Topics in BiologyBiology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Seminal Vesicles and Bulbourethral Glands as Male Accessory Sex Organs Male Reproductive System: Scrotum and its contents Brain: Introduction to the Human Brain Forebrain: Lobes of the Cerebrum and their Functions Cerebellum: Parts and Functions of the Cerebellum Midbrain: Division and Functions of the Midbrain Negative Feedback Mechanism in Homeostasis Arterial Disorders: Characteristics and Causes of Arterial Disorders Types of Desert and their Characteristics Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest Swamp Forest: What are Swamp Forests? Characteristics of Swamp Forests Savanna: Savanna and Grassland explained Savanna - Types of Savanna Tropical Savanna and Temperate Savanna with their Characteristics Introduction to Biomes: What is a Biome? Importance of Swamp Forests
Academic Questions in Biology
Which of the following is a category of long bones?
The end product of photosynthesis is _____.
The above diagram illustrates a _____.
The living cells that makes up cartilages are called _____.
Which of the following statement is incorrect with regards to chitin?
Which of the following is NOT a function of the human skeleton?
Organisms that manufacture their own food through the help of sunlight or chemicals are best referred to as _____.
Organisms that begins a food chain and also manufacture their food through photosynthesis are best referred to as _____.
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All savannas (or grasslands) share one underlying factor and that's climate. In fact, it is the nature of their climate that give rise to grasses as their dominant plant population.
Savanna (also spelt as savannah) are often referred to as grasslands.
Generally, the savanna can be put into 3 types. These are:
Note: We also have other types of savanna based on their regions or location. Some of these includes:
Climatic savannas are formed as result of their climate. In fact, most savannas seen around the world are climatic in nature. These will include the tropical savanna and temperate savanna.
The climate of a savanna biome is usually comprised of two seasons. These are: the dry (windy) season and the wet (rainy) season.
During the dry season, the biotic (living) components of the savanna which include plants (especially grasses) and various animals disappears. This is so because wild fires are common during this period. As a result, the grasses are burnt up while the animals run away or burrow themselves deep into the soil as means of survival.
Note: During this period, the savanna is laid bare. For this reason, most trees cannot survive in the savanna as a result of the long dry seasons. However, the grasses are adapted to survive due to their methods of propagation and short life cycles.
It is these departed plants and animals that eventually constitutes the savanna ecosystem.
When the rains come (during the wet seasons), the spores and seeds of the grasses germinate and flourishes once again while the various animals migrate here (savanna) to graze on them. In addition, the rivers and lakes become filled up as life resumes to its fullest in the savanna.
It is the climatic conditions of the savanna that gives rise to its nature of biotic community and ecosystem. In short, this is what differentiates the savanna from other biomes like the tropical rainforests and deserts.
The word Edaphic relates to the soil. Edaphic savannas are formed based on the nature and type of soil present within it.
Typically, the soil as seen in edaphic savanna isn't quite rich in nutrients. It is also not deep enough and as a result, the growth of trees aren't supported here. Conversely, grasses can adapt and flourish here because of their inherent survival characteristics to soils will poor nutrients.
Edaphic savannas are typically smaller when compared to climatic savanna. In addition, they are often found in regions with lesser annual rainfall and warmer climate.
As the name implies, these savannas are derived from other types of biomes.
As an instance, the government of a nation may decide to clear out a forest area, converting it into a savanna. To this end, they will probably cut down all the trees and plant grasses in replacement, thus making it a derived grassland.
It has also been reported that the grazing actions of African elephants have given rise to derived savanna in areas that initially had a good population of trees and other plants.
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Amazing facts in Biology
Male Seahorses actually give birth to their young ones, NOT the female
All babies are born with blue eyes
Research made at the University of Vienna suggested that yawning may play an essential role in cooling the brains
All voluntary and concious activity of right handed people are controlled from the left part or hemisphere of the brain
A snail can actually sleep for 3 years 😁
An adult human being is composed of about 60% water. In fact, a newly born baby is composed of about 80% of water. This will drop to 65% after a year and finally to about 60% as the child ages
Without saliva, food can never be enjoyed. Food becomes tasteless since saliva is needed to dissolve the chemicals present in food onto the tongue’s taste buds.
Saliva also contains an enzyme called salivary amylase or "ptyalin" which helps to digest cooked starch to maltose. Maltose is a double sugar or disaccharide. Please read on sugars here
NOTABLE POINTS IN Biology
For a thing to be considered Living, it must possess all the Basic Characteristics of Life. These include:
Irritability or Sensitivity
During strenuous exercises like sprinting or 🏃 running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.
This is the concept of anaerobic respiration
A food Chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.
Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:
The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:
Biology can therefore be defined is the study of life
Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism) 🌱🐐🐓. All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:
The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym (MR. NIGER DAC).
The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2.
Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis. Please read on photosynthesis here
Note: Plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere