Basic Technology

Len Academy Question for Basic Technology, JSS3, 2nd Term, 2020, Part 2

len Alfred Ajibola - Fri, 06th March, 2020 @ 14:50

Topics in Basic Technology

Belt Drives: Types of belt drive Ceramics: Types of Ceramics Advantages and Disadvantages of Chain drives Len Academy Questions for Basic Technology JSS3, 2nd Term, 2020 Len Academy Question for Basic Technology, JSS3, 2nd Term, 2020, Part 2 Belt and Pulley Drives: Types of Belt in Belt Drives Electromechanical Energy: Parts of the Refrigerator and how they operate Chain Drive, Types and Classifications What are Belt Drives? Advantages and Disadvantages of Belt Drives Type of Lines in Technical Drawings Len Academy questions for Basic Technology, JSS2, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Basic Technology JSS2, 2nd Term, Part 2 Maintenance, Types of Maintenance Hardwood and Softwood - Characteristics and Examples What are Ceramics? Characteristics of Ceramics

Academic Questions in Basic Technology

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Inverted toothed chain drive - Len Academy

With regards to chain drives, the diagram above is a/an _____ chain.

  • A. Roller

  • B. Silent

  • C. Leaf

  • D. Flat-top

  • E. Detachable

  • F. Acceleration

A type of chain drive commonly used in bicycles is the _____ chain.

  • A. Roller

  • B. Silent

  • C. Leaf

  • D. Flat-top

  • E. Detachable

  • F. Acceleration

A chain drive consists of an endless chain running over two _____.

  • A. Hooks

  • B. Spikes

  • C. Spokes

  • D. Sprockets

  • E. Hinges

  • F. Danes

Which is the most economical of all power transmitting drive mechanisms?

  • A. Pulley drive

  • B. Gear drive

  • C. Chain drive

  • D. Belt drive

  • E. Thread drive

  • F. Fabricated drive

Which of the following is false concerning  drive mechanisms in machines?

  • A. Pulley drives do not require a means of power transmission

  • B. Gear drive is a means of power transmission

  • C. Chain drive is a means of power transmission

  • D. Belt drive is a means of power transmission

  • E. The drive mechanisms of machines accomplishes it's function via a rotational motion

  • F. Drive mechanisms results into a mechanical movements of machines via power transmission

Arrow head lines - Len Academy

The lines above are used at the end of dimension lines?

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is not a type of maintenance?

  • A. Fixated

  • B. Overhaul

  • C. Predictive

  • D. Reinforcement

  • E. Periodic

  • F. Corrective

Which of the following is incorrect concerning preventive maintenance?

  • A. It is considered to be the best form of maintenance

  • B. Immunization is a form of preventive maintenance

  • C. Worn out parts may be discovered when preventive maintenance is carried out

  • D. Preventive maintenance is defined as the repairs carried out on an equipment or object after a correct prediction of an impending fault

  • E. A person who services his car monthly practices preventive maintenance (even though the car functions properly)

  • F. The main goal of preventive maintenance is to stop a device from breaking down suddenly



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Basic Technology Questions, JSS3, 2nd Term Continued:

Please read on Questions 1-30 here.

31. The _____ protect electrical equipment from excessive current.

  1. Fuse
  2. Plug
  3. Switch
  4. Transformer


32. A device that converts electrical energy into heat energy will NOT include an electric _____.

  1. Stove
  2. Grinder
  3. Kettle
  4. Soldering Iron


33. A semi-conductor device is the _____.

  1. Capacitor
  2. Resistor
  3. Transistor
  4. Diode


34. The _____ stores electric charges.

  1. Diode
  2. Transistor
  3. Resistor
  4. Capacitor


35. Current flows through a path called _____.

  1. Electric Route
  2. Electric Circuit
  3. Conductor Channel
  4. Capacitor Pipes


36. A drawing which shows the plan, front and end elevation is _____.

  1. Perspective
  2. Pictorial
  3. Isometric
  4. Orthographic


37. The most popular floor finish used in a workshop is the _____.

  1. Carpet
  2. Rug
  3. Marble
  4. Concrete


38. The purpose of wood finishes is to _____.

  1. Prevent the wood from absorbing water
  2. Prevent the wood from wrapping
  3. Make the wood last longer
  4. Soften the wood


39. The main function of foundation in a building is to _____.

  1. Distribute the weight of the building to the soil
  2. Bond the wall
  3. Carry the weight of the wall
  4. Protect the building from erosion


40. If the scale chosen for a technical drawing assignment is 10mm to 2m; the scale 25m will be represented by _____.

  1. 50mm
  2. 55mm
  3. 100mm
  4. 125mm


41. Soldering bit is made of copper because copper _____.

  1. Does not rust
  2. Lasts longer
  3. Is a cheap material
  4. Is a good conductor of heat


42. The following devices uses the principles of rotary and linear motions EXCEPT _____.

  1. G-clamp
  2. Screw jack
  3. Screw
  4. Pliers


43. Wood preservative is added to planks so as to prevent _____.

  1. Decaying
  2. Drying
  3. Bending
  4. Cracking


44. A maintenance process carried out to prevent a machine from getting damaged is known as _____.

  1. Inspective
  2. Preventive
  3. Protective
  4. Productive
  5. Please read on Maintenance for correct Answer.


45. An electronic device that stores electrons is the _____.

  1. Capacitor
  2. Transistor
  3. Transformer
  4. Rectifier

You can check out what every student ought to know here.

46. Which of the Followings CANNOT be used to construct lintels in buildings?

  1. Concrete
  2. Clay
  3. Steel
  4. Timber


47. The easiest table top to clean and maintain is _____ top.

  1. Painted
  2. Polished
  3. Varnished
  4. Formica


48. A professional who determines the cost of materials, labour and workmanship that could be charged for a proposed building is known as _____.

  1. Architect
  2. Quantity Surveyor
  3. Structural Engineer
  4. Builder


49. A roofing material will NOT include _____.

  1. Asbestos
  2. Plain Tiles
  3. Plastics
  4. Corrugated Iron Sheets


50. The angle of inclination in an Isometric drawing is _____.

  1. 90o
  2. 60o
  3. 45o
  4. 30o


51. Which of the following is NOT a woodwork joint?

  1. Hinge
  2. Dovetail
  3. Butt
  4. Halving


52. Buffing in metal work means _____.

  1. Vanishing metal surfaces
  2. Painting metal surfaces
  3. Smoothing metal surfaces
  4. Polishing metal surfaces


53. The most effective chemical in making water transparent is _____.

  1. Limestone
  2. Calcium
  3. Chlorine
  4. Alum


54. Energy possessed by a moving object is said to be _____.

  1. Mechanical
  2. Kinetic
  3. Potential
  4. Motion


55. The most suitable kind of door for the entrance of a garage is the _____ door.

  1. Sliding
  2. Flush
  3. Roller Shutter
  4. Panel


56. One major function of lintel in a wall is to _____.

  1. Hold the blocks together
  2. Support the structure above the opening in the wall
  3. Join two column
  4. Beautify the wall


57. The use of compressed air to make machines work is termed _____

  1. Hydraulics
  2. Pneumatics
  3. Airlics
  4. Airflow


58. The tool used for cutting external screw thread is the _____.

  1. Die
  2. Tap
  3. Panel Saw
  4. Hack Saw


59. An example of a driving tool is the _____.

  1. Hack Saw
  2. Chisel
  3. Screw
  4. Screwdriver


60. Which of the following is NOT an example of a nail?

  1. Bowel
  2. Pin
  3. Oval
  4. Round

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 10 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Basic Technology

Rubber bands - Len Academy

Rubber bands last longer when refrigerated

Lighter was invented before matches

Johann Wolfgang Dobereiner was credited with the invention of lighter in 1826 while the match was made 3 years later

Volkswagen group of companies own some of the top cars of the world. These are Audi, Bentley, Bugatti, Ducati, Lamborghini and Porsche

NOTABLE POINTS IN Basic Technology

The diagram below shows the various types of line in technical drawing, their description and general application:

Type of Lines - Len Academy

Please read more on the types of line in technical drawing here

Preventive maintenance is carried out routinely on a device even though no apparent fault may be present on such device.

The goal of preventive maintenance as the name suggest is to prevent a sudden breakdown on a device or equipment.

As an instance, a person who services his or her car monthly even though the car is still able to function correctly is said to be carrying out preventive maintenance on the car.

In the course of a preventive maintenance, worn out parts may be discovered and replaced as soon as possible. Also, there may be a change of oil while other little adjustments may also be carried out.

We can even carry out preventive maintenance on our body to prevent certain diseases. For this reason, some persons have discovered cancerous cells in their body through regular medical checkup; and were able to kill such cells before they become malignant.

As a matter of fact; immunization is a form of preventive maintenance.

Please read more on immunization here.

Please read on maintenance and types of maintenance here

Hardwood - Len Academy

Hardwoods are derived from angiosperms. They show the following characteristics:

  1. They usually have a higher density than softwood. Balsa is an exception.

  2. They are usually more expensive than softwood.

  3. They grow at a slower rate than softwood.

  4. Hardwood trees shed their leaves in certain times of the year.

  5. Hardwood are more fire resistant than softwood.

  6. The leaves of hardwood trees are evergreen.

  7. They are used for making quality furniture (in terms of strength). They are also suitable for decking in buildings.

  8. Hardwood trees always have divided trunks which are sometimes referred to as a dendritic form.

  9. In terms of price, hardwood are usually more expensive than softwood.

Examples of hardwood include iroko, ash, beech, alder, teak, birch, mahogany, maple, oak, balsa and walnut.

Please read more on hardwood vs softwood here

Ceramics are refractory. They also require a very high amount of heat and subsquent cooling to be formed.

Being refractory means that they are capable of withstanding a variety of abuses like high temperatures and chemical attacks.

Ceramics are generally made by taking clay from the ground and mixing it with water. It is then shaped into any form and fired inside an oven (called kiln) at a very high temperature. They may then be decorated with a waterproof, paint-like substances called glazes.

Please read more on ceramics here

Ceramics may have constrasting physical and chemical properties (or characteristics); but in general,

  1. They have high melting points.

  2. They are heat resistant.

  3. They can be very hard with great strength; although a few are brittle or soft; for example, graphite.

  4. They are durable (last for a long time).

  5. Most are electrical insulators (cannot conduct electricity) but; graphite is an electrical conductor.

  6. They are chemically unreactive or inert.

  7. They are not easily oxidized.

  8. Most are non-magnetic.