Agricultural Science

Pests of Agricultural importance and Crops Attacked

len Alfred Ajibola - Tue, 19th March, 2019 @ 21:40

Topics in Agricultural Science

Prevention and Control of Crop Pests Economic Importance of Crop Pests Classification of Insect Pests and their Economic Importance Agricultural Machines and their Uses Soil Erosion: Causes of Soil Erosion Ways to prevent Soil Erosion Asexual Propagation in Plants, Types and Examples Differences between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, First Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Second Term Scheme of Work, Agricultural Science, SS1, Third Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term Len Academy Agric Science exam questions, JSS1, First Term, part 2 Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (P - Q) Agricultural Terms: Definition and Meanings of Agricultural Terms (P and Q), part 2 Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term Len Academy questions for Agric Science JSS1, 2nd Term, Part 2 Roles of Government in Agriculture Agricultural pest and Crops attacked Agriculture Terms - Definitions and Meanings of Agricutural Terms (I - O)


Academic Questions in Agricultural Science

Please check out our Test Your Knowledge page to see all Questions and Answers

A female chicken less than one year old is referred to as a _____.

  • A. Poult
  • B. Pullet
  • C. Poulta
  • D. Chicken
  • E. Hen
  • F. Fowl

Small plants that grow via vegetative propagation from the parent plants are called _____.

  • A. Child Plants
  • B. Crop Plants
  • C. Plant Crops
  • D. Croplets
  • E. Plantlets
  • F. Progeny

The female part of the flower comprising the stigma, style and ovary is the _____.

  • A. Ovule
  • B. Androecium
  • C. Stamen
  • D. Petal
  • E. Sepal
  • F. Pistil

Which of the following food is best preserved through pasteurization?

  • A. Rice
  • B. Beans
  • C. Coconut
  • D. Meat
  • E. Milk
  • F. Tomatoes

The total number of parasites that are present in a host organism is termed  _____.

  • A. Parasite
  • B. Parasite Count
  • C. Parasite Number
  • D. Parasite Load
  • E. Parasite Value
  • F. Parasite Figure

All plants are crops.

TRUE or FALSE

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What are Pests?

With regards to agriculture and plants, a pest is any organism that can attack plant and agricultural produce, rendering them unsuitable for harvest and unfit for the market.

Please read on the Prevention and Control of Pest here.

Pest can adversely affect a plant's seed, root, stem, leaf and flower thereby largely reducing the overall quality of harvested fruits and vegetables.

Note: Generally, a pest can cause physical damage to humans, animals and crops.

Please read on the Problems of Agriculture in Nigeria here.

An organism will be considered a pest if it does one of the followings:

  • Attack crop plants and eat it's seeds, roots, stem, leaves and flowers. Examples are Locust and grasshoppers.
  • Cause damage to stored food, fruits or other agricultural produce. Some may even urinate or deaficate on these products. Examples are rodents, cockroaches and mice.
    Please read on the Economic Importance of Crop Pests here.
  • Attack and kill farm animals like goats, sheep and cattle. Examples are foxes, wild cats and snakes.
  • Act as disease vectors. A vector is an organism that carries parasite and other disease causing organisms, without being affected; but when they introduce the parasites into their host, such host becomes infected with disease. Examples of vectors are rodents and mosquitoes.
    Please read more on Vectors of Diseases here.

 

Examples of Crop Pest

Below are some examples of crop pests:

1. Insects: Based on their mode of feeding, insect pest can be put into:

2. Rodents

3. Monkeys

4. Birds

5. Nematodes

6. Man

Please read on Micro-organisms causing Food, Water and Air Borne Diseases here.

 

Crops attacked by Pests

Below is a summary of crops and the pest that attack them:

  1. Maize: Maize weevils, birds, African black beetles, stem borers, greasy cut worm and army worms.
  2. Cereals: Drugstore beetle, several weevil specie (rice weevil, maize weevil), confused flour beetle, red flour beetle, birds, saw toothed beetle, merchant grain beetle, rodents, several Aphids species and wheat bug.
  3. Please read on the Differences between Plants and Crops here.

  4. Beans: Bean weevil, seedcorn maggots, leafhoppers, aphids and spider mites.
  5. Cotton: Cotton bollworm, plant bugs, cotton strainers, thrips, stink bugs, spider mites and aphids.
  6. Groundnut: Red hairy caterpillar, jassids, aphids, snails, spodoptera and several thrips specie.
  7. Sorghum: Corn earworms, sorghum webworms, sorghum sidge weevils, stink bugs, fall armyworms and aphids.

Note: Cereals include crops like rice, maize or corn, Barley, millet, sorghum and oats.

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Alfred Ajibola is a Medical Biochemist, a passionate Academician with over 7 years of experience, a Versatile Writer, a Web Developer, a Cisco Certified Network Associate and a Cisco CyberOps Associate.


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Amazing facts in Agricultural Science

Although plants neither see nor hear, they can recognize their siblings and even give them preferential treatments 🤔

Squirrels do plant more 🌲 trees 🌲 (through their actions) than an average human in their lifetime. They often hide their acorns and nuts underground and forget about them 😁

🐄 Cows 🐄 have got the ability to walk up stairs, but not down stairs

A group of cows 🐄 🐄 🐄  is called a team, drove or herd.

People just prefer to call them herd


NOTABLE POINTS IN Agricultural Science

There are about 630 different kinds of carnivorous plants.

Carnivorous plants are plants that derive some or most of their nutrients by consuming small animals, especially insects.

Carnivorous plants are also referred to as insectivorous plants.

Some example of carnivorous plants include sundew and Venus flytrap.

Please read more on Carnivorous Plants here