Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 09th January, 2020 @ 08:30: AM

Topics in Biology

Hindbrain: Medulla Oblongata and its features Food web explained with examples Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Seminal Vesicles and Bulbourethral Glands as Male Accessory Sex Organs Male Reproductive System: Scrotum and its contents Brain: Introduction to the Human Brain Forebrain: Lobes of the Cerebrum and their Functions Cerebellum: Parts and Functions of the Cerebellum Midbrain: Division and Functions of the Midbrain Negative Feedback Mechanism in Homeostasis Arterial Disorders: Characteristics and Causes of Arterial Disorders Types of Desert and their Characteristics Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest Swamp Forest: What are Swamp Forests? Characteristics of Swamp Forests Savanna: Savanna and Grassland explained Savanna - Types of Savanna Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics

Academic Questions in Biology

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.

  • A. Homeotherms

  • B. Endotherms

  • C. Poilokitherms

  • D. Ectotherms

  • E. Thermotherms

  • F. None of the above

All reptiles are vertebrates.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.

  • A. Osteocytes
  • B. Chondrocytes
  • C. Chondroblasts
  • D. Osteoclasts
  • E. Osteoprogenitor cells
  • F. Osteoblastic

_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.

  • A. Clavicle
  • B. Scapula
  • C. Patella
  • D. Radius
  • E. Sternum
  • F. Femur

Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?

  • A. Cartilage does not have a direct blood supply while bones have direct blood supply
  • B. The process of ossification replaces a cartilage to bone
  • C. The protein that makes up cartilage is called chondrin while that that makes up bone is called ossein
  • D. Cartilage grows from both ends while bones grow from one of its epiphysis
  • E. They both have living cells within them
  • F. Haversian system is absent in cartilage but present in bones

A diagram showing the movement of energy through a food chain is called a _____.

  • A. Food Chain
  • B. Food Web
  • C. Food Energy
  • D. Food Link
  • E. Food Flow
  • F. Food Pyramid

Which of the following is NOT a part of the wrist bones (or carpal bones)?

  • A. Cuboid
  • B. Scaphoid
  • C. Hamate
  • D. Triquetral
  • E. Pisiform
  • F. Trapezium

The statements below are true concerning arteries except _____.

  • A. The arterial wall has 4 layers

  • B. Tunica Adventitia is the outermost layer of an artery

  • C. Aorta is the largest artery in the human body

  • D. Pulmunary artery conveys deoxygenated blood

  • E. Internal bleeding will occur when a deeply located artery is broken

  • F. Arterial vascular disorders are worsened in people with diabetes and renal failure



Read more on its smart academic features here

Please click here to kindly support education

Tropical and Temperate Savanna:

The location of savanna or grassland (on earth) is an important criteria in determining whether its tropical or temperate. To this end, the tropical savanna are found in the tropics while the temperate savanna are present in the temperate region

Note: The climate determines whether a region is tropical or temperate. This will be highlighted in the characteristics of both types of savanna.

Please read on the Introduction to Savanna here.


Tropical Savanna

The term tropics means "close to the equator". Tropical grasslands are located between 5o North and 20o South of the equator. This region lies between the Tropics of Cancer and the Tropics of Capricorn.

The tropical regions on earth where the grasslands are found include:

  • Central America
  • West Africa
  • Northern Australia
  • Some parts of East Africa
  • North West part of South America
  • South East Asia
  • Within Brazil

Please read on Ecology and Branches of Ecology here.

Characteristics of Tropical Savanna

  1. As the name suggests (grassland), it comprises of tall grasses.
    You can read on Swamp Forests and Types of Swamp Forest here.
  2. The annual temperature range is about 11oC.
    Please read on the Characteristics of Tropical Rainforests here.
  3. The extreme/high temperature ranges from 21oC – 30oC.
    Please read on Types of Desert and their Characteristics here.
  4. The annual rainfall is between 600 – 1500mm.
  5. Presence of few short and widely spaced trees here.
  6. In Africa and Australia, the grasses are called savanna. In Brazil, they are called campos while it's called ilanos in South America.
    Please read on the Concept of an Ecosystem here.
  7. The seasonal convectional rainfall has a single maximum. (Think of a single maximum as a 1 time period within a year where rainfall occurs at its peak).
  8. Examples of trees found in tropical savanna include acacia, baobab and shea-butter.

Please read on the Three main Types of Savanna here.


2. Temperate Grassland

A temperate (grassland) region lies between between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle or between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle. The temperatures here can be quite hot during the summer and extremely cold during winter.

Note: The growing seasons in a temperate grassland has a moderate temperature. They are found in the following areas:

  • North America
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • South Africa
  • Asia

Please read on the Introduction to Biomes here.

Characteristics of Temperate Grassland

  1. It has a very hot summer (with temperatures above 25oC) and cold winter (with temperatures below 0oC).
  2. The vegetation (grasses) is dependent on the continental climate where the temperate grassland is present.
    You can read on the Components of an Ecosystem here.
  3. It has an average rainfall of 510mm.
  4. Heavy rainfall is not usually common here. Instead, the rainfall is light and convectional.
  5. The grasses have a uniform height and are shorter than those of the tropical grassland.
  6. The trees present here are few in numbers.
    You can read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.
  7. The grasses are named differently within the various regions where they are found. The names are:

  • The Downs of Australia
  • The Steppe of Central Europe and Russia
  • The Veld of South Africa
  • The Pampas of Argentina
  • The Prairies of North America

Please click here to follow Len Academy on Google News.

Please like and follow our official facebook page here for great educational write-ups.

You can follow Len Academy on twitter here.Thank you.

Kindly share this article via the links below:


Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

Please Register here or Login here to contribute to this topic by commenting in the box below.


Amazing facts in Biology

🐸 Frogs 🐸 drink water through their skin

Armadillos - Len Academy

Armadillos are western mammals known for their unique armor-like shell which are bulletproof

Polka-dotted zebra - Len Academy

Although 🦓 zebras 🦓 are known for their characteristics black and white stripes, we still have some polka-dotted zebras

Charles Darwin is a British naturalist and biologist who contributed greatly into the study of evolution. According to research, he frequently ate the animals he studied

Lungs are the only human organ that can float on water

Unlike most 🐍 snakes 🐍 that lay eggs, anacondas give birth to live babies

Shrimp - Len Academy

A 🦐 shrimp's 🦐 heart is in its head

Women have more pain receptors than men

It's crucial you finish your antibiotics.

If you stop taking your antibiotics before you're supposed to, any bacteria that didn't get killed can develop an immunity to that antibiotic and become a super-strain, making it much difficult to kill in the future. So keep taking your antibiotics pill, even if you feel better.

Although rare, women can still give birth when they die. This is known as coffin birth


For a thing to be considered Living, it must possess all the Basic Characteristics of Life. These include:

  1. Movement

  2. Respiration

  3. Nutrition

  4. Irritability or Sensitivity

  5. Growth

  6. Excretion

  7. Reproduction

  8. Death

  9. Adaptation

  10. Competition

Please read the explanations on all the Basic Characteristics of Life here

During strenuous exercises like sprinting or 🏃 running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.

This is the concept of anaerobic respiration

Food Chain - Len Academy

A food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.

Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:

  • Terrestrial (Land)
  • Aquatic (Water)
  • Arboreal (🌲 Treetops)

You can read on Food Chain here

The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:

  • Bios: means life.
  • Logos: means knowledge or to study.

Biology can therefore be defined is the study of life

Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism) 🌱🐐🐓. All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:

  1. Movement
  2. Respiration
  3. Nutrition
  4. Irritability or Sensitivity
  5. Growth
  6. Excretion
  7. Reproduction
  8. Death
  9. Adaptation
  10. Competition

The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym (MR. NIGER DAC).

You can read on the introduction to Biology and the basic characteristics of life here

The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2

Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis.

Please read on photosynthesis here

Note: Plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere