English

Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained

len Alfred Ajibola - Thu, 24th January, 2019 @ 5:08 PM

Topics in English

Phrase: Types of Phrase Clause and Types of Clause explained Essay: How to write the major types of essay Nouns, Adjectives and Examples of Nouns formed from Adjectives Homonyms - Meaning and Examples of Homonyms Idioms and Examples of Idioms Synonyms: Meaning and Examples of Synonyms Figures of Speech: Meaning, Examples and Types of Figure of Speech Relative pronouns and compound relative pronouns explained with examples Transitive and Intransitive Verbs explained with Examples Phrase explained with examples Essay: Formal, Semi-Formal and Informal Essays explained


Academic Questions in English

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The acronym Wi-Fi stands for _____.

  • A. Wireless Files

  • B. Wireless Flips

  • C. Wireless Fidelity

  • D. Wireless Freedom

  • E. Wireless and Free

  • F. Wireless Fun

The words massacre and bloodbath are _____.

  • A. Antonyms

  • B. Synonyms

  • C. Homonyms

  • D. Homophones

  • E. Heteronyms

  • F. Heterophone

_____ are words or a phrases or expressions that have an exact or closely related meaning with another word or phrase or expression

  • A. Antonyms

  • B. Synonyms

  • C. Homonyms

  • D. Homophones

  • E. Heteronyms

  • F. Heterophones

A figure of speech that shows a balanced expression written in a reverse order is the _____.

  • A. Oxymoron

  • B. Hyperbole

  • C. Onomatopoeia

  • D. Synecdoche

  • E. Anaphora

  • F. Chiasmus

The little giant is here

The figure of speech used in the above instance is _____.

  • A. Oxymoron

  • B. Hyperbole

  • C. Onomatopoeia

  • D. Synecdoche

  • E. Anaphora

  • F. Chiasmus

_____ is a figure of speech that uses two main words 'as and 'like' as a source of comparison between two things that normally do not have anything in common.

  • A. Metaphor

  • B. Irony

  • C. Simile

  • D. Oxymoron

  • E. Personification

  • F. Hyperbole

Tell whoever may ask that I am not interested

Whoever as used in the above sentence is a _____.

  • A. Simple relative pronoun

  • B. Compound relative pronoun

  • C. Complex relative pronoun

  • D. Complicated relative pronoun

  • E. Universal relative pronoun

  • F. Base relative pronoun

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning relative pronouns?

  • A. They refer to a noun that had been previously mentioned

  • B. They introduce relative clauses

  • C. They can function as an object in a sentence

  • D. They can function as a partial noun in a sentence

  • E. They can function as a possessive pronoun in a sentence

  • F. They can function as a subject in a sentence

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What are Essays?

Often times as students, we are asked to write essays. The word essay is derived from the Latin word 'exagium', which means to present one’s case.

An essay is defined as a short piece of writing on a particular subject; with an expression of one's perspective.

Through an essay, one is able to:

  1. Narrate an experience

  2. Present his or her side of a story

  3. Tell a story

  4. Explain or expose some hidden details about a story

Generally, essays are expressed or written in 3 forms. These are:

 

1. Formally (Formal Essays)

Formal essays are not personal. In terms of writing, they usually follow a specific form, structure and pattern, although this may still vary based on the type of essay.

To properly write a formal essay, the subject of such essay becomes the main focus; thus there is no need for excessive salutation or 'beating around the bush' in this form of essay writing.

We will often write formal essays for official, professional, governmental or academic purposes. Take for instance, when one sees an employment opening for his or her dream job, such person will need to write a formal essay to the hiring manager.

Note: Slangs, idiomatic expressions and colloquialism are not required when writing a formal essay.

Please read on slang and other Figures of Speech.

In the course of writing a formal essay, it is recommended not to use the 'first person pronouns' as a form of reference.

First person pronoun include words like - I, We, He, She and so on. Consider the instance below:

  • Instead of writing: I made fifty percent increase in sales during my first year. (Informal).
  • We could write: Sales was increased by fifty percent during the first year. (Formal).
  • Please read on Relative Pronouns here.


Also, it is recommended we avoid contraction or shortening of words in formal essays. For instance:

Note: Formal essays are polite in writing and neutral in style. The salutation in formal essays will typically begin with 'Dear Sir / Madam' and end with 'Yours Faithfully' followed by your signature and your name.

 

2. Informally (Informal Essays)

Informal essays do not follow a specified set of structure. This is so because they are typically written to a friend, relative or a family member.

Since they are often personal, an informal essay may contain some element of humor. To this end, slang, idiomatic expressions and contractions can be used here because you are are writing to a friend or loved one.

Please read more on Idioms here.

The salutation of an informal essay will usually begin with 'Dear Name' and end with something special; for instance, 'Yours Ever', 'Yours Truly' and so on.

 

3. Semi-Formally (Semi-Formal Essays)

Semi-formal essays have some of the characteristics a formal and an informal essay. They are generally written to groups we know about and are part of.

Such written essays will be read to the members of such group. Take for instance, one who belongs to a group may write a semi-formal essay to such group regarding an assignment, a project or a report.

Please read on Phrases and Clauses here.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in English

Cat furnishings - Len Academy

The furry tufts of hair inside a cat's ear are called ear furnishings

There are only four words in the English language that end in 'dous'. These are:

  • Tremendous 

  • Horrendous

  • Stupendous

  • Hazardous

The only English word that ends with the letters 'mt' is dreamt and its derivatives; that is: undreamt, daydreamt, and redreamt

Los Angeles is America's second largest city. It's original name is 'El Pueblo de Nuestra Señora la Reina de los Ángeles del Río Porciúncula'. In English language, this means: 'Town of our Lady the Queen of Angels of the River Porciúncula'

If you close your eyes in a completely dark room. When you open them, the color you see is called eigengrau, which means intrinsic gray

I.e is an abbreviation for id est which means 'that is,'

E.g is an abbreviation for exempli gratia which means 'for the sake of example,'

You can read all of Wikipedia's content offline by downloading it's database. Below is the link to download Wikipedia's database:

Download Wikipedia's Database here

Bacteria is a plural word. Its singular is Bacterium

That smell that comes after a rain has a name. It's called petrichor

The word 'orange' does not rhyme with any other word in the dictionary


NOTABLE POINTS IN English

Homonyms are words with the same spellings, same sounds but different meanings.

Below are some sentences containing homonyms with their respective meanings:

  • Keen

We have a keen match against Ronaldo’s team and Messi seems to be keen.

Keen: An involvement of people competing very hard for something.

Keen: Very interested in something.

  • Tear

Regardless the tear you shed, Mr. Frank will still tear your examination scripts.

Tear: The drop of liquid that comes out from a person's eye when they cry.

Tear: To damage something by pulling or cutting it apart.

  • Jot

There isn't any jot of truth in what he said, so I didn't jot anything down.

Jot: A very small amount of something

Jot: To write something quickly

Please read more on homonyms here

Certain words in English language appear to be similar but are quite different in meaning.

The table below shows some examples:

 Childlike

 Childish

 Stimulus

 Stimulant

 Destructible

 Destructive

 Negligible

 Negligent

 Comprehensible

 Comprehensive


Synonyms should not be confused with the above instance. They are different words with similar meanings.

Please read more on synonyms here.

Some words always exist in the plural form. Examples of such words are:

  • Scissors
  • Shears
  • Alms
  • News
  • Trousers

Possessive adjective tells you the owner of a thing. For instance;

This is his car.

'His' in the above statement is describing him as the owner of the car; and this makes 'his' a possessive adjective.

That is your bag.

'Your' is a possessive adjective in the above statement.

Note: An adjective is a word that describes a noun.

Possessive pronouns show possession.

A possessive pronoun will always correspond with each of the personal pronouns. For Instance:

I own the book. ('I' is a personal pronoun)

The book is mine. ('Mine' is the possessive pronoun)

She owns a car. ('She' is a personal pronoun)

The car is hers. ('Hers' is the possessive pronoun)