Desert and Swamp Forest - Types of Desert, Characteristics of Deserts and Swamps

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 29th May, 2019 @ 16:45: PM

Topics in Biology

Male Reproductive System: External and Internal Male Genitals Male accessory sex organs Food Chain, Food Web and Food Pyramid Skeleton, Type of Skeletal Materials and Differences between Cartilages and Bones Bones - Types of Bone Bones and Type of Bone part 2 Red Blood Cells and Hemoglobin Tropical Rainforest and Savanna with their characteristics Desert and Swamp Forest - Types of Desert, Characteristics of Deserts and Swamps Plant Nutrition and Photosynthesis - Autotrophic mode of Nutrition Amazing facts in Biology Protists - Examples and Characteristics of Protists Reptiles - Characteristics of Reptiles Homeostasis and Negative Feedback Mechanism Arteries, Layers of an Artery and Characteristics of Arterial Disorders Introduction to Biology - Basic Characteristics of Life

Academic Questions in Biology

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Which of the following is a category of long bones?

  • A. Stunted long bones
  • B. Reduced long bones
  • C. Giant long bones
  • D. Bended long bones
  • E. Curved long bones
  • F. Elongated long bones

The end product of photosynthesis is _____.

  • A. O2
  • B. C​​​​​​2​​​​C5OH
  • C. H2​​​​​O
  • D. CO2
  • E. C6H12O6
  • F. C2H5COOH

The above diagram illustrates a _____.

  • A. Food Chain
  • B. Food Web
  • C. Food Pyramid
  • D. Food Link
  • E. Food Hub
  • F. Food zone

The living cells that makes up cartilages are called _____.

  • A. osteocytes
  • B. osteoblasts
  • C. osteoclasts
  • D. chondroblasts
  • E. chrondocytes
  • F. Osteoprogenitor cells

Which of the following statement is incorrect with regards to chitin?

  • A. Ecdysis is a term associated with chitin
  • B. It is a skeletal material
  • C. It is a type of skeleton
  • D. It is present outside the organism
  • E. It does not grow when the organism grows
  • It is present in ants

Which of the following is NOT a function of the human skeleton?

  • A. Gives Shape
  • B. Provides Protection
  • C. Aids in Locomotion
  • D. Supports Movement
  • E. Assists in Inhalation and Exahalation
  • F. None of the above
  • G. All of the above

Organisms that manufacture their own food through the help of sunlight or chemicals are best referred to as _____.

  • A. autotrophs
  • B. chemosynthetic
  • C. photosynthentic
  • D. chemoautotrophs
  • E. photoautotrophs
  • F. chemoautotrophs

Organisms that begins a food chain and also manufacture their food through photosynthesis are best referred to as _____.

  • A. heterotrophs
  • B. autotrophs
  • C. homotrophs
  • D. producers
  • E. photosynthetic
  • F. chemosynthetic

Deserts and Swamp Forest:

Alongside the tropical rainforest and savanna; the desert and swamp forests are also considered as a part of the major biomes of the world.

Recall that a biome, also called a biotic community is the largest natural community of different organisms interacting and living in the same environment.

Think of a biotic community as all the various living organisms that constitute an environment.

Having an understanding of the various biomes of the world will give you a better understanding of the biotic (living) community in their respective biomes.

You can read on the Tropical Rainforest and Savanna here

Now let’s take a look at the desert and swamp forest.


a. Desert

Deserts are often considered to be dry land or arid land or a land with very little water.

Below is an image of a desert:

Desert - Len Academy
Image Credit: World Wildlife

The desert environment is usually very hot; with very little or no annual (yearly) rainfall.

An environment is defined as all external factors, internal factors, living factors and non-living factors that affect an organism.

The heat, air, water, food, objects around us, animals around us, people around us, plants and so on; all constitutes or make up our environment.

The living factors in an environment are sometimes referred to as the biotic factors or component while the non living factors are referred to as the abiotic factors or component.

Please read on the Basic Introduction to Biology here

Deserts can be classified into 2 types. They are:

  1. Hot Deserts
  2. Cold Deserts


1. Hot Deserts

The hot deserts are located on the western coasts of continents within latitudes 15o North and 30o South of the equator.

Characteristics of Hot Deserts

  1. They have a very low annual rainfall of about 250mm.
  2. The vegetation found in the hot desert is very sparse and scanty.
  3. The land is a dry or arid.
  4. Cold currents are very common here.
  5. The little vegetation that may be present will include grasses, herbs and shrubs.
    Please read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here
  6. The relative humidity is very low.
  7. The plants found here are generally referred to as xerophytes.

Xerophytes are defined as drought resistant plants OR plants that can survive in an arid land through various adaptive features found on them.

Examples of xerophytes are: cactus, wiring grasses, thorn bushes and acacia.

Types of Hot Desert

Hot deserts include the followings:

1. Sahara Desert (North Africa)

2. Kalahari Desert (South Africa)

3. Iranian Desert (Iran)

4. Great Australia Desert (Australia)

5. Arabian Desert (Saudi Arabia)

6. Namib Desert (South Africa)

7. Atacama Desert (South America)


2. Cold Desert

Cold deserts are found in the interior of continents around 45o North and 60o south of the equator.

Characteristics of Cold Deserts

  1. They have very hot summers of over 35oC and cold winters with a temperature below 8oC.
  2. The annual rainfall is very little.
  3. The grasses found in cold deserts are short and scanty.
  4. Xerophytes are present in cold deserts. They have a characteristic needle like leaves; so as to reduce the rate of transpiration.

    Transpiration in plants is defined as a process through which water is lost from the aerial parts of a plant; especially throught the stomata present in the plant's leaf.

    Water may also be lost from the plant's stem and flowers during transpiration.

    Please read on the Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms here.

  5. The regions where cold deserts are found include the Patagonia in South America, the interiors of Eurasia and in North America.


b. Swamp Forest

Swamp forests are found in the tropical region (tropics), along the coastal regions all around the world.

Below is an image of a Mangrove Swamp Forest:

Desert - Len Academy
Image Credit: World Animal Foundation

In Africa, swamps are present in the river mouths in South, West and East Africa respectively.

A swamp can simply be regarded as a wetland dominated by woody trees and a variety of animals.

Please read on Agricultural Land and its uses here.

Characteristics of Swamp Forests

  1. They generally have a high temperature of over 2500mm.
  2. They have a high level of relative humidity.
  3. They generally have a wet and muddy surface. Please read on Soil Erosion here.
  4. The trees present in swamps have stilt roots.
  5. The major plants found here include the white mangroves, red mangroves and raffia palm.
  6. Animals found in the swamp forest include crabs, snakes and mud skippers.

THANKS FOR READING - Please Help Share!


Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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