Divisions of Foreign Trade

len Alfred Ajibola - Wed, 18th December, 2019 @ 11:13: AM

Topics in Commerce

Principle of Marketing: Positioning as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Packaging as a Marketing Mix Elements of Promotion in Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Promotion as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Place as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Price as a Marketing Mix Principles of Marketing: The 7 Ps of Marketing Mix Factors necessary for Division of Labour Disadvantages of Division of Labour Advantages of Division of Labour Outbound Marketing explained Inbound Marketing explained Production - Types of Production Commerce: Definitions and Scopes of Commerce Differences between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments Balance of Payment Deficit and Balance of Payment Surplus Disadvantages of Foreign Trade Divisions of Foreign Trade Advantages of Foreign Trade What is Foreign Trade? Types of Foreign Trade

Academic Questions in Commerce

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

The followings are principles of marketing mix except _____.

  • A. People

  • B. Positioning

  • C. Pressure group

  • D. Packaging

  • E. Promotion

  • F. Product

The followings are advantages of division of labour EXCEPT _____.

  • A. It promotes the use of machines in production industries
  • B. There is an increase in profit
  • C. It saves time and expenses of training
  • D. It fosters the spirit of division
  • E. It increases the production of quality goods and services in the market
  • F. It increases a country's economic growth

Which of the following statement is incorrect concerning division of labour?

  • A. It is the specialization of works
  • B. It can become monotonous
  • C. It is the specialization of processes
  • D. The nature of a job is not a condition for division of labour
  • E. A person performs only a part of the job
  • F. Division of labour has some of its drawbacks

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Divisions of Foreign Trade:

Foreign or International trade can be divided into 3. These are:

  1. Import Trade
  2. Export Trade
  3. Entrepot Trade

Please read on the Introduction to Foreign Trade and Types of Foreign Trade here.

1. Import Trade

When a country bring in goods and services from other countries, then that's import.

Import trade is seen or defined when a country purchases (or bring in) goods and services from other countries of the world.

Import trade can be divided into two. These are:

  • Visible Imports: This is when a country purchases visible goods from other countries.

    Visible goods are goods that can be seen and touched. They are also referred to as tangible goods.

    The importation of petroleum is an example of visible imports.

    Please read on Commodity Market, Types and Importance here.

  • Invisible Imports: They usually consists of services and thus cannot be seen or touched.

    In invisible exports, the services are rendered by other countries to the particular country involved. 

    Banking and Insurance are examples of invisible imports.

    Please read on the Advantages of Foreign Trade here.


2. Export Trade

When a country sell their goods and services to other countries, then that's export.

Export trade is simply defined as the act of selling goods and services to other countries of the world.

Export trade can be divided two. These are:

  • Visible Exports: This is when a country sells tangible goods; (that is, visible goods that can be seen and touched) to other countries.

    The exportation of rice from India into Nigeria is an example of visible export.

    Please read on the Disdvantages of Foreign Trade here.

  • Invisible Exports: They usually consists of services rendered by one country to other countries of the world.

    Services like Banking and Insurance are examples of invisible exports.

    You can read on the 4 P's of Marketing here.


3. Entrepot Trade:

Entrepot trade simply refers to the buying (importation) of goods from one country and the subsequent selling (or exportation) of such goods to other countries after some additional processing on such goods. For this reason, entrepot trade is often referred to as Re-export.

Please read on Production, Types and Examples here.

Note: The term re-export is used here because the original producers of the goods initially exported it to a country. This buying country may further process the goods and export it again to other countries.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Commerce

Amazon is an e-commerce website launched in 1995. It did not make any profit for its first seven years.

Amazon's first profit was in 2003. Its founder 'Jeff Bezos' is the richest man in the world as at 2018/2019


Commerce can be defined as the exchange of goods and services, usually for money and on a large scale that will require the transportation of such goods and services.

Commerce is crucial (important) to the life of any Nation for the following reasons:

  1. Commerce facilitates the exchange of goods and services which everyone can enjoy, regardless their location or whether the goods is produced within or outside their country.
  2. Commerce creates an awareness of the existence of goods and services through advertising.
  3. Commerce offers employment to a very large number of people in a Nation.
  4. Commerce promotes rapid transfer of both oral and written messages through communication.
  5. Commerce determines the standard of living in a Nation. This is because the extent of commercial activities is crucial to wealth of  a nation.
  6. Commerce makes for the protection against risk in day to day business operations.
  7. Through commerce, there is a steady supply of goods in a Nation. This is because commerce ensures that goods produced are stored until needed.

Please read on the functions and characteristics of commerce here

A public company is not owned by an individual; rather it's usually owned by groups or a large number of people.

The shares of a public company are traded freely on the stock exchange.

Below are some features of a public company:

  1. A public company must receive it’s training certificate to commence business.
  2. The minimum membership is two while the maximum membership is limitless.
  3. A public company has a legal status. It can sue and be sued.
  4. A public company files and publishes its annual reports, including its accounts.
  5. The liability of its members is limited.
  6. The shares are easily transferrable through the stock market.
  7. A public company can issue debentures to be secured as its assets.

Please read on Limited Liability Company, Its Advantages and Disadvantages here

There are seven elements of the marketing mix. These are:

  1. Product: Anything thing that satisfies a consumer’s need is referred to as a product. Product may come in the form of manufactured goods, raw materials or services.
  2. Price: Price is defined as the exchange value of goods and services supplied. In simple terms, it serves as a mechanism of exchange.
  3. Promotion: It involves all the processes that concerns with how business organizations should inform their customers about its product. If done properly, the demand of product will be increased. Promotions can take the form of advertising, search engine optimization, social media marketing, trade fairs exhibition and so on.
  4. Place: The place as a marketing mix concerns variables such as location and transport facility where the distribution of goods and services take place.
  5. Packaging
  6. Positioning
  7. People

Think of marketing mix as the set of marketing tools that an industry or company uses to drive or accomplish its marketing objectives in the target market

Please read on the Principles of Marketing Mix here