Biology

Desert Biome: What is a Desert?

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 29th May, 2019 @ 16:45: PM

Topics in Biology

Food web explained with examples Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Seminal Vesicles and Bulbourethral Glands as Male Accessory Sex Organs Male Reproductive System: Scrotum and its contents Brain: Introduction to the Human Brain Forebrain: Lobes of the Cerebrum and their Functions Cerebellum: Parts and Functions of the Cerebellum Midbrain: Division and Functions of the Midbrain Negative Feedback Mechanism in Homeostasis Arterial Disorders: Characteristics and Causes of Arterial Disorders Types of Desert and their Characteristics Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest Swamp Forest: What are Swamp Forests? Characteristics of Swamp Forests Savanna: Savanna and Grassland explained Savanna - Types of Savanna Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics Introduction to Biomes: What is a Biome?


Academic Questions in Biology

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The final organisms in a food chain are best referred to as _____.

  • A. saprophytes

  • B. parasites

  • C. commensals

  • D. decomposers

  • E. tertiary consumers

  • F. quatenary consumers

Which of the following is a category of long bones?

  • A. Stunted long bones
  • B. Reduced long bones
  • C. Giant long bones
  • D. Bended long bones
  • E. Curved long bones
  • F. Elongated long bones

The end product of photosynthesis is _____.

  • A. O2
  • B. C​​​​​​2​​​​C5OH
  • C. H2​​​​​O
  • D. CO2
  • E. C6H12O6
  • F. C2H5COOH

The above diagram illustrates a _____.

  • A. Food Chain
  • B. Food Web
  • C. Food Pyramid
  • D. Food Link
  • E. Food Hub
  • F. Food zone

The living cells that makes up cartilages are called _____.

  • A. osteocytes
  • B. osteoblasts
  • C. osteoclasts
  • D. chondroblasts
  • E. chrondocytes
  • F. Osteoprogenitor cells

Which of the following statement is incorrect with regards to chitin?

  • A. Ecdysis is a term associated with chitin
  • B. It is a skeletal material
  • C. It is a type of skeleton
  • D. It is present outside the organism
  • E. It does not grow when the organism grows
  • It is present in ants

Which of the following is NOT a function of the human skeleton?

  • A. Gives Shape
  • B. Provides Protection
  • C. Aids in Locomotion
  • D. Supports Movement
  • E. Assists in Inhalation and Exahalation
  • F. None of the above
  • G. All of the above

Organisms that manufacture their own food through the help of sunlight or chemicals are best referred to as _____.

  • A. autotrophs
  • B. chemosynthetic
  • C. photosynthentic
  • D. chemoautotrophs
  • E. photoautotrophs
  • F. chemoautotrophs

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Deserts:

Deserts are often referred to as dry land or arid land or a land with very little water. Alongside the tropical rainforest, savanna and swamp forests, the deserts are also considered as a part of the major biomes of the world.

Please read on the Concept of a Biome here.

Most people may have imagined all deserts to be very hot and dry. In reality, not all deserts are hot and dry. In fact, some deserts are actually cold and will remain cold throughout the year. An example of a cold desert is the Antarctica.

Please read on the Tropical Rainforest Biome and its Characteristics here.

The desert environment is often characterized by very hot temperatures (at summer) and cold temperatures (at winter); with little or no annual (yearly) rainfall. In most cases, its annual rainfall is always lesser that 25 centimeters. In fact, the rate at which evaporation occurs in a desert exceeds its annual rainfall.

You can read on the Swamp Forests here.

Note: An environment is defined as all external factors, internal factors, living factors and non-living factors that affect an organism. For instance, the soil, heat, air, water, plants and animals present in a desert constitutes the desert environment.

The living factors in an environment are often referred to as the biotic factors or biotic component while the non living factors are referred to as the abiotic factors or component.

Please read more on the Components of an Ecosystem here.

Below is an image of a desert environment: (Notice a scarcity of biotic components on the desert ecosystem). This is a result of its extreme temperatures.

Desert - Len Academy

Certain plants live and survive in the desert. These are termed xerophytes. Xerophytes have got adaptive features that enables them to survive on soils that lack water.

Please read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.

Note: Some animal have adaptive features that enables them to survive in the desert. Examples include insects, snakes, camel and donkeys.

Deserts are found on each of earth's continent. They cover about one fifth of the earth's lithosphere and will often stretch from one country into another.

Please read on the Types of Desert and their Characteristics here.

Below are examples of deserts, the countries where they are present and their respective continent:

  • Sahara Desert - (World's largest hottest desert located in North Africa) Africa
  • Namib Desert - (Namibia and Angola) Africa
  • Great Sandy Desert - Australia
  • Great Australian Desert - Australia
  • Kahalari Desert - (Botswana, Namibia and South Africa) Africa
  • Gobi Desert - (Mongolia and China) Asia
  • Chihuahua Desert - (Mexico and USA) North America
  • Sonoran Desert - (USA) North America
  • Mojave Desert - (USA) North America
  • Great Basin Desert - (USA) North America
  • Thar Desert - (India and Pakistan) Asia
  • Arabian Desert - Saudi Arabia
  • Atacama Desert - (Chile) South America
  • Patagonia Desert - (Argentina) South America

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Biology

Male Seahorses actually give birth to their young ones, NOT the female

All babies are born with blue eyes

Research made at the University of Vienna suggested that yawning may play an essential role in cooling the brains

All voluntary and concious activity of right handed people are controlled from the left part or hemisphere of the brain

A snail can actually sleep for 3 years 😁

An adult human being is composed of about 60% water. In fact, a newly born baby is composed of about 80% of water. This will drop to 65% after a year and finally to about 60% as the child ages

Without saliva, food can never be enjoyed. Food becomes tasteless since saliva is needed to dissolve the chemicals present in food onto the tongue’s taste buds.

Saliva also contains an enzyme called salivary amylase or "ptyalin" which helps to digest cooked starch to maltose. Maltose is a double sugar or disaccharide. Please read on sugars here


NOTABLE POINTS IN Biology

For a thing to be considered Living, it must possess all the Basic Characteristics of Life. These include:

  1. Movement

  2. Respiration

  3. Nutrition

  4. Irritability or Sensitivity

  5. Growth

  6. Excretion

  7. Reproduction

  8. Death

  9. Adaptation

  10. Competition

Please read the explanations on all the Basic Characteristics of Life here

During strenuous exercises like sprinting or 🏃 running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.

This is the concept of anaerobic respiration

A food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.

Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:

  • Terrestrial (Land)
  • Aquatic (Water)
  • Arboreal (🌲 Treetops)

You can read on Food Chain here

The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:

  • Bios: means life. 
  • Logos: means knowledge or to study.

Biology can therefore be defined is the study of life

Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism) 🌱🐐🐓. All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:

  1. Movement
  2. Respiration
  3. Nutrition
  4. Irritability or Sensitivity
  5. Growth
  6. Excretion
  7. Reproduction
  8. Death
  9. Adaptation
  10. Competition

The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym (MR. NIGER DAC).

You can read on the introduction to Biology and the basic characteristics of life here

The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2. 

Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis. Please read on photosynthesis here

Note: Plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere