brazil, they are called campos while it's called ilanos in South America.
    Please read on the Concept of an Ecosystem here.
  7. The seasonal convectional rainfall has a single maximum. (Think of a single maximum as a 1 time period within a year where rainfall occurs at its peak).
  8. Examples of trees found in tropical savanna include acacia, baobab and shea-butter.

Please read on the Three main Types of Savanna here.


2. Temperate Grassland

A temperate (grassland) region lies between between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle or between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle. The temperatures here can be quite hot during the summer and extremely cold during winter.

Note: The growing seasons in a temperate grassland has a moderate temperature. They are found in the following areas:

  • North America
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • South Africa
  • Asia

Please read on the Introduction to Biomes here.

Characteristics of Temperate Grassland

  1. It has a very hot summer (with temperatures above 25oC) and cold winter (with temperatures below 0oC).
  2. The vegetation (grasses) is dependent on the continental climate where the temperate grassland is present.
    You can read on the Components of an Ecosystem here.
  3. It has an average rainfall of 510mm.
  4. Heavy rainfall is not usually common here. Instead, the rainfall is light and convectional.
  5. The grasses have a uniform height and are shorter than those of the tropical grassland.
  6. The trees present here are few in numbers.
    You can read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.
  7. The grasses are named differently within the various regions where they are found. The names are:

  • The Downs of Australia
  • The Steppe of Central Europe and Russia
  • The Veld of South Africa
  • The Pampas of Argentina
  • The Prairies of North America

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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