Biology

Desert Biome: What is a desert? Examples of desert

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 29th May, 2019 @ 4:45 PM

Topics in Biology

Ecological pyramid explained with its importance and limitations Hindbrain: Medulla Oblongata and its features Food web explained with examples Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, First Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 2nd Term Biology Scheme of Work, SS1, 3rd Term Seminal Vesicles and Bulbourethral Glands as Male Accessory Sex Organs Scrotum and its contents: Testicles Brain: Introduction to the Human Brain Forebrain: Lobes of the Cerebrum and their Functions Cerebellum: Parts and Functions of the Cerebellum Midbrain: Division and Functions of the Midbrain Negative Feedback Mechanism in Homeostasis Arterial Disorders: Characteristics and Causes of Arterial Disorders Types of Desert and their Characteristics Characteristics of Tropical Rainforest Swamp Forest: What are Swamp Forests? Characteristics of Swamp Forests Savanna: Savanna and Grassland explained Savanna - Types of Savanna


Academic Questions in Biology

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

In a food chain, the primary consumers are classified under trophic level  _____.

  • A. Zero

  • B. One

  • C. Two

  • D. Three

  • E. Four

  • F. Five

Cold blooded animals are referred to as _____.

  • A. Homeotherms

  • B. Endotherms

  • C. Poilokitherms

  • D. Ectotherms

  • E. Thermotherms

  • F. None of the above

All reptiles are vertebrates.

  • A. True

  • B. False

_____ cells are responsible for the formation of osteoblasts.

  • A. Osteocytes
  • B. Chondrocytes
  • C. Chondroblasts
  • D. Osteoclasts
  • E. Osteoprogenitor cells
  • F. Osteoblastic

_____ is a bone that constitute the axial skeleton.

  • A. Clavicle
  • B. Scapula
  • C. Patella
  • D. Radius
  • E. Sternum
  • F. Femur

Which of the following is false concerning cartilages and bones?

  • A. Cartilage does not have a direct blood supply while bones have direct blood supply
  • B. The process of ossification replaces a cartilage to bone
  • C. The protein that makes up cartilage is called chondrin while that that makes up bone is called ossein
  • D. Cartilage grows from both ends while bones grow from one of its epiphysis
  • E. They both have living cells within them
  • F. Haversian system is absent in cartilage but present in bones

A diagram showing the movement of energy through a food chain is called a _____.

  • A. Food Chain
  • B. Food Web
  • C. Food Energy
  • D. Food Link
  • E. Food Flow
  • F. Food Pyramid

Which of the following is NOT a part of the wrist bones (or carpal bones)?

  • A. Cuboid
  • B. Scaphoid
  • C. Hamate
  • D. Triquetral
  • E. Pisiform
  • F. Trapezium

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Deserts:

Deserts are often referred to as dry land, arid land or a land with very little water. Alongside the tropical rainforest, savanna and swamp forests, the deserts are also considered as a part of the major biomes of the world.

Please read the concept of a biome here.

Most people may have imagined all deserts to be very hot and dry. In reality, not all deserts are hot and dry. In fact, some deserts are actually cold and will remain cold throughout the year. An example of a cold desert is the Antarctica.

Please read on the tropical rainforest and its characteristics here.


The desert environment is often characterized by very hot temperatures (at summer) and cold temperatures (at winter); with little or no annual (yearly) rainfall. In most cases, its annual rainfall is always lesser that 25 centimeters. In fact, the rate at which evaporation occurs in a desert exceeds its annual rainfall.

You can read on swamp forests here.

Note: An environment is defined as all external factors, internal factors, living factors and non-living factors that affect an organism. For instance, the soil, heat, air, water, plants and animals present in a desert constitutes the desert environment.

The living factors in an environment are referred to as the biotic factors or biotic components while the non living factors are referred to as the abiotic factors or components.

Please read more on the components of an ecosystem here.


Below is an image of a desert environment. Notice a scarcity of biotic components on the desert ecosystem. This is a result of its extreme temperatures.

Desert - Len Academy

Certain plants live and survive in the desert. These are termed xerophytes. Xerophytes have got adaptive features that enables them to survive on soils that lack water. Pineapple and cactus plant are examples of xerophyte.

Please read on the differences between plants and crops here.

Meanwhile, understand that animals and plants have adaptive features that enables them to survive in the desert. Examples of desert animals include insects, snakes, camel and donkeys.

Deserts are found on each of earth's continent. They cover about one fifth of the earth's lithosphere and will often stretch from one country into another.

Please read on the types of desert and their characteristics here.


Below are examples of deserts, the countries where they are present and their respective continent:

  • Sahara Desert - (World's largest hottest desert located in North Africa) Africa
  • Namib Desert - (Namibia and Angola) Africa
  • Great Sandy Desert - Australia
  • Great Australian Desert - Australia
  • Kahalari Desert - (Botswana, Namibia and South Africa) Africa
  • Gobi Desert - (Mongolia and China) Asia
  • Chihuahua Desert - (Mexico and USA) North America
  • Sonoran Desert - (USA) North America
  • Mojave Desert - (USA) North America
  • Great Basin Desert - (USA) North America
  • Thar Desert - (India and Pakistan) Asia
  • Arabian Desert - Saudi Arabia
  • Atacama Desert - (Chile) South America
  • Patagonia Desert - (Argentina) South America

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Biology

Panda eating bamboo - Len Academy

99% of a panda's diet is bamboo. They may eat fish or other small animals occasionally

When attacked by insects, lima beans plant will often command parasitic wasps to their defence.

When the leaves of the lima bean's leaves are eaten by insects, the plant gives off a substance that signals parasitic wasps to swam in, destroying its enemies (the leaf-eating insects) in the process

Frogs drink water through their skin

Armadillos - Len Academy

Armadillos are western mammals known for their unique armor-like shell which are bulletproof

Polka-dotted zebra - Len Academy

Although zebras are known for their characteristics black and white stripes, we still have some polka-dotted zebras

Charles Darwin is a British naturalist and biologist who contributed greatly into the study of evolution. According to research, he frequently ate the animals he studied

Lungs are the only human organ that can float on water

Unlike most snakes that lay eggs, anacondas give birth to live babies

Shrimp - Len Academy

A shrimp's heart is in its head

Women have more pain receptors than men


NOTABLE POINTS IN Biology

For a thing to be considered living, it must possess all the basic characteristics of life. These include:

  1. Movement

  2. Respiration

  3. Nutrition

  4. Irritability or Sensitivity

  5. Growth

  6. Excretion

  7. Reproduction

  8. Death

  9. Adaptation

  10. Competition

Please read the explanations on all the basic characteristics of life here

During strenuous exercises like sprinting or running, your body may actually work in the shortage of oxygen. During this time, your body owes oxygen (called oxygen debt) and it must be replenished or repayed after the exercise is stopped. This is why you breathe excess of oxygen after you stopped the exercise.

This is the concept of anaerobic respiration

Food Chain - Len Academy

A food chain is a diagram that shows the relationship between plants and animals within a habitat on the basis of how they rely on each other for food.

Note: Habitat is a place where an organism live. It is of three types:

  • Terrestrial (Land)
  • Aquatic (Water)
  • Arboreal (Treetops)

You can read on food chain here

The term Biology originated from two Greek words. They are:

  • Bios: means life.

  • Logos: means knowledge or to study.

Biology can therefore be defined as the study of life

Anything that has life is generally considered as a living organism (or organism). All living organisms must be able to carry the following activities:

  1. Movement

  2. Respiration

  3. Nutrition

  4. Irritability or Sensitivity

  5. Growth

  6. Excretion

  7. Reproduction

  8. Death

  9. Adaptation

  10. Competition

The above listed points are often regarded as the basic characteristics of life. You can memorize them using the acronym -> MR. NIGER DAC.

You can read on the introduction to biology and the basic characteristics of life here

The gas used in the manufacture of food by plants is Carbon dioxide or Carbon(IV)oxide or CO2

Plants manufacture food through a process called photosynthesis.

Please read on photosynthesis here

It is noteworthy to state that plants are the only orgnisms that take away CO2 from the atmosphere