Topics in BiologyTropical savanna explained with its characteristics Ecological pyramid explained with its importance and limitations Hindbrain: Medulla Oblongata and its features Food web explained with examples Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Male accessory sex organs: Seminal vesicles and bulbourethral glands Scrotum and its contents: Testicles Brain: Introduction to the human brain Forebrain: Lobes of the cerebrum and their functions Cerebellum: Parts and functions of the cerebellum Midbrain: Division and functions of the midbrain Negative feedback mechanism in homeostasis Arterial disorders explained with their causes Types of desert and their characteristics Characteristics of tropical rainforest Swamp forest: What are swamp forests? Characteristics of swamp forests Savanna biome: Concept of the savanna
Academic Questions in Biology
In a food chain, the primary consumers are classified under trophic level _____.
Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.
F. None of the above
All reptiles are vertebrates.
_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.
_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.
Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?
A diagram showing the movement of energy through a food chain is called a _____.
Which of the following is NOT a part of the wrist bones (or carpal bones)?
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A swamp forest is a wetland dominated by woody trees and a variety of animals. Swamp forests may also be referred to as flooded forests.
Swamp forest is one of the biomes alongside tropical rainforests, savanna, deserts and montane forests. Recall that a biome refers to the largest natural community of different organisms living and interacting together in the same environment.
The variety of organisms that make up a biome are referred to as 'biotic community'. The biotic community found in one biome (swamp forest for instance) will be quite different from those found in another biome, for example savanna.
Swamp forests are found all around the world especially in the tropical region (tropics) and along the coastal regions (or regions containing water sources like rivers, seas, springs and lakes). These regions of swamp forests will typically have a poor drainage system accompanied with enough water supply via rainfall and surrounding water bodies.
Although swamp forests and marshlands have got a significant amount of water on their soils, both are not particularly the same, especially with regards to their type of vegetation. The vegetations of swamp forest are usually dominated by trees (including mangrove) while a marshland will largely consist of grasses and herbaceous plants.
You can think of mangrove as a tropical tree that grows in swampy or waterlogged or tidal swamp areas with their tangled roots located above ground.
The mangrove trees typically make up a significant amount of tropical rainforests and swamp forests vegetation.
The image below shows a swamp forest alongside its mangrove vegetation. (Notice the nature of roots possessed by these trees):
Understand that the term 'swamp' and 'forest' are always associated with 'water' and 'trees' respectively. For this reason, swamp forest is characterized with a waterlogged soil and trees. Also, a river present within valleys will likely have swamp forests along both of its sides.
In Africa, swamps are present along the river mouths in south, west and east Africa respectively.
Within Nigeria, they are found in Niger Delta states like (Rivers, Delta, Edo, Akwa-Ibom, Cross River and Bayelsa). They are also abundant in south west states like Lagos, Ogun and Ondo states respectively.
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Amazing facts in Biology
99% of a panda's diet is bamboo. They may eat fish or other small animals occasionally
When attacked by insects, lima beans plant will often command parasitic wasps to their defence.
When the leaves of the lima bean's leaves are eaten by insects, the plant gives off a substance that signals parasitic wasps to swam in, destroying its enemies (the leaf-eating insects) in the process
Frogs drink water through their skin
Armadillos are western mammals known for their unique armor-like shell which are bulletproof
Although zebras are known for their characteristics black and white stripes, we still have some polka-dotted zebras
Charles Darwin is a British naturalist and biologist who contributed greatly into the study of evolution. According to research, he frequently ate the animals he studied
Lungs are the only human organ that can float on water
Unlike most snakes that lay eggs, anacondas give birth to live babies
A shrimp's heart is in its head
Women have more pain receptors than men
NOTABLE POINTS IN Biology
For a thing to be considered living, it must possess all the basic characteristics of life. These include:
Irritability or Sensitivity
During strenuous exercises like sprinting or running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.
This is the concept of anaerobic respiration
A food chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.
Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:
The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:
Bios: means life.
Logos: means knowledge or to study.
Biology can therefore be defined as the study of life
Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism). All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:
Irritability or Sensitivity
The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym -> MR. NIGER DAC.
The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2
Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis.
It is noteworthy to state that plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere