What is Marketing? Branches of Marketing

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 12th February, 2019 @ 08:58 AM

Topics in Commerce

Principle of Marketing: People as a Marketing Mix and their Importance Principle of Marketing: Positioning as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Packaging as a Marketing Mix Elements of Promotion in Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Promotion as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Place as a Marketing Mix Principle of Marketing: Price as a Marketing Mix Principles of Marketing: The 7 Ps of Marketing Mix Factors necessary for Division of Labour Disadvantages of Division of Labour Advantages of Division of Labour Outbound Marketing explained Inbound Marketing explained Production - Types of Production Commerce: Definitions and Scopes of Commerce Differences between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments Balance of Payment Deficit and Balance of Payment Surplus Disadvantages of Foreign Trade Divisions of Foreign Trade Advantages of Foreign Trade

Academic Questions in Commerce

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

Whatever is being marketed must always provide value to its potential consumers.

  • A. True

  • B. False

Which of the following is not a branch of marketing?

  • A. Merchandising

  • B. Promotions

  • C. Forex

  • D. Search Media Optimization

  • E. Social Media Optimization

  • F. Copywriting

Which of the following is not a characteristics of commerce?

  • A. The only aim of commerce is to make profit

  • B. It is a discontinuous process after profit had been made

  • C. It is accompanied with challenges and uncertainties

  • D. It is 100% business and economic activity

  • E. Transaction processes are always involved in commerce

  • F. It connects the process of production and marketing

Which of the following is not a function of commerce?

  • A. Unnecessary in times of emergencies like earthquakes and wars

  • B. Facilitates mass production of goods

  • C. Influences transportation network within and outside a state

  • D. Attempts to satisfy human needs and wants

  • E. Improves the standard of living

  • F. Acts as an online business link between buyers and sellers

One of the following is a form of division of labour.

  • A. Agonistic division of labour
  • B. Antagonistic division of labour
  • C. Mutualistic division of Labour
  • D. Advanced division of labour
  • E. Solitary division of labour
  • F. Occupational division of labour

A place where people buy homogenous goods in large quantities is called _____.

  • A. Wholesaler's Market

  • B. Goods Market

  • C. Products Market

  • D. General Market

  • E. Commodity Market

  • F. Forex Market

Any activity aimed at getting people interested in a company's product or service is termed _____.

  • A. Commerce

  • B. Economics

  • C. Financial Accounting

  • D. Marketing

  • E. Production

  • F. Distribution

Which of the followings isn't a characteristics of commerce?

  • A. Commerce is solely aimed at making profit

  • B. Commerce is 100% business

  • C. Commerce is a discontinuous process because it eventually satisfies human needs

  • D. Commerce is accompanied by uncertainties

  • E. Transaction processes are always done in commerce

  • F. Commerce connects the processes of production and marketing



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What is Marketing?

Have you wondered why most companies are always in search of marketers?

The simple reason is because they need someone to create awareness about their products and services (and also sell such product).

Any activity or process aimed at getting people interested in a company’s product or service is termed marketing.

Please read on the definitions and scope of commerce here.

Marketing processes can take place through posters, public relations campaigns, handbills, on social media, radio and television, in a bus, on the streets, on the internet or just anywhere.

The art of marketing a product require skills, techniques and knowledge of the product to be marketed. For this reason, marketing may also be defined as the science of meeting the needs of customers or consumers.

You can read on consumer right and protection here.

The consumer or customer can be an individual user, clients, partners, a company, several people or the entire society. The product marketed can be virtual, (for instance, a software), hard goods, an idea/concept or a variety of services. The point is:

Marketing is a data driven science in the sense that the marketer or company gathers the necessary data relevant to customers' need.

From the collected data, a company will be able to manufacture or create a quality and valuable product, while also delivering them in an effective manner; and at an appreciable price (with regards to the customer’s value and the desired profit to the producer).

Please read on production here.

It is noteworthy to state that marketing involves inbound and outbound activities

  • Inbound Marketing Activities

Inbound activities of marketing covers the aspect of making discoveries on the wants and needs of potential or target customers.

Please read on scale of preference and opportunity cost here.

The result of inbound marketing is the fact that the customers (or potential customers) are automatically segmented, and that’s a good thing.

Segmentation of customers will help increase the product’s focus (since the target customers are already segmented or known), which in most cases provide quality and value for the marketed product.

You can also analyze your competitors, while also using the information obtained from this analysis to your own advantage.

Note: Most inbound activities are not seen by the public.

Please read on the detailed explanation and example of inbound marketing here.

  • Outbound Marketing Activities

Outbound marketing activities include all the activities that provide information to the market. The information provided to the market include the availability of products/services and their prices.

Outbound marketing also includes those activities that will put the product into the market (which is always competitive); thus encouraging people to buy such product(s).

Activities that may promote the purchase of such product include:

  1. Creating promotions for the product.
  2. Advertising.
    Please read more on advertising here.
  3. Providing warrantee.
  4. Providing customer support before and after purchase.
  5. Social Media Marketing.
  6. Search Engine Optimization (SEO).
  7. Posters and Handbills.
  8. Public Relations Campaigns (PRC) and so on.

Please read on the detailed explanation and examples of outbound marketing here.


Note: The principles or (P's) of marketing is a term that explains how marketing interacts with each stage of a business. We have 7 of such principles. They include:

  1. Product
  2. Price
  3. Place
  4. Promotion
  5. Packaging
  6. Positioning
  7. People
  8. Please read more on the Principles of Marketing here.


Branches of Marketing

Below are some the branches within the broad field of marketing:

  • Advertising
  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
  • Merchandising
  • Branding
  • Promotions
  • Copywriting
  • Social Media Optimization (SMO)
  • Event planning
  • Customer Relationship Management (CRM)
  • Graphic Design
  • Internet Marketing

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.

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Amazing facts in Commerce

With Amazon Smile, you can donate 0.5 percent of your purchases to a charity of your choosing

Check it out here

The brewery, Sankt Gallen in Japan, produces a beer called Un Kono Kuro from 🐘 elephant's 🐘 dung

North Korea and Cuba are the only countries in the world where you can't buy Coca-Cola

Amazon is an e-commerce website launched in 1995. It did not make any profit for its first seven years.

Amazon's first profit was in 2003. Its founder 'Jeff Bezos' is the richest man in the world as at 2018/2019


Marketing is defined as any activity or process aimed at getting people interested in a company’s product or service.

The processes utilized in marketing can take place via posters, public relations campaigns, handbills, social media, radio and television, buses, walls along the streets, the internet or just anywhere.

Below are some of the branches of marketing:

  • Advertising

  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

  • Merchandising

  • Branding

  • Promotions

  • Copywriting

  • Social Media Optimization (SMO)

  • Event planning

  • Customer relationship management (CRM)

  • Graphic Design

  • Internet Marketing

Please read more on marketing here

Commerce can be defined as the exchange of goods and services, usually for money and on a large scale that will require the transportation of such goods and services.

Commerce is crucial (important) to the life of any Nation for the following reasons:

  1. Commerce facilitates the exchange of goods and services which everyone can enjoy, regardless their location or whether the goods is produced within or outside their country.
  2. Commerce creates an awareness of the existence of goods and services through advertising.
  3. Commerce offers employment to a very large number of people in a Nation.
  4. Commerce promotes rapid transfer of both oral and written messages through communication.
  5. Commerce determines the standard of living in a Nation. This is because the extent of commercial activities is crucial to wealth of  a nation.
  6. Commerce makes for the protection against risk in day to day business operations.
  7. Through commerce, there is a steady supply of goods in a Nation. This is because commerce ensures that goods produced are stored until needed.

Please read on the functions and characteristics of commerce here

A public company is not owned by an individual; rather it's usually owned by groups or a large number of people.

The shares of a public company are traded freely on the stock exchange.

Below are some features of a public company:

  1. A public company must receive it’s training certificate to commence business.
  2. The minimum membership is two while the maximum membership is limitless.
  3. A public company has a legal status. It can sue and be sued.
  4. A public company files and publishes its annual reports, including its accounts.
  5. The liability of its members is limited.
  6. The shares are easily transferrable through the stock market.
  7. A public company can issue debentures to be secured as its assets.

Please read on Limited Liability Company, Its Advantages and Disadvantages here

There are seven elements of the marketing mix. These are:

  1. Product: Anything thing that satisfies a consumer’s need is referred to as a product. Product may come in the form of manufactured goods, raw materials or services.
  2. Price: Price is defined as the exchange value of goods and services supplied. In simple terms, it serves as a mechanism of exchange.
  3. Promotion: It involves all the processes that concerns with how business organizations should inform their customers about its product. If done properly, the demand of product will be increased. Promotions can take the form of advertising, search engine optimization, social media marketing, trade fairs exhibition and so on.
  4. Place: The place as a marketing mix concerns variables such as location and transport facility where the distribution of goods and services take place.
  5. Packaging
  6. Positioning
  7. People

Think of marketing mix as the set of marketing tools that an industry or company uses to drive or accomplish its marketing objectives in the target market

Please read on the Principles of Marketing Mix here